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pd14jy97 Message to the Senate Transmitting the Poland-United States Extradition...
<DOC> [Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents] [frwais.access.gpo.gov] [Page i-ii] Monday, July 14, 1997 Volume 33--Number 28 Contents [[Page i]] Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents Pages 1025-1059 [[Page ii]] Addresses and Remarks See also Meetings With Foreign Leaders Poland, Warsaw Citizens--1051 Dinner hosted by President Kwasniewski--1053 Radio address--1028 Spain, Madrid American Embassy community--1036 NATO expansion--1029 NATO Summit NATO-Ukraine Charter, signing ceremony--1039 North Atlantic Council--1035 Communications to Congress Cyprus, letter reporting--1037 District of Columbia fiscal year 1998 budget request, message transmitting--1055 France-U.S. extradition treaty, message transmitting--1050 Iraq, letter reporting--1047 Luxembourg-U.S. agreements, messages transmitting Extradition treaty--1038 Mutual legal assistance treaty and documentation--1038 National Endowment for the Arts, message transmitting report--1056 North American Free Trade Agreement operation and effect, message transmitting study--1054 Poland-U.S. agreements, messages transmitting Extradition treaty--1050 Mutual legal assistance treaty--1039 Communications to Federal Agencies John D. Dingell Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, memorandum--1036 Executive Orders Eligibility of Certain Overseas Employees for Noncompetitive Appointments--1034 Interviews With the News Media Exchanges with reporters Bucharest, Romania--1054 Madrid, Spain--1029, 1031 Interview with David Gollust of the Voice of America--1025 News conference in Madrid, Spain, July 9 (No. 149)--1040 Meetings With Foreign Leaders North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Secretary General Solana--1035, 1039 Poland, President Kwasniewski--1051, 1053 Romania, President Constantinescu--1054 Spain, Prime Minister Aznar--1031 Ukraine, President Kuchma--1039 Statements by the President Helicopter tragedy at Fort Bragg, NC--1047 Mars Pathfinder, landing--1028 New television rating system--1051 Tobacco advertisements, R.J. Reynolds decision to stop using Joe Camel--1051 Supplementary Materials Acts approved by the President--1059 Checklist of White House press releases--1058 Digest of other White House announcements--1056 Nominations submitted to the Senate--1057 Editor's Note: The President was in Bucharest, Romania, and Copenhagen, Denmark, on July 11, the closing date of this issue. Releases and announcements issued by the Office of the Press Secretary but not received in time for inclusion in this issue will be printed next week. WEEKLY COMPILATION OF ------------------------------ PRESIDENTIAL DOCUMENTS Published every Monday by the Office of the Federal Register, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC 20408, the Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents contains statements, messages, and other Presidential materials released by the White House during the preceding week. The Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents is published pursuant to the authority contained in the Federal Register Act (49 Stat. 500, as amended; 44 U.S.C. Ch. 15), under regulations prescribed by the Administrative Committee of the Federal Register, approved by the President (37 FR 23607; 1 CFR Part 10). Distribution is made only by the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402. The Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents will be furnished by mail to domestic subscribers for $80.00 per year ($137.00 for mailing first class) and to foreign subscribers for $93.75 per year, payable to the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402. The charge for a single copy is $3.00 ($3.75 for foreign mailing). There are no restrictions on the republication of material appearing in the Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents. [[Page 1025]] <DOC> [Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents] [frwais.access.gpo.gov] [Page 1025-1027] Monday, July 14, 1997 Volume 33--Number 28 Week Ending Friday, July 11, 1997 Interview With David Gollust of the Voice of America July 3, 1997 NATO Expansion Q. Mr. President, thanks for giving us your time today as you prepare for the Madrid Summit. The administration has made it clear that it's prepared to accept only Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic in the first round of NATO expansion, but several of our allies, and maybe even a majority in NATO, have said that they would also like to see Romania and Slovenia in that initial round. Since NATO decisions are taken by consensus, we have an effective veto over a broader expansion, but there's been criticism in Europe that we're being a bit heavyhanded, maybe the bigfoot approach to handling NATO affairs. Do you accept that? The President. No. We consulted extensively with all of our allies. Secretary Albright went to Sintra in Portugal and said what our thoughts were and listened to their thoughts before we announced our position. I personally talked with President Chirac and Chancellor Kohl and Prime Minister Blair and others about this. We would like to see NATO continue to expand. We believe NATO would be well served by having more members on its southern flank. But we believe that these three countries are the only three that are clearly ready now, in terms of the stability of their democracy and their capacity to fulfill the military requirements of membership. Keep in mind, this is--NATO--there is a political component to this decision, and there should be, but NATO is also, first and foremost, a security alliance. And anybody who gets in as a full member must be able to meet the requirements of membership. Moreover, there are costs to be paid by the NATO members themselves that are significant to integrate new members because we have to operate in more countries. And for all these reasons, on the merits, the United States strongly believes that we should start with three. Now, let me also back up and just go through a little history here. In January of '94, when we recommended that NATO expand--and I did that in a speech in Belgium--there was some controversy about it among the Europeans. Not all the Europeans thought it was a good idea. But eventually they came around. Interestingly enough, the French were strongly in favor of expansion, and we have been together on that. Now, what I think is important to do is to see this as an ongoing process so that--let's just take Romania, for example, a very important country, the second largest country in Central and Eastern Europe. Would it be a good thing if Romania were in NATO? Of course, it would be. Is it a good thing that Romania has chosen democracy and has resolved its problems with Hungary and now has two Hungarians in the Romanian Cabinet? Yes, it is. This is a process that's been going on slightly less than a year. So I think to say--we love what the Romanians are doing; we applaud it. We want them to be a part of our shared future, and the door is still open to them in a very aggressive way. That's the message we want to get out there, it seems to me, and that we will continue to work with them to see whether they can sustain this for another couple of years. Q. Are you going to be able to offer Romania, Slovenia, some of the other countries that will not be allowed in on the first round anything more than consolation? I mean, will there be any kind of specific information given about a timetable or modalities? The President. Well, what I would hope is that all the allies would agree that we will take another look at this in 1999. As we complete the integration of the first members into NATO, we will take another look and see if we shouldn't take some more members [[Page 1026]] in then. But in addition to that, let's not forget one thing: There is something that has already happened to increase their stability. The agreement with Russia increases their security and, even more important, their involvement in the Partnership For Peace, which is now going to be folded into this Euro-Atlantic alliance. That's a big deal for all these countries. That has been the great untold and underappreciated story of NATO, the fact that we put together this Partnership For Peace. There are two dozen countries in it. We do joint military exercises. They're involved with us in Bosnia. This is a huge deal. So these countries are going to continue to become more secure and more involved with NATO, no matter what happens, if they're getting a clear signal, too, that this is not the last decision on membership and that it is not the last decision for a long time, that within 2 years we're going to take another look at this. Russia Q. You've said many times that NATO expansion is not a process that's directed against Russia. But a number of countries that were formerly part of the Soviet Union, for instance the Baltic States, are very concerned that at some point Russia might return to totalitarianism and empire building at some point. Are the concerns that they have, the Baltic States for instance, valid on this? And can you or will you do anything to put them at ease? The President. Well again, we have tried to put them at ease in two ways. One is with their involvement in the Partnership For Peace, and the second is with the clear understanding that the door to membership would remain open on a long-term basis. And let me make a third point. The third is, when we made the agreement with Russia--the partnership with Russia is a clear signal that at least as long as this government is there and that President is there, they are not going to define their greatness in terms of their territorial dominance. Keep in mind, it was President Yeltsin that worked with us to withdraw the troops from the Baltics. So they got their--the Russian troops have left the Baltics in the tenure of my service here. So I think time is on our side, that we can't resolve all issues today but we are moving in the right direction and we have to let a little time pass on some of these issues. And they'll settle down and resolve themselves, I think, in a positive way. Could something bad happen to change the direction? Of course, it could happen. Is it likely? I don't think so. Senate Approval of NATO Expansion Q. After the Madrid Summit is over, of course, I think the focus will shift back here domestically to the Senate, which will have to approve the extension of U.S. defense commitments to new NATO countries. How difficult a process will this be? Are the American people prepared to accept U.S. commitments to defend Warsaw, for instance, as they have done to, say, Paris and London? The President. Well, I hope they will be. And I think we can prevail on that because it's not just Warsaw; keep in mind you have--I mean, not just Paris and London, we have other smaller countries in NATO right now. Iceland is a member of NATO. So I think when you point out that no NATO country has ever been attacked, it makes it clear that actually the expansion of NATO reduces the likelihood of Americans having to go to war. It reduces the likelihood of Americans having to fight and die and also broadens the burdens of those who will help us in places like Bosnia. So for all those reasons, I think that we can persuade the American people and the United States Senate to do this. I also think, frankly, as a practical matter, it will be a little easier to make the case for three rather than five. And if the three work well and the costs are as we expect them to be, modest and affordable, I think it will make it a lot easier to sell in a couple of years if we are in a position where we can come back and argue to expand some more. Bosnia Q. Mr. President, on Bosnia--of course, this was an issue at Denver a couple of weeks ago; it's going to be on the agenda in Madrid--you have got a few days less than a year now to the planned withdrawal of the NATO-led peacekeepers, and there are re [[Page 1027]] ports that within the administration there is disagreement about the ideal, of pulling out in the middle of next year. Is it worth keeping
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