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pd09au99 Digest of Other White House Announcements...
<DOC> [Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents] [frwais.access.gpo.gov] [Page i-ii] Monday, August 9, 1999 Volume 35--Number 31 Pages 1529-1576 Contents [[Page i]] Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents [[Page ii]] Addresses and Remarks Antidrug initiative--1535 Arkansas, departure for Little Rock--1568 Bosnia-Herzegovina, roundtable discussion with regional independent media in Sarajevo--1529 Dan Dutko, memorial service--1538 Democratic National Committee dinner--1544 Democratic Unity event--1561 Drought--1568 Farm aid--1535, 1536 Illinois Heat relief volunteers in Chicago--1551 National Welfare to Work Forum in Chicago--1547, 1550 National debt--1553 National economy--1568 Radio address--1534 Communications to Congress Budget deferral, message reporting--1544 Child labor, convention on prohibition and elimination of the worst forms--1567 Iraq's compliance with U.N. Security Council Resolutions, letter reporting--1540 Communications to Federal Agencies Year 2000 computer problem, memorandum--1556 Executive Orders Federalism--1557 Working Group on Unlawful Conduct on the Internet--1566 Interviews With the News Media Exchanges with reporters Rose Garden--1553 South Lawn--1568 Statements by the President Child labor, convention concerning prohibition and elimination of the worst forms--1568 Death of Willie Morris--1552 Federalism, Executive order--1561 Hate crimes legislation--1556 Juvenile crime legislation--1566 Kenya, U.S. Embassy bombing, anniversary--1572 National debt--1540 New markets initiative, legislation to advance--1565 North Atlantic Treaty Organization, selection of the new Secretary General--1556 Patients' Bill of Rights legislation--1565 Republican tax plan, intention to veto--1566 Senate action on confirmation of Richard C. Holbrooke as U.S. Ambassador and Permanent Representative to the U.N.--1564 Steel imports--1565 Tanzania, U.S. Embassy bombing, anniversary--1572 Supplementary Materials Acts approved by the President--1576 Checklist of White House press releases--1575 Digest of other White House announcements--1573 Nominations submitted to the Senate--1574 Editor's Note: The President was in Little Rock, AR, on August 6, the closing date of this issue. Releases and announcements issued by the Office of the Press Secretary but not received in time for inclusion in this issue will be printed next week. WEEKLY COMPILATION OF ------------------------------ PRESIDENTIAL DOCUMENTS Published every Monday by the Office of the Federal Register, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC 20408, the Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents contains statements, messages, and other Presidential materials released by the White House during the preceding week. The Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents is published pursuant to the authority contained in the Federal Register Act (49 Stat. 500, as amended; 44 U.S.C. Ch. 15), under regulations prescribed by the Administrative Committee of the Federal Register, approved by the President (37 FR 23607; 1 CFR Part 10). Distribution is made only by the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402. The Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents will be furnished by mail to domestic subscribers for $80.00 per year ($137.00 for mailing first class) and to foreign subscribers for $93.75 per year, payable to the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402. The charge for a single copy is $3.00 ($3.75 for foreign mailing). There are no restrictions on the republication of material appearing in the Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents. [[Page 1529]] <DOC> [Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents] [frwais.access.gpo.gov] [Page 1529-1534] Monday, August 9, 1999 Volume 35--Number 31 Pages 1529-1576 Week Ending Friday, August 6, 1999 Remarks in a Roundtable Discussion With Regional Independent Media in Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina July 30, 1999 Postwar Bosnia [The discussion began with a Sarajevo journalist thanking the President for his action in Bosnia and his support for democracy. He asked about the leadership of President Slobodan Milosevic of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) and U.S. efforts to help deliver indicted war criminals to the War Crimes Tribunal.] The President. Let me answer the second question first because I think it leads us back to the first question. We were the principal supporter of creating this War Crimes Tribunal, and we have made very strong contributions to it, financial contributions. And we have worked hard to cooperate with it. So the answer to that is, we have cooperated strongly. We also have been a part of an operation in Bosnia that has arrested, I think, about 29 of the 80 people who have been indicted. In the case of Mr. Mladic and Mr. Karadzic, they're not in the American sector. And when the United Nations accepted the mandate of going into Bosnia, the mandate was that they could and would arrest any people who had been indicated by the War Crimes Tribunal if they, in effect, came across them, but they wouldn't start another war to get them. That was basically the mandate. And I think we should continue to do everything we can to arrest people. But I think if--there's no question that the effectiveness, the impact, of both those men has been, in effect, ended or dramatically reduced. Now, to go back to your first question. You said, is Milosevic the only nationalist politician who's causing problems? I don't think you could go that far, but I believe that basically the misery of Bosnia, the war, the 4-year war, and what happened in Kosovo is because of his 12-year rule and because he had a policy to gain and enhance his power based on selling ``Greater Serbia'' to people, the idea that anybody who wasn't a Serb was an enemy, had no political legitimacy, that their religion was no good, their ethnic background was no good, it was okay to disregard them and uproot them, and maybe okay to kill them. And here in Bosnia, 250,000 people died, and a quarter of a million people were made refugees. In Kosovo, because we acted more quickly, not so many people died. We know of 10,000, although there are a lot of mass graves that have been dug up, and people have been moved, so we don't know for sure. But 800,000 or more refugees--most of them have gone home in Kosovo, unlike Bosnia, where, because the thing went on longer here, they are taking longer to go back. So I say, you know, each--the politicians, when they run for office, there are all kinds of shades, you know. There are people who may be nationalists but still prepared to work with people of different ethnic groups, different religious backgrounds. And I think that the difference is that he was willing to have ethnic cleansing and even mass killing to achieve his objectives. And I think that's wrong. Then you asked me if I thought Bosnia, the people could actually be reconciled. Yes, I believe so, but I think we have to keep giving people something to work for. It's not enough to go around and tell people, after this sort of killing and bitterness, that, ``Now, be nice people,'' you know, ``Just do the right thing.'' You have to give them something positive, some reason to work together. And what I saw today, with the Bosnian Presidency, was that they were--you know, sure, there's still tensions. There are all these refugee-return issues, for example--big issues out there. But they were much more comfortable together and, obviously, had [[Page 1530]] more in common than they did 2 years ago. And I think that's a plus. Montenegro [After describing current conditions in Montenegro and noting U.S. support for the territorial integrity of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), a Montenegran journalist asked the President if he would support Montenegran independence or work against it.] The President. Well, first of all, you have asked a very good set of questions because--but I think I need to back up and say, we very much appreciate the role that Montenegro has played in these last difficult months. It has been in a very hard position. It has been vulnerable to invasion, as you pointed out. And the government of President Djukanovic maintained a position of independence and the position that Montenegro should acquire more and more autonomy and should be a democratic and multiethnic society--that's what we believe. Now, here's the problem. Obviously, and you've pointed out quite properly that we shouldn't punish Montenegro with withholding aid, reconstruction aid, for example, just because it's part of Yugoslavia. And that's a good example of the dilemma. Here's what I'm interested in. I want the people of Montenegro to have maximum freedom and maximum self-determination. But I don't think it's a good idea for the United States, or for Western Europe generally, to get in the business of redrawing national borders right now. Who knows what is going to happen in the future? I think--we need to stand for a certain set of principles. But what I want to say to all the ethnic groups of the Balkans, and all of southeastern Europe, is that we have to build a future in which your safety, your right to freedom of religion, freedom of speech, access to education, access to a job, does not depend upon your living in a nation where everybody inside the nation's borders has the same religion you do and the same ethnic group you do. And in the past, when outside powers have attempted to redraw the lines of the Balkans and impose that, the results have been very painful for the people here. It's led to a lot of suffering. So I don't want to strip any people of their democratic aspirations, and I don't think it's right for the United States to do that. But I also don't think it's right for us or for any other outside power to come in and, in effect, say, ``Well, because we don't like Mr. Milosevic, we're going to redraw all the national boundaries,'' because the real trick here is to preserve democracy, self-determination, freedom from religious or racial or ethnic persecution in all these countries, without regard to the national borders. And what we need is--and let me just make one other point. If we had the right sort of economic and political integration in southeastern Europe and then the right ties between southeastern Europe and the rest of Europe--central and Western Europe--then it wouldn't matter so much one way or the other. That is, if you knew human rights were going to be protected, and if you knew everyone in this region was going to be tied together economically and politically, across national borders, and that the region would be tied to Europe and would have a future with the emerging European institutions, then the actual status--whether you were independent or autonomous, for example--wouldn't be nearly so important. And what I've been afraid of--the reason I've been reluctant to say anything about territorial borders is, there is a whole history in the 20th century of disaster happening in the Balkans because of outside powers redrawing the national borders. We have to change the nature of national life and the nature of international cooperation, and then I believe, over the next few years, whatever is right about the national borders will settle down. The people will somehow determine that, not outsiders. That's what I think will happen. Serbia [The journalist pointed out that the Serbian infrastructure and economy had collapsed and asked how stability in Serbia could return, as long as Serbia is refused financial aid, and how the President planned to deal [[Page 1531]] with strong anti-American sentiments in Serbia. He also asked about past meetings between the President and Mr. Milosevic.] The President. In Paris. Q. [Inaudible]--in Paris, yes. So I---- The President. And he was, of course, in the United States, at Dayton. Q. Yes, but you met him in Paris. And I think that you will never meet him again because he is now an indicted war criminal. But I want to ask your personal impression about Mr. Milosevic. How do you keep him in your mind--as a rival, stubborn rival? You hope, now, for almost---- The President. Let me answer you that. You asked, first of all, about aid to Serbia because the Serbs have been hurt very badly by this
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