| Home > 106th Congressional Public Laws > Pub.L. 106-211 To amend the Higher Education Act of 1965 to improve the program for American Indian Tribal Colleges and Universities under part A of title III. <> ...
Pub.L. 106-211 To amend the Higher Education Act of 1965 to improve the program for American Indian Tribal Colleges and Universities under part A of title III. <> ...
[[Page 114 STAT. 321]]
Public Law 106-210
To reform unfair and anticompetitive practices in the professional
boxing industry. <<NOTE: May 26, 2000 - [H.R. 1832]>>
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the
United States of America in <<NOTE: Muhammad Ali Boxing Reform
Act.>> Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. <<NOTE: 15 USC 6301 note.>> SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the ``Muhammad Ali Boxing Reform Act''.
SEC. 2. <<NOTE: 15 USC 6301 note.>> FINDINGS.
The Congress makes the following findings:
(1) Professional boxing differs from other major, interstate
professional sports industries in the United States in that it
operates without any private sector association, league, or
centralized industry organization to establish uniform and
appropriate business practices and ethical standards. This has
led to repeated occurrences of disreputable and coercive
business practices in the boxing industry, to the detriment of
professional boxers nationwide.
(2) State officials are the proper regulators of
professional boxing events, and must protect the welfare of
professional boxers and serve the public interest by closely
supervising boxing activity in their jurisdiction. State boxing
commissions do not currently receive adequate information to
determine whether boxers competing in their jurisdiction are
being subjected to contract terms and business practices which
may violate State regulations, or are onerous and confiscatory.
(3) Promoters who engage in illegal, coercive, or unethical
business practices can take advantage of the lack of equitable
business standards in the sport by holding boxing events in
States with weaker regulatory oversight.
(4) The sanctioning organizations which have proliferated in
the boxing industry have not established credible and objective
criteria to rate professional boxers, and operate with virtually
no industry or public oversight. Their ratings are susceptible
to manipulation, have deprived boxers of fair opportunities for
advancement, and have undermined public confidence in the
integrity of the sport.
(5) Open competition in the professional boxing industry has
been significantly interfered with by restrictive and
anticompetitive business practices of certain promoters and
sanctioning bodies, to the detriment of the athletes and the
ticket-buying public. Common practices of promoters and
sanctioning organizations represent restraints of interstate
trade in the United States.
[[Page 114 STAT. 322]]
(6) It is necessary and appropriate to establish national
contracting reforms to protect professional boxers and prevent
exploitive business practices, and to require enhanced financial
disclosures to State athletic commissions to improve the public
oversight of the sport.
SEC. 3. <<NOTE: 15 USC 6301 note.>> PURPOSES.
The purposes of this Act are--
(1) to protect the rights and welfare of professional boxers
on an interstate basis by preventing certain exploitive,
oppressive, and unethical business practices;
(2) to assist State boxing commissions in their efforts to
provide more effective public oversight of the sport; and
(3) to promote honorable competition in professional boxing
and enhance the overall integrity of the industry.
SEC. 4. PROTECTING BOXERS FROM EXPLOITATION.
The Professional Boxing Safety Act of 1996 (15 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.)
(1) by redesignating sections 9 through 15 <<NOTE: 15
USC 6308-6313, 6301 note.>> as sections 17 through 23,
(2) by inserting after section 8 the following new sections:
``SEC. 9. <<NOTE: Deadline. Guidelines. 15 USC 6307a.>> CONTRACT
``Within 2 years after the date of the enactment of the Muhammad Ali
Boxing Reform Act, the Association of Boxing Commissions (ABC) shall
develop and shall approve by a vote of no less than a majority of its
member State boxing commissioners, guidelines for minimum contractual
provisions that should be included in bout agreements and boxing
contracts. It is the sense of the Congress that State boxing commissions
should follow these ABC guidelines.
``SEC. 10. <<NOTE: 15 USC 6307b.>> PROTECTION FROM COERCIVE CONTRACTS.
``(a) General Rule.--
``(1)(A) A contract provision shall be considered to be in
restraint of trade, contrary to public policy, and unenforceable
against any boxer to the extent that it--
``(i) is a coercive provision described in
subparagraph (B) and is for a period greater than 12
``(ii) is a coercive provision described in
subparagraph (B) and the other boxer under contract to
the promoter came under that contract pursuant to a
coercive provision described in subparagraph (B).
``(B) A coercive provision described in this subparagraph is
a contract provision that grants any rights between a boxer and
a promoter, or between promoters with respect to a boxer, if the
boxer is required to grant such rights, or a boxer's promoter is
required to grant such rights with respect to a boxer to another
promoter, as a condition precedent to the boxer's participation
in a professional boxing match against another boxer who is
under contract to the promoter.
``(2) <<NOTE: Applicability.>> This subsection shall only
apply to contracts entered into after the date of the enactment
of the Muhammad Ali Boxing Reform Act.
``(3) No subsequent contract provision extending any rights
or compensation covered in paragraph (1) shall be enforceable
against a boxer if the effective date of the contract containing
[[Page 114 STAT. 323]]
such provision is earlier than 3 months before the expiration of
the relevant time period set forth in paragraph (1).
``(b) Promotional Rights Under Mandatory Bout Contracts.--No boxing
service provider may require a boxer to grant any future promotional
rights as a requirement of competing in a professional boxing match that
is a mandatory bout under the rules of a sanctioning organization.
``(c) Protection from Coercive Contracts with Broadcasters.--
Subsection (a) of this section applies to any contract between a
commercial broadcaster and a boxer, or granting any rights with respect
to that boxer, involving a broadcast in or affecting interstate
commerce, regardless of the broadcast medium. For the purpose of this
subsection, any reference in subsection (a)(1)(B) to `promoter' shall be
considered a reference to `commercial broadcaster'.
``SEC. 11. <<NOTE: 15 USC 6307c.>> SANCTIONING ORGANIZATIONS.
``(a) Objective <<NOTE: Deadline. Guidelines.>> Criteria.--Within 2
years after the date of the enactment of the Muhammad Ali Boxing Reform
Act, the Association of Boxing Commissions shall develop and shall
approve by a vote of no less than a majority of its member State boxing
commissioners, guidelines for objective and consistent written criteria
for the ratings of professional boxers. It is the sense of the Congress
that sanctioning bodies and State boxing commissions should follow these
``(b) Appeals Process.--A sanctioning organization shall not be
entitled to receive any compensation, directly or indirectly, in
connection with a boxing match, until it provides the boxers with notice
that the sanctioning organization shall, within 7 days after receiving a
request from a boxer questioning that organization's rating of the
``(1) provide to the boxer a written explanation of the
organization's criteria, its rating of the boxer, and the
rationale or basis for its rating (including a response to any
specific questions submitted by the boxer); and
``(2) submit a copy of its explanation to the Association of
``(c) Notification of Change in Rating.--A sanctioning organization
shall not be entitled to receive any compensation, directly or
indirectly, in connection with a boxing match, until, with respect to a
change in the rating of a boxer previously rated by such organization in
the top 10 boxers, the organization--
``(1) posts a copy, within 7 days of such change, on its
Internet website or home page, if any, including an explanation
of such change, for a period of not less than 30 days; and
``(2) provides a copy of the rating change and explanation
to an association to which at least a majority of the State
boxing commissions belong.
``(d) Public Disclosure.--
``(1) Federal trade commission filing.--A sanctioning
organization shall not be entitled to receive any compensation
directly or indirectly in connection with a boxing match unless,
not later than January 31 of each year, it submits to the
Federal Trade Commission and to the ABC--
``(A) a complete description of the organization's
ratings criteria, policies, and general sanctioning fee
``(B) the bylaws of the organization;
[[Page 114 STAT. 324]]
``(C) the appeals procedure of the organization for
a boxer's rating; and
``(D) a list and business address of the
organization's officials who vote on the ratings of
``(2) Format; updates.--A sanctioning organization shall--
``(A) provide the information required under
paragraph (1) in writing, and, for any document greater
than 2 pages in length, also in electronic form; and
``(B) <<NOTE: Notification.>> promptly notify the
Federal Trade Commission of any material change in the
``(3) Federal trade commission to make information available
to public.--The Federal Trade Commission shall make information
received under this subsection available to the public. The
Commission may assess sanctioning organizations a fee to offset
the costs it incurs in processing the information and making it
available to the public.
``(4) Internet alternative.--In lieu of submitting the
information required by paragraph (1) to the Federal Trade
Commission, a sanctioning organization may provide the
information to the public by maintaining a website on the
``(A) is readily accessible by the general public
using generally available search engines and does not
require a password or payment of a fee for full access
to all the information;
``(B) contains all the information required to be
submitted to the Federal Trade Commission by paragraph
(1) in an easy to search and use format; and
``(C) is updated whenever there is a material change
in the information.
``SEC. 12. <<NOTE: 15 USC 6307d.>> REQUIRED DISCLOSURES TO STATE BOXING
COMMISSIONS BY SANCTIONING ORGANIZATIONS.
``A sanctioning organization shall not be entitled to receive any
compensation directly or indirectly in connection with a boxing match
until it provides to the boxing commission responsible for regulating
the match in a State a statement of--
``(1) all charges, fees, and costs the organization will
assess any boxer participating in that match;
``(2) all payments, benefits, complimentary benefits, and
fees the organization will receive for its affiliation with the
event, from the promoter, host of the event, and all other
``(3) such additional information as the commission may
``SEC. 13. <<NOTE: 15 USC 6307e.>> REQUIRED DISCLOSURES FOR PROMOTERS.
``(a) Disclosures to the Boxing Commissions.--A promoter shall not
be entitled to receive any compensation directly or indirectly in
connection with a boxing match until it provides to the boxing
commission responsible for regulating the match in a State a statement
``(1) a copy of any agreement in writing to which the
promoter is a party with any boxer participating in the match;
``(2) a statement made under penalty of perjury that there
are no other agreements, written or oral, between the promoter
and the boxer with respect to that match; and
[[Page 114 STAT. 325]]
``(3)(A) all fees, charges, and expenses that will be
assessed by or through the promoter on the boxer pertaining to
the event, including any portion of the boxer's purse that the
promoter will receive, and training expenses;
``(B) all payments, gifts, or benefits the promoter is
providing to any sanctioning organization affiliated with the
``(C) any reduction in a boxer's purse contrary to a
previous agreement between the promoter and the boxer or a purse
bid held for the event.
``(b) Disclosures to the Boxer.--A promoter shall not be entitled to
receive any compensation directly or indirectly in connection with a
boxing match until it provides to the boxer it promotes--
``(1) the amounts of any compensation or consideration that
a promoter has contracted to receive from such match;
``(2) all fees, charges, and expenses that will be assessed
by or through the promoter on the boxer pertaining to the event,
including any portion of the boxer's purse that the promoter
will receive, and training expenses; and
``(3) any reduction in a boxer's purse contrary to a
previous agreement between the promoter and the boxer or a purse
bid held for the event.
``(c) Information To Be Available to State Attorney General.--A
promoter shall make information required to be disclosed under this
section available to the chief law enforcement officer of the State in
which the match is to be held upon request of such officer.
``SEC. 14. <<NOTE: 15 USC 6307f.>> REQUIRED DISCLOSURES FOR JUDGES AND
``A judge or referee shall not be entitled to receive any
compensation, directly or indirectly, in connection with a boxing match
until it provides to the boxing commission responsible for regulating
the match in a State a statement of all consideration, including
reimbursement for expenses, that will be received from any source for
participation in the match.
``SEC. 15. <<NOTE: 15 USC 6307g.>> CONFIDENTIALITY.
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106th Congressional Public Laws Records and Documents
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