Home > 106th Congressional Bills > S. 188 (is) To amend the Federal Water Pollution Control Act to authorize the use of State revolving loan funds for construction of water conservation and quality improvements. [Introduced in Senate] ...

S. 188 (is) To amend the Federal Water Pollution Control Act to authorize the use of State revolving loan funds for construction of water conservation and quality improvements. [Introduced in Senate] ...


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106th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                S. 1889

  To amend the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 to provide for joint 
   resolutions on the budget, reserve funds for emergency spending, 
      strengthened enforcement of budgetary decisions, increased 
  accountability for Federal spending, accrual budgeting for Federal 
insurance programs, mitigation of the bias in the budget process toward 
 higher spending, modifications in paygo requirements when there is an 
               on-budget surplus, and for other purposes.


_______________________________________________________________________


                   IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

                            November 9, 1999

   Mr. Grams introduced the following bill; which was read twice and 
   referred jointly pursuant to the order of August 4, 1977, to the 
 Committees on the Budget and Governmental Affairs, with instructions 
 that if one Committee reports, the other Committee has thirty days to 
                        report or be discharged.

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
  To amend the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 to provide for joint 
   resolutions on the budget, reserve funds for emergency spending, 
      strengthened enforcement of budgetary decisions, increased 
  accountability for Federal spending, accrual budgeting for Federal 
insurance programs, mitigation of the bias in the budget process toward 
 higher spending, modifications in paygo requirements when there is an 
               on-budget surplus, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Comprehensive 
Budget Process Reform Act of 1999''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Purpose.
Sec. 3. Effective date.
Sec. 4. Declaration of purposes for the Budget Act.
                   TITLE I--BUDGET WITH FORCE OF LAW

Sec. 101. Purposes.
Sec. 102. The timetable.
Sec. 103. Annual joint resolutions on the budget.
Sec. 104. Budget required before spending bills may be considered; 
                            fall-back procedures if President vetoes 
                            joint budget resolution.
Sec. 105. Conforming amendments to effectuate joint resolutions on the 
                            budget.
                 TITLE II--RESERVE FUND FOR EMERGENCIES

Sec. 201. Purpose.
Sec. 202. Repeal of adjustments for emergencies.
Sec. 203. OMB emergency criteria.
Sec. 204. Development of guidelines for application of emergency 
                            definition.
Sec. 205. Reserve fund for emergencies in President's budget.
Sec. 206. Adjustments and reserve fund for emergencies in joint budget 
                            resolutions.
Sec. 207. Up-to-date tabulations.
Sec. 208. Prohibition on amendments to emergency reserve fund.
Sec. 209. Effective date.
             TITLE III--ENFORCEMENT OF BUDGETARY DECISIONS

Sec. 301. Purposes.
  Subtitle A--Application of Points of Order to Unreported Legislation

Sec. 311. Application of Budget Act points of order to unreported 
                            legislation.
             Subtitle B--Compliance with Budget Resolution

Sec. 321. Budget compliance statements.
            Subtitle C--Justification for Budget Act Waivers

Sec. 331. Justification for Budget Act waivers in the House of 
                            Representatives.
             Subtitle D--CBO Scoring of Conference Reports

Sec. 341. CBO scoring of conference reports.
             TITLE IV--ACCOUNTABILITY FOR FEDERAL SPENDING

Sec. 401. Purposes.
               Subtitle A--Limitations on Direct Spending

Sec. 411. Fixed-year authorizations required for new programs.
Sec. 412. Amendments to subject new direct spending to annual 
                            appropriations.
     Subtitle B--Enhanced Congressional Oversight Responsibilities

Sec. 421. Ten-year congressional review requirement of permanent budget 
                            authority.
Sec. 422. Justifications of direct spending.
Sec. 423. Survey of activity reports of House committees.
Sec. 424. Continuing study of additional budget process reforms.
Sec. 425. GAO reports.
                Subtitle C--Strengthened Accountability

Sec. 431. Ten-year CBO estimates.
Sec. 432. Repeal of rule XXIII of the Rules of the House of 
                            Representatives.
    TITLE V--BUDGETING FOR UNFUNDED LIABILITIES AND OTHER LONG-TERM 
                              OBLIGATIONS

Sec. 501. Purposes.
     Subtitle A--Budgetary Treatment of Federal Insurance Programs

Sec. 511. Federal insurance programs.
           Subtitle B--Reports on Long-Term Budgetary Trends

Sec. 521. Reports on long-term budgetary trends.
   TITLE VI--BASELINE, BYRD RULE, LOCK-BOX, AND AUTOMATIC CONTINUING 
                               RESOLUTION

Sec. 601. Purpose.
                        Subtitle A--The Baseline

Sec. 611. The President's budget.
Sec. 612. The congressional budget.
Sec. 613. Congressional Budget Office reports to committees.
Sec. 614. Outyear assumptions for discretionary spending.
                       Subtitle B--The Byrd Rule

Sec. 621. Limitation on Byrd rule.
              Subtitle C--Spending Accountability Lock-Box

Sec. 631. Short title.
Sec. 632. Spending accountability lock-box ledger.
Sec. 633. Downward adjustment of section 302(a) allocations and section 
                            302(b) suballocations.
Sec. 634. Periodic reporting of ledger statements.
Sec. 635. Downward adjustment of discretionary spending limits.
              Subtitle D--Automatic Continuing Resolution

Sec. 641. Automatic continuing resolution.
              TITLE VII--BUDGETING IN AN ERA OF SURPLUSES

Sec. 701. Paygo requirements and the on-budget surplus.
       TITLE VIII--SOCIAL SECURITY SURPLUS PROTECTION ACT OF 1999

Sec. 801. Short title.
Sec. 802. Sequester to protect the social security surplus.

SEC. 2. PURPOSE.

    The purposes of this Act are to--
            (1) give the budget the force of law;
            (2) budget for emergencies;
            (3) display the unfunded liabilities of Federal insurance 
        programs;
            (4) strengthen enforcement of budgetary decisions;
            (5) increase accountability for Federal spending;
            (6) mitigate the bias in the budget process toward higher 
        spending; and
            (7) modify paygo requirements when there is an on-budget 
        surplus.

SEC. 3. EFFECTIVE DATE.

    Except as otherwise specifically provided, this Act and the 
amendments made by this Act shall become effective on the date of 
enactment of this Act and shall apply with respect to fiscal years 
beginning after September 30, 2000.

SEC. 4. DECLARATION OF PURPOSES FOR THE BUDGET ACT.

    Paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 2 of the Congressional Budget and 
Impoundment Control Act of 1974 are amended to read as follows:
            ``(1) to assure effective control over the budgetary 
        process;
            ``(2) to facilitate the determination each year of the 
        appropriate level of Federal revenues and expenditures by the 
        Congress and the President;''.

                   TITLE I--BUDGET WITH FORCE OF LAW

SEC. 101. PURPOSES.

    The purposes of this title are to--
            (1) focus initial budgetary deliberations on aggregate 
        levels of Federal spending and taxation;
            (2) encourage cooperation between Congress and the 
        President in developing overall budgetary priorities; and
            (3) reach budgetary decisions early in the legislative 
        cycle.

SEC. 102. THE TIMETABLE.

    Section 300 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 is amended to 
read as follows:

                              ``timetable

    ``Sec. 300. The timetable with respect to the congressional budget 
process for any fiscal year is as follows:

``On or before:                     Action to be completed:
    First Monday in February.......
                                        President submits his budget.
    February 15....................
                                        Congressional Budget Office 
                                                submits report to 
                                                Budget Committees.
    Not later than 6 weeks after 
        President submits budget.
                                        Committees submit views and 
                                                estimates to Budget 
                                                Committees.
    April 1........................
                                        Senate Budget Committee reports 
                                                joint resolution on the 
                                                budget.
    April 15.......................
                                        Congress completes action on 
                                                joint resolution on the 
                                                budget.
    June 10........................
                                        House Appropriations Committee 
                                                reports last annual 
                                                appropriation bill.
    June 15........................
                                        Congress completes action on 
                                                reconciliation 
                                                legislation.
    June 30........................
                                        House completes action on 
                                                annual appropriation 
                                                bills.
    October 1......................
                                        Fiscal year begins.''.

SEC. 103. ANNUAL JOINT RESOLUTIONS ON THE BUDGET.

    (a) Content of Annual Joint Resolutions on the Budget.--Section 
301(a) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 is amended as follows:
            (1) Strike paragraph (4) and insert the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(4) subtotals of new budget authority and outlays for 
        nondefense discretionary spending, defense discretionary 
        spending, direct spending (excluding interest), and interest; 
        and for fiscal years to which the amendments made by title II 
        of the Comprehensive Budget Process Reform Act of 1999 apply, 
        subtotals of new budget authority and outlays for 
        emergencies;''.
            (2) Strike the last sentence of such subsection.
    (b) Additional Matters in Joint Resolution.--Section 301(b) of the 
Congressional Budget Act of 1974 is amended as follows:
            (1) Strike paragraphs (2), (4), (6), (8), and (9) and 
        redesignate paragraph (7) as paragraph (6).
            (2) After paragraph (1), insert the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(2) if submitted by the Committee on Ways and Means of 
        the House of Representatives or the Committee on Finance of the 
        Senate to the Committee on the Budget of that House of 
        Congress, amend section 3101 of title 31, United States Code, 
        to change the statutory limit on the public debt;''.
            (3) After paragraph (3), insert the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(4) require such other congressional procedures, relating 
        to the budget, as may be appropriate to carry out the purposes 
        of this Act;''.
    (c) Required Contents of Report.--Section 301(e)(2) of the 
Congressional Budget Act of 1974 is amended as follows:
            (1) Redesignate subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), (D), (E), and 
        (F) as subparagraphs (B), (C), (E), (F), (H), and (I), 
        respectively.
            (2) Before subparagraph (B) (as redesignated), insert the 
        following new subparagraph:
                    ``(A) new budget authority and outlays for each 
                major functional category, based on allocations of the 
                total levels set forth pursuant to subsection 
                (a)(1);''.
            (3) In subparagraph (C) (as redesignated), strike 
        ``mandatory'' and insert ``direct spending''.
            (4) After subparagraph (C) (as redesignated), insert the 
        following new subparagraph:
                    ``(D) a measure, as a percentage of gross domestic 
                product, of total outlays, total Federal revenues, the 
                surplus or deficit, and new outlays for nondefense 
                discretionary spending, defense spending, and direct 

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