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S. 24 (is) To provide improved access to health care, enhance informed individual choice regarding health care services, lower health care costs through the use of appropriate providers, improve the quality of health care, improve access to long-term care...


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                                                        Calendar No. 27

106th CONGRESS

  1st Session

                                 S. 249

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL

 To provide funding for the National Center for Missing and Exploited 
 Children, to reauthorize the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act, and for 
                            other purposes.

_______________________________________________________________________

                             March 4, 1999

                       Reported with an amendment





                                                        Calendar No. 27
106th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                 S. 249

 To provide funding for the National Center for Missing and Exploited 
 Children, to reauthorize the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act, and for 
                            other purposes.


_______________________________________________________________________


                   IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

                            January 19, 1999

   Mr. Hatch (for himself, Mr. DeWine, and Mr. Grams) introduced the 
 following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on 
                             the Judiciary

                             March 4, 1999

                Reported by Mr. Hatch, with an amendment
 [Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert the part printed 
                               in italic]

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
 To provide funding for the National Center for Missing and Exploited 
 Children, to reauthorize the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act, and for 
                            other purposes.

<DELETED>    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives 
of the United States of America in Congress assembled,</DELETED>

<DELETED>SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.</DELETED>

<DELETED>    This Act may be cited as the ``Missing, Exploited, and 
Runaway Children Protection Act''.</DELETED>

<DELETED>SEC. 2. NATIONAL CENTER FOR MISSING AND EXPLOITED 
              CHILDREN.</DELETED>

<DELETED>    (a) Findings.--Section 402 of the Missing Children's 
Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5771) is amended--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (1) in paragraph (7), by striking ``and'' at the 
        end;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (2) in paragraph (8), by striking the period at 
        the end and inserting ``; and''; and</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (3) by adding at the end the following:</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(9) for 14 years, the National Center for 
        Missing and Exploited Children has--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) served as the national resource 
                center and clearinghouse congressionally mandated under 
                the provisions of the Missing Children's Assistance Act 
                of 1984; and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) worked in partnership with the 
                Department of Justice, the Federal Bureau of 
                Investigation, the Department of the Treasury, the 
                Department of State, and many other agencies in the 
                effort to find missing children and prevent child 
                victimization;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(10) Congress has given the Center, which is a 
        private non-profit corporation, access to the National Crime 
        Information Center of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and 
        the National Law Enforcement Telecommunications 
        System;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(11) since 1987, the Center has operated the 
        National Child Pornography Tipline, in conjunction with the 
        United States Customs Service and the United States Postal 
        Inspection Service and, beginning this year, the Center 
        established a new CyberTipline on child exploitation, thus 
        becoming `the 911 for the Internet';</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(12) in light of statistics that time is of the 
        essence in cases of child abduction, the Director of the 
        Federal Bureau of Investigation in February of 1997 created a 
        new NCIC child abduction (`CA') flag to provide the Center 
        immediate notification in the most serious cases, resulting in 
        642 `CA' notifications to the Center and helping the Center to 
        have its highest recovery rate in history;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(13) the Center has established a national and 
        increasingly worldwide network, linking the Center online with 
        each of the missing children clearinghouses operated by the 50 
        States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico, as well as 
        with Scotland Yard in the United Kingdom, the Royal Canadian 
        Mounted Police, INTERPOL headquarters in Lyon, France, and 
        others, which has enabled the Center to transmit images and 
        information regarding missing children to law enforcement 
        across the United States and around the world 
        instantly;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(14) from its inception in 1984 through March 
        31, 1998, the Center has--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) handled 1,203,974 calls through its 
                24-hour toll-free hotline (1-800-THE-LOST) and 
                currently averages 700 calls per day;</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) trained 146,284 law enforcement, 
                criminal and juvenile justice, and healthcare 
                professionals in child sexual exploitation and missing 
                child case detection, identification, investigation, 
                and prevention;</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(C) disseminated 15,491,344 free 
                publications to citizens and professionals; 
                and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(D) worked with law enforcement on the 
                cases of 59,481 missing children, resulting in the 
                recovery of 40,180 children;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(15) the demand for the services of the Center 
        is growing dramatically, as evidenced by the fact that in 1997, 
        the Center handled 129,100 calls, an all-time record, and by 
        the fact that its new Internet website (www.missingkids.com) 
        receives 1,500,000 `hits' every day, and is linked with 
        hundreds of other websites to provide real-time images of 
        breaking cases of missing children;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(16) in 1997, the Center provided policy 
        training to 256 police chiefs and sheriffs from 50 States and 
        Guam at its new Jimmy Ryce Law Enforcement Training 
        Center;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(17) the programs of the Center have had a 
        remarkable impact, such as in the fight against infant 
        abductions in partnership with the healthcare industry, during 
        which the Center has performed 668 onsite hospital walk-
        throughs and inspections, and trained 45,065 hospital 
        administrators, nurses, and security personnel, and thereby 
        helped to reduce infant abductions in the United States by 82 
        percent;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(18) the Center is now playing a significant 
        role in international child abduction cases, serving as a 
        representative of the Department of State at cases under The 
        Hague Convention, and successfully resolving the cases of 343 
        international child abductions, and providing greater support 
        to parents in the United States;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(19) the Center is a model of public/private 
        partnership, raising private sector funds to match 
        congressional appropriations and receiving extensive private 
        in-kind support, including advanced technology provided by the 
        computer industry such as imaging technology used to age the 
        photographs of long-term missing children and to reconstruct 
        facial images of unidentified deceased children;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(20) the Center was 1 of only 10 of 300 major 
        national charities given an A+ grade in 1997 by the American 
        Institute of Philanthropy; and</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(21) the Center has been redesignated as the 
        Nation's missing children clearinghouse and resource center 
        once every 3 years through a competitive selection process 
        conducted by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency 
        Prevention of the Department of Justice, and has received 
        grants from that Office to conduct the crucial purposes of the 
        Center.''.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    (b) Definitions.--Section 403 of the Missing Children's 
Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5772) is amended--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and'' at the 
        end;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (2) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at 
        the end and inserting ``; and''; and</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (3) by adding at the end the following:</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(3) the term `Center' means the National Center 
        for Missing and Exploited Children.''.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    (c) Duties and Functions of the Administrator.--Section 
404 of the Missing Children's Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5773) is 
amended--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (1) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection 
        (d); and</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (2) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the 
        following:</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(b) Annual Grant to National Center for Missing and 
Exploited Children.--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) In general.--The Administrator shall 
        annually make a grant to the National Center for Missing and 
        Exploited Children, which shall be used to--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A)(i) operate a national 24-hour toll-
                free telephone line by which individuals may report 
                information regarding the location of any missing 
                child, or other child 13 years of age or younger whose 
                whereabouts are unknown to such child's legal 
                custodian, and request information pertaining to 
                procedures necessary to reunite such child with such 
                child's legal custodian; and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(ii) coordinate the operation of such 
                telephone line with the operation of the national 
                communications system referred to in part C of the 
                Runaway and Homeless Youth Act (42 U.S.C. 5714-
                11);</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) operate the official national 
                resource center and information clearinghouse for 
                missing and exploited children;</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(C) provide to State and local 
                governments, public and private nonprofit agencies, and 
                individuals, information regarding--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) free or low-cost legal, 
                        restaurant, lodging, and transportation 
                        services that are available for the benefit of 
                        missing and exploited children and their 
                        families; and</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) the existence and nature of 
                        programs being carried out by Federal agencies 
                        to assist missing and exploited children and 
                        their families;</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(D) coordinate public and private 
                programs that locate, recover, or reunite missing 
                children with their families;</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(E) disseminate, on a national basis, 
                information relating to innovative and model programs, 
                services, and legislation that benefit missing and 
                exploited children;</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(F) provide technical assistance and 
                training to law enforcement agencies, State and local 
                governments, elements of the criminal justice system, 
                public and private nonprofit agencies, and individuals 
                in the prevention, investigation, prosecution, and 
                treatment of cases involving missing and exploited 
                children; and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(G) provide assistance to families and 
                law enforcement agencies in locating and recovering 
                missing and exploited children, both nationally and 
                internationally.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) Authorization of appropriations.--There is 
        authorized to be appropriated to the Administrator to carry out 
        this subsection, $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1999, 
        2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, and 2004.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(c) National Incidence Studies.--The Administrator, 
either by making grants to or entering into contracts with public 
agencies or nonprofit private agencies, shall--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) periodically conduct national incidence 
        studies to determine for a given year the actual number of 
        children reported missing each year, the number of children who 
        are victims of abduction by strangers, the number of children 
        who are the victims of parental kidnapings, and the number of 
        children who are recovered each year; and</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) provide to State and local governments, 
        public and private nonprofit agencies, and individuals 
        information to facilitate the lawful use of school records and 
        birth certificates to identify and locate missing 
        children.''.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    (d) National Center for Missing and Exploited Children.--
Section 405(a) of the Missing Children's Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 
5775(a)) is amended by inserting ``the National Center for Missing and 
Exploited Children and with'' before ``public agencies''.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    (e) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 408 of the 
Missing Children's Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5777) is amended by 
striking ``1997 through 2001'' and inserting ``1999 through 
2004''.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    (f) Repeal of Obsolete Reporting Requirements.--Section 
409 of the Missing Children's Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5778) is 
repealed.</DELETED>

<DELETED>SEC. 3. RUNAWAY AND HOMELESS YOUTH.</DELETED>

<DELETED>    (a) Findings.--Section 302 of the Runaway and Homeless 
Youth Act (42 U.S.C. 5701) is amended--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (1) in paragraph (5), by striking ``accurate 
        reporting of the problem nationally and to develop'' and 
        inserting ``an accurate national reporting system to report the 
        problem, and to assist in the development of''; and</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (2) by striking paragraph (8) and inserting the 
        following:</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(8) services for runaway and homeless youth are 
        needed in urban, suburban and rural areas;''.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    (b) Authority To Make Grants for Centers and Services.--
Section 311 of the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act (42 U.S.C. 5711) is 
amended--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the 
        following:</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(a) Grants for Centers and Services.--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall make grants 

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