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S. 2206 (enr) To amend the Head Start Act, the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Act ...
105th CONGRESS 2d Session S. 2206 _______________________________________________________________________ AMENDMENT In the House of Representatives, U. S., September 14, 1998. Resolved, That the bill from the Senate (S. 2206) entitled ``An Act to amend the Head Start Act, the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Act of 1981, and the Community Services Block Grant Act to reauthorize and make improvements to those Acts, to establish demonstration projects that provide an opportunity for persons with limited means to accumulate assets, and for other purposes'', do pass with the following AMENDMENT: Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert: SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS. (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Human Services Reauthorization Act of 1998''. (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents of this Act is as follows: Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents. TITLE I--AMENDMENTS TO THE HEAD START ACT Sec. 101. Short title. Sec. 102. Statement of purpose. Sec. 103. Definitions. Sec. 104. Financial assistance for Head Start programs. Sec. 105. Authorization of appropriations. Sec. 106. Allotment of funds. Sec. 107. Designation of Head Start agencies. Sec. 108. Quality standards. Sec. 109. Powers and functions of Head Start agencies. Sec. 110. Head Start transition. Sec. 111. Submission of plans to governors. Sec. 112. Participation in Head Start programs. Sec. 113. Early Head Start programs for families with infants and toddlers. Sec. 114. Technical assistance and training. Sec. 115. Professional requirements. Sec. 116. Family literacy services. Sec. 117. Research and evaluation. Sec. 118. Reports. Sec. 119. Repeal of consultation requirement. Sec. 120. Repeal of Head Start Transition Project Act. Sec. 121. Effective date; application of amendments. TITLE II--AMENDMENTS TO THE COMMUNITY SERVICES BLOCK GRANT ACT Sec. 201. Short title. Sec. 202. Reauthorization. Sec. 203. Related amendments. Sec. 204. Assets for independence. Sec. 205. Effective date; application of amendments. TITLE III--AMENDMENTS TO THE LOW-INCOME HOME ENERGY ASSISTANCE ACT OF 1981 Sec. 301. Short title. Sec. 302. Authorization. Sec. 303. Definitions. Sec. 304. Natural disasters and other emergencies. Sec. 305. State allotments. Sec. 306. Administration. Sec. 307. Payments to States. Sec. 308. Residential energy assistance challenge option. TITLE I--AMENDMENTS TO THE HEAD START ACT SEC. 101. SHORT TITLE. This title may be cited as the ``Head Start Amendments Act of 1998''. SEC. 102. STATEMENT OF PURPOSE. Section 636 of the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9831) is amended to read as follows: ``SEC. 636. STATEMENT OF PURPOSE. ``It is the purpose of this subchapter to promote school readiness by enhancing the social and cognitive development of low-income children through the provision, to low-income children and their families, of health, educational, nutritional, social, and other services that are determined, based on family needs assessments, to be necessary.''. SEC. 103. DEFINITIONS. Section 637 of the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9832) is amended-- (1) by redesignating paragraphs (3) through (14) as paragraphs (4) through (15), respectively; (2) in paragraph (2)-- (i) by striking ``, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands''; (ii) by inserting ``of the United States, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, but for fiscal years ending before October 1, 2001, also means'' after ``Virgin Islands''; and (iii) by inserting ``and'' after ``Marshall Islands''; (3) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following: ``(3) The term `child with a disability' means-- ``(A) a child with a disability, as defined in section 602(3) of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act; and ``(B) an infant or toddler with a disability, as defined in section 632(5) of such Act.''; (4) by striking paragraph (5) (as redesignated in paragraph (1)) and inserting the following: ``(5) The term `family literacy services' means services that-- ``(A) are provided to participants who receive the services on a voluntary basis; ``(B) are of sufficient intensity, and of sufficient duration, to make sustainable changes in a family (such as eliminating or reducing dependence on income-based public assistance); and ``(C) integrate each of-- ``(i) interactive literacy activities between parents and their children; ``(ii) training for parents on being partners with their children in learning; ``(iii) parent literacy training, including training that contributes to economic self- sufficiency; and ``(iv) appropriate instruction for children of parents receiving the parent literacy training.''; (5) in paragraph (7) (as redesignated in paragraph (1)), by adding at the end the following: ``Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed to require an agency to provide services to a child who has not reached the age of compulsory school attendance for more than the number of hours per day permitted by State law for the provision of services to such a child.''; (6) by striking paragraph (13) (as redesignated in paragraph (1)) and inserting the following: ``(13) The term `migrant or seasonal Head Start program' means-- ``(A) with respect to services for migrant farmworkers, a Head Start program that serves families who are engaged in agricultural labor and who have changed their residence from 1 geographic location to another in the preceding 2-year period; and ``(B) with respect to services for seasonal farmworkers, a Head Start program that serves families who are engaged primarily in seasonal agricultural labor and who have not changed their residence to another geographic location in the preceding 2-year period.''; and (7) by adding at the end the following: ``(16) The term `reliable and replicable', used with respect to research, means an objective, valid, scientific study that-- ``(A) includes a rigorously defined sample of subjects, that is sufficiently large and representative to support the general conclusions of the study; ``(B) relies on measurements that meet established standards of reliability and validity; ``(C) is subjected to peer review before the results of the study are published; and ``(D) discovers effective strategies for enhancing the development and skills of children.''. SEC. 104. FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE FOR HEAD START PROGRAMS. Section 638(1) of the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9833(1)) is amended-- (1) by striking ``aid the'' and inserting ``enable the''; and (2) by striking the semicolon and inserting ``and attain school readiness;''. SEC. 105. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS. Section 639 of the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9834) is amended-- (1) in subsection (a)-- (A) by inserting ``$4,660,000,000 for fiscal year 1999 and'' after ``subchapter''; and (B) by striking ``1995 through 1998'' and inserting ``2000 through 2003''; and (2) in subsection (b), by striking paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting the following: ``(1) for each of the fiscal years 1999 through 2003, not more than $35,000,000 and not less than the aggregate amount made available to carry out section 642(d) of this Act and the Head Start Transition Project Act (42 U.S.C. 9855-9855g) for fiscal year 1998, to carry out activities authorized under section 642A; ``(2) not more than $5,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1999 through 2003 to carry out impact studies under section 649(g); ``(3) not more than $12,000,000 for fiscal year 1999, and such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2000 through 2003, to carry out other research, demonstration, and evaluation activities, including longitudinal studies, under section 649; and ``(4) not less than $5,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1999 through 2003, to carry out activities authorized under section 648B.''. SEC. 106. ALLOTMENT OF FUNDS. (a) Allotments.--Section 640(a) of the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9835(a)) is amended-- (1) in paragraph (2)-- (A) in subparagraph (A)-- (i) by striking ``and migrant'' the 1st place it appears and all that follows through ``handicapped children'', and inserting ``Head Start programs and services for children with disabilities and migrant or seasonal Head Start programs''; and (ii) by striking ``and migrant'' each other place it appears and inserting ``Head Start programs and by migrant or seasonal''; and (iii) by striking ``1994'' and inserting ``1998''; (B) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``(B) payments'' and all that follows through ``Virgin Islands'' and inserting the following: ``(B) payments, subject to paragraph (7)-- ``(i) to Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and the Virgin Islands of the United States; and ``(ii) for fiscal years ending before October 1, 2001, to the Federated States of Micronesia, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, and Palau;''; (C) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``and'' at the end; (D) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``related to the development and implementation of quality improvement plans under section 641A(d)(2)).'' and inserting ``carried out under paragraph (1), (2), or (3) of section 641A(d) relating to correcting deficiencies and conducting proceedings to terminate the designation of Head Start agencies); and''; (E) by inserting after subparagraph (D) the following: ``(E) payments for research and evaluation activities under section 649.''; and (F) by adding at the end the following: ``In carrying out this subchapter, the Secretary shall continue the administrative arrangement responsible for meeting the needs of children of migrant and seasonal farmworkers and Indian children, and shall ensure that appropriate funding is provided to meet such needs.''; (2) in paragraph (3)-- (A) in subparagraph (A)(i) by striking ``equal'' and all that follows through ``activities'' and inserting ``subject to subsection (m)''; (B) in subparagraph (B)-- (i) in clause (ii)-- (I) by striking ``adequate qualified staff'' and inserting ``adequate numbers of qualified staff''; and (II) by inserting ``and children with disabilities'' before ``, when''; (ii) in clause (iv) by inserting ``and to encourage the staff to continually improve their skills and expertise by informing staff of the availability of State and Federal loan forgiveness programs for professional development'' before the period at the end; (iii) in clause (v) by inserting ``and collaboration efforts for such programs'' before the period at the end; and (iv) by amending clause (vi) to read as follows: ``(vi) Ensuring that such programs have adequate numbers of qualified staff that can promote language skills and literacy growth of children and that provide children with a variety of skills that have been identified, through research that is reliable and replicable, as predictive of later reading achievement.''; and (C) in subparagraph (C)-- (i) in clause (i)(I)-- (I) by striking ``of staff'' and inserting ``of classroom teachers and other staff''; and (II) by striking ``such staff'' and inserting ``qualified staff, including recruitment and retention pursuant to achieving the requirements set forth in section 648A(a)''; (ii) by redesignating subclause (II) as
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