Home > 106th Congressional Bills > S. 1001 (is) To establish the National Youth Violence Commission, and for other purposes. [Introduced in Senate] ...

S. 1001 (is) To establish the National Youth Violence Commission, and for other purposes. [Introduced in Senate] ...


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108th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                S. 1000

 To amend title 10, United States Code, to revise the age and service 
  requirements for eligibility to receive retired pay for non-regular 
  service; to provide TRICARE eligibility for members of the Selected 
Reserve of the Ready Reserve and their families; to amend the Internal 
  Revenue Code of 1986 to allow employers a credit against income tax 
   with respect to employees who participate in the military reserve 
 components and to allow a comparable credit for participating reserve 
      component self-employed individuals, and for other purposes.


_______________________________________________________________________


                   IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

                              May 6, 2003

Mr. Graham of South Carolina (for himself, Mr. Coleman, Mr. Allen, Mr. 
Miller, Mrs. Clinton, and Ms. Landrieu) introduced the following bill; 
     which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Finance

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
 To amend title 10, United States Code, to revise the age and service 
  requirements for eligibility to receive retired pay for non-regular 
  service; to provide TRICARE eligibility for members of the Selected 
Reserve of the Ready Reserve and their families; to amend the Internal 
  Revenue Code of 1986 to allow employers a credit against income tax 
   with respect to employees who participate in the military reserve 
 components and to allow a comparable credit for participating reserve 
      component self-employed individuals, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``National Guard and Reserves Reform 
Act for the 21st Century''.

SEC. 2. ELIGIBILITY FOR RETIRED PAY FOR NON-REGULAR SERVICE.

    (a) Age and Service Requirements.--Subsection (a) of section 12731 
of title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(a)(1) Except as provided in subsection (c), a person is 
entitled, upon application, to retired pay computed under section 12739 
of this title, if the person--
            ``(A) satisfies one of the combinations of requirements for 
        minimum age and minimum number of years of service (computed 
        under section 12732 of this title) that are specified in the 
        table in paragraph (2);
            ``(B) performed the last six years of qualifying service 
        while a member of any category named in section 12732(a)(1) of 
        this title, but not while a member of a regular component, the 
        Fleet Reserve, or the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve, except that 
        in the case of a person who completed 20 years of service 
        computed under section 12732 of this title before October 5, 
        1994, the number of years of qualifying service under this 
        subparagraph shall be eight; and
            ``(C) is not entitled, under any other provision of law, to 
        retired pay from an armed force or retainer pay as a member of 
        the Fleet Reserve or the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve.
    ``(2) The combinations of minimum age and minimum years of service 
required of a person under subparagraph (A) of paragraph (1) for 
entitlement to retired pay as provided in such paragraph are as 
follows:

``Age, in years, is                        The minimum years of service
  at least:                                   required for that age is:
    53......................................................        34 
    54......................................................        32 
    55......................................................        30 
    56......................................................        28 
    57......................................................        26 
    58......................................................        24 
    59......................................................        22 
    60......................................................     20.''.
    (b) 20-Year Letter.--Subsection (d) of such section is amended by 
striking ``the years of service required for eligibility for retired 
pay under this chapter'' in the first sentence and inserting ``20 years 
of service computed under section 12732 of this title.''.
    (c) Effective Date.--This section and the amendments made by this 
subsection (a) shall take effect on the first day of the first month 
beginning on or after the date of the enactment of this Act and shall 
apply with respect to retired pay payable for that month and subsequent 
months.

SEC. 3. EXPANDED ELIGIBILITY OF READY RESERVISTS FOR TRICARE.

    (a) Eligibility.--Chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 1097b the following new section:
``Sec. 1097c. TRICARE program: Reserves not on active duty
    ``(a) Eligibility.--A member of the Selected Reserve of the Ready 
Reserve of the armed forces not otherwise eligible for enrollment in 
the TRICARE program under this chapter for the same benefits as a 
member of the armed forces eligible under section 1074(a) of this title 
may enroll for self or for self and family for the same benefits under 
this section.
    ``(b) Premiums.--(1) An enlisted member of the armed forces 
enrolled in the TRICARE program under this section shall pay an annual 
premium of $330 for self only coverage and $560 for self and family 
coverage for which enrolled under this section.
    ``(2) An officer of the armed forces enrolled in the TRICARE 
program under this section shall pay an annual premium of $380 for self 
only coverage and $610 for self and family coverage for which enrolled 
under this section.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
1097b the following new item:

``1097c. Section 101 head.''.

SEC. 4. CREDIT FOR EMPLOYMENT OF RESERVE COMPONENT PERSONNEL.

    (a) In General.--Subpart D of part IV of subchapter A of chapter 1 
of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (relating to business-related 
credits) is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

``SEC. 45G. RESERVE COMPONENT EMPLOYMENT CREDIT.

    ``(a) General Rule.--For purposes of section 38, the reserve 
component employment credit determined under this section is an amount 
equal to the sum of--
            ``(1) the employment credit with respect to all qualified 
        employees of the taxpayer, plus
            ``(2) the self-employment credit of a qualified self-
        employed taxpayer.
    ``(b) Employment Credit.--For purposes of this section--
            ``(1) In general.--The employment credit with respect to a 
        qualified employee of the taxpayer for any taxable year is 
        equal to the excess, if any, of--
                    ``(A) the qualified employee's average daily 
                qualified compensation for the taxable year, over
                    ``(B) the average daily military pay and allowances 
                received by the qualified employee during the taxable 
                year,
        while participating in qualified reserve component duty to the 
        exclusion of the qualified employee's normal employment duties 
        for the number of days the qualified employee participates in 
        qualified reserve component duty during the taxable year, 
        including time spent in a travel status. The employment credit, 
        with respect to all qualified employees, is equal to the sum of 
        the employment credits for each qualified employee under this 
        subsection.
            ``(2) Average daily qualified compensation and average 
        daily military pay and allowances.--As used with respect to a 
        qualified employee--
                    ``(A) the term `average daily qualified 
                compensation' means the qualified compensation of the 
                qualified employee for the taxable year divided by the 
                difference between--
                            ``(i) 365, and
                            ``(ii) the number of days the qualified 
                        employee participates in qualified reserve 
                        component duty during the taxable year, 
                        including time spent in a travel status, and
                    ``(B) the term `average daily military pay and 
                allowances' means--
                            ``(i) the amount paid to the qualified 
                        employee during the taxable year as military 
                        pay and allowances on account of the qualified 
                        employee's participation in qualified reserve 
                        component duty, divided by
                            ``(ii) the total number of days the 
                        qualified employee participates in qualified 
                        reserve component duty, including time spent in 
                        travel status.
            ``(3) Qualified compensation.--When used with respect to 
        the compensation paid or that would have been paid to a 
        qualified employee for any period during which the qualified 
        employee participates in qualified reserve component duty, the 
        term `qualified compensation' means--
                    ``(A) compensation which is normally contingent on 
                the qualified employee's presence for work and which 
                would be deductible from the taxpayer's gross income 
                under section 162(a)(1) if the qualified employee were 
                present and receiving such compensation,
                    ``(B) compensation which is not characterized by 
                the taxpayer as vacation or holiday pay, or as sick 
                leave or pay, or as any other form of pay for a 
                nonspecific leave of absence, and with respect to which 
                the number of days the qualified employee participates 
                in qualified reserve component duty does not result in 
                any reduction in the amount of vacation time, sick 
                leave, or other nonspecific leave previously credited 
                to or earned by the qualified employee, and
                    ``(C) group health plan costs (if any) with respect 
                to the qualified employee.
            ``(4) Qualified employee.--The term `qualified employee' 
        means a person who--
                    ``(A) has been an employee of the taxpayer for the 
                21-day period immediately preceding the period during 
                which the employee participates in qualified reserve 
                component duty, and
                    ``(B) is a member of the Ready Reserve of a reserve 
                component of an Armed Force of the United States as 
                defined in sections 10142 and 10101 of title 10, United 
                States Code.
    ``(c) Self-Employment Credit.--
            ``(1) In general.--The self-employment credit of a 
        qualified self-employed taxpayer for any taxable year is equal 
        to the excess, if any, of--
                    ``(A) the self-employed taxpayer's average daily 
                self-employment income for the taxable year over
                    ``(B) the average daily military pay and allowances 
                received by the taxpayer during the taxable year, while 
                participating in qualified reserve component duty to 
                the exclusion of the taxpayer's normal self-employment 
                duties for the number of days the taxpayer participates 
                in qualified reserve component duty during the taxable 
                year, including time spent in a travel status.
            ``(2) Average daily self-employment income and average 
        daily military pay and allowances.--As used with respect to a 
        self-employed taxpayer--
                    ``(A) the term `average daily self-employment 
                income' means the self-employment income (as defined in 
                section 1402) of the taxpayer for the taxable year plus 
                the amount paid for insurance which constitutes medical 
                care for the taxpayer for such year (within the meaning 
                of section 162(l)) divided by the difference between--
                            ``(i) 365, and
                            ``(ii) the number of days the taxpayer 
                        participates in qualified reserve component 
                        duty during the taxable year, including time 
                        spent in a travel status, and
                    ``(B) the term `average daily military pay and 
                allowances' means--
                            ``(i) the amount paid to the taxpayer 
                        during the taxable year as military pay and 
                        allowances on account of the taxpayer's 
                        participation in qualified reserve component 
                        duty, divided by
                            ``(ii) the total number of days the 
                        taxpayer participates in qualified reserve 
                        component duty, including time spent in travel 
                        status.
            ``(3) Qualified self-employed taxpayer.--The term 
        `qualified self-employed taxpayer' means a taxpayer who--
                    ``(A) has net earnings from self-employment (as 
                defined in section 1402) for the taxable year, and
                    ``(B) is a member of the Ready Reserve of a reserve 
                component of an Armed Force of the United States.
    ``(d) Credit in Addition to Deduction.--The employment credit 
provided in this section is in addition to any deduction otherwise 
allowable with respect to compensation actually paid to a qualified 
employee during any period the qualified employee participates in 
qualified reserve component duty to the exclusion of normal employment 
duties.
    ``(e) Limitations.--
            ``(1) Maximum credit.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The credit allowed by subsection 
                (a) for the taxable year shall not exceed $25,000 with 
                respect to each qualified employee.
                    ``(B) Controlled groups.--For purposes of applying 
                the limitation in subparagraph (A)--
                            ``(i) all members of a controlled group 
                        shall be treated as one taxpayer, and
                            ``(ii) such limitations shall be allocated 
                        among the members of such group in such manner 
                        as the Secretary may prescribe.
                For purposes of this subparagraph, all persons treated 
                as a single employer under subsection (a) or (b) of 
                section 52 or subsection (m) or (o) of section 414 
                shall be treated as members of a controlled group.
            ``(2) Disallowance for failure to comply with employment or 
        reemployment rights of members of the reserve components of the 
        armed forces of the united states.--No credit shall be allowed 
        under subsection (a) to a taxpayer for--
                    ``(A) any taxable year in which the taxpayer is 
                under a final order, judgment, or other process issued 
                or required by a district court of the United States 
                under section 4323 of title 38 of the United States 
                Code with respect to a violation of chapter 43 of such 
                title, and
                    ``(B) the 2 succeeding taxable years.
            ``(3) Disallowance with respect to persons ordered to 
        active duty for training.--No credit shall be allowed under 
        subsection (a) to a taxpayer with respect to any period for 
        which the person on whose behalf the credit would otherwise be 
        allowable is called or ordered to active duty for any of the 
        following types of duty:
                    ``(A) active duty for training under any provision 
                of title 10, United States Code,
                    ``(B) training at encampments, maneuvers, outdoor 
                target practice, or other exercises under chapter 5 of 
                title 32, United States Code, or

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