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[Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents]

[Page i-ii]
Monday, March 31, 1997
Volume 33--Number 13
Pages 399-427

[[Page i]]

Weekly Compilation of



[[Page ii]]

Addresses and Remarks

    Advisory Commission on Consumer Protection and Quality in the Health 
        Care Industry--415
    Medicare fraud initiative--409
    National Cancer Institute's recommendations on mammography--417
    NCAA football champion University of Florida Gators--420
    Radio address--408

Communications to Congress

    Cuba, letter reporting--425
    Zaire, letter reporting--421

Communications to Federal Agencies

    Protections for human subjects of classified research, memorandum--

Executive Orders

    Amendment to Executive Order 13017, Advisory Commission on Consumer 
        Protection and Quality in the Health Care Industry--412

Interviews With the News Media

    Exchange with reporters
        Oval Office--413, 417
        Roosevelt Room--409

Interviews With the News Media--Continued

    News conference with President Yeltsin of Russia in Helsinki, 
        Finland, March 21 (No. 139)--399

Letters and Messages

    Easter, message--425

Meetings With Foreign Leaders

    Bosnia-Herzegovina, President Izetbegovic--413
    Russia, President Yeltsin--399


    Greek Independence Day: A National Day of Celebration of Greek and 
        American Democracy--412

Statements by the President

    Campaign finance reform legislation--411
    Protections for human subjects of classified research--424

Supplementary Materials

    Acts approved by the President--427
    Checklist of White House press releases--426
    Digest of other White House announcements--426
    Nominations submitted to the Senate--426


Published every Monday by the Office of the Federal Register, National
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[[Page 399]]

[Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents]

[Page 399-408]
Monday, March 31, 1997
Volume 33--Number 13
Pages 399-427
Week Ending Friday, March 28, 1997
The President's News Conference With President Boris Yeltsin of Russia 
in Helsinki, Finland

March 21, 1997

    President Clinton. Please sit down everyone. Don't make me all 
alone. [Laughter] Let me say that President Yeltsin and I will have 
opening statements, and then we'll begin alternating questions, first 
with a question from the Russian press and then the American press and 
then back and forth.
    I would like to begin by thanking President Ahtisaari, Prime 
Minister Lipponen, all the people of Finland for their very gracious 
hospitality to President Yeltsin and to me and for the extremely 
constructive role that Finland plays in a new era for Europe.
    This is my first meeting with President Yeltsin in each of our 
second terms, our 11th meeting overall. At each meeting we have 
strengthened our nations' relationship and laid a firmer foundation for 
peace and security, freedom and prosperity in the 21st century.
    Here in Helsinki we have addressed three fundamental challenges: 
first, building an undivided, democratic, and peaceful Europe for the 
first time in history; second, continuing to lead the world away from 
the nuclear threat; and third, forging new ties of trade and investment 
that will help Russia to complete its remarkable transformation to a 
market economy and will bring greater prosperity to both our peoples.
    A Europe undivided and democratic must be a secure Europe. NATO is 
the bedrock of Europe's security and the tie that binds the United 
States to that security. That is why the United States has led the way 
in adapting NATO to new missions, in opening its doors to new members, 
in strengthening its ties to nonmembers through the Partnership For 
Peace, in seeking to forge a strong, practical partnership between NATO 
and Russia. We are building a new NATO just as the Russian people are 
building a new Russia. I am determined that Russia will become a 
respected partner with NATO in making the future for all of Europe 
peaceful and secure.
    I reaffirmed that NATO enlargement in the Madrid summit will 
proceed, and President Yeltsin made it clear that he thinks it's a 
mistake. But we also have an important and, I believe, overriding 
agreement. We agreed that the relationship between the United States and 
Russia and the benefits of cooperation between NATO and Russia are too 
important to be jeopardized.
    We didn't come here expecting to change each other's mind about our 
disagreement, but we both did come here hoping to find a way of shifting 
the accent from our disagreement to the goals, the tasks, and the 
opportunities we share. And we have succeeded.
    President Yeltsin and I agree that NATO Secretary General Solana and 
Russian Foreign Minister Primakov should try to complete negotiations on 
a NATO-Russian document in the coming weeks. It would include a forum 
for regular consultations that would allow NATO and Russia to work and 
to act together as we are doing today in Bosnia. It would demonstrate 
that a new Russia and a new NATO are partners, not adversaries, in 
bringing a brighter future to Europe.
    We also agreed that our negotiators and those of the other 28 
participating states should accelerate their efforts in Vienna to adapt 
the CFE treaty to the post-cold-war era by setting new limits on 
conventional forces.
    The second area of our discussion involved our obligation to 
continue to lead the world away from the dangers of weapons of mass 
destruction. We have already taken important steps. We signed the 
Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty. We extended a non-proliferation 
treaty. We stopped targeting each other's cities and citizens. We put 
START I into force. And we're both com

[[Page 400]]

mitted to securing ratification of the Chemical Weapons Convention 
before it goes into force next month, so that we can finally begin to 
banish poison gas from the Earth.
    Today President Yeltsin agreed to seek the Duma's prompt 
ratification of START II, already ratified by the United States Senate. 
But we will not stop there. The United States is prepared to open 
negotiations on further strategic arms cuts with Russia under a START 
III immediately after the Duma ratifies START II. President Yeltsin and 
I agreed on guidelines for START III negotiations that will cap at 2,000 
to 2,500 the number of strategic nuclear warheads each of our countries 
would retain, and to finish the reductions of START III by the year 
2007. Now, think about it. This means that within a decade we will have 
reduced both sides' strategic nuclear arsenals by 80 percent below their 
cold war peak of just 5 years ago.
    We also reached agreement in our work to preserve the Anti-Ballistic 
Missile Treaty, a cornerstone of our arms control efforts. 
Distinguishing between ballistic missile systems restricted by the ABM 
Treaty and theater missile defenses that are not restricted has been a 
very difficult issue to resolve. Today, after 3 years of negotiations, 
we agreed to preserve the ABM Treaty while giving each of us the ability 
to develop defenses against theater missiles.
    Finally, we discussed our economic relationship in the fact that the 
strong and secure Russia we welcome as a full partner for the 21st 
century requires that the benefits of democracy and free markets must be 
felt by Russia's citizens.
    President Yeltsin recently demonstrated his determination to 
reinvigorate economic reform in his State of the Federation Address and 
with the appointment of a vigorous new economic team. His bold agenda to 
improve the investment climate and stimulate growth includes 
comprehensive tax reform, new energy laws, and tough anticrime 
    To help American companies take advantage of new opportunities in 
Russia, we will mobilize support to help finance billions of dollars in 
new investment. We will work with Russia to advance its membership in 
key international economic institutions like the WTO, the Paris Club, 
and the OECD. And I am pleased to announce, with the approval of the 
other G-7 nations, that we will substantially increase Russia's role in 
our annual meeting, now to be called the Summit of the Eight, in Denver 
this June.
    Here in Helsinki, we have proved once again that we can work 
together to resolve our differences, to seize our opportunities, to 
build a better future.
    Before I turn the microphone over to President Yeltsin, let me say 
one word about the bombing today in Tel Aviv, which we have both been 
discussing in the last few minutes. Once again, an act of terror has 
brought death and injury to the people of Israel. I condemn it, and I 
extend my deepest sympathies to the families of those who were killed or 
injured. There is no place for such acts of terror and violence in the 
peace process.
    There must be absolutely no doubt in the minds of the friends or of 
the enemies of peace that the Palestinian Authority is unalterably 
opposed to terror and unalterably committed to preempting and preventing 
such acts. This is essential to negotiating a meaningful and lasting 
peace, and I will do what I can to achieve that objective.
    Mr. President.
    President Yeltsin. Esteemed journalists, ladies and gentlemen, the 
first meeting of the Presidents of Russia and the United States has been 
held after our reelection. Naturally, it was a difficult one because 
difficult issues were under discussion. But as always, our meeting was 
quite frank, and on the whole, it was successful. And I am completely in 
accord with what the President of the United States, Bill Clinton, just 
    We have opened a new stage of Russian-American relations. We 
discussed in detail the entire range of Russian-American issues--issues 
of Russian-American partnership which is quite broad in scale. After 
all, our countries occupy such a position in the world that the global 
issues are a subject of our discussions.
    Both sides defended their national interests, and both countries did 
not abandon them. However, our two great powers have an area--a vast 
area--of congruent interests. Chief among these is the stability in the 
international situation. This requires us to develop

[[Page 401]]

our relations, and there has been progress in that direction.
    Five joint statements have been signed as a result of our meeting. 
President Bill Clinton and I just concluded signing these--on European 
security, on parameters of future reductions in nuclear forces, 
concerning the ABM missile treaty, on chemical weapons, and we also 
signed a U.S.-Russian economic initiative.
    But we have not merely stated our positions. We view the signed 
statements with the U.S. President as a program of our joint action 
aimed to develop Russian-American partnership. I would say that emotions 
sometimes get the upper hand in assessing Russian-American partnership. 
This is not the approach that Bill and I have. Let's not forget that 
establishing the Russian-American partnership relations is a very 
complex process. We want to overcome that which divided us for decades. 
We want to do away with the past mistrust and animosity. We cannot 
accomplish this immediately. We need to be decisive and patient, and we 
have both with Bill Clinton.
    I firmly believe that we will be able to resolve all issues which, 
for the time being, are still outstanding. Today's meeting with Bill 
convinced me of this once again. We will be doing this consistently, 
step by step. We will have enough patience and decisiveness.
    And now I ask you to put questions to us.

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