Home > 106th Congressional Bills > S. 1452 (es) To modernize the requirements under the National Manufactured Housing [Engrossed in Senate] ...

S. 1452 (es) To modernize the requirements under the National Manufactured Housing [Engrossed in Senate] ...


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            ``(1) In general.--In the case of any mortgage insured 
        under this section under which the total amount (except as 
        provided in paragraph (2)) of all future payments described in 
        subsection (b)(3) will be used only for costs of a qualified 
        long-term care insurance contract that covers the mortgagor or 
        members of the household residing in the property that is 
        subject to the mortgage, notwithstanding section 203(c)(2), the 
        Secretary shall not charge or collect the single premium 
        payment otherwise required under subparagraph (A) of such 
        section to be paid at the time of insurance.
            ``(2) Authority to Refinance Existing Mortgage and Finance 
        Closing Costs.--A mortgage described in paragraph (1) may 
        provide financing of amounts that are used to satisfy 
        outstanding mortgage obligations (in accordance with such 
        limitations as the Secretary shall prescribe) and any amounts 
        used for initial service charges, appraisal, inspection, and 
        other fees (as approved by the Secretary) in connection with 
        such mortgage, and the amount of future payments described in 
        subsection (b)(3) under the mortgage shall be reduced 
        accordingly.
            ``(3) Definition.--For purposes of this subsection, the 
        term `qualified long-term care insurance contract' has the 
        meaning given such term in section 7702B of the Internal 
        Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 7702B)), except that such 
        contract shall also meet the requirements of--
                    ``(A) sections 9 (relating to disclosure), 24 
                (relating to suitability), and 26 (relating to 
                contingent nonforfeiture) of the long-term care 
                insurance model regulation promulgated by the National 
                Association of Insurance Commissioners (as adopted as 
                of September 2000); and
                    ``(B) section 8 (relating to contingent 
                nonforfeiture) of the long-term care insurance model 
                Act promulgated by the National Association of 
                Insurance Commissioners (as adopted as of September 
                2000).''.
            (2) Applicability.--The provisions of section 255(l) of the 
        National Housing Act (as added by paragraph (1) of this 
        subsection) shall apply only to mortgages closed on or after 
        April 1, 2001.
    (d) Study of Single National Mortgage Limit.--The Secretary of 
Housing and Urban Development shall conduct an actuarially based study 
of the effects of establishing, for mortgages insured under section 255 
of the National Housing Act (12 U.S.C. 1715z-20), a single maximum 
mortgage amount limitation in lieu of applicability of section 
203(b)(2) of such Act (12 U.S.C. 1709(b)(2)). The study shall--
            (1) examine the effects of establishing such limitation at 
        different dollar amounts; and
            (2) examine the effects of such various limitations on--
                    (A) the risks to the General Insurance Fund 
                established under section 519 of such Act;
                    (B) the mortgage insurance premiums that would be 
                required to be charged to mortgagors to ensure 
                actuarial soundness of such Fund; and
                    (C) take into consideration the various approaches 
                to providing credit to borrowers who refinance home 
                equity conversion mortgages insured under section 255 
                of such Act.
Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary shall complete the study under this subsection and submit 
a report describing the study and the results of the study to the 
Committee on Banking and Financial Services of the House of 
Representatives and to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban 
Affairs of the Senate.

SEC. 203. LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICER HOMEOWNERSHIP PILOT PROGRAM.

    (a) Assistance for Law Enforcement Officers.--The Secretary of 
Housing and Urban Development shall carry out a pilot program in 
accordance with this section to assist Federal, State, and local law 
enforcement officers purchasing homes in locally-designated high-crime 
areas.
    (b) Eligibility.--To be eligible for assistance under this section, 
a law enforcement officer shall--
            (1) have completed not less than 6 months of service as a 
        law enforcement officer as of the date that the law enforcement 
        officer applies for such assistance; and
            (2) agree, in writing, to use the residence purchased with 
        such assistance as the primary residence of the law enforcement 
        officer for not less than 3 years after the date of purchase.
    (c) Mortgage Assistance.--If a law enforcement officer purchases a 
home in locally-designated high-crime area and finances such purchase 
through a mortgage insured under title II of the National Housing Act 
(12 U.S.C. 1707 et seq.), notwithstanding any provision of section 203 
or any other provision of the National Housing Act, the following shall 
apply:
            (1) Downpayment.--
                    (A) In general.--There shall be no downpayment 
                required if the purchase price of the property is not 
                more than the reasonable value of the property, as 
                determined by the Secretary.
                    (B) Purchase price exceeds value.--If the purchase 
                price of the property exceeds the reasonable value of 
                the property, as determined by the Secretary, the 
                required downpayment shall be the difference between 
                such reasonable value and the purchase price.
            (2) Closing costs.--The closing costs and origination fee 
        for such mortgage may be included in the loan amount.
            (3) Insurance premium payment.--There shall be one 
        insurance premium payment due on the mortgage. Such insurance 
        premium payment--
                    (A) shall be equal to 1 percent of the loan amount;
                    (B) shall be due and considered earned by the 
                Secretary at the time of the loan closing; and
                    (C) may be included in the loan amount and paid 
                from the loan proceeds.
    (d) Locally-Designated High-Crime Area.--
            (1) In general.--Any unit of local government may request 
        that the Secretary designate any area within the jurisdiction 
        of that unit of local government as a locally-designated high-
        crime area for purposes of this section if the proposed area--
                    (A) has a crime rate that is significantly higher 
                than the crime rate of the non-designated area that is 
                within the jurisdiction of the unit of local 
                government; and
                    (B) has a population that is not more than 25 
                percent of the total population of area within the 
                jurisdiction of the unit of local government.
            (2) Deadline for consideration of request.--Not later than 
        60 days after receiving a request under paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary shall approve or disapprove the request.
    (e) Law Enforcement Officer.--For purposes of this section, the 
term ``law enforcement officer'' has such meaning as the Secretary 
shall provide, except that such term shall include any individual who 
is employed as an officer in a correctional institution.
    (f) Sunset.--The Secretary shall not approve any application for 
assistance under this section that is received by the Secretary after 
the expiration of the 3-year period beginning on the date that the 
Secretary first makes available assistance under the pilot program 
under this section.

SEC. 204. ASSISTANCE FOR SELF-HELP HOUSING PROVIDERS.

    (a) Reauthorization.--Subsection (p) of section 11 of the Housing 
Opportunity Program Extension Act of 1996 (42 U.S.C. 12805 note) is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(p) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section such sums as may be necessary 
for each of fiscal years 2001, 2002, and 2003.''.
    (b) Eligible Expenses.--Section 11(d)(2)(A) of the Housing 
Opportunity Program Extension Act of 1996 (42 U.S.C. 12805 note) is 
amended by inserting before the period at the end the following: ``, 
which may include reimbursing an organization, consortium, or 
affiliate, upon approval of any required environmental review, for 
nongrant amounts of the organization, consortium, or affiliate advanced 
before such review to acquire land''.
    (c) Deadline for Recapture of Funds.--Section 11 of the Housing 
Opportunity Program Extension Act of 1996 (42 U.S.C. 12805 note) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (i)(5)--
                    (A) by striking ``if the organization or consortia 
                has not used any grant amounts'' and inserting ``the 
                Secretary shall recapture any grant amounts provided to 
                the organization or consortia that are not used'';
                    (B) by striking ``(or,'' and inserting ``, except 
                that such period shall be 36 months''; and
                    (C) by striking ``within 36 months), the Secretary 
                shall recapture such unused amounts'' and inserting 
                ``and in the case of a grant amounts provided to a 
                local affiliate of the organization or consortia that 
                is developing five or more dwellings in connection with 
                such grant amounts''; and
            (2) in subsection (j), by inserting after ``carry out this 
        section'' the following: ``and grant amounts provided to a 
        local affiliate of the organization or consortia that is 
        developing five or more dwellings in connection with such grant 
        amounts''.
    (d) Technical Corrections.--Section 11 of the Housing Opportunity 
Program Extension Act of 1996 (42 U.S.C. 12805 note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(4), by striking ``Habitat for 
        Humanity International, its affiliates, and other''; and
            (2) in subsection (e)(2), by striking ``consoria'' and 
        inserting ``consortia''.

               TITLE III--SECTION 8 HOMEOWNERSHIP OPTION

SEC. 301. DOWNPAYMENT ASSISTANCE.

    (a) Amendments.--Section 8(y) of the United States Housing Act of 
1937 (42 U.S.C. 1437f(y)) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (7) as paragraph (8); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (6) the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(7) Downpayment assistance.--
                    ``(A) Authority.--A public housing agency may, in 
                lieu of providing monthly assistance payments under 
                this subsection on behalf of a family eligible for such 
                assistance and at the discretion of the public housing 
                agency, provide assistance for the family in the form 
                of a single grant to be used only as a contribution 
                toward the downpayment required in connection with the 
                purchase of a dwelling for fiscal year 2000 and each 
                fiscal year thereafter to the extent provided in 
                advance in appropriations Acts.
                    ``(B) Amount.--The amount of a downpayment grant on 
                behalf of an assisted family may not exceed the amount 
                that is equal to the sum of the assistance payments 
                that would be made during the first year of assistance 
                on behalf of the family, based upon the income of the 
                family at the time the grant is to be made.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect immediately after the amendments made by section 555(c) of 
the Quality Housing and Work Responsibility Act of 1998 take effect 
pursuant to such section.

SEC. 302. PILOT PROGRAM FOR HOMEOWNERSHIP ASSISTANCE FOR DISABLED 
              FAMILIES.

    (a) In General.--A public housing agency providing tenant-based 
assistance on behalf of an eligible family under section 8 of the 
United States Housing Act of 1937 (42 U.S.C. 1437f) may provide 
assistance for a disabled family that purchases a dwelling unit 
(including a dwelling unit under a lease-purchase agreement) that will 
be owned by one or more members of the disabled family and will be 
occupied by the disabled family, if the disabled family--
            (1) purchases the dwelling unit before the expiration of 
        the 3-year period beginning on the date that the Secretary 
        first implements the pilot program under this section;
            (2) demonstrates that the disabled family has income from 
        employment or other sources (including public assistance), as 
        determined in accordance with requirements of the Secretary, 
        that is not less than twice the payment standard established by 
        the public housing agency (or such other amount as may be 
        established by the Secretary);
            (3) except as provided by the Secretary, demonstrates at 
        the time the disabled family initially receives tenant-based 
        assistance under this section that one or more adult members of 
        the disabled family have achieved employment for the period as 
        the Secretary shall require;
            (4) participates in a homeownership and housing counseling 
        program provided by the agency; and
            (5) meets any other initial or continuing requirements 
        established by the public housing agency in accordance with 
        requirements established by the Secretary.
    (b) Determination of Amount of Assistance.--
            (1) In general.--
                    (A) Monthly expenses not exceeding payment 
                standard.--If the monthly homeownership expenses, as 
                determined in accordance with requirements established 
                by the Secretary, do not exceed the payment standard, 
                the monthly assistance payment shall be the amount by 
                which the homeownership expenses exceed the highest of 
                the following amounts, rounded to the nearest dollar:
                            (i) 30 percent of the monthly adjusted 
                        income of the disabled family.
                            (ii) 10 percent of the monthly income of 
                        the disabled family.
                            (iii) If the disabled family is receiving 
                        payments for welfare assistance from a public 
                        agency, and a portion of those payments, 
                        adjusted in accordance with the actual housing 
                        costs of the disabled family, is specifically 
                        designated by that agency to meet the housing 
                        costs of the disabled family, the portion of 
                        those payments that is so designated.
                    (B) Monthly expenses exceed payment standard.--If 
                the monthly homeownership expenses, as determined in 
                accordance with requirements established by the 
                Secretary, exceed the payment standard, the monthly 
                assistance payment shall be the amount by which the 
                applicable payment standard exceeds the highest of the 
                amounts under clauses (i), (ii), and (iii) of 
                subparagraph (A).
            (2) Calculation of amount.--
                    (A) Low-income families.--A disabled family that is 
                a low-income family shall be eligible to receive 100 
                percent of the amount calculated under paragraph (1).
                    (B) Income between 81 and 89 percent of median.--A 
                disabled family whose income is between 81 and 89 
                percent of the median for the area shall be eligible to 
                receive 66 percent of the amount calculated under 
                paragraph (1).
                    (C) Income between 90 and 99 percent of median.--A 
                disabled family whose income is between 90 and 99 
                percent of the median for the area shall be eligible to 
                receive 33 percent of the amount calculated under 
                paragraph (1).
                    (D) Income more than 99 percent of median.--A 
                disabled family whose income is more than 99 percent of 
                the median for the area shall not be eligible to 
                receive assistance under this section.
    (c) Inspections and Contract Conditions.--
            (1) In general.--Each contract for the purchase of a 
        dwelling unit to be assisted under this section shall--
                    (A) provide for pre-purchase inspection of the 
                dwelling unit by an independent professional; and
                    (B) require that any cost of necessary repairs be 
                paid by the seller.
            (2) Annual inspections not required.--The requirement under 
        subsection (o)(8)(A)(ii) of section 8 of the United States 
        Housing Act of 1937 for annual inspections shall not apply to 
        dwelling units assisted under this section.
    (d) Other Authority of the Secretary.--The Secretary may--
            (1) limit the term of assistance for a disabled family 
        assisted under this section;
            (2) provide assistance for a disabled family for the entire 
        term of a mortgage for a dwelling unit if the disabled family 
        remains eligible for such assistance for such term; and
            (3) modify the requirements of this section as the 
        Secretary determines to be necessary to make appropriate 

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