| Home > 106th Congressional Bills > S. 1904 (is) To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to provide for an election for special tax treatment of certain S corporation conversions. [Introduced in Senate] ...
S. 1904 (is) To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to provide for an election for special tax treatment of certain S corporation conversions. [Introduced in Senate] ...
108th CONGRESS 1st Session S. 1903 To promote human rights, democracy, and development in North Korea, to promote overall security on the Korean Peninsula and establish a more peaceful world environment, and for other purposes. _______________________________________________________________________ IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES November 20, 2003 Mr. Brownback (for himself and Mr. Bayh) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary _______________________________________________________________________ A BILL To promote human rights, democracy, and development in North Korea, to promote overall security on the Korean Peninsula and establish a more peaceful world environment, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. This Act may be cited as the ``North Korean Freedom Act of 2003''. SEC. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS. The table of contents for this Act is as follows: Sec. 1. Short title. Sec. 2. Table of contents. Sec. 3. Findings. Sec. 4. Purposes. Sec. 5. Definitions. TITLE I--PROTECTING THE HUMAN RIGHTS OF NORTH KOREANS Sec. 101. Reports. Sec. 102. Reports by the United Nations. Sec. 103. Sense of Congress regarding religious persecution in North Korea. Sec. 104. Humanitarian and food assistance to North Koreans. TITLE II--ACTIONS TO PROTECT NORTH KOREAN REFUGEES Sec. 201. Pursuit of first asylum policy. Sec. 202. Adoption of North Korean children by Americans. Sec. 203. Humanitarian parole. Sec. 204. North Korean status adjustment. Sec. 205. Temporary protected status. Sec. 206. S visa. Sec. 207. Weapons of Mass Destruction Informant Center. Sec. 208. Right to accept employment. Sec. 209. Funding for the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. Sec. 210. Funding for human rights organizations. TITLE III--ACTIONS TO PROMOTE NORTH KOREAN DEMOCRACY Sec. 301. Radio broadcasting into North Korea. Sec. 302. Distribution of radios to North Koreans. Sec. 303. Sense of Congress regarding United States financial assistance designed to address conditions created by the economic and political system of North Korea. Sec. 304. Funding for entities that promote programs for democracy, good governance, and the rule of law. Sec. 305. Funding for entities that promote market economies. TITLE IV--NEGOTIATIONS WITH NORTH KOREA Sec. 401. Sense of Congress regarding negotiations with North Korea. Sec. 402. Sense of Congress regarding trade sanctions and economic assistance. Sec. 403. Conditions for United States aid and other assistance. TITLE V--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS Sec. 501. Annual report. Sec. 502. Task force on North Korean criminal activities. SEC. 3. FINDINGS. Congress makes the following findings: (1) The economies of North Korea and South Korea are dramatically different. The 2002 per capita gross domestic product of North Korea is estimated at $1,000; in South Korea it is estimated at $19,400. North Korea's 2002 gross domestic product real growth rate is estimated at 1 percent, while South Korea's is estimated at 5.8 percent. North Korea's 2002 exports are estimated at $915,000,000, while South Korea's are estimated at $162,000,000,000. (2) The health of the North Korean people as a whole is significantly worse than the health of the people of South Korea. The estimated infant mortality rate in 2002 in North Korea is 22.8 deaths per 1,000 live births, while in South Korea it is 7.6 deaths per 1,000 live births. The estimated life expectancy for babies born in 2002 is 3.5 years longer in South Korea than it is in North Korea. (3) Nearly 1 North Korean child in 10 suffers from acute malnutrition, and 4 out of every 10 children are chronically malnourished, according to a United Nations-European Union survey in 2002. (4) The differences in the economic performance of North Korea and South Korea and the health of the people living in those countries cannot be accounted for by differences in land area or natural resources. (5) The people of the Korean peninsula are unjustly divided into 2 different countries, one of which offers its citizens freedom, prosperity, and hope for the future, and one of which oppresses its people and threatens them with imprisonment, starvation, and death. (6) The people of South Korea are able to exercise their basic rights, and in doing so have impressively created and sustained a peaceful, just, and prosperous society since the end of the Korean conflict in 1953. The people of South Korea have maintained and are continually improving upon this success. (7) The people of North Korea deserve the same rights, freedom, and prosperity enjoyed by their relatives in South Korea, but the current Government of North Korea has denied them those rights by-- (A) forbidding the exercise of free speech and religion; (B) imprisoning citizens and their families in a system of prison and labor camps for exercising basic rights; (C) mismanaging the economy and food production, with the result that millions of people are threatened with starvation; (D) dismantling the national food system, with the result that the customary rules and arrangements by which people exchange labor for food are no longer in operation; and (E) forbidding nearly all contact with the outside world. (8) Many persons wish to flee North Korea but cannot do so because of the threat of arrest, imprisonment, and execution in North Korea and the threat of repatriation to North Korea if they are discovered in another country. (9) North Koreans, including agents of the North Korean Government, have engaged in various criminal activities, including international trafficking in narcotics, arms, and persons. (10) The North Korean Government has oppressed its people by imprisoning, executing, or starving people for such crimes as ``ideological divergence,'' ``opposing socialism,'' and other ``counterrevolutionary crimes.'' An estimated 200,000 people are imprisoned in North Korea for political reasons. (11) The North Korean people are denied their right to self-determination by the dictatorship of Kim Jong Il. (12) Estimates of the number of North Korean refugees living in China range from 100,000 to 300,000 people. (13) As many as 3,500,000 North Koreans have died from hunger or famine-related disease since 1994. (14) South Korea accepted fewer than 3,000 North Korean refugees for resettlement in South Korea between 1953 and 2002. (15) Fewer than 100 North Koreans were granted public interest parole into the United States in each of 1998 and 1999. (16) Korean unification under a peaceful, politically free, market-oriented system could contribute to political stability and economic prosperity in northeast Asia and beyond. (17) United States and world security, which is threatened by the production and export of weapons of mass destruction and related delivery systems, materials, and technologies by North Korea, will best be advanced by the establishment of freedom, democracy, and rights for the North Korean people. SEC. 4. PURPOSES. The purposes of this Act are-- (1) to declare that it is the policy of the United States-- (A) to end the development, sale, and transfer of weapons of mass destruction and related delivery systems, materials, and technologies in and from the Korean peninsula; (B) to assist in the reunification of the Korean peninsula under a democratic system of government; and (C) to achieve respect for and protection of human rights in North Korea in accordance with United Nations conventions; and (2) to take and encourage steps to implement this policy. SEC. 5. DEFINITIONS. In this Act: (1) The term ``Appropriate congressional committees'' means the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate and the Committee on International Relations and the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of Representatives. (2) The term ``China'' means the People's Republic of China. (3) The term ``North Korea'' means the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. (4) The term ``North Koreans'' means persons who are natives or citizens of North Korea. (5) The term ``political offenses'' means crimes that are designed to prevent free speech, free exercise of religion, opposition to the government, free travel and movement, or other similar offenses. (6) The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of Homeland Security. TITLE I--PROTECTING THE HUMAN RIGHTS OF NORTH KOREANS SEC. 101. REPORTS. (a) Prison and Labor Camps.-- (1) Classified report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State, in cooperation with the Central Intelligence Agency and other United States intelligence agencies, shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report in classified form on the North Korean prison and labor camp system. The report shall particularly focus on any prisons or labor camps that are used to house persons for political offenses. The report shall include information on-- (A) offenses for which prisoners are sent to prison; (B) torture; (C) forced labor; (D) medical experimentation; (E) indoctrination and reeducation; (F) executions; and (G) the adequacy or inadequacy of food, water, and sanitation. (2) Unclassified report.--No later than 30 days after the date on which the report is submitted pursuant to paragraph (1), the President, in consultation with the appropriate congressional committees, shall submit to Congress an unclassified version of the report. The report shall include unclassified satellite photography of any prisons and labor camps described in the report. (b) Defectors.-- (1) Classified report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State, in cooperation with the Central Intelligence Agency and other United States intelligence agencies, shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a classified report describing all United States Government policies toward North Korean defectors and explaining the reasons for those policies. (2) Unclassified report.--Not later than 30 days after the date on which the report is submitted pursuant to paragraph (1), the President, in consultation with the appropriate congressional committees, shall submit to Congress an unclassified version of the report. The report shall include information on-- (A) the number of North Korean defectors who have been identified; (B) the countries or regions to which these defectors have fled; (C) the estimated total number of North Korean defectors; and (D) the reasons why the Department of State has never identified North Koreans, particularly high level defectors, as a Priority 2 group of special concern, as defined by the Secretary of State, for expedited consideration in the United States refugee program. SEC. 102. THE UNITED NATIONS. (a) In General.--It is the sense of Congress that the people of the United States believe that the United Nations has a significant role to play in promoting and improving human rights in North Korea, and United States confidence in the United Nations will be enhanced if the United Nations deals aggressively with the issue of human rights in North Korea. (b) Reports by the United Nations.--It is the sense of Congress that the United Nations should begin preparation of complete reports on-- (1) the prison and labor camp system in North Korea, particularly those prisons and labor camps that are used to house persons for political offenses, including camps reportedly for children under the age of 17; and (2) the North Korean refugee situation in China. SEC. 103. RELIGIOUS PERSECUTION IN NORTH KOREA. (a) Commission on International Religious Freedom.--It is the sense of Congress that, not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the United States Commission on International Religious Freedom should hold extended informational hearings in the United States on the status of religious persecution in North Korea. (b) Countries of Particular Concern.-- (1) Annual report.--The President shall include in each annual report on proposed refugee admission pursuant to section 207(d) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1157(d)), information about specific measures taken to facilitate access to the United States refugee program for individuals who have fled countries of particular concern, as defined by the Secretary of Homeland Security, for violations
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