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pd29de97 Remarks to the Community in Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina...

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    Here at the dawn of the new millennium, let us recall that the 
century we are leaving began with the sound of gunfire in Sarajevo. And 
let us vow to start the new century with the music of peace in Sarajevo.
    To the people of Bosnia I say, you have seen what war has wrought; 
now you know what peace can bring. So seize the chance before you. You 
can do nothing to change the past, but if you can let it go, you can do 
everything to build a future. The world is watching, and the world is 
with you. But the choice is yours. May you make the right one.
    Thank you, and God bless you.

Note: The President spoke at 11:55 a.m. at the National Theater. In his 
remarks, he referred to Farouk Sabanovic, and Masha Mishdin, who 
introduced the President; Alija Izetbegovic, Presidency Chairman, and 
Kresimir Zubak, Presidency Member, National Government, Bosnia-
Herzegovina; former Senator Bob Dole and his wife, Elizabeth, president, 
American Red Cross; Gen. Henry H. Shelton, Chairman, Joint Chiefs of 
Staff; Gen. Wesley K. Clark, Supreme Allied Commander, Europe; and Gen. 
Eric K. Shinseki, Commander, U.S. Army, Europe. The President also 
referred to the NATO-led Implementation Force in Bosnia (IFOR) and the 
NATO-led Stabilization Force in Bosnia (SFOR).

[Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents]

[Page 2099-2102]
Monday, December 29, 1997
Volume 33--Number 52
Pages 2085-2108
Week Ending Friday, December 26, 1997
Remarks to the Troops in Tuzla, Bosnia-Herzegovina

December 22, 1997

    The President. Thank you for your laid-back welcome. [Laughter] 
Thank you, General Ellis. Ladies and gentlemen, I have come here with a 
great delegation of Americans, including the Secretary of State, the 
Secretary of the Army, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the 
Supreme Allied Commander in Europe; many other distinguished military 
officials and officials from the White House; and a truly astonishing 
delegation from Congress, of both Democrats and Republicans together.
    We have Senator Ted Stevens of Alaska; Senator Joe Biden of 
Delaware; Senator Joe Lieberman of Connecticut; Senator Dan Coats of 
Indiana; Representative John Kasich of Ohio; Representative Jack Murtha 
of Pennsylvania; Representative Ike Skelton of Missouri; Representative 
Elijah Cummings of Maryland; Representative Mac Collins of Georgia--
anybody from Georgia? [Cheers] Representative John Boehner of Ohio and 
Representative Steve Buyer of Indiana--anybody here from Indiana? 
[Cheers] I'm proud of all of them.
    And let me say, we came here for two reasons today. We came here, 
first of all, to say thank you to all of you, to say what you are doing 
for your country is a good and noble thing. You are doing it well, and 
we are grateful. We know it's tough to be away from home at Christmas 
time. We know it's hard to be away from your families. But you are doing 
something profoundly important.
    The second reason we came here was so that we could go to Sarajevo 
and see the leaders of the Muslims, the Croatians, and the Serbs, and 
tell them that they made an agreement at Dayton that we are doing our 
dead-level best to help them enforce, and they promised that they would 
live and work together and build one country without ethnic prejudice or 
unfairness to any group, that we would not only end a war, that they 
would build a peace together, and that we in the United States were 
determined not only to do our part but we expected them to do theirs. 
And these good people in Bosnia, these little children, who have 
suffered so much, they deserve leaders who honor the commitments they 
made at Dayton and build a better, brighter future.
    And we wanted to do that with one voice, without regard to party. So 
I want to say a special word of thanks to Senator Bob Dole and Mrs. 
Elizabeth Dole for coming. And I would like to give--Senators talk like 
this all the time; I don't quite know how to do it, but I think this is 
called yielding a portion of my time. I'd like for Bob Dole to come up 
here and say a few words.

[[Page 2100]]

[Former Senator Bob Dole made brief remarks.]

    The President. Thank you, Senator Dole. Thank you for not reading my 
speech. [Laughter] I like the one you gave.
    Let me first of all say that I'm delighted to be here with the Iron 
Soldiers of the 1st Armored Division, with the 2nd Armored Calvary and 
all of the other units of Task Force Eagle. But I also want the people 
back home to know, through our friends in the press who are here, that 
there are a lot of National Guardsmen and Reservists here. And I thank 
all of you.
    Now, Hillary and I, along with the phone time that you all get--I 
hope you enjoy that hour on the telephone. I know you're all sitting 
there thinking, am I going to use it all at one time or am I going to 
divide it up? Am I going to call four people or just one? Decisions, 
    We were able to bring some school supplies over here with us, some 
toys as well. And I know you're going to be able to distribute those to 
children here who are needy and deserving. I want to thank especially 
Lieutenant Colonel Mark Little, who started the program to take care of 
these children who have been so hurt in this war and who's given 
thousands of Americans the chance to serve through it.
    A few moments ago we gave some of those presents to some Bosnian 
children, and I wish all of you could have been there with me. I wish 
all of you could have been with Hillary and Chelsea and me earlier today 
when we sat around a table in a coffee shop in Sarajevo and talked to a 
dozen young people, Muslims, Serbs, Croats, all from Bosnia. And I said, 
``You know, I'm going to see our soldiers today, and if we could do one 
more thing for your country, what would you like us to do?'' And every 
one of them, it was like a chorus, they said, ``Stay. Stay just a little 
longer. We can't--we're not ready yet, but the young people want peace. 
We don't understand why we're supposed to hate each other. We don't want 
that kind of future. Please stay.''
    And then we walked outside this coffee shop in Sarajevo and there 
were three American soldiers who happened to be from Virginia across the 
street, standing in front of a church. And Hillary and Chelsea went over 
there, and I got out, and I went over and shook hands with them. And 
they said, ``We are really proud to be here because we are doing a good 
thing.'' You are doing a good thing, and I hope you are proud to be 
here. America is proud of you.
    I also want to tell you that I have enjoyed sort of sampling your 
life, walking in the mud--[laughter]--imagining what it would be like to 
spend 6 months in those beautiful tents. [Laughter] I like those Kevlar 
seats in the Humvee. [Laughter] I have heard all about the wonderful 
cuisine. We're going to have dinner, and who knows, maybe I'll even get 
near-beer and vegetable lasagna. [Laughter]
    We're having a good time, and we're all cheering. But I want you to 
be serious with me just for a minute. And when you go to bed tonight, 
and you wonder what you're doing here, I want you to think about this. 
These people, for nearly 4 years in this country, fought the bloodiest 
war in Europe since the end of World War II. Massive numbers of people 
displaced from their homes, huge number of children made orphans, lots 
of young people walking around without limbs, horrible things happened 
to people. And because of what you and our other allies did--our NATO 
allies and our allies from Russia, from Poland, from other non-NATO 
countries--you know that the country has stayed on the path of peace 
instead of going back into bloodshed. Without you, that would not have 
happened. Without you, the warring parties never would have disengaged, 
and more than--listen to this--more than 370,000 of them were combatant 
troops. They've gone back to civilian life now. Without you, there would 
still be mortars and cannons firing. Now, more than 6,500 heavy weapons 
have been destroyed and the rest put under international supervision. 
Because of you, free and fair elections have been held. There is freedom 
of movement; police reform has begun. A lot of the airwaves now are 
filled with information instead of vicious, partisan hatred.
    Bosnia is no longer the powder keg at the heart of Europe because of 
you. And I cannot thank you enough. Your children and your grandchildren 
will look back on this moment

[[Page 2101]]

and know that you have done something not only of surpassing importance 
but something that is profoundly good.
    We gave you a mission, and you delivered. So when you go to bed 
tonight, thank God that you were given the chance to do something like 
this. A lot of people live their whole lives and never ever, ever are 
able to give something so profoundly important to others as the gift you 
have given to the children of Bosnia. Thank you, and God bless you for 
    Let me also say that even though this has been a remarkably 
nonviolent mission, it has not been free of risks. I was thinking today 
coming here to Tuzla that in August a couple of years ago, when we were 
working on the peace process, we lost three remarkable people, Bob 
Frasure, Joe Kruzel, and Nelson Drew, who were part of our team trying 
to make a peace agreement. And their vehicle crumbled on a weak road, 
and they were killed in a horrible accident. We had a couple of other 
accidents on the road. We lost one soldier who was killed when he walked 
over to a mine and just kneeled down and started dealing with it.
    But the most important thing I was thinking about today, from a 
purely personal point of view, is that it wasn't so very long ago that 
my good friend, the Secretary of Commerce, Ron Brown, was here in Tuzla. 
He spent the last day of his life here before his plane crashed. And I 
want to tell you, I've seen the pictures. He had a very happy last day 
because he was here with the men and women of the United States Armed 
Forces, glorying in and participating in this mission.
    I also want to say to you that in spite of all you have done, I 
think it is imperative that we not stop until the peace here has a life 
of its own, until it can endure without us. We have worked too hard to 
let this go.
    I thank the Members of Congress from both parties who have come here 
out of concern for you and your work. I want to say a special work of 
thanks again to Senator Dole. He said something to me on the phone the 
other day; he says so many things that are funny and pithy that if I 
start stealing his lines without attribution, I'll get in trouble. So I 
want to tell you--he said this to me. We were talking about Bosnia, and 
he said, ``Look, it's worked.'' He said, ``I didn't necessarily agree 
with everything you did, but on the whole this thing has worked. And 
this is like being in a football game, and we're ahead. It's the fourth 
quarter. Who wants to walk off the field and forfeit the game? We ought 
to stay here, finish the game, and take home the win for the world and 
for freedom.'' And that's exactly what I intend to do, thanks to what 
you have proven that America can stand for and that we can accomplish. 
And again I say, thank you very, very much.
    One other thing, just for my information. How many of you here are 
on your second tour here? [Cheers] I met a young man today, I said, 
``How long have you been in the Army?'' He said, ``I've been in the Army 
5 years.'' And he said, ``The last time I saw you, I was in Haiti.'' He 
said in 5 years he's done two tours in Haiti and one tour in Bosnia. 
Just sort of laying around, you know. [Laughter]
    I don't think many Americans understand exactly how deep the burdens 
are on our men and women in uniform today. Because we have downsized the 
military in the aftermath of the cold war, when we take on these 
responsibilities, it is very hard for a lot of people. We rotate these 
missions a little more rapidly than we would like to. We draw out 
Reservists and Guardsmen more often than we would like to. But you have 
always done what you were asked to do. And you have always delivered for 
    So on this Christmas season I ask the American people, who will see 
this on television tonight or tomorrow, to remember what we owe to the 
soldiers, the sailors, the airmen, the marines of the Armed Forces at 
home and around the world, in the Persian Gulf, on the DMZ in Korea, 
here in Bosnia. Our Nation is at peace and our people are secure because 
of you. Our country can grow stronger and more prosperous. Our people 
can live out their dreams. Our children can sleep well because of you. 
Your sacrifice makes this possible.
    I think that one of the things that you may wonder is whether people 
back home know you're here and appreciate what you're doing. Since 
you've done it so well, there aren't any visible problems, and you make 
it look easy.

[[Page 2102]]

    I got a fascinating letter the other day from the mother of a 
soldier stationed in Camp Eagle, Specialist Christina Campbell. And the 
mother said, ``So as you get busy spreading holiday cheer, don't forget 
the peacekeepers and those they hold dear.'' And Specialist Campbell 
actually wrote a poem. So I want to tell you, I took just a little bit 
out of it, because I want you to know that at this Christmas you are in 
the hearts of the American people. And her words are your words. Listen 
to these, she says, ``No, this is not our soil, and it's not our own 
fight. But if you've seen what I have, then you know that it's right.''
    God bless you all, and God bless America.

Note: The President spoke at 5:30 p.m. at Club 21. In his remarks, he 
referred to Maj. Gen. Larry R. Ellis, USA, commander, 1st Armored 

[Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents]

[Page 2102]
Monday, December 29, 1997
Volume 33--Number 52
Pages 2085-2108
Week Ending Friday, December 26, 1997
Message on the Observance of Christmas, 1997

December 22, 1997

    Warm greetings to everyone celebrating Christmas.
    At this time of year, when the nights grow longer and often colder, 
our lives are brightened and our hearts warmed by the lights of 
Christmas. So much light surrounds our memories and celebration of 
Christmas: candlelight in the windows, colored lights twinkling on the 
tree, children's faces lit with a joy that is reflected in their 
parents' eyes. The beloved Christmas story itself is a story of light, 
for, as the Gospel of John tells us, Jesus came into the world as ``the 
true Light'' that illumines all humankind.
    Almost 2,000 years later, that Light still shines amid the dark 
places of our world. It is reflected in the lives of so many quiet and 
generous people who strive daily to make life better for others--feeding 
the hungry, caring for the ill and elderly, cherishing and nurturing 
children. It radiates from the hearts of those who work for peace and 
justice in their communities, our nation, and the world. It shines in 
the efforts of men and women striving to break down the walls of fear, 
ignorance, and prejudice that cast shadows across too many lives and 
prevent us from becoming the people God intended us to be.
    May all who celebrate Christmas this year rejoice in the special 
gifts of light that it brings: the love that warms our hearts, the faith 
that lights our journey, and the hope that promises us a bright future. 
Hillary and I wish you joy and peace during this Christmas season and 
much happiness in the New Year.
                                                  Bill Clinton

[Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents]

[Page 2102]
Monday, December 29, 1997
Volume 33--Number 52
Pages 2085-2108
Week Ending Friday, December 26, 1997
Message on the Observance of Kwanzaa, 1997

December 22, 1997

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