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pd25no96 Proclamation 6957--National Great American Smokeout Day, 1996...


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    Prime Minister Howard. And we're rather hoping it will actually come 
to the ACT right here in Canberra because they have--well, they have one 
really outstanding course in Canberra as you'll find----
    President Clinton. I saw it today.
    We're talking about the President's Cup; you know, the golf 
tournament. The PGA is trying to arrange to have it in Australia 2 years 
from now.
    Prime Minister Howard. In '98. And naturally, in the lead-up to the 
Olympic games, if we can pull it off, we'll be delighted and very 
delighted to have the President's endorsement of the idea, too.
    President Clinton. I'm for it.
    Q. Will that change the rules to allow it?
    Prime Minister Howard. No.
    President Clinton. No. The Ryder Cup is an American-European 
contest, and it alternates. So we just had the President's Cup in the 
alternating years--in the alternating 2 years we don't have Ryder Cups. 
It's the American team against teams essentially from Australia, Japan, 
and the southern part of Africa and anyplace else in the Asia-Pacific 
region. So we're going to alternate it.
    Q. Who's the golf pro in your entourage, Mr. President?
    President Clinton. What do you mean?
    Q. There were reports----
    Q. [Inaudible]--golf and you brought a golf pro with you on Air 
Force One.
    President Clinton. To my knowledge, that is not so. [Laughter]
    Q. Would you have liked to?
    President Clinton. I would have, yes. I'm going to need all the help 
I can get tomorrow.

Zaire

    Q. Will you all talk about Zaire? Is that something that----
    President Clinton. Yes. And we will have a press conference later 
and answer all your questions. We want to.

President's Visit

    Prime Minister Howard. Yes, you'll have a good run. [Laughter]
    President Clinton. And I want you to have fun tonight.
    Q. We did the boat tour last night.
    President Clinton. You did?
    Q. You get to do it tonight. The press was taken out on the same 
boat last night.
    President Clinton. Good.
    Q. The view was spectacular.
    President Clinton. Did they tell you there were sharks in the water?
    Q. They told us they had sharks on deck. [Laughter]
    Prime Minister Howard. A lot in the water, too.
    President Clinton. In Sydney Harbor?
    Prime Minister Howard. Yes, seriously.
    President Clinton. So you don't want to fall in.

Note: The exchange began at 10:50 a.m. in the Prime Minister's Office at 
Parliament House. In

[[Page 2408]]

his remarks, the President referred to his scheduled golf game with 
Australian professional golfer Greg Norman. The exchange released by the 
Office of the Press Secretary did not include the complete opening 
remarks of the President and the Prime Minister. A tape was not 
available for verification of the content of this exchange.


<DOC>
[Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents]
 [frwais.access.gpo.gov]


[Page 2408-2413]
 
Monday, November 25, 1996
 
Volume 32--Number 47
Pages 2405-2428
 
Week Ending Friday, November 22, 1996
 
The President's News Conference With Prime Minister Howard in Canberra

November 20, 1996

    Prime Minister Howard. Mr. President, ladies and gentlemen, I would 
like to say on behalf of my Government how much I have appreciated the 
opportunity of talking to President Clinton so soon after his 
reelection. I would like to repeat publicly the congratulations I 
extended to the President privately on his reelection.
    This is a marvelous opportunity for both of us to reaffirm the 
importance of our longstanding, deep, and rich association. It's an 
association that goes beyond the more formal elements of a treaty or an 
alliance. It's an association of like-minded people committed to common 
values with many shared historical experiences, many common cultural 
attitudes, and above all, a very deep commitment to democratic 
institutions, values, and freedoms of the individual.
    It was also for both of us an opportunity to affirm the importance--
the contemporary relevance of our partnership in the context of our 
common involvement in the Asia-Pacific region, where I have said on a 
number of occasions we share a common future and a common destiny. The 
President and I had the opportunity in our discussion this morning to 
canvass many global issues but ones of particular relevance to our 
region and we also touched upon a number of trade issues which are of 
ongoing importance in the bilateral relationship.
    I want to say how pleased I am personally to have the opportunity 
with my wife, Janette, of welcoming the President and Mrs. Clinton to 
our country. They are very welcome not only for themselves and the great 
leadership that they're giving to their country but also as the 
President and the wife of the President of the United States.
    The President of the United States is always welcome in Australia. 
And I will take the opportunity over the next couple of days in an 
informal manner to continue the discussion that both of us had this 
morning.
    But to you, Mr. President, again, publicly, my very warm welcome. 
You are here as a very welcome guest and with the goodwill of all of the 
Australian people.
    President Clinton. Thank you very much, Prime Minister. Ladies and 
gentlemen, I have wanted to come to Australia for a very long time. I am 
glad that I have finally come. I wish I could have come earlier, and 
I've had so much fun in the last day, I'm amazed that only three 
American Presidents have come here. I think it ought to be a habit 
because of the unique partnership that the United States and Australia 
have enjoyed throughout the 20th century and indeed going back long 
before that.
    The Prime Minister and I had our first personal meeting today. It 
was a very good one. We talked about a lot of the things that we share 
in common as nations. We talked about

our common agenda to expand global trade through the World Trade 
Organization and APEC where we'll both be going in just a couple of days. 
We talked about the work we have done to halt the spread of weapons of mass 
destruction.

    And again, I want to thank in this press conference, Mr. Prime 
Minister, on behalf of all the American people, Australia for the 
leadership that Australia exhibited in securing the Comprehensive 
Nuclear Test Ban Treaty and for your support in helping us all defuse 
the North Korean nuclear program.
    We also share a commitment to advance democratic values. We have 
worked on it side by side throughout the wars of the 20th century, 
throughout the cold war, and now in this new era. We've joined together 
in supporting human rights in Burma, promoting the rule of law in 
Cambodia, helping to keep the peace in troubled corners of the world.
    We are working hard to build on the partnership between the United 
States and Australia. We talked about our security cooperation. We're 
moving forward on the Sydney statement of July which bolstered our 
security ties.

[[Page 2409]]

    I made a little bit of a joke about the U.S. marines who will soon 
take part in joint training exercises in north Australia. They are, 
seriously, a powerful symbol and a concrete manifestation of our pledge 
to protect stability in the Pacific. But they're also, I think, 
apprehensive about seeing what that vast and not very populated area 
holds for them. There's a lot of talk about it, Mr. Prime Minister, 
already in the Defense Department, and we're certainly glad that there 
was no extra spaceship up there the other day. [Laughter] And let me say 
in the Prime Minister's defense, when we started out yesterday morning, 
we thought that it might land in the United States. So no one quite knew 
where it was going to come down, but we're glad it wound up in the 
ocean.
    Let me also say that on a very serious note for the future, I was 
deeply impressed by the comments that the Prime Minister had about the 
upcoming APEC leaders meeting in Subic Bay in the Philippines. We know 
we have to keep this group working together to push the barriers that 
still restrain global trade and to look especially for opportunities 
that will enable our people to get better jobs, to lead better lives, 
and in so doing, to advance the cause of the other APEC nations as well. 
So I am looking forward to the Philippines.
    Australia really started the APEC organization. Then I convened the 
world leaders of the APEC nations in Seattle in 1993, and we've been 
building on it ever since. It is very, very important, now that we have 
a goal of free trade in the area by 2020, now that we have a blueprint 
for achieving it, it is important that we actually take some concrete 
steps toward implementation of our goal, from tariff cuts to other 
deregulation measures. And I will be working hard for that.
    Let me say that the area that I would like to see the most progress 
in is in information technology. Currently, trade in that area is valued 
at a trillion dollars. It's projected to grow over 250 percent in the 
next 10 years. And we need to do more to open up those markets in a way 
that enables more people in the world to do what I saw last night when 
Hillary and I came in from the airport and all the people were waving to 
us. It seemed to me about one in every third person who was waving to us 
also had a cellular telephone in his or her ear, talking to someone back 
home and telling them about it. As I said to the Prime Minister, half 
the people in the world are still 2 days' walk from a telephone. And we 
have a lot of work to do if we're going to bring the world together to 
minimize misunderstanding, to minimize disruption, and to maximize human 
opportunity.
    Let me lastly say another word about the special relationship 
between the United States and Australia. We're proud to be Australia's 
largest foreign investor, its second largest trading partner. Trade 
between our nations was about $16 billion last year. We're also proud to 
have stood side by side with Australia in the conflicts and the 
struggles for peace and freedom and prosperity in this last century. And 
I believe that this remarkable and wonderfully unique relationship 
between our two countries is on even more solid ground as we look to the 
21st century. And I thank the Prime Minister for the reception he has 
given me today.
    Thank you, sir.
    Prime Minister Howard. Thank you. Questions?

Australia-U.S. Trade

    Q. Mr. Prime Minister and Mr. President, you mentioned that you 
talked about multilateral trade issues. Can I ask did you specifically 
raise Australia's trade concerns with the United States? And Mr. 
President, Australian farmers are hoping for some sort of commitments 
from the U.S. that the EEP and DEIP programs won't be specifically 
targeted on Australia.
    Prime Minister Howard. Could I say that I certainly did raise with 
the President the ongoing concern of Australia as a major exporter of 
primary produce about the practice of export support and export 
subsidies in the area of agriculture. And the President responded to 
that, and he will do so in his own words.
    But I certainly made it very clear that that remained one of those 
areas in the bilateral relationship that needed continuous attention. 
And it is the fact that the Australian Government believes that the 
existing arrangements do work against the interests of major primary 
producers such as Australia.

[[Page 2410]]

I think it is fair to add that the prime source of the problem is not to 
be found in the United States but rather within the European Union, and 
that is a view that I have expressed before, and it's not a view or a 
reflection on the issue that I have invented for the purposes of today's 
discussions. I've frequently expressed that view, and I do see many of 
the United States' actions taken in the past as being in the context of 
responses to the activities of the European Union.
    But our concerns on that were certainly raised, as they have been in 
the past, and they will be in the future. But I was quite reassured by 
the responses that were made by the President. But he will naturally 
deal with that in his own words.
    President Clinton. The Prime Minister actually raised two trade 
issues, and I'd like to tell you very briefly about both of them. The 
first, with regard to the EEP and the DEIP programs in agriculture, as 
I'm sure you know, the United States just adopted a new 5-year farm bill 
which eliminated specific program by program or crop by crop supports 
and reduced overall trade subsidies. We did retain the export 
enhancement options because of the problems as the Prime Minister said 
that we have with the European Union.
    And I committed to the Prime Minister and I commit to you and 
through you, the people of Australia, that we are going to do everything 
we can to make sure that any future use of these programs is not either 
directly or indirectly working to the disadvantage of a country that is 
innocent of any wrongdoing, in this case, Australia. And I look forward 
to the day when we will have a genuinely open market in agriculture, 
which would help your agricultural interests and the American 
agricultural interests, and I believe would work to the benefit of the 
entire world.
    The second thing the Prime Minister mentioned was the leather 
dispute, and let me just reemphasize where that is.

Mr. Fischer and Ambassador Barshefsky have been working hard to resolve 
this. I very much want it resolved. We are very close to a resolution, and 
we're going to do everything we can to resolve it so that when we leave 
Manila we'll both have smiles on our face about that. Besides that, I don't 
want any more cartoons like the one I saw in the morning paper where I 
hooked a golf ball way left and broken the window of the leather goods 
store. You need to build up my confidence for this golf game tomorrow, not 
tear it down. [Laughter] I need all the help I can get.

    Terry [Terence Hunt, Associated Press].

Harold Nicholson Espionage Case

    Q. Mr. President, the arrest of the CIA's former station chief in 
Moscow is the second major spy scandal involving Russia in the last 2 
years. Are you going to take--is there going to be any retaliation for 
this incident, and do you think that the CIA needs to tighten its 
internal watchdog system?
    President Clinton. Well, Deputy Secretary Talbott has already met 
with the Russians about this, number one. Number two, this is the direct 
result of the tightening of the system. This arrest comes because of the 
new cooperation that I ordered between the CIA and the FBI. And I want 
to compliment Mr. Deutch and Mr. Freeh for the work that they did and 
the work their people did, and I think it's a very good thing. And I'm 
glad that it happened, and I think that it ought to be a signal that 
we're going to continue to do this, and we will do what we think we have 
to do in intelligence, and we don't want any people in our intelligence 
agency spying for other countries, and we're going to take appropriate 
action when we find it.
    Q. Anything against Russia--are you going to take any----
    President Clinton. Well, we've already had conversations with 
Russia, and I think I shouldn't say any more than that at this time.

China

    Q. Mr. President, is your foreign policy pariah in this region China 
and trying to, if you want to, ease concerns that countries such as the 
U.S. and Australia are trying to contain China? And what can Australia 
and the U.S. realistically do in partnership in the region?
    President Clinton. China first. I think China has to be a big 
priority for all of us. If I ask everyone in this room to go by 
yourselves and take out a pad and write the five

[[Page 2411]]

big questions down that will determine the shape of the world 50 years 
from now, one of those questions would surely be, how will the Chinese 

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