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pd16my94 Proclamation 6684--National Walking Week, 1994...

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invigorating form of self-care that can contribute to the reduction of 
preventable death, disease, and disability and to the containment of 
health care costs. It also provides a time for reflection and stress 
    Efforts to communicate with the American people about the health 
benefits of regular walking and to improve environments that make 
walking pleasurable and safe deserve the support of policy makers, 
legislators, and citizens throughout the country.
    The Congress, by Senate Joint Resolution 146, has designated May 1, 
1994, through May 7, 1994, as ``National Walking Week'' and has 
authorized and requested the President to issue a proclamation in 
observance of this week.
    Now, Therefore, I, William J. Clinton, President of the United 
States of America, do hereby proclaim May 1, 1994, through May 7, 1994, 
as National Walking Week. I invite the Governors of the 50 States and 
the appropriate officials of all other areas under the jurisdiction of 
the United States to issue similar proclamations. I also encourage the 
American people to join with health and recreation professionals, 
private voluntary associations, and other concerned organizations in 
observing this occasion with appropriate programs and activities.
    In Witness Whereof, I have hereunto set my hand this sixth day of 
May, in the year of our Lord nineteen hundred and ninety-four, and of 
the Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
                                            William J. Clinton

[Filed with the Office of the Federal Register, 2:08 p.m., May 9, 1994]

Note: This proclamation was published in the Federal Register on May 10. 
This item was not received in time for publication in the appropriate 

[Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents]

[Page 1008-1010]
Monday, May 16, 1994
Volume 30--Number 19
Pages 1007-1069
Week Ending Friday, May 13, 1994
The President's Radio Address

May 7, 1994

    Good morning. This week we saw a dramatic example of what we can 
accomplish together when you make your voices heard and Washington sets 
aside partisan differences to do the people's business.
    Even though nearly everyone said it couldn't be done, the House of 
Representatives voted to make our streets safer by banning the sale of 
19 different assault weapons. We pushed hard for this result, and the 
outcome defied the old enemy of gridlock. Democrats and Republicans 
alike sent a powerful message that the American people are determined to 
take their streets, their schools, and their communities back from 

[[Page 1009]]

    This vote teaches us an important lesson: No matter how uphill a 
battle may seem, when we set our minds to it, we can deal with the 
problems facing our country. Last year it took the same kind of 
commitment to pass a powerful plan to reduce the deficit. And now we're 
seeing the rewards of that.
    Just yesterday, we learned that our economy has created over a 
quarter of a million jobs in April, and almost a million in the first 4 
months of this year alone, about 3 million jobs since we all began this 
effort and nearly all of them in the private sector.
    Our successes in fighting crime and improving the economy are worth 
thinking about on this Mother's Day weekend. We are honoring the people 
who are at the heart of our society's most important institution, the 
    Tomorrow, mothers all across America will enjoy the flowers, cards, 
and breakfasts in bed. But we should remember another gift that will 
improve and prolong their lives: the gift of good health care. Women are 
the people most likely to guard their families' health care and to make 
sure we're all healthier. And yet too often our health care system 
leaves women behind. Even when treatments are available, women don't get 
the necessary health care they need because they have inadequate 
insurance or none at all. More women than men work part-time or in jobs 
without insurance. And historically, research studies on everything from 
heart disease to strokes to AIDS have tended to focus on men, leaving 
women more vulnerable to many diseases.
    I am committed to redressing these inequities. We've made a good 
start. We've got a fine woman, the Secretary of Health and Human 
Services, Donna Shalala. We created the first senior-level position in 
Government dedicated to women's health concerns. We've increased funds 
to prevent and treat diseases that afflict women. Right now, the largest 
clinical trial in the United States' history is underway, looking at how 
to prevent heart disease, the biggest killer of our women. We launched a 
national action plan on breast cancer to fight the killer of 46,000 
women every year. These women are not just numbers, they are loved ones 
lost forever. And most important, we're pushing to reform the health 
care system.
    The great majority of the letters Hillary and I have received about 
health care reform have been from women, voicing concerns for their 
families, their children, and their parents. One was from a New York 
woman forced to take a job with no medical coverage. Last year, a lump 
was found in her breast, and her doctors said it should be removed. But 
her family can't afford the operation. ``I don't want to die,'' she 
wrote us, ``and because of lack of money, I may. I hope that you'll be 
able to do something soon so that no one will have to go through what I 
am going through.''
    This mother is just 44 years old. I can't share her name because she 
hasn't told her family yet. She doesn't want them to worry. This woman's 
condition may be treatable, but she won't know because treatment is 
simply out of her financial reach.
    Travesties like this happen too often. Women avoid preventive care 
because they're afraid of having records of preexisting conditions that 
will deny them insurance coverage. In a recent survey, 11 percent of 
women said they didn't get their blood pressure checked; 35 percent 
didn't receive a Pap smear; and 44 percent didn't receive a mammogram.
    Our health care plan emphasizes preventive care. It eliminates 
preexisting conditions and bans lifetime limits on health coverage. It 
makes research of women's health problems a priority. It helps families 
when a loved one needs long-term care. And it gives coverage to 
everyone, regardless of whether she is healthy or ill, married or 
single, working inside or outside the home.
    For every American blessed with a mother, or the wonderful memory of 
one, I ask you to think about the 16 million women in our Nation who 
don't get the health care services they need. And think about their 
children. Think how a single illness can destroy a family.
    I think of a courageous woman I met this week named Kate Miles, who 
is caring for a son with multiple disabilities. Her family has no 
assistance for long-term care. So to keep her son, Robert, out of a 
nursing home, and because of the awful way our system op- 

[[Page 1010]]

erates, Kate Miles had to give up her job, and her husband, Tom, must 
work two jobs. As she so eloquently put it: ``In an institution, who 
will be there in the middle of the night when he's frightened, to tell 
him it's all right and that his mother loves him?'' No mother should 
have to know such pain.
    So today I ask every mother's child to send another card this 
Mother's Day. Address it to your Senator or Representative in Congress. 
Tell them this health care reform plan is important, because it may help 
the most important person in your life. And tell them along with mother 
love, most of our mothers taught us that the most important thing in 
life was to be a good person and do the right thing.
    Well, this Mother's Day, the right thing is to make sure that by 
next Mother's Day we never have to worry about the health of our mothers 
being cared for.
    Thanks for listening.

Note: The address was recorded at 5:06 p.m. on May 6 in the Roosevelt 
Room at the White House for broadcast at 10:06 a.m. on May 7.

[Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents]

[Page 1010-1014]
Monday, May 16, 1994
Volume 30--Number 19
Pages 1007-1069
Week Ending Friday, May 13, 1994
Remarks Announcing William H. Gray III as Special Adviser on Haiti and 
an Exchange With Reporters

May 8, 1994

    The President. Good afternoon, ladies and gentlemen. I want to speak 
for a few moments about the crisis in Haiti, the challenge it poses to 
our national interests, and the new steps I am taking to respond.
    Three and a half years ago, in free and fair elections, the people 
of Haiti chose Jean-Bertrand Aristide as their President. Just 9 months 
later, their hopes were dashed when Haiti's military leaders overthrew 
democracy by force. Since then, the military has murdered innocent 
civilians, crushed political freedom, and plundered Haiti's economy.
    From the start of this administration, my goal has been to restore 
democracy and President Aristide. Last year, we helped the parties to 
negotiate the Governors Island accord, a fair and balanced agreement 
which laid out a road map for a peaceful resolution to the crisis. But 
late last year, the Haitian military abrogated the agreement, and since 
then they have rejected every effort to achieve a political settlement.
    At the same time, the repression and bloodshed in Haiti have reached 
alarming new proportions. Supporters of President Aristide, and many 
other Haitians, are being killed and mutilated. This is why 6 weeks ago 
I ordered a review of our policy toward Haiti. As a result of this 
review, we are taking several steps to increase pressure on Haiti's 
military while addressing the suffering caused by their brutal misrule. 
We are stepping up our diplomatic efforts, we are intensifying 
sanctions, and we are adapting our migration policy.
    Let me describe these steps. First, to bring new vigor to our 
diplomacy, I am pleased to announce that Bill Gray, president of the 
United Negro College Fund, former House majority whip, and chair of the 
House Budget Committee, has accepted my invitation to serve as special 
adviser to me and to the Secretary of State on Haiti. Bill is here with 
his wife, on his way to the inauguration of President Mandela in South 
Africa, and I will ask him to speak in just a few moments. But let me 
just say that he is a man of vision and determination, of real strength 
and real creativity. And I appreciate his willingness to accept this 
difficult and challenging assignment. He will be the point man in our 
diplomacy and a central figure in our future policy deliberations.
    As part of our diplomatic efforts, we will work with the United 
Nations to examine the changes in the proposed U.N. military and police 
mission in Haiti. We want to ensure that once Haiti's military leaders 
have left, this mission can do its job effectively and safely.
    Second, the U.S. is leading the international community in a drive 
to impose tougher sanctions on Haiti. On Friday, the U.N. Security 
Council unanimously adopted a resolution we had proposed to tighten 
sanctions on everything but humanitarian supplies, to prevent Haiti's 
military leaders and their civilian allies from leaving the country, to 
promote a freeze of their assets worldwide, and to ban nonscheduled 
flights in and out of Haiti. U.S. naval vessels will continue to enforce 
these sanctions vigorously.

[[Page 1011]]

    We are also working with the Dominican Republic to improve sanctions 
enforcement along that nation's border with Haiti. To shield the most 
vulnerable Haitians from the worst effects of the sanctions, we will 
increase both humanitarian aid and the number of U.N. and OAS human 
rights monitors in Haiti.
    While these stronger sanctions will cause more hardships for 
innocent Haitians, we must be clear: The military leaders bear full 
responsibility for this action. They can stop the suffering of their 
people by giving up power, as they themselves agreed to do, and allowing 
the restoration of democracy and the return of President Aristide.
    Third, I am announcing certain changes in our migration policy 
toward Haiti. Currently, Haitians seeking refugee status, including 
those interdicted at sea, are interviewed only in Haiti and not beyond 
its shores. Our processing centers, which have been dramatically 
expanded in this administration, are doing a good job under bad 
    In 1993, we processed and approved about 10 times the number of 
refugee applicants as in 1992. In recent months, however, I have become 
increasingly concerned that Haiti's declining human rights situation may 
endanger the safety of those who have valid fears of political 
persecution, who flee by boat, and who are then returned to Haiti where 
they are met at the docks by Haitian authorities before they can be 
referred to in-country processing.
    Therefore, I have decided to modify our procedures. We will continue 
to interdict all Haitian migrants at sea, but we will determine aboard 
ship or in other countries, which ones are bona fide political refugees. 
Those who are not will still be returned to Haiti, but those who are 
will be provided refuge. We will also approach other countries to seek 
their participation in this humanitarian endeavor.
    The new procedures will begin once we have the necessary 
arrangements in place. This will take some weeks. Until then, the 
Haitians must understand that we will continue to return all boat 
migrants to Haiti. Even under the new procedures, there will be no 
advantage for Haitians with fears of persecution to risk their lives at 
sea if and when they can assert their claims more safely at a processing 
center in Haiti.
    The ultimate solution to this crisis, however, is for the military 
leaders to keep their own commitment to leave, so that Haiti's people 
can build a peaceful and prosperous future in their own country.
    I am committed to making these new international sanctions work. At 
the same time, I cannot and should not rule out other options. The 
United States has clear interests at stake in ending this crisis. We 
have an interest in bolstering the cause of democracy in the Americas. 
We have an interest in ensuring the security of our citizens living and 
working in Haiti. We have an interest in stopping the gross human rights 
violations and abuses of the military and their accomplices. And we 
clearly have a humanitarian interest in preventing a massive and 
dangerous exodus of Haitians by sea.
    The steps I have announced today are designed to relieve suffering, 
redouble pressure, and restore democracy. Working with the Haitian 
people and the world community, we will try to advance our interests and 
give Haiti an opportunity to build a future of freedom and hope. They 
voted for it, and they deserve the chance to have it.
    Mr. Gray.

[At this point, Mr. Gray accepted the President's appointment and stated 
that he would work with commitment and determination to end the 
suffering in Haiti.]

    Q. Mr. President, what makes you believe that these sanctions, these 
new policies on returning Haitian refugees to Haiti will work this time? 
Haven't they been tried before and found to be unreliable or to 
encourage people to----
    The President. Before, when they were tried, the circumstances were 
somewhat different. First of all, let me answer the question about why 
we would undertake to change the policy, even though there is clearly 
some logistical challenge involved in doing so.
    I ordered the review of this policy 6 weeks ago when we began first 
to get intelligence reports and then clear news reports that there was 
increasing violence against citizens of Haiti who did not agree with the 

[[Page 1012]]

of the military regime--and indeed, some of them seem to not be 
political at all--of people not only being killed but being mutilated. 
It seems to me reasonable to assume that some of the people who are 
fleeing by boat are in that group of people who also are fearful of 
their lives. And the way the boat return has worked so far is that we 

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