Home > 105th Congressional Bills > S. 2206 (is) To amend the Head Start Act, the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Act ...

S. 2206 (is) To amend the Head Start Act, the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Act ...

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  2d Session
                                S. 2206


                                 AN ACT

To amend the Head Start Act, the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Act 
of 1981, and the Community Services Block Grant Act to reauthorize and 
 make improvements to those Acts, to establish demonstration projects 
     that provide an opportunity for persons with limited means to 
               accumulate assets, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,


    This Act may be cited as the ``Community Opportunities, 
Accountability, and Training and Educational Services Act of 1998'' or 
the ``Coats Human Services Reauthorization Act of 1998''.


    The table of contents for this Act is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Table of contents.
                      TITLE I--HEAD START PROGRAMS

Sec. 101. Short title.
Sec. 102. References.
Sec. 103. Statement of purpose.
Sec. 104. Definitions.
Sec. 105. Financial assistance for Head Start programs.
Sec. 106. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 107. Allotment of funds.
Sec. 108. Designation of Head Start agencies.
Sec. 109. Quality standards.
Sec. 110. Powers and functions of Head Start agencies.
Sec. 111. Head Start transition.
Sec. 112. Submission of plans to Governors.
Sec. 113. Participation in Head Start programs.
Sec. 114. Early Head Start programs for families with infants and 
Sec. 115. Technical assistance and training.
Sec. 116. Staff qualifications and development.
Sec. 117. Research, demonstration, and evaluation.
Sec. 118. Repeal.

Sec. 201. Reauthorization.
Sec. 202. Conforming amendments.
Sec. 203. Repealers.

Sec. 301. Authorization.
Sec. 302. Definitions.
Sec. 303. Natural disasters and other emergencies.
Sec. 304. State allotments.
Sec. 305. Administration.
Sec. 306. Payments to States.
Sec. 307. Residential Energy Assistance Challenge option.
Sec. 308. Technical assistance, training, and compliance reviews.

Sec. 401. Short title.
Sec. 402. Findings.
Sec. 403. Purposes.
Sec. 404. Definitions.
Sec. 405. Applications.
Sec. 406. Demonstration authority; annual grants.
Sec. 407. Reserve Fund.
Sec. 408. Eligibility for participation.
Sec. 409. Selection of individuals to participate.
Sec. 410. Deposits by qualified entities.
Sec. 411. Local control over demonstration projects.
Sec. 412. Annual progress reports.
Sec. 413. Sanctions.
Sec. 414. Evaluations.
Sec. 415. Treatment of funds.
Sec. 416. Authorization of appropriations.

                      TITLE I--HEAD START PROGRAMS


    This title may be cited as the ``Head Start Amendments of 1998''.


    Except as otherwise expressly provided, wherever in this title an 
amendment or repeal is expressed in terms of an amendment to, or repeal 
of, a section or other provision, the reference shall be considered to 
be made to a section or other provision of the Head Start Act (42 
U.S.C. 9831 et seq.).


    The Head Start Act is amended by striking section 636 (42 U.S.C. 
9831) and inserting the following:


    ``It is the purpose of this subchapter to promote school readiness 
by enhancing the social and cognitive development of low-income 
children through the provision, to low-income children and their 
families, of health, educational, nutritional, social, and other 
services that are determined to be necessary, based on family needs 


    Section 637 (42 U.S.C. 9832) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (5) through (14) as 
        paragraphs (7) through (16), respectively;
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (6) and 
        inserting such paragraph after paragraph (4);
            (3) by striking paragraph (4) and inserting the following:
            ``(3) The term `child with a disability' means--
                    ``(A) a child with a disability, as defined in 
                section 602(3) of the Individuals with Disabilities 
                Education Act; and
                    ``(B) an infant or toddler with a disability, as 
                defined in section 632(5) of such Act.
            ``(4) The term `delegate agency' means a public, private 
        nonprofit, or for-profit organization or agency to which a 
        grantee has delegated all or part of the responsibility of the 
        grantee for operating a Head Start program.
            ``(5) The term `family literacy services' means services 
                    ``(A) are provided to participants who receive the 
                services on a voluntary basis;
                    ``(B) are of sufficient intensity, and of 
                sufficient duration, to make sustainable changes in a 
                family (such as eliminating or reducing dependence on 
                income-based public assistance); and
                    ``(C) integrate each of--
                            ``(i) interactive literacy activities 
                        between parents and their children;
                            ``(ii) training for parents on being 
                        partners with their children in learning;
                            ``(iii) parent literacy training, including 
                        training that contributes to economic self-
                        sufficiency; and
                            ``(iv) appropriate instruction for children 
                        of parents receiving the parent literacy 
            (4) in paragraph (8) (as redesignated in paragraph (1)), by 
        adding at the end the following: ``Nothing in this paragraph 
        shall be construed to require an agency to provide services to 
        a child who has not reached the age of compulsory school 
        attendance for more than the number of hours per day permitted 
        by State law (including regulation) for the provision of 
        services to such a child.'';
            (5) by striking paragraph (14) (as redesignated in 
        paragraph (1)) and inserting the following:
            ``(14) The term `migrant or seasonal Head Start program' 
                    ``(A) with respect to services for migrant 
                farmworkers, a Head Start program that serves families 
                who are engaged in agricultural labor and who have 
                changed their residence from one geographic location to 
                another in the preceding 2-year period; and
                    ``(B) with respect to services for seasonal 
                farmworkers, a Head Start program that serves families 
                who are engaged primarily in seasonal agricultural 
                labor and who have not changed their residence to 
                another geographic location in the preceding 2-year 
                period.''; and
            (6) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(17) The term `reliable and replicable', used with 
        respect to research, means an objective, valid, scientific 
        study that--
                    ``(A) includes a rigorously defined sample of 
                subjects, that is sufficiently large and representative 
                to support the general conclusions of the study;
                    ``(B) relies on measurements that meet established 
                standards of reliability and validity;
                    ``(C) is subjected to peer review before the 
                results of the study are published; and
                    ``(D) discovers effective strategies for enhancing 
                the development and skills of children.''.


    Section 638(1) (42 U.S.C. 9833(1)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``aid the'' and inserting ``enable the''; 
            (2) by striking the semicolon and inserting ``and attain 
        school readiness;''.


    Section 639 (42 U.S.C. 9834) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``1995 through 1998'' 
        and inserting ``1999 through 2003''; and
            (2) in subsection (b), by striking all that follows ``shall 
        make available--'' and inserting the following:
            ``(1) for each of fiscal years 1999 through 2003 to carry 
        out activities authorized under section 642A, not more than 
        $35,000,000 but not less than was made available for such 
        activities for fiscal year 1998;
            ``(2) not more than $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
        1999 through 2003 to carry out impact studies under section 
        649(g); and
            ``(3) not more than $12,000,000 for fiscal year 1999, and 
        such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 2000 
        through 2003, to carry out other research, demonstration, and 
        evaluation activities, including longitudinal studies, under 
        section 649.''.


    (a) Allotments.--Section 640(a) (42 U.S.C. 9835(a)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                            (i) by striking ``handicapped children'' 
                        and inserting ``children with disabilities'';
                            (ii) by striking ``migrant Head Start 
                        programs'' each place it appears and inserting 
                        ``migrant or seasonal Head Start programs''; 
                            (iii) by striking ``1994'' and inserting 
                    (B) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``and'' at the 
                    (C) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``related to 
                the development and implementation of quality 
                improvement plans under section 641A(d)(2).'' and 
                inserting ``carried out under paragraph (1), (2), or 
                (3) of section 641A(d) related to correcting 
                deficiencies and conducting proceedings to terminate 
                the designation of Head Start agencies; and'';
                    (D) by inserting after subparagraph (D) the 
            ``(E) payments for research, demonstration, and evaluation 
        activities under section 649.''; and
                    (E) by adding at the end the following: ``In 
                determining the need and demand for migrant and 
                seasonal Head Start programs, and services provided 
                through such programs, the Secretary shall consult with 
                appropriate entities, including providers of services 
                for seasonal and migrant Head Start programs. The 
                Secretary shall, after taking into consideration the 
                need and demand for migrant and seasonal Head Start 
                programs, and such services, ensure that there is an 
                adequate level of such services for the children of 
                eligible migrant farmworkers before approving an 
                increase in the allocation provided for children of 
                eligible seasonal farmworkers. In carrying out this 
                subchapter, the Secretary shall continue the 
                administrative arrangement responsible for meeting the 
                needs of migrant or seasonal farmworker and Indian 
                children and shall assure that appropriate funding is 
                provided to meet such needs.'';
            (2) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (B)--
                            (i) in clause (ii)--
                                    (I) by striking ``adequate 
                                qualified staff'' and inserting 
                                ``adequate numbers of qualified 
                                staff''; and
                                    (II) by inserting ``and children 
                                with disabilities'' before ``, when'';
                            (ii) in clause (iv), by inserting before 
                        the period the following: ``, and to encourage 
                        the staff to continually improve their skills 
                        and expertise by informing the staff of the 
                        availability of Federal and State incentive and 
                        loan forgiveness programs for professional 
                        development and by providing for preferences in 
                        the awarding of salary increases, in excess of 
                        cost-of-living allowances, to staff who obtain 
                        additional training or education related to 
                        their responsibilities as employees of a Head 
                        Start program or to advance their careers 
                        within the Head Start program'';
                            (iii) in clause (vi), by striking the 
                        period and inserting ``, and are physically 
                        accessible to children with disabilities and 

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