| Home > 106th Congressional Bills > S. 1800 (is) To amend the Food Stamp Act of 1977 to improve onsite inspections of State food stamp programs, to provide grants to develop community partnerships and innovative outreach strategies for food stamp and related programs, and for other purposes...
S. 1800 (is) To amend the Food Stamp Act of 1977 to improve onsite inspections of State food stamp programs, to provide grants to develop community partnerships and innovative outreach strategies for food stamp and related programs, and for other purposes...
108th CONGRESS 1st Session S. 17 To initiate responsible Federal actions that will reduce the risks from global warming and climate change to the economy, the environment, and quality of life, and for other purposes. _______________________________________________________________________ IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES January 7, 2003 Mr. Daschle (for himself, Mr. Jeffords, Mrs. Feinstein, Mr. Akaka, Mr. Biden, Mrs. Clinton, Mr. Corzine, Mr. Dayton, Mr. Dodd, Mr. Kennedy, Mr. Lieberman, Mr. Leahy, Mrs. Murray, Mr. Schumer, Mr. Lautenberg, and Mr. Reid) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Environment and Public Works _______________________________________________________________________ A BILL To initiate responsible Federal actions that will reduce the risks from global warming and climate change to the economy, the environment, and quality of life, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS. (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Global Climate Security Act of 2003''. (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents of this Act is as follows: Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents. Sec. 2. Definition of Convention. TITLE I--SENSE OF THE SENATE ON CLIMATE CHANGE ACTION Sec. 101. Sense of the Senate on climate change action. TITLE II--NATIONAL GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS INVENTORY AND REGISTRY Sec. 201. Short title. Sec. 202. Findings and purpose. Sec. 203. Greenhouse gas emissions. TITLE III--UNITED STATES RE-ENGAGEMENT IN INTERNATIONAL EFFORTS TO REDUCE GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS Sec. 301. United States re-engagement in international efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. TITLE IV--RIO AGREEMENT COMMISSION Sec. 401. Short title. Sec. 402. Findings. Sec. 403. Definitions. Sec. 404. Establishment of Commission. Sec. 405. Duties. Sec. 406. Powers. Sec. 407. Commission personnel matters. Sec. 408. Plan for minimizing impacts of climate change. Sec. 409. Authorization of appropriations. Sec. 410. Termination of Commission. TITLE V--MISCELLANEOUS Sec. 501. National assessment of climate change impacts. Sec. 502. Review of emission reduction policies and measures. Sec. 503. Climate change in environmental impact statements. Sec. 504. Federal Government greenhouse gas emissions goal. Sec. 505. Corporate environmental disclosure of climate change risks. Sec. 506. Methodology for determining greenhouse gas emissions from imports; review of trade and innovation effects. Sec. 507. Grants for reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. Sec. 508. Report on modifications to revenue statutes. SEC. 2. DEFINITION OF CONVENTION. In this Act, the term ``Convention'' means the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, done at New York on May 9, 1992. TITLE I--SENSE OF THE SENATE ON CLIMATE CHANGE ACTION SEC. 101. SENSE OF THE SENATE ON CLIMATE CHANGE ACTION. (a) Findings.--Based on the scientific evidence and the advice and conclusions of the National Academy of Sciences, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, and the National Assessment of the Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change prepared under the Global Change Research Act of 1990 (15 U.S.C. 2921 et seq.), Congress finds that the many risks to the United States and the world from global warming and climate change are substantial and require immediate attention. (b) Sense of the Senate.--It is the sense of the Senate that-- (1) the President and Congress should make reducing and preparing for the risks of global climate change a higher priority; (2) the President should reorient the recently announced climate research plan away from a focus on whether climate change is occurring toward actively achieving the commitments of the United States under the Convention; (3) such a plan should gather adequate information on policies and strategies that the United States should embrace-- (A) to expeditiously and most cost-effectively reduce greenhouse gas emissions; (B) to limit the adverse property, economic, food supply, ecosystem, and public health impacts of global warming and climate change; (C) to reduce the uncertainty associated with those negative impacts and the timing of those negative impacts; and (D) to develop an early warning system of biological and ecological indicators that will provide sufficient advance notice of catastrophic or dramatic climate system alterations so that developed and developing countries can prepare for and respond to regional, national, and local disasters; (4) the President should resume support for, and Congress should pass, legislation that will require reductions in carbon dioxide, a major greenhouse gas, and other damaging pollutants emitted by electric power plants; and (5) as largest emitter of greenhouse gases in the world, the United States should be the world leader in-- (A) creating and promoting emission-reducing technologies and clean energy sources; and (B) funding domestic and international programs and projects to reduce emissions. TITLE II--NATIONAL GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS INVENTORY AND REGISTRY SEC. 201. SHORT TITLE. This title may be cited as the ``National Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory and Registry Act of 2003''. SEC. 202. FINDINGS AND PURPOSE. (a) Findings.--Congress finds that-- (1) human activities have caused rapid increases in atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the last century; (2) according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and the National Research Council-- (A) the Earth has warmed in the last century; and (B) the majority of the observed warming is attributable to human activities; (3) despite the fact that many uncertainties in climate science remain, the potential impacts from human-induced climate change pose a substantial risk that should be managed in a responsible manner; and (4) to begin to manage climate change risks, public and private entities will need a comprehensive, accurate inventory, registry, and information system of the sources and quantities of United States greenhouse gas emissions. (b) Purpose.--The purpose of this title is to establish a mandatory greenhouse gas inventory, registry, and information system that-- (1) is complete, consistent, transparent, and accurate; (2) will create accurate data that can be used by public and private entities to design efficient and effective greenhouse gas emission reduction strategies; (3) will encourage greenhouse gas emission reductions; and (4) can be used to establish a baseline in the event of any future greenhouse gas emission reduction requirements affecting major emitters in the United States. SEC. 203. GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS. The Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following: ``TITLE VII--GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS ``SEC. 701. DEFINITIONS. ``In this title: ``(1) Covered entity.--The term `covered entity' means an entity that emits more than a threshold quantity of greenhouse gas emissions. ``(2) Direct emissions.--The term `direct emissions' means greenhouse gas emissions from a source that is owned or controlled by an entity. ``(3) Entity.--The term `entity' includes a firm, a corporation, an association, a partnership, and a Federal agency. ``(4) Greenhouse gas.--The term `greenhouse gas' means-- ``(A) carbon dioxide; ``(B) methane; ``(C) nitrous oxide; ``(D) hydrofluorocarbons; ``(E) perfluorocarbons; and ``(F) sulfur hexafluoride. ``(5) Greenhouse gas emissions.--The term `greenhouse gas emissions' means emissions of a greenhouse gas, including-- ``(A) stationary combustion source emissions, which are emitted as a result of combustion of fuels in stationary equipment such as boilers, furnaces, burners, turbines, heaters, incinerators, engines, flares, and other similar sources; ``(B) process emissions, which consist of emissions from chemical or physical processes other than combustion; ``(C) fugitive emissions, which consist of intentional and unintentional emissions from-- ``(i) equipment leaks such as joints, seals, packing, and gaskets; and ``(ii) piles, pits, cooling towers, and other similar sources; and ``(D) mobile source emissions, which are emitted as a result of combustion of fuels in transportation equipment such as automobiles, trucks, trains, airplanes, and vessels. ``(6) Greenhouse gas emissions record.--The term `greenhouse gas emissions record' means all of the historical greenhouse gas emissions and project reduction data submitted by an entity under this title, including any adjustments to such data under section 704(c). ``(7) Greenhouse gas report.--The term `greenhouse gas report' means an annual list of the greenhouse gas emissions of an entity and the sources of those emissions. ``(8) Indirect emissions.--The term `indirect emissions' means greenhouse gas emissions that are a consequence of the activities of an entity but that are emitted from sources owned or controlled by another entity. ``(9) National greenhouse gas emissions information system.--The term `national greenhouse gas emissions information system' means the information system established under section 702(a). ``(10) National greenhouse gas emissions inventory.--The term `national greenhouse gas emissions inventory' means the national inventory of greenhouse gas emissions established under section 705. ``(11) National greenhouse gas registry.--The term `national greenhouse gas registry' means the national greenhouse gas registry established under section 703(a). ``(12) Project reduction.--The term `project reduction' means-- ``(A) a greenhouse gas emission reduction achieved by carrying out a greenhouse gas emission reduction project; and ``(B) sequestration achieved by carrying out a sequestration project. ``(13) Reporting entity.--The term `reporting entity' means an entity that reports to the Administrator under subsection (a) or (b) of section 704. ``(14) Sequestration.--The term `sequestration' means the long-term separation, isolation, or removal of greenhouse gases from the atmosphere, including through a biological or geologic method such as reforestation or an underground reservoir. ``(15) Threshold quantity.--The term `threshold quantity' means a threshold quantity for mandatory greenhouse gas reporting established by the Administrator under section 704(a)(3). ``(16) Verification.--The term `verification' means the objective and independent assessment of whether a greenhouse gas report submitted by a reporting entity accurately reflects the greenhouse gas impact of the reporting entity. ``SEC. 702. NATIONAL GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS INFORMATION SYSTEM. ``(a) Establishment.--In consultation with the Secretary of Commerce, the Secretary of Agriculture, the Secretary of Energy, States, the private sector, and nongovernmental organizations concerned with establishing standards for reporting of greenhouse gas emissions, the Administrator shall establish and administer a national greenhouse gas emissions information system to collect information reported under section 704(a). ``(b) Submission to Congress of Draft Design.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this title, the Administrator shall submit to Congress a draft design of the national greenhouse gas emissions information system. ``(c) Availability of Data to the Public.--The Administrator shall publish all information in the national greenhouse gas emissions information system through the website of the Environmental Protection Agency, except in any case in which publishing the information would reveal a trade secret or disclose information vital to national security. ``(d) Relationship to Other Greenhouse Gas Registries.--To the extent practicable, the Administrator shall ensure coordination between the national greenhouse gas emissions information system and existing and developing Federal, regional, and State greenhouse gas registries. ``(e) Integration With Other Environmental Information.--To the extent practicable, the Administrator shall integrate information in the national greenhouse gas emissions information system with other environmental information managed by the Administrator. ``SEC. 703. NATIONAL GREENHOUSE GAS REGISTRY.
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