Home > 106th Congressional Bills > S. 1800 (is) To amend the Food Stamp Act of 1977 to improve onsite inspections of State food stamp programs, to provide grants to develop community partnerships and innovative outreach strategies for food stamp and related programs, and for other purposes...

S. 1800 (is) To amend the Food Stamp Act of 1977 to improve onsite inspections of State food stamp programs, to provide grants to develop community partnerships and innovative outreach strategies for food stamp and related programs, and for other purposes...

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  1st Session
                                 S. 17

To initiate responsible Federal actions that will reduce the risks from 
global warming and climate change to the economy, the environment, and 
                quality of life, and for other purposes.



                            January 7, 2003

Mr. Daschle (for himself, Mr. Jeffords, Mrs. Feinstein, Mr. Akaka, Mr. 
 Biden, Mrs. Clinton, Mr. Corzine, Mr. Dayton, Mr. Dodd, Mr. Kennedy, 
Mr. Lieberman, Mr. Leahy, Mrs. Murray, Mr. Schumer, Mr. Lautenberg, and 
   Mr. Reid) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and 
       referred to the Committee on Environment and Public Works


                                 A BILL

To initiate responsible Federal actions that will reduce the risks from 
global warming and climate change to the economy, the environment, and 
                quality of life, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,


    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Global Climate 
Security Act of 2003''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents of this Act is as 

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Definition of Convention.

Sec. 101. Sense of the Senate on climate change action.

Sec. 201. Short title.
Sec. 202. Findings and purpose.
Sec. 203. Greenhouse gas emissions.

Sec. 301. United States re-engagement in international efforts to 
                            reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Sec. 401. Short title.
Sec. 402. Findings.
Sec. 403. Definitions.
Sec. 404. Establishment of Commission.
Sec. 405. Duties.
Sec. 406. Powers.
Sec. 407. Commission personnel matters.
Sec. 408. Plan for minimizing impacts of climate change.
Sec. 409. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 410. Termination of Commission.
                         TITLE V--MISCELLANEOUS

Sec. 501. National assessment of climate change impacts.
Sec. 502. Review of emission reduction policies and measures.
Sec. 503. Climate change in environmental impact statements.
Sec. 504. Federal Government greenhouse gas emissions goal.
Sec. 505. Corporate environmental disclosure of climate change risks.
Sec. 506. Methodology for determining greenhouse gas emissions from 
                            imports; review of trade and innovation 
Sec. 507. Grants for reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.
Sec. 508. Report on modifications to revenue statutes.


    In this Act, the term ``Convention'' means the United Nations 
Framework Convention on Climate Change, done at New York on May 9, 



    (a) Findings.--Based on the scientific evidence and the advice and 
conclusions of the National Academy of Sciences, the Intergovernmental 
Panel on Climate Change, and the National Assessment of the Potential 
Consequences of Climate Variability and Change prepared under the 
Global Change Research Act of 1990 (15 U.S.C. 2921 et seq.), Congress 
finds that the many risks to the United States and the world from 
global warming and climate change are substantial and require immediate 
    (b) Sense of the Senate.--It is the sense of the Senate that--
            (1) the President and Congress should make reducing and 
        preparing for the risks of global climate change a higher 
            (2) the President should reorient the recently announced 
        climate research plan away from a focus on whether climate 
        change is occurring toward actively achieving the commitments 
        of the United States under the Convention;
            (3) such a plan should gather adequate information on 
        policies and strategies that the United States should embrace--
                    (A) to expeditiously and most cost-effectively 
                reduce greenhouse gas emissions;
                    (B) to limit the adverse property, economic, food 
                supply, ecosystem, and public health impacts of global 
                warming and climate change;
                    (C) to reduce the uncertainty associated with those 
                negative impacts and the timing of those negative 
                impacts; and
                    (D) to develop an early warning system of 
                biological and ecological indicators that will provide 
                sufficient advance notice of catastrophic or dramatic 
                climate system alterations so that developed and 
                developing countries can prepare for and respond to 
                regional, national, and local disasters;
            (4) the President should resume support for, and Congress 
        should pass, legislation that will require reductions in carbon 
        dioxide, a major greenhouse gas, and other damaging pollutants 
        emitted by electric power plants; and
            (5) as largest emitter of greenhouse gases in the world, 
        the United States should be the world leader in--
                    (A) creating and promoting emission-reducing 
                technologies and clean energy sources; and
                    (B) funding domestic and international programs and 
                projects to reduce emissions.



    This title may be cited as the ``National Greenhouse Gas Emissions 
Inventory and Registry Act of 2003''.


    (a) Findings.--Congress finds that--
            (1) human activities have caused rapid increases in 
        atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide and other 
        greenhouse gases in the last century;
            (2) according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate 
        Change and the National Research Council--
                    (A) the Earth has warmed in the last century; and
                    (B) the majority of the observed warming is 
                attributable to human activities;
            (3) despite the fact that many uncertainties in climate 
        science remain, the potential impacts from human-induced 
        climate change pose a substantial risk that should be managed 
        in a responsible manner; and
            (4) to begin to manage climate change risks, public and 
        private entities will need a comprehensive, accurate inventory, 
        registry, and information system of the sources and quantities 
        of United States greenhouse gas emissions.
    (b) Purpose.--The purpose of this title is to establish a mandatory 
greenhouse gas inventory, registry, and information system that--
            (1) is complete, consistent, transparent, and accurate;
            (2) will create accurate data that can be used by public 
        and private entities to design efficient and effective 
        greenhouse gas emission reduction strategies;
            (3) will encourage greenhouse gas emission reductions; and
            (4) can be used to establish a baseline in the event of any 
        future greenhouse gas emission reduction requirements affecting 
        major emitters in the United States.


    The Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) is amended by adding at 
the end the following:



    ``In this title:
            ``(1) Covered entity.--The term `covered entity' means an 
        entity that emits more than a threshold quantity of greenhouse 
        gas emissions.
            ``(2) Direct emissions.--The term `direct emissions' means 
        greenhouse gas emissions from a source that is owned or 
        controlled by an entity.
            ``(3) Entity.--The term `entity' includes a firm, a 
        corporation, an association, a partnership, and a Federal 
            ``(4) Greenhouse gas.--The term `greenhouse gas' means--
                    ``(A) carbon dioxide;
                    ``(B) methane;
                    ``(C) nitrous oxide;
                    ``(D) hydrofluorocarbons;
                    ``(E) perfluorocarbons; and
                    ``(F) sulfur hexafluoride.
            ``(5) Greenhouse gas emissions.--The term `greenhouse gas 
        emissions' means emissions of a greenhouse gas, including--
                    ``(A) stationary combustion source emissions, which 
                are emitted as a result of combustion of fuels in 
                stationary equipment such as boilers, furnaces, 
                burners, turbines, heaters, incinerators, engines, 
                flares, and other similar sources;
                    ``(B) process emissions, which consist of emissions 
                from chemical or physical processes other than 
                    ``(C) fugitive emissions, which consist of 
                intentional and unintentional emissions from--
                            ``(i) equipment leaks such as joints, 
                        seals, packing, and gaskets; and
                            ``(ii) piles, pits, cooling towers, and 
                        other similar sources; and
                    ``(D) mobile source emissions, which are emitted as 
                a result of combustion of fuels in transportation 
                equipment such as automobiles, trucks, trains, 
                airplanes, and vessels.
            ``(6) Greenhouse gas emissions record.--The term 
        `greenhouse gas emissions record' means all of the historical 
        greenhouse gas emissions and project reduction data submitted 
        by an entity under this title, including any adjustments to 
        such data under section 704(c).
            ``(7) Greenhouse gas report.--The term `greenhouse gas 
        report' means an annual list of the greenhouse gas emissions of 
        an entity and the sources of those emissions.
            ``(8) Indirect emissions.--The term `indirect emissions' 
        means greenhouse gas emissions that are a consequence of the 
        activities of an entity but that are emitted from sources owned 
        or controlled by another entity.
            ``(9) National greenhouse gas emissions information 
        system.--The term `national greenhouse gas emissions 
        information system' means the information system established 
        under section 702(a).
            ``(10) National greenhouse gas emissions inventory.--The 
        term `national greenhouse gas emissions inventory' means the 
        national inventory of greenhouse gas emissions established 
        under section 705.
            ``(11) National greenhouse gas registry.--The term 
        `national greenhouse gas registry' means the national 
greenhouse gas registry established under section 703(a).
            ``(12) Project reduction.--The term `project reduction' 
                    ``(A) a greenhouse gas emission reduction achieved 
                by carrying out a greenhouse gas emission reduction 
                project; and
                    ``(B) sequestration achieved by carrying out a 
                sequestration project.
            ``(13) Reporting entity.--The term `reporting entity' means 
        an entity that reports to the Administrator under subsection 
        (a) or (b) of section 704.
            ``(14) Sequestration.--The term `sequestration' means the 
        long-term separation, isolation, or removal of greenhouse gases 
        from the atmosphere, including through a biological or geologic 
        method such as reforestation or an underground reservoir.
            ``(15) Threshold quantity.--The term `threshold quantity' 
        means a threshold quantity for mandatory greenhouse gas 
        reporting established by the Administrator under section 
            ``(16) Verification.--The term `verification' means the 
        objective and independent assessment of whether a greenhouse 
        gas report submitted by a reporting entity accurately reflects 
        the greenhouse gas impact of the reporting entity.


    ``(a) Establishment.--In consultation with the Secretary of 
Commerce, the Secretary of Agriculture, the Secretary of Energy, 
States, the private sector, and nongovernmental organizations concerned 
with establishing standards for reporting of greenhouse gas emissions, 
the Administrator shall establish and administer a national greenhouse 
gas emissions information system to collect information reported under 
section 704(a).
    ``(b) Submission to Congress of Draft Design.--Not later than 180 
days after the date of enactment of this title, the Administrator shall 
submit to Congress a draft design of the national greenhouse gas 
emissions information system.
    ``(c) Availability of Data to the Public.--The Administrator shall 
publish all information in the national greenhouse gas emissions 
information system through the website of the Environmental Protection 
Agency, except in any case in which publishing the information would 
reveal a trade secret or disclose information vital to national 
    ``(d) Relationship to Other Greenhouse Gas Registries.--To the 
extent practicable, the Administrator shall ensure coordination between 
the national greenhouse gas emissions information system and existing 
and developing Federal, regional, and State greenhouse gas registries.
    ``(e) Integration With Other Environmental Information.--To the 
extent practicable, the Administrator shall integrate information in 
the national greenhouse gas emissions information system with other 
environmental information managed by the Administrator.


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