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pd06oc97 Statement on the Report of the Commission on Immigration Reform...

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[Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents]

[Page 1448-1451]
Monday, October 6, 1997
Volume 33--Number 40
Pages 1431-1485
Week Ending Friday, October 3, 1997
Remarks at a Candlelight Vigil Honoring the Little Rock Nine in Little 

September 27, 1997

    Thank you very much, Leta. Dr. and Mrs. Titus, members of the board, 
Tianka Mitchell and students and faculty. Let me say, I thought Tianka 
did a fine job representing the students here and spoke very well.
    Hillary and I are delighted to be joined by a number of members of 
our administration, including Secretary of Transportation Rodney Slater, 
Bob Nash, and Janis Kearney and Carroll Willis. And there may be others 
here, but I thank them all for coming.
    I know there are a lot of officials out there. I see Senator Walker 
and Mayor Hays, and I'm sure there are others. I thank you for coming. 
Thank you, Daisy Bates. Reverend clergy, thank you for coming. And 
especially, of course, to the Little Rock Nine, I'm delighted to see all 
of you. We're really getting to be old friends now. [Laughter]
    And you just heard an address from the person I have picked to be 
chief of the Presidential speechwriting division for the remainder of my 
term in office. That was a terrific job, not only because he spoke so 
well but because of what he spoke. And I want to come back to that in a 

[[Page 1449]]

    I love Philander Smith. I used to jog by here most every morning. If 
it wasn't too early, usually the students would be out walking around 
and say hello to me. I've seen the physical improvements in the campus, 
and they're very impressive, and I congratulate you on them. You know 
Carroll Willis and Lottie Shackelford and my great friend, the late 
Mahlon Martin, all were graduates of Philander Smith, so I have been 
personally benefited by this school. And I thank you for that.
    But I have to say a special word of appreciation to the choir, 
because the choir was the first choir from an historically black college 
to sing at the Presidential Inauguration--mine, in 1992. And I thank you 
very much for that. They've been back to Washington quite a few times 
since, and it's always a better place when they're there.
    Let me say, tonight especially we have come, I would hope, to do two 
things. Nothing we can ever do, I think, will equal the emotional impact 
that the ceremony the day before yesterday in front of Central High 
School had not only on our State but, I think, on the entire country. I 
was in Texas yesterday and person after person after person came up to 
me, just overwhelmed by what they saw on the television and by the sight 
of the Little Rock Nine walking through the front doors, unimpeded.
    As I understand it, the first thing we wish to do, and one which Dr. 
Roberts has already spoken about, is to acknowledge that there were 
others who may never have gotten their names in the newspapers, who had 
a lot to do with the way these young people turned into successful 
adults and were able to carry on their courageous struggle: parents and 
family members who were threatened with the loss of their jobs; 
neighbors who gave them everything from money to food to transportation; 
and of course, the faculty here at Philander Smith, who volunteered to 
tutor them, an extraordinary gift. And I would say to all of you who 
were involved in that, they all turned out pretty well, and I thank you 
for that.
    The second thing that I would like to respectfully suggest is that 
as we participate in this candlelight vigil, I would like to return to 
something I said at the end of my remarks. I think it is important, very 
important in life, perhaps the most important thing of all, obviously, 
to have a reconciled heart, to do things in the right way for the right 
reasons. But at some point it's also important that you do the right 
things, that the things you are doing make sense and move forward in our 
eternal struggle to open up genuine opportunity and make genuine 
advances. We can do better.
    After the ceremony on Thursday, just for example, I stayed outside 
quite a long while. And I know a lot of people had to go in, it was very 
hot, but there were so many people there who had stayed there, and I 
wanted to shake their hands and listen to them, and there were 
especially a lot of young people there. And I shook hands, I'll bet, for 
an hour at the ceremony. And one young man came up to me and said--he 
appeared to be a high-school-age student--and he said, ``Mr. 
President,'' he said, ``I like this, and I like what you've said. But 
what are we going to do about all of us who are being dragged into these 
gangs, and how are we going to save kids' lives and keep them from doing 
    So that's as good a place to start as any. If we have the right 
attitude about this and we know that one thing we have to do is to open 
up genuine access to educational opportunity and make sure whatever 
educational opportunity any child has in this district, it is excellence 
personified, how are we going to get all the children there in a 
position to take advantage of it?
    I've worked hard in the last 5 years to make our streets and our 
neighborhoods and our schools safe. But we're still losing too many of 
our kids to gangs and to guns and to drugs. We are. You know, in the 
generation where we grew up, one of the reasons they did so well is that 
their parents and their grandparents and their neighbors instilled in 
them a code of conduct which meant if they ever got the least little 
chance, they would make the most of it. If they ever got the least 
little chance, they would make the most of it.
    How many of our children today are not given that? And are all their 
neighbors doing everything they can to make sure that if they get the 
least little chance, they'll make the most of it? Are all of us who are 
interested in volunteering in the schools equally willing

[[Page 1450]]

to walk the neighborhoods? Are we equally willing to walk on a street 
that is unfamiliar and walk into a home that we may not know and do what 
it takes in a personal way to try to rescue our children?
    I spent a day in Boston not very long ago, and I went up there for a 
particular reason. There has not been a child--not a child--killed by a 
handgun in the city of Boston for almost 2 years--2 years. Now, it's a 
bigger city than Little Rock, with a lot of tough neighborhoods and a 
lot of poor neighborhoods and a lot of problems. But the police there 
walk the streets, and they walk with parents groups and citizens groups. 
And the probation officers, they make house calls. And the police 
officers, they make house calls. Instead of waiting to bust the kids 
when they get in trouble, they go to the homes and sit down and visit 
with the parents and say, ``Your child needs help. I'm here to help.''
    And they have a delightful group of people that wear T-shirts, and 
they call themselves--no offense to the pastors in the audience--
Streetwalkers. [Laughter] And they're proud of the double meaning 
because they've turned it on its head, because they're walking the 
streets to save people's lives, not to waste people's lives.
    I say that to make the point that what we owe the Little Rock Nine 
is to do our part in this time to deal with the new problems of this 
time and the unresolved problems of their time, so that when our time is 
done, at least our kids have something else to worry about. At least our 
kids have something else to worry about.
    I'll never--one of the wiser men I ever met in public life was a 
former Secretary of State, United States Senator, and Governor of Maine, 
Edmund Muskie. And when he was still living, in 1983, Hillary and I went 
to Maine to a Governors' meeting. And we were having a very relaxed 
conversation, and I said, ``Mr. Secretary,'' I said, ``of all the jobs 
you ever held, which one did you like the best?'' He said, ``I think I 
liked being Governor the best, because I was close to people and their 
problems and their hopes and dreams.'' And I said, ``Well, how do you 
define success for a Governor?'' He said, ``Success is whether you leave 
the person who comes after you a new set of problems or whether they're 
dealing with the same old problems.'' He said, ``Look,'' he said, ``the 
Bible teaches us that human nature is inherently flawed and that there 
will be problems till the end of time, but if you leave your people who 
come after you the same old problems, then you haven't done your job. 
Leave it up to God to figure out what the next generation's problems are 
going to be. Don't saddle them with yours.''
    And so I say to you, that's what I hope you will think about. Think 
about the kids in the gangs. Think about whether they could have made it 
if there hadn't been any neighbors to support them, if there hadn't been 
a Philander Smith to tutor them, if they had had to worry about going 
home and getting run over by somebody who just made a big drug sale, if 
they were estranged from people who were in a violent gang.
    Hillary and I have been with children in cities in this country, 
little children, who said their biggest fear in life was being shot 
going to and from school. We used to have fire drills when I was in 
school, and then we used to have drills about what we would do if there 
were an alert from the Soviet Union dropping a nuclear weapon. These 
kids used to have gun drills, and they practiced dropping themselves on 
the floor in case they heard gunshots. Now, that's the problem of our 
generation. We dare not give that to the next generation.
    And I could just tell you, the reason I wanted to have this dialog 
on race is that I think that our racial diversity is the biggest 
advantage we've got going into the future if we can get our hearts 
right, if we can think right, but if we can do the right things.
    So my pledge to the Little Rock Nine, and I hope yours will be, is 
that we can't promise to leave our children with no problems, but let's 
promise them that we'll get rid of the ones that they're facing today. 
And they'll do just fine.
    Thank you, and God bless you.

Note: The President spoke at 5:45 p.m. on the lawn of the Administration 
Building at Philander Smith College. In his remarks, he referred to Leta 
Anthony, president, Leadership Roundtable, and director of the 
candlelight vigil program; Myer L. Titus, president, Philander Smith 
College, and his

[[Page 1451]]

wife, Constance; Tianka Mitchell, student government president; Arkansas 
State Senator Bill Walker; Mayor Patrick Henry Hays of North Little 
Rock; Daisy Bates, publisher and founder, Arkansas State Press newspaper 
and advocate of the Little Rock Nine in 1957; the late Mahlon Martin, 
first minority director of the Arkansas State Finance Department; and 
Carroll Willis, director, communications services division, and Lottie 
Shackelford, vice chair for women's advocacy, Democratic National 
Committee. The President also referred to the Little Rock Nine: 
Jefferson Thomas, Ernest Green, Minnijean Brown Trickey, Carlotta Walls 
LaNier, Gloria Ray Karlmark, Thelma Mothershed-Wair, Elizabeth Eckford, 
Melba Pattillo Beals, and spokesperson Terrence Roberts.

[Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents]

[Page 1451-1456]
Monday, October 6, 1997
Volume 33--Number 40
Pages 1431-1485
Week Ending Friday, October 3, 1997
Remarks on Presenting the Arts and Humanities Medals

September 29, 1997

    Thank you very much. Ladies and gentlemen, welcome to the White 
House. I thank the Members of Congress for coming, the members of the 
councils who stood up and were recognized. I also want to thank the 
First Lady for that very nice speech and unusual introduction. 
    The spin that was put on my going to the opera at home was slightly 
different than the one you heard. [Laughter] It went more like, ``I've 
been trying to get you to do this for 5 years, now. I know you will like 
this if you go.'' [Laughter] ``And besides, it's Carmen, it's your kind 
of thing.'' [Laughter] And then, afterward, I said, ``Gosh, I just loved 
that, and I thought Denyce Graves was great, and it was fabulous.'' And 
she said, ``I told you. I told you. I told you.'' So I was glad to have 
the sort of sanitized version presented to you. [Laughter] But I 
thought, in the interest of openness, I should tell you the whole story. 
    Let me again say to all of you, you are very welcome here in the 
White House. And let me say a special word of thanks to two people: 
first, to Jane Alexander for her outstanding leadership of the National 
Endowment of the Arts, thank you; and second, to Sheldon Hackney, who 
recently left his job as Chairman of the National Endowment for the 
Humanities, but who did a wonderful job for the United States in the 
position, thank you.
    This morning, we honor 20 men and women and one organization for 
extraordinary achievement in arts and humanities. And in giving these 
awards, we also applaud the achievements of our country. We celebrate 
our capacity for individual expression and common understanding, and we 
rejoice in our Nation's thriving and growing diversity. We take pride in 
the power of imagination that animates our democracy.
    And above all, by giving these awards we declare to ourselves and to 
the world, we are, we always have been, and we always will be a nation 
of creators and innovators. We are, we always have been, and we always 
will be a nation supporting our artists and scholars. It is our 
heritage. It must be a great gift we give to the future.
    As Hillary said, as we work up to the millennium, we will be 
observing it in many ways over the next 4 years that both honor our past 
and encourage our people to imagine the future. Today, I invite each of 
you to be partners in that endeavor in the White House Millennium 
Program, to help us to make sure the millennium is marked by a renewed 
commitment to the arts and humanities in every community in our Nation.
    One of the most important goals for the millennium is to give every 
child in America access to the universe of knowledge and ideas by 
connecting every school and library in our country to the Internet by 
the year 2000. Working together with business leaders, we've made solid 
progress. And as we work to connect our schools and libraries we must 
make sure that once our children can log on to the Internet they don't 
get lost there.
    So today I'm pleased to announce that on the 27th of October the 
National Endowment for the Humanities, in partnership with MCI and the 
Council of Great City Schools, will throw the switch on a new 
educational website called Ed-SITE-ment--Ed-SITE-ment, not bad--
[laughter]. This exciting new tool will help teachers, students, and 
their parents to navigate among the thousands of educational websites, 
and there are literally tens of thousands of them now. Most important, 
it will expand our children's horizons and instill in them an early 
appreciation for

[[Page 1452]]

the culture and values that will be with them throughout their lives.
    President Kennedy once said he looked forward to an America that 
raised the standards of artistic achievement and enlarged cultural 
opportunities for all citizens. The men and women we honor today have 
brought us much closer to realizing that vision. More than 30 years 
later, at the edge of the new millennium, we must pledge ourselves anew 
to meet this challenge.
    Now, it gives me great pleasure to present the 1997 National Medal 
of Arts and National Medal of Humanities awards. First, the National 
Medal of Arts.
    Like Martha Graham and Georgia O'Keeffe, Louise Bourgeois' name is 
synonymous with innovation, and her life is proof that creative impulse 
never fails. In 1981, her retrospective at the Museum of Modern Art, the 
first to be devoted to a woman artist, encompassed 40 years of 
extraordinary work. Since then, she has created another lifetime of 
enduring art, and I have no doubt she has more to teach us.
    Ladies and gentlemen, Jean-Louis Bourgeois, the artist's son, will 
accept the award on her behalf. Louise Bourgeois.

[At this point, the President and the First Lady presented the medal to 
Mr. Bourgeois.]

    Don't worry, I'll report this on my gift form. Thank you. [Laughter]
    When Betty Carter sings ``Baby, It's Cold Outside,'' it makes you 
want to curl up in front of a fire, even in the summertime. Performing 
with the likes of Ray Charles, Dizzy Gillespie, Charlie Parker, and 
Lionel Hampton, she is truly a goddess in the pantheon of jazz. Her 
greatness comes not only from her unforgettable voice but from her 
passionate commitment to helping young artists develop their own 

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