Home > 106th Congressional Bills > S. 249 (es) To provide funding for the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children, to reauthorize the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act, and for other purposes. [Engrossed in Senate] ...

S. 249 (es) To provide funding for the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children, to reauthorize the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act, and for other purposes. [Engrossed in Senate] ...


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        S.249

                       One Hundred Sixth Congress

                                 of the

                        United States of America


                          AT THE FIRST SESSION

         Begun and held at the City of Washington on Wednesday,
   the sixth day of January, one thousand nine hundred and ninety-nine


                                 An Act


 
  To provide funding for the National Center for Missing and Exploited 
  Children, to reauthorize the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act, and for 
                             other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Missing, Exploited, and Runaway 
Children Protection Act''.
SEC. 2. NATIONAL CENTER FOR MISSING AND EXPLOITED CHILDREN.
    (a) Findings.--Section 402 of the Missing Children's Assistance Act 
(42 U.S.C. 5771) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (7), by striking ``and'' at the end;
        (2) in paragraph (8), by striking the period at the end and 
    inserting a semicolon; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(9) for 14 years, the National Center for Missing and 
    Exploited Children has--
            ``(A) served as the national resource center and 
        clearinghouse congressionally mandated under the provisions of 
        the Missing Children's Assistance Act of 1984; and
            ``(B) worked in partnership with the Department of Justice, 
        the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Department of the 
        Treasury, the Department of State, and many other agencies in 
        the effort to find missing children and prevent child 
        victimization;
        ``(10) Congress has given the Center, which is a private 
    nonprofit corporation, access to the National Crime Information 
    Center of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and the National Law 
    Enforcement Telecommunications System;
        ``(11) since 1987, the Center has operated the National Child 
    Pornography Tipline, in conjunction with the United States Customs 
    Service and the United States Postal Inspection Service and, 
    beginning this year, the Center established a new CyberTipline on 
    child exploitation, thus becoming `the 911 for the Internet';
        ``(12) in light of statistics that time is of the essence in 
    cases of child abduction, the Director of the Federal Bureau of 
    Investigation in February of 1997 created a new NCIC child 
    abduction (`CA') flag to provide the Center immediate notification 
    in the most serious cases, resulting in 642 `CA' notifications to 
    the Center and helping the Center to have its highest recovery rate 
    in history;
        ``(13) the Center has established a national and increasingly 
    worldwide network, linking the Center online with each of the 
    missing children clearinghouses operated by the 50 States, the 
    District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico, as well as with Scotland 
    Yard in the United Kingdom, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, 
    INTERPOL headquarters in Lyon, France, and others, which has 
    enabled the Center to transmit images and information regarding 
    missing children to law enforcement across the United States and 
    around the world instantly;
        ``(14) from its inception in 1984 through March 31, 1998, the 
    Center has--
            ``(A) handled 1,203,974 calls through its 24-hour toll-free 
        hotline (1-800-THE-LOST) and currently averages 700 calls per 
        day;
            ``(B) trained 146,284 law enforcement, criminal and 
        juvenile justice, and healthcare professionals in child sexual 
        exploitation and missing child case detection, identification, 
        investigation, and prevention;
            ``(C) disseminated 15,491,344 free publications to citizens 
        and professionals; and
            ``(D) worked with law enforcement on the cases of 59,481 
        missing children, resulting in the recovery of 40,180 children;
        ``(15) the demand for the services of the Center is growing 
    dramatically, as evidenced by the fact that in 1997, the Center 
    handled 129,100 calls, an all-time record, and by the fact that its 
    new Internet website (www.missingkids.com) receives 1,500,000 
    `hits' every day, and is linked with hundreds of other websites to 
    provide real-time images of breaking cases of missing children;
        ``(16) in 1997, the Center provided policy training to 256 
    police chiefs and sheriffs from 50 States and Guam at its new Jimmy 
    Ryce Law Enforcement Training Center;
        ``(17) the programs of the Center have had a remarkable impact, 
    such as in the fight against infant abductions in partnership with 
    the healthcare industry, during which the Center has performed 668 
    onsite hospital walk-throughs and inspections, and trained 45,065 
    hospital administrators, nurses, and security personnel, and 
    thereby helped to reduce infant abductions in the United States by 
    82 percent;
        ``(18) the Center is now playing a significant role in 
    international child abduction cases, serving as a representative of 
    the Department of State at cases under The Hague Convention, and 
    successfully resolving the cases of 343 international child 
    abductions, and providing greater support to parents in the United 
    States;
        ``(19) the Center is a model of public/private partnership, 
    raising private sector funds to match congressional appropriations 
    and receiving extensive private in-kind support, including advanced 
    technology provided by the computer industry such as imaging 
    technology used to age the photographs of long-term missing 
    children and to reconstruct facial images of unidentified deceased 
    children;
        ``(20) the Center was 1 of only 10 of 300 major national 
    charities given an A+ grade in 1997 by the American Institute of 
    Philanthropy; and
        ``(21) the Center has been redesignated as the Nation's missing 
    children clearinghouse and resource center once every 3 years 
    through a competitive selection process conducted by the Office of 
    Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention of the Department of 
    Justice, and has received grants from that Office to conduct the 
    crucial purposes of the Center.''.
    (b) Definitions.--Section 403 of the Missing Children's Assistance 
Act (42 U.S.C. 5772) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and'' at the end;
        (2) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the end and 
    inserting ``; and''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(3) the term `Center' means the National Center for Missing 
    and Exploited Children.''.
    (c) Duties and Functions of the Administrator.--Section 404 of the 
Missing Children's Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5773) is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d); and
        (2) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:
    ``(b) Annual Grant to National Center for Missing and Exploited 
Children.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Administrator shall annually make a 
    grant to the Center, which shall be used to--
            ``(A)(i) operate a national 24-hour toll-free telephone 
        line by which individuals may report information regarding the 
        location of any missing child, or other child 13 years of age 
        or younger whose whereabouts are unknown to such child's legal 
        custodian, and request information pertaining to procedures 
        necessary to reunite such child with such child's legal 
        custodian; and
            ``(ii) coordinate the operation of such telephone line with 
        the operation of the national communications system referred to 
        in part C of the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act (42 U.S.C. 
        5714-11);
            ``(B) operate the official national resource center and 
        information clearinghouse for missing and exploited children;
            ``(C) provide to State and local governments, public and 
        private nonprofit agencies, and individuals, information 
        regarding--
                ``(i) free or low-cost legal, restaurant, lodging, and 
            transportation services that are available for the benefit 
            of missing and exploited children and their families; and
                ``(ii) the existence and nature of programs being 
            carried out by Federal agencies to assist missing and 
            exploited children and their families;
            ``(D) coordinate public and private programs that locate, 
        recover, or reunite missing children with their families;
            ``(E) disseminate, on a national basis, information 
        relating to innovative and model programs, services, and 
        legislation that benefit missing and exploited children;
            ``(F) provide technical assistance and training to law 
        enforcement agencies, State and local governments, elements of 
        the criminal justice system, public and private nonprofit 
        agencies, and individuals in the prevention, investigation, 
        prosecution, and treatment of cases involving missing and 
        exploited children; and
            ``(G) provide assistance to families and law enforcement 
        agencies in locating and recovering missing and exploited 
        children, both nationally and internationally.
        ``(2) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized to 
    be appropriated to the Administrator to carry out this subsection, 
    $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2000, 2001, 2002, and 2003.
    ``(c) National Incidence Studies.--The Administrator, either by 
making grants to or entering into contracts with public agencies or 
nonprofit private agencies, shall--
        ``(1) periodically conduct national incidence studies to 
    determine for a given year the actual number of children reported 
    missing each year, the number of children who are victims of 
    abduction by strangers, the number of children who are the victims 
    of parental kidnapings, and the number of children who are 
    recovered each year; and
        ``(2) provide to State and local governments, public and 
    private nonprofit agencies, and individuals information to 
    facilitate the lawful use of school records and birth certificates 
    to identify and locate missing children.''.
    (d) National Center for Missing and Exploited Children.--Section 
405(a) of the Missing Children's Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5775(a)) is 
amended by inserting ``the Center and with'' before ``public 
agencies''.
    (e) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 408 of the Missing 
Children's Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5777) is amended by striking 
``1997 through 2001'' and inserting ``2000 through 2003''.

SEC. 3. RUNAWAY AND HOMELESS YOUTH.

    (a) Findings.--Section 302 of the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act 
(42 U.S.C. 5701) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (5), by striking ``accurate reporting of the 
    problem nationally and to develop'' and inserting ``an accurate 
    national reporting system to report the problem, and to assist in 
    the development of''; and
        (2) by striking paragraph (8) and inserting the following:
        ``(8) services for runaway and homeless youth are needed in 
    urban, suburban, and rural areas;''.
    (b) Authority To Make Grants for Centers and Services.--Section 311 
of the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act (42 U.S.C. 5711) is amended--
        (1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:
    ``(a) Grants for Centers and Services.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall make grants to public 
    and nonprofit private entities (and combinations of such entities) 
    to establish and operate (including renovation) local centers to 
    provide services for runaway and homeless youth and for the 
    families of such youth.
        ``(2) Services provided.--Services provided under paragraph 
    (1)--
            ``(A) shall be provided as an alternative to involving 
        runaway and homeless youth in the law enforcement, child 
        welfare, mental health, and juvenile justice systems;
            ``(B) shall include--
                ``(i) safe and appropriate shelter; and
                ``(ii) individual, family, and group counseling, as 
            appropriate; and
            ``(C) may include--
                ``(i) street-based services;
                ``(ii) home-based services for families with youth at 
            risk of separation from the family; and
                ``(iii) drug abuse education and prevention 
            services.'';
        (2) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``the Trust Territory of 
    the Pacific Islands,''; and
        (3) by striking subsections (c) and (d).
    (c) Eligibility.--Section 312 of the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act 
(42 U.S.C. 5712) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (b)--
            (A) in paragraph (8), by striking ``paragraph (6)'' and 
        inserting ``paragraph (7)'';
            (B) in paragraph (10), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (C) in paragraph (11), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
            (D) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(12) shall submit to the Secretary an annual report that 
    includes, with respect to the year for which the report is 
    submitted--
            ``(A) information regarding the activities carried out 
        under this part;
            ``(B) the achievements of the project under this part 
        carried out by the applicant; and
            ``(C) statistical summaries describing--
                ``(i) the number and the characteristics of the runaway 
            and homeless youth, and youth at risk of family separation, 
            who participate in the project; and
                ``(ii) the services provided to such youth by the 
            project.''; and
        (2) by striking subsections (c) and (d) and inserting the 
    following:
    ``(c) Applicants Providing Street-Based Services.--To be eligible 
to use assistance under section 311(a)(2)(C)(i) to provide street-based 
services, the applicant shall include in the plan required by 
subsection (b) assurances that in providing such services the applicant 
will--
        ``(1) provide qualified supervision of staff, including on-
    street supervision by appropriately trained staff;
        ``(2) provide backup personnel for on-street staff;
        ``(3) provide initial and periodic training of staff who 
    provide such services; and
        ``(4) conduct outreach activities for runaway and homeless 
    youth, and street youth.
    ``(d) Applicants Providing Home-Based Services.--To be eligible to 
use assistance under section 311(a) to provide home-based services 
described in section 311(a)(2)(C)(ii), an applicant shall include in 
the plan required by subsection (b) assurances that in providing such 
services the applicant will--
        ``(1) provide counseling and information to youth and the 
    families (including unrelated individuals in the family households) 
    of such youth, including services relating to basic life skills, 
    interpersonal skill building, educational advancement, job 
    attainment skills, mental and physical health care, parenting 
    skills, financial planning, and referral to sources of other needed 
    services;
        ``(2) provide directly, or through an arrangement made by the 
    applicant, 24-hour service to respond to family crises (including 
    immediate access to temporary shelter for runaway and homeless 
    youth, and youth at risk of separation from the family);
        ``(3) establish, in partnership with the families of runaway 
    and homeless youth, and youth at risk of separation from the 
    family, objectives and measures of success to be achieved as a 
    result of receiving home-based services;
        ``(4) provide initial and periodic training of staff who 
    provide home-based services; and
        ``(5) ensure that--
            ``(A) caseloads will remain sufficiently low to allow for 
        intensive (5 to 20 hours per week) involvement with each family 
        receiving such services; and

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