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[Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents]

[Page i-ii]
Monday, March 10, 1997
Volume 33--Number 10
Pages 271-318

[[Page i]]

Weekly Compilation of



[[Page ii]]

Addresses and Remarks

    See also Meetings With Foreign Leaders
    Arkansas, tornado damage in Arkadelphia--281
    Child safety lock devices for handguns--284
    Coalition for America's Children, public service announcement--273
    Human cloning, prohibition on Federal funding--278
    Michigan, joint session of legislature in Lansing--290
    Radio address--271

Communications to Congress

    Canada-U.S. second supplementary Social Security agreement, message 
    Hong Kong-U.S. extradition agreement, message transmitting--284
    International agreements, letter transmitting report--300
    Iran, message transmitting notice--288
    Iraq, letter reporting--313
    Trade agreements program, message transmitting report--300

Communications to Federal Agencies

    Child safety lock devices for handguns, memorandum--287
    Educational excellence in math and science, memorandum--299
    Prohibition on Federal funding for cloning of human beings, 

Executive Orders

    Commission To Study Capital Budgeting--277

Interviews With the News Media

    Exchanges with reporters
        Arkadelphia, AR--281
        Oval Office--272, 278, 284
    News conference, March 7 (No. 137)--300

Meetings With Foreign Leaders

    Palestinian Authority, Chairman Arafat--272


    Continuation of Iran Emergency--288


    National Older Workers Employment Week--312
    National Poison Prevention Week--289
    Save Your Vision Week--276
    Women's History Month--275

Statements by the President

    Balanced budget amendment, Senate action--283
    Death of President Jagan of Guyana--299
    National economy--312
    Northern Ireland peace process, Belfast talks--288

Supplementary Materials

    Acts approved by the President--318
    Checklist of White House press releases--317
    Digest of other White House announcements--316
    Nominations submitted to the Senate--317


Published every Monday by the Office of the Federal Register, National
Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC 20408, the Weekly
Compilation of Presidential Documents contains statements, messages, and
other Presidential materials released by the White House during the
preceding week.

The Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents is published pursuant to
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There are no restrictions on the republication of material appearing in
the Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents.

[[Page 271]]

[Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents]

[Page 271-272]
Monday, March 10, 1997
Volume 33--Number 10
Pages 271-318
Week Ending Friday, March 7, 1997
The President's Radio Address

March 1, 1997

    Good morning. Today I want to talk about what we must do to 
strengthen our effort to keep drugs away from our neighborhoods and out 
of our children's lives. First, we must fight drugs before they reach 
our borders and keep them out of America. This is a battle we must fight 
together with other nations.
    Every year the President is legally required to certify whether 
other nations are doing their part. Yesterday, I accepted Secretary of 
State Madeleine Albright's recommendation to certify Mexico, to certify 
that Mexico is cooperating with us in this fight.
    Mexican President Zedillo is fighting a tough, uphill battle against 
the drug cartels which corrupt Mexico's law enforcement agencies. But 
President Zedillo has taken brave action, firing more than 1,200 tainted 
officials, extraditing criminals for the first time, passing tough laws, 
arresting his own drug czar for corruption. In the past year, their 
seizures of marijuana, cocaine, and heroin are up, drug-related arrests 
have increased, and eradication efforts have reached record levels.
    Make no mistake about it, Mexico has a serious drug problem. But 
Mexico's leaders recognize that problem, and they have the will to fight 
it. We must do whatever we can to give them the means to succeed. 
Stamping out the drug trade is a long-term battle. It won't be won 
overnight. We will continue to press our Mexican partners to take tough 
action that will protect all our people from drugs.
    Stopping drugs at their source is a critical part of the antidrug 
strategy I announced earlier this week. My balanced budget pays for the 
largest antidrug effort ever. Under the leadership of our national drug 
czar, General Barry McCaffrey, who's here with me at the radio address 
this morning, this plan will crack down on drug dealers and help parents 
teach their children just how dangerous drugs are. We must give our 
children the straight facts. They need to hear a constant drumbeat from 
all of us: Drugs are wrong; drugs are illegal; drugs can kill you. The 
more children know about how dangerous drugs are, the less likely they 
are to use them.
    Our drug strategy includes an unprecedented national advertising 
campaign to get out the facts and shape the attitudes of young people 
about drugs. And we must do more to sever the dangerous connection 
between illegal drugs and violent crime.
    Illegal drugs are involved with the vast majority of violent crimes 
in America--drug dealers carrying guns, violent criminals on drugs and 
out of control, gang wars over drug-trafficking turf. One million 
Americans are arrested every year for breaking the drug laws. Two-thirds 
of all the men in State prisons have abused drugs regularly.
    Unfortunately, most of the people who enter jail as drug addicts 
leave jail still addicted or about to become addicts again. When 
criminals on parole or ex-convicts out of jail go back on drugs, the 
chances are enormously high they will commit new crimes. According to 
some experts, 60 percent of all the heroin and cocaine sold in America 
is sold to people on bail, parole, or probation. Two-thirds of prisoners 
with a history of heroin or cocaine use who are released without 
treatment are back on drugs within just 3 months. We must break this 
cycle of crime and drugs once and for all.
    Last fall, Congress passed my proposal to require drug testing and 
treatment for prison inmates and convicts on parole. Our prisons must 
not be illegal drug markets, and anyone given a chance to go straight 
and live a better life must be absolutely drug-free. The bill I signed 
said to the States, we want to continue helping you build prisons, but 
if you want the money to do that, you must start drug testing prisoners 
and parolees.

[[Page 272]]

    In December, I announced Justice Department guidelines to help 
States meet this requirement. The guidelines are straightforward. By 
March 1, 1998, one year from today, every State must submit to the 
Attorney General a clearly defined, comprehensive plan to test prisoners 
and parolees, to treat those who need it and punish those who go back on 

    Today I'm announcing that I am sending all 50 Governors a letter to 
make it clear that General McCaffrey and Attorney General Reno are 
prepared to help every State get this job done. We'll provide guidance 
and resources, experts, technical assistance, access to new technology. 
We'll give that to every State that needs help in developing its plans. 
At the same time, this, too, should be perfectly clear: Any State 
without a prisoner and parolee drug testing plan one year from today 
will lose Federal prison assistance until a plan is submitted. We want 
to help States build the prison space they need, but we will not help to 
build prisons that tolerate drugs by turning a blind eye.

    The Federal Government and State governments must work together as 
partners to get this done. It's time to say to inmates, if you stay on 
drugs, you'll stay in jail; if you want out of jail, you have to get off 
drugs. It's time to say to parolees, if you go back on drugs, you'll go 
back to jail; if you want to stay out of jail, stay off drugs.

    We must fight drugs on every front, on our streets and in our 
schools, at our borders and in our homes. Every American must accept 
this responsibility. There is no more insidious threat to a good future 
than illegal drugs. I'm counting on all of you to help us win the fight 
against them.
    Thanks for listening.

Note: The address was recorded at 4:28 p.m. on February 28 in the 
Roosevelt Room at the White House for broadcast at 10:06 a.m. on March 

[Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents]

[Page 272-273]
Monday, March 10, 1997
Volume 33--Number 10
Pages 271-318
Week Ending Friday, March 7, 1997
Remarks Prior to Discussions With Chairman Yasser Arafat of the 
Palestinian Authority and an Exchange With Reporters

March 3, 1997

    The President. Good morning. I'm glad to welcome Chairman Arafat 
here. This is our sixth meeting, and I'm hopeful that it will be as 
productive as our previous ones have. You will remember the last time he 
was here, last fall, we were facing a very difficult situation with 
regard to Hebron, and because of the efforts that he made in working 
with the Israelis, an agreement was reached, a timetable was 
established, and we're moving forward. And I'm hopeful that we can keep 
doing that. This is also a difficult moment, but I think we can work 
through it and go forward and I appreciate his coming to see me.

Middle East Peace Process

    Q. Mr. Chairman, are the new settlements designed by the Israelis to 
make the annexation a fait accompli of east Jerusalem?
    Chairman Arafat. Not only for Jerusalem but also for Bethlehem, 
because their target is to squeeze and to isolate Jerusalem but, at the 
same time, to build the settlements at the entrance of Bethlehem, to 
replace Har Homa, our capital--in the city of Bethlehem during the 2,000 
years of our celebration for our Jesus Christ.
    Q. What are you going to do about it?
    Chairman Arafat. I am sure that His Excellency will push for--to 
prevent it.
    Q. Mr. President, what do you think about the settlement?
    The President. Well, what I think about the settlement is what I 
think about all these issues. You know, the important thing is for these 
people on both sides to be building confidence and working together. And 
so I would prefer the decision not have been made, because I don't think 
it builds confidence, I think it builds mistrust. And I wish that it had 
not been made.

[[Page 273]]

    Q. Mr. President, the Jerusalem Embassy Act declares that the United 
States should recognize Jerusalem as Israel's capital. Is Jerusalem 
Israel's capital, and does Israel have the right to build within the 
municipal boundaries of Jerusalem?
    The President. Well, you know, I've been asked that question a lot, 
and I'm going to give you the same answer I always give. I do not 
believe, now that the parties have reached the agreement they reached in 

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