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[Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents]

[Page i-ii]
Monday, January 11, 1999
Volume 35--Number 1
Pages 1-34

[[Page i]]

Weekly Compilation of



[[Page ii]]



Addresses and Remarks

    Budget surplus for fiscal year 1998--10
    Drugs in prison, zero tolerance initiative--5
    Health care initiative, long-term--2
    Michigan, Economic Club of Detroit--18
    Quality after-school programs--14
    Radio address--1

Appointments and Nominations

    Advisory Board for Cuba Broadcasting, Chairman and members--7

Communications to Congress

    Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), letter 
        reporting on national emergency--8
    Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the 
        Event of Armed Conflict--13

Communications to Congress--Continued

    Steel imports, letter transmitting a comprehensive plan for 
        responding to the increase in--17

Statements by the President

    African-American farmers, efforts to redress discrimination 
    Cuba, U.S. policy--7
    European currency, launch of new--5
    Murder rate, national decline--2

Supplementary Materials

    Acts approved by the President--33
    Checklist of White House press releases--33
    Digest of other White House announcements--29
    Nominations submitted to the Senate--29

Editor's Note: The President was in Detroit, MI, on January 8, the 
closing date of this issue. Releases and announcements issued by the 
Office of the Press Secretary but not received in time for inclusion in 
this issue will be printed next week.


Published every Monday by the Office of the Federal Register, National 
Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC 20408, the Weekly 
Compilation of Presidential Documents contains statements, messages, and
other Presidential materials released by the White House during the 
preceding week.

The Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents is published pursuant to
the authority contained in the Federal Register Act (49 Stat. 500, as 
amended; 44 U.S.C. Ch. 15), under regulations prescribed by the 
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There are no restrictions on the republication of material appearing in 
the Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents.

[[Page 1]]

[Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents]

[Page 1i-2i]
Monday, January 11, 1999
Volume 35--Number 1
Pages 1-34
Week Ending Friday, January 8, 1999
The President's Radio Address

January 2, 1999

    Good morning. As we celebrate this last New Year of the 20th 
century, I want to speak to you about the debt we owe to those who make 
every season a season of peace for America, the men and women of our 
Armed Forces.
    Almost 1.4 million Americans are serving our country on active duty 
today. Nearly a quarter million of them are overseas, doing what needs 
to be done as no one else can, whether that means thwarting Iraq's 
ambition to threaten its neighbors or the world with weapons of mass 
destruction or standing watch in Korea on the last fortified frontier of 
the cold war or safeguarding the peace in Bosnia or helping our 
neighbors in Central America or the Caribbean dig out from natural 
disasters or simply giving us the confidence that America will be 
forever strong, safe, and secure.
    We rely on our Armed Forces because this is still a dangerous world. 
We're proud of them because they are the best in the world. And we 
remember today what makes them the best--not just the quality of our 
weapons but the quality of our people in uniform. Their skill, 
dedication, and professionalism are unstinting, unquestioned, and 
    When we give our service men and women a mission, there is a 
principle we must keep in mind: We should never ask them to do what they 
are not equipped to do, and we should always equip them to do what we 
ask. The more we ask, the greater our responsibility to give our troops 
the support and training and equipment they need. As Commander in Chief, 
I have no higher duty than this: to give our troops the tools to take on 
new missions, while maintaining their readiness to defend our country 
and defeat any adversary; to make sure they can deploy away from home, 
knowing their families have the quality of life they deserve; and to 
make certain their service is not only rewarding but well rewarded, from 
recruitment to retirement.
    I'm confident our military is ready to fulfill this mission today. 
Our troops continue to execute complex and dangerous missions far from 
home with flawless precision, as we've just seen in the Persian Gulf. 
Our challenge is to retain the ability to do this as we carry out our 
entire defense strategy.
    For this reason, we asked Congress to add $1.1 billion to this 
year's budget to keep our readiness razor-sharp and to improve 
recruitment. And Congress did. I've also worked with our military 
leaders to ensure their highest readiness priorities are reflected in 
our budget request for the year 2000.
    The budget I will submit to Congress for next year will provide an 
increase of over $12 billion for defense readiness and modernization 
through a combination of new spending and budgetary savings. This is the 
start of a 6-year effort that will represent the first long-term 
sustained increase in defense spending in a decade.
    We want our Armed Forces to remain ready to deploy rapidly in any 
crisis, and that is what this effort will assure, by funding joint 
exercises, flight training, badly needed spare parts, and recruiting for 
critical positions. We want our forces to remain the best equipped in 
the world into the next century, and that is what this effort will 
assure, by paying for the next generation of ships, planes, and weapons 
systems. It will also enable our military to play its part in meeting 
emerging threats to our security such as terrorism and proliferation. It 
will help us to do right by our troops by upgrading and replacing aging 
equipment, barracks, and family housing. It will include a military pay 
raise of 4.4 percent, the largest since 1982, a restructuring of paid 
reward performance, and the reinstatement of military retirement 
benefits that were taken away over a decade ago.

[[Page 2]]

    We must undertake this effort today so that our Nation will remain 
strong and secure tomorrow. We must do it as well because we have the 
most sacred obligation to those who accept dangers and hardships on our 
    They are our sons and daughters, husbands and wives, friends and 
neighbors, from cities and towns all over America. We must give them the 
support they need to keep doing their jobs well and to keep coming home 
to America, safe and sound.
    Thanks for listening, and happy New Year.

Note: The address was recorded at 10:55 a.m. on December 30 in the 
Roosevelt Room at the White House for broadcast at 10:06 a.m. on January 
2. The transcript was made available by the Office of the Press 
Secretary on December 31 but was embargoed for release until the 

[Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents]

[Page 2i]
Monday, January 11, 1999
Volume 35--Number 1
Pages 1-34
Week Ending Friday, January 8, 1999
Statement on the Decline in the National Murder Rate

January 2, 1999

    The Justice Department study on homicide trends released today shows 
that America's murder rate has fallen to its lowest level in 30 years, 
with much of the decline coming from the drop in youth gun homicides. 
Our cities are now the safest they have been in a generation. With the 
help of the '94 crime act, cities have replaced gang and gun violence 
with more police and tougher gun enforcement, and their efforts are 
paying off in dramatic decreases in homicides. A variety of studies show 
that crime, and especially homicide, should continue to decline into the 
new year, and that is good news for Americans in 1999. But we have more 
to do, and we must stick to our plan. We must finish the job of putting 
100,000 more police on our streets, putting tougher laws on our books, 
and providing better opportunities for our young people.

Note: This statement was made available by the Office of the Press 
Secretary on December 31 but was embargoed for release until 4:30 p.m., 
January 2.

[Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents]

[Page 2i-5i]
Monday, January 11, 1999
Volume 35--Number 1
Pages 1-34
Week Ending Friday, January 8, 1999
Remarks Announcing a Long-Term Health Care Initiative

January 4, 1999

    The President. Thank you, Patricia, for your fine statement and for 
the power of your example. And we appreciate you and your husband being 
here today and the work that you're doing.
    We thank Congressman Hoyer for bringing his constituent here today. 
And we welcome Senator Reid, Senator Breaux, Senator Specter, Senator 
Dodd, Senator Wyden, Congressmen Brown, Cardin, Moran, and Cummings. And 
I'd also like to say, Senator Mikulski has a special interest in this 
issue and wanted to be here today, but could not.
    You know, this new year gives us all a sense of making a fresh 
start, a sense of being able to think anew. It should also give us a 
sense of rededication. I'm delighted to see here, along with the members 
of our administration, Secretary Rubin, Secretary Shalala, and Janice 
Lachance, so many advocates not only for seniors but for the disabled.
    We need to be looking ahead at the issue that Patricia Darlak 
described so clearly and powerfully, to the challenges that the new 
century will present us, because there will be many, many, many more 
stories like hers. That is the fundamental reality. Already there are 
millions of people out there helping to care for an aged or disabled 
loved one, but there will be many more like her in the 21st century.
    Now, that is, for those of us who are part of the baby boom 
generation, what we would call a high-class problem because we will be 
``them''--``they''--we will be ``they.'' Is that the right--but the baby 
boom is about to become a senior boom, and like the baby boom, the 
senior boom will change the face of America. During the next 30 years, 
76 million baby boomers will join the ranks of the retired. The number 
of elderly Americans will double by 2030; by the middle of the next 
century, the average American will live to an age of 82. That's 6 years 

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