Home > 105th Congressional Bills > S. 2206 (enr) To amend the Head Start Act, the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Act ...

S. 2206 (enr) To amend the Head Start Act, the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Act ...

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  2d Session

                                S. 2206


                In the House of Representatives, U. S.,

                                                    September 14, 1998.

    Resolved, That the bill from the Senate (S. 2206) entitled ``An Act to amend 
the Head Start Act, the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Act of 1981, and the 
Community Services Block Grant Act to reauthorize and make improvements to those 
Acts, to establish demonstration projects that provide an opportunity for 
persons with limited means to accumulate assets, and for other purposes'', do 
pass with the following


            Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert:


    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Human Services 
Reauthorization Act of 1998''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents of this Act is as 

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.


Sec. 101. Short title.
Sec. 102. Statement of purpose.
Sec. 103. Definitions.
Sec. 104. Financial assistance for Head Start programs.
Sec. 105. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 106. Allotment of funds.
Sec. 107. Designation of Head Start agencies.
Sec. 108. Quality standards.
Sec. 109. Powers and functions of Head Start agencies.
Sec. 110. Head Start transition.
Sec. 111. Submission of plans to governors.
Sec. 112. Participation in Head Start programs.
Sec. 113. Early Head Start programs for families with infants and 
Sec. 114. Technical assistance and training.
Sec. 115. Professional requirements.
Sec. 116. Family literacy services.
Sec. 117. Research and evaluation.
Sec. 118. Reports.
Sec. 119. Repeal of consultation requirement.
Sec. 120. Repeal of Head Start Transition Project Act.
Sec. 121. Effective date; application of amendments.


Sec. 201. Short title.
Sec. 202. Reauthorization.
Sec. 203. Related amendments.
Sec. 204. Assets for independence.
Sec. 205. Effective date; application of amendments.


Sec. 301. Short title.
Sec. 302. Authorization.
Sec. 303. Definitions.
Sec. 304. Natural disasters and other emergencies.
Sec. 305. State allotments.
Sec. 306. Administration.
Sec. 307. Payments to States.
Sec. 308. Residential energy assistance challenge option.



    This title may be cited as the ``Head Start Amendments Act of 


    Section 636 of the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9831) is amended to 
read as follows:


    ``It is the purpose of this subchapter to promote school readiness 
by enhancing the social and cognitive development of low-income 
children through the provision, to low-income children and their 
families, of health, educational, nutritional, social, and other 
services that are determined, based on family needs assessments, to be 


    Section 637 of the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9832) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (3) through (14) as 
        paragraphs (4) through (15), respectively;
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (i) by striking ``, and the Commonwealth of the 
                Northern Mariana Islands'';
                    (ii) by inserting ``of the United States, and the 
                Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, but for 
                fiscal years ending before October 1, 2001, also 
                means'' after ``Virgin Islands''; and
                    (iii) by inserting ``and'' after ``Marshall 
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:
            ``(3) The term `child with a disability' means--
                    ``(A) a child with a disability, as defined in 
                section 602(3) of the Individuals with Disabilities 
                Education Act; and
                    ``(B) an infant or toddler with a disability, as 
                defined in section 632(5) of such Act.'';
            (4) by striking paragraph (5) (as redesignated in paragraph 
        (1)) and inserting the following:
            ``(5) The term `family literacy services' means services 
                    ``(A) are provided to participants who receive the 
                services on a voluntary basis;
                    ``(B) are of sufficient intensity, and of 
                sufficient duration, to make sustainable changes in a 
                family (such as eliminating or reducing dependence on 
                income-based public assistance); and
                    ``(C) integrate each of--
                            ``(i) interactive literacy activities 
                        between parents and their children;
                            ``(ii) training for parents on being 
                        partners with their children in learning;
                            ``(iii) parent literacy training, including 
                        training that contributes to economic self-
                        sufficiency; and
                            ``(iv) appropriate instruction for children 
                        of parents receiving the parent literacy 
            (5) in paragraph (7) (as redesignated in paragraph (1)), by 
        adding at the end the following: ``Nothing in this paragraph 
        shall be construed to require an agency to provide services to 
        a child who has not reached the age of compulsory school 
        attendance for more than the number of hours per day permitted 
        by State law for the provision of services to such a child.'';
            (6) by striking paragraph (13) (as redesignated in 
        paragraph (1)) and inserting the following:
            ``(13) The term `migrant or seasonal Head Start program' 
                    ``(A) with respect to services for migrant 
                farmworkers, a Head Start program that serves families 
                who are engaged in agricultural labor and who have 
                changed their residence from 1 geographic location to 
                another in the preceding 2-year period; and
                    ``(B) with respect to services for seasonal 
                farmworkers, a Head Start program that serves families 
                who are engaged primarily in seasonal agricultural 
                labor and who have not changed their residence to 
                another geographic location in the preceding 2-year 
                period.''; and
            (7) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(16) The term `reliable and replicable', used with 
        respect to research, means an objective, valid, scientific 
        study that--
                    ``(A) includes a rigorously defined sample of 
                subjects, that is sufficiently large and representative 
                to support the general conclusions of the study;
                    ``(B) relies on measurements that meet established 
                standards of reliability and validity;
                    ``(C) is subjected to peer review before the 
                results of the study are published; and
                    ``(D) discovers effective strategies for enhancing 
                the development and skills of children.''.


    Section 638(1) of the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9833(1)) is 
            (1) by striking ``aid the'' and inserting ``enable the''; 
            (2) by striking the semicolon and inserting ``and attain 
        school readiness;''.


    Section 639 of the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9834) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by inserting ``$4,660,000,000 for fiscal year 
                1999 and'' after ``subchapter''; and
                    (B) by striking ``1995 through 1998'' and inserting 
                ``2000 through 2003''; and
            (2) in subsection (b), by striking paragraphs (1) and (2) 
        and inserting the following:
            ``(1) for each of the fiscal years 1999 through 2003, not 
        more than $35,000,000 and not less than the aggregate amount 
        made available to carry out section 642(d) of this Act and the 
        Head Start Transition Project Act (42 U.S.C. 9855-9855g) for 
        fiscal year 1998, to carry out activities authorized under 
        section 642A;
            ``(2) not more than $5,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 
        1999 through 2003 to carry out impact studies under section 
            ``(3) not more than $12,000,000 for fiscal year 1999, and 
        such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2000 
        through 2003, to carry out other research, demonstration, and 
        evaluation activities, including longitudinal studies, under 
        section 649; and
            ``(4) not less than $5,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 
        1999 through 2003, to carry out activities authorized under 
        section 648B.''.


    (a) Allotments.--Section 640(a) of the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 
9835(a)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                            (i) by striking ``and migrant'' the 1st 
                        place it appears and all that follows through 
                        ``handicapped children'', and inserting ``Head 
                        Start programs and services for children with 
                        disabilities and migrant or seasonal Head Start 
                        programs''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``and migrant'' each other 
                        place it appears and inserting ``Head Start 
                        programs and by migrant or seasonal''; and
                            (iii) by striking ``1994'' and inserting 
                    (B) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``(B) 
                payments'' and all that follows through ``Virgin 
                Islands'' and inserting the following:
            ``(B) payments, subject to paragraph (7)--
                    ``(i) to Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of 
                the Northern Mariana Islands, and the Virgin Islands of 
                the United States; and
                    ``(ii) for fiscal years ending before October 1, 
                2001, to the Federated States of Micronesia, the 
                Republic of the Marshall Islands, and Palau;'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``and'' at the 
                    (D) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``related to 
                the development and implementation of quality 
                improvement plans under section 641A(d)(2)).'' and 
                inserting ``carried out under paragraph (1), (2), or 
                (3) of section 641A(d) relating to correcting 
                deficiencies and conducting proceedings to terminate 
                the designation of Head Start agencies); and'';
                    (E) by inserting after subparagraph (D) the 
            ``(E) payments for research and evaluation activities under 
        section 649.''; and
                    (F) by adding at the end the following: ``In 
                carrying out this subchapter, the Secretary shall 
                continue the administrative arrangement responsible for 
                meeting the needs of children of migrant and seasonal 
                farmworkers and Indian children, and shall ensure that 
                appropriate funding is provided to meet such needs.'';
            (2) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)(i) by striking ``equal'' 
                and all that follows through ``activities'' and 
                inserting ``subject to subsection (m)'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                            (i) in clause (ii)--
                                    (I) by striking ``adequate 
                                qualified staff'' and inserting 
                                ``adequate numbers of qualified 
                                staff''; and
                                    (II) by inserting ``and children 
                                with disabilities'' before ``, when'';
                            (ii) in clause (iv) by inserting ``and to 
                        encourage the staff to continually improve 
                        their skills and expertise by informing staff 
                        of the availability of State and Federal loan 
                        forgiveness programs for professional 
                        development'' before the period at the end;
                            (iii) in clause (v) by inserting ``and 
                        collaboration efforts for such programs'' 
                        before the period at the end; and
                            (iv) by amending clause (vi) to read as 
            ``(vi) Ensuring that such programs have adequate numbers of 
        qualified staff that can promote language skills and literacy 
        growth of children and that provide children with a variety of 
        skills that have been identified, through research that is 
        reliable and replicable, as predictive of later reading 
        achievement.''; and
                    (C) in subparagraph (C)--
                            (i) in clause (i)(I)--
                                    (I) by striking ``of staff'' and 
                                inserting ``of classroom teachers and 
                                other staff''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``such staff'' and 
                                inserting ``qualified staff, including 
                                recruitment and retention pursuant to 
                                achieving the requirements set forth in 
                                section 648A(a)'';
                            (ii) by redesignating subclause (II) as 

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