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[Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents]

[Page i-ii]
Monday, June 12, 1995
Volume 31--Number 23
Pages 967-1012

[[Page i]]

Weekly Compilation of



[[Page ii]]


Addresses and Remarks

    Faces of Hope reunion luncheon--1004
    Friends of Art and Preservation in Embassies, reception--1000
    Maryland, National Governors' Association in Baltimore--983
    National homeownership strategy--969
    National Performance Review--1002
    Police swearing-in ceremony--997
    Radio address--967
    Safe and drug-free schools recognition program--989

Bill Vetoes

    Emergency supplemental appropriations and rescissions for fiscal 
        year 1995, message--994

Communications to Congress

    See also Bill Vetoes
    Belgium-U.S. extradition treaties, messages transmitting--1008
    Line-item veto legislation, letter--995
    Switzerland-U.S. extradition treaty, message transmitting--1009

Communications to Federal Agencies

    International Fund for Ireland, memorandum--1000

Communications to Federal Agencies--Continued

    New Independent States of the Former Soviet Union, memorandum--972

Executive Orders

    Recreational Fisheries--995

Interviews With the News Media

    Interview with Larry King--972

Letters and Messages

    Rescue of Captain Scott O'Grady, message--997


    National Homeownership Day--968

Statements by the President

    Antiterrorism legislation, Senate passage--993
    Commission on Immigration Reform--993
    Foreign affairs legislation, House action--1000

Supplementary Materials

    Acts approved by the President--1011
    Checklist of White House press releases--1011
    Digest of other White House announcements--1009
    Nominations submitted to the Senate--1010


Published every Monday by the Office of the Federal Register, National 
Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC 20408, the Weekly 
Compilation of Presidential Documents contains statements, messages, and
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There are no restrictions on the republication of material appearing in 
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[[Page 967]]

[Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents]

[Page 967-968]
Monday, June 12, 1995
Volume 31--Number 23
Pages 967-1012
Week Ending Friday, June 9, 1995
The President's Radio Address

June 3, 1995

    Good morning. I want to talk with you today about the conflict in 
Bosnia and the United States policy with regard to it for the last 2\1/
2\ years since I've been President.
    Let me begin by saying that I know all Americans join with me in 
sending their prayers to the family and loved ones of an American pilot 
who was shot down yesterday while doing his duty flying over Bosnia.
    When I became President, we found a war going on in Bosnia that was 
fueled by ancient, bloody divisions between Bosnian Serbs, Muslims, and 
Croats. The United Nations had a mission there whose purpose was not to 
fight the war but to help prevent the slaughter of civilians, to deliver 
humanitarian assistance, and to try to limit that conflict as much as 
possible while the peace process moved forward to end the conflict 
diplomatically and to preserve the Bosnian state.
    I determined that the role of the United States should be to 
vigorously support the diplomatic search for peace and that our vital 
interests were clear in limiting the spread of the conflict. 
Furthermore, our interests were in doing what we could, short of putting 
in ground forces, to help prevent the multiethnic Bosnian state from 
being destroyed and to minimize the loss of life and the ethnic 
    I determined that we certainly should not have ground forces there, 
not as a part of the military conflict, nor as a part of the United 
Nations peacekeeping mission, but that instead, we should do everything 
we could to limit the conflict to its present parameters and to support 
our other objectives.
    In our efforts to limit the conflict, we have stationed some troops 
in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia to make sure that we don't 
have a Balkan-wide conflict. We must remember that the Balkans are a 
troubling area and that it was trouble in the Balkans that sparked World 
War I.
    Secondly, we have used our air power in three ways in Bosnia. First, 
we have conducted the longest lasting humanitarian airlift in all 
history, and we've saved a lot of lives doing it. Second, we have 
enforced the no-fly zone in order to stop the bombing campaign and at 
least take the war out of the air. That has saved a lot of lives, too, 
and that is what our brave young pilot was doing yesterday when his 
plane was shot down. And thirdly, with our NATO allies, we have made our 
air power available to maintain a fire-free zone around Sarajevo and 
other populated areas and to support the collection of heavy artillery. 
This, too, has largely been a successful effort, which has minimized the 
fighting and the killing and the dying.
    This policy has not only worked to minimize the loss of life but 
also to maximize the chances for peace in a very troubling area. I know 
it's frustrating to everyone, as it is to me, that we can't completely 
solve all the world's problems and that more progress toward peace 
hasn't been made in Bosnia. Sometimes we have to do what is appropriate 
to minimize disasters that we confront, while we work over the long run 
on resolving them through diplomacy.
    But let's look at what has been done. In 1992, the year before I 
became President, some 130,000 people were killed in the Bosnian 
conflict. In 1994, because of the policies that our allies and the 
United States have pursued together, including the presence of the 
United Nations troops in Bosnia, the causalities have dropped from 
130,000 in 1992, to about 2,500 in 1994--still tragic, but dramatically 
reduced. And all of this has been accomplished without any involvement 
of American ground forces in combat or peacekeeping missions. The 
British, the French, the Dutch, the Canadians, and others have carried 
that burden.

[[Page 968]]

    This has not been a perfect peace. Recently, after the peace in 
Sarajevo broke down and 1,000 or more shells were dropped on the city, 
the United Nations asked for air support, as they have in the past, with 
success. We gave it, and unfortunately, the Serbs captured U.N. 
personnel. I have made it very clear to the American people all along 
that actions like this could occur because of the vulnerability of the 
U.N. peacekeepers who are spread out in small numbers all across the 
country. Now we are doing everything we can to secure the release of the 
U.N. personnel.
    But let's not forget this policy has saved a lot of lives. And in 
the end, the conflict will only be resolved by diplomacy. Now, the 
United Nations faces a choice: It can either get out, or it can 
strengthen its forces in order to fully support the mission.
    If our allies decide to stay, we want to support them but within the 
very careful limits I have outlined. I want to make it clear again what 
I have said about our ground forces. We will use them only if, first, if 
there is a genuine peace with no shooting and no fighting and the United 
States is part of policing that peace. That's exactly what we've been 
doing in the Middle East since the late 1970's without incident. It's 
worked so well that I imagine most Americans don't even recall that we 
still have forces there.
    Second, if our allies decide they can no longer continue the U.N. 
mission and decide to withdraw, but they cannot withdraw in safety, we 
should help them to get out with our unique capacities. They have borne 
the risk for the world community of working for peace and minimizing the 
loss of life. And I think that's an appropriate thing for us to do.
    The third issue is the remote, indeed highly unlikely event that 
Britain, France, and other countries, with their considerable military 
strength and expertise, become stranded and could not get out of a 
particular place in Bosnia. The question has been raised about whether 
we would help them to withdraw as a last resort. I have decided that if 
a U.N. unit needs an emergency extraction, we would assist after 
consulting with Congress. This would be a limited, temporary operation, 
and we have not been asked to do this. I think it is highly unlikely 
that we would be asked to do it. But I do believe that these people who 
have put themselves at risk are entitled to know that the U.S. will 
stand with them if they need help to move to safety.
    Now, as this conflict continues and as the diplomatic efforts go on, 
we must remember that our policy in Bosnia has reduced the level of 
violence, has reduced the loss of life. In the last several days, our 
allies, in the face of their hostages being taken, have said that they 
expect those people to be released but that they do not want to give up 
their efforts to bring peace to Bosnia. They do not want us, they do not 
expect us to put American ground troops into Bosnia. But we do have an 
interest in doing what we can short of that to contain the conflict and 
minimize and eventually end the human suffering. I believe this is the 
appropriate, acceptable, proper policy for the United States.
    Thanks for listening.

Note: The President spoke at 10:06 a.m. from the Oval Office at the 
White House.

[Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents]

[Page 968-969]
Monday, June 12, 1995
Volume 31--Number 23
Pages 967-1012
Week Ending Friday, June 9, 1995
Proclamation 6807--National Homeownership Day, 1995

June 2, 1995

By the President of the United States

of America

A Proclamation

    Throughout the more than two hundred years since our Nation was 
founded, Americans have embraced the dream of homeownership. 
Strengthening families, establishing communities, and fostering 
prosperity, homeownership is the cornerstone of our economy and a common 
thread in our national life. Thanks to a tradition of cooperation 
between government and industry, the doors of homeownership have been 
opened to millions of Americans. And the United States is one of the 
first countries in the world to make homeownership a reality for a 
majority of its people.
    For the better part of this century, America has made homeownership 
a priority of national policy. The National Housing Act of 1934 created 
the Federal Housing Administration's home mortgage insurance program,

[[Page 969]]

empowering more than 23 million Americans to buy their own homes. In 
1944, the GI Bill of Rights set up the Veterans Administration's home 

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