| Home > 106th Congressional Bills > S. 249 (es) To provide funding for the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children, to reauthorize the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act, and for other purposes. [Engrossed in Senate] ...
S. 249 (es) To provide funding for the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children, to reauthorize the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act, and for other purposes. [Engrossed in Senate] ...
S.249 One Hundred Sixth Congress of the United States of America AT THE FIRST SESSION Begun and held at the City of Washington on Wednesday, the sixth day of January, one thousand nine hundred and ninety-nine An Act To provide funding for the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children, to reauthorize the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. This Act may be cited as the ``Missing, Exploited, and Runaway Children Protection Act''. SEC. 2. NATIONAL CENTER FOR MISSING AND EXPLOITED CHILDREN. (a) Findings.--Section 402 of the Missing Children's Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5771) is amended-- (1) in paragraph (7), by striking ``and'' at the end; (2) in paragraph (8), by striking the period at the end and inserting a semicolon; and (3) by adding at the end the following: ``(9) for 14 years, the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children has-- ``(A) served as the national resource center and clearinghouse congressionally mandated under the provisions of the Missing Children's Assistance Act of 1984; and ``(B) worked in partnership with the Department of Justice, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Department of the Treasury, the Department of State, and many other agencies in the effort to find missing children and prevent child victimization; ``(10) Congress has given the Center, which is a private nonprofit corporation, access to the National Crime Information Center of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and the National Law Enforcement Telecommunications System; ``(11) since 1987, the Center has operated the National Child Pornography Tipline, in conjunction with the United States Customs Service and the United States Postal Inspection Service and, beginning this year, the Center established a new CyberTipline on child exploitation, thus becoming `the 911 for the Internet'; ``(12) in light of statistics that time is of the essence in cases of child abduction, the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation in February of 1997 created a new NCIC child abduction (`CA') flag to provide the Center immediate notification in the most serious cases, resulting in 642 `CA' notifications to the Center and helping the Center to have its highest recovery rate in history; ``(13) the Center has established a national and increasingly worldwide network, linking the Center online with each of the missing children clearinghouses operated by the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico, as well as with Scotland Yard in the United Kingdom, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, INTERPOL headquarters in Lyon, France, and others, which has enabled the Center to transmit images and information regarding missing children to law enforcement across the United States and around the world instantly; ``(14) from its inception in 1984 through March 31, 1998, the Center has-- ``(A) handled 1,203,974 calls through its 24-hour toll-free hotline (1-800-THE-LOST) and currently averages 700 calls per day; ``(B) trained 146,284 law enforcement, criminal and juvenile justice, and healthcare professionals in child sexual exploitation and missing child case detection, identification, investigation, and prevention; ``(C) disseminated 15,491,344 free publications to citizens and professionals; and ``(D) worked with law enforcement on the cases of 59,481 missing children, resulting in the recovery of 40,180 children; ``(15) the demand for the services of the Center is growing dramatically, as evidenced by the fact that in 1997, the Center handled 129,100 calls, an all-time record, and by the fact that its new Internet website (www.missingkids.com) receives 1,500,000 `hits' every day, and is linked with hundreds of other websites to provide real-time images of breaking cases of missing children; ``(16) in 1997, the Center provided policy training to 256 police chiefs and sheriffs from 50 States and Guam at its new Jimmy Ryce Law Enforcement Training Center; ``(17) the programs of the Center have had a remarkable impact, such as in the fight against infant abductions in partnership with the healthcare industry, during which the Center has performed 668 onsite hospital walk-throughs and inspections, and trained 45,065 hospital administrators, nurses, and security personnel, and thereby helped to reduce infant abductions in the United States by 82 percent; ``(18) the Center is now playing a significant role in international child abduction cases, serving as a representative of the Department of State at cases under The Hague Convention, and successfully resolving the cases of 343 international child abductions, and providing greater support to parents in the United States; ``(19) the Center is a model of public/private partnership, raising private sector funds to match congressional appropriations and receiving extensive private in-kind support, including advanced technology provided by the computer industry such as imaging technology used to age the photographs of long-term missing children and to reconstruct facial images of unidentified deceased children; ``(20) the Center was 1 of only 10 of 300 major national charities given an A+ grade in 1997 by the American Institute of Philanthropy; and ``(21) the Center has been redesignated as the Nation's missing children clearinghouse and resource center once every 3 years through a competitive selection process conducted by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention of the Department of Justice, and has received grants from that Office to conduct the crucial purposes of the Center.''. (b) Definitions.--Section 403 of the Missing Children's Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5772) is amended-- (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and'' at the end; (2) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and (3) by adding at the end the following: ``(3) the term `Center' means the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children.''. (c) Duties and Functions of the Administrator.--Section 404 of the Missing Children's Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5773) is amended-- (1) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d); and (2) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following: ``(b) Annual Grant to National Center for Missing and Exploited Children.-- ``(1) In general.--The Administrator shall annually make a grant to the Center, which shall be used to-- ``(A)(i) operate a national 24-hour toll-free telephone line by which individuals may report information regarding the location of any missing child, or other child 13 years of age or younger whose whereabouts are unknown to such child's legal custodian, and request information pertaining to procedures necessary to reunite such child with such child's legal custodian; and ``(ii) coordinate the operation of such telephone line with the operation of the national communications system referred to in part C of the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act (42 U.S.C. 5714-11); ``(B) operate the official national resource center and information clearinghouse for missing and exploited children; ``(C) provide to State and local governments, public and private nonprofit agencies, and individuals, information regarding-- ``(i) free or low-cost legal, restaurant, lodging, and transportation services that are available for the benefit of missing and exploited children and their families; and ``(ii) the existence and nature of programs being carried out by Federal agencies to assist missing and exploited children and their families; ``(D) coordinate public and private programs that locate, recover, or reunite missing children with their families; ``(E) disseminate, on a national basis, information relating to innovative and model programs, services, and legislation that benefit missing and exploited children; ``(F) provide technical assistance and training to law enforcement agencies, State and local governments, elements of the criminal justice system, public and private nonprofit agencies, and individuals in the prevention, investigation, prosecution, and treatment of cases involving missing and exploited children; and ``(G) provide assistance to families and law enforcement agencies in locating and recovering missing and exploited children, both nationally and internationally. ``(2) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized to be appropriated to the Administrator to carry out this subsection, $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2000, 2001, 2002, and 2003. ``(c) National Incidence Studies.--The Administrator, either by making grants to or entering into contracts with public agencies or nonprofit private agencies, shall-- ``(1) periodically conduct national incidence studies to determine for a given year the actual number of children reported missing each year, the number of children who are victims of abduction by strangers, the number of children who are the victims of parental kidnapings, and the number of children who are recovered each year; and ``(2) provide to State and local governments, public and private nonprofit agencies, and individuals information to facilitate the lawful use of school records and birth certificates to identify and locate missing children.''. (d) National Center for Missing and Exploited Children.--Section 405(a) of the Missing Children's Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5775(a)) is amended by inserting ``the Center and with'' before ``public agencies''. (e) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 408 of the Missing Children's Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5777) is amended by striking ``1997 through 2001'' and inserting ``2000 through 2003''. SEC. 3. RUNAWAY AND HOMELESS YOUTH. (a) Findings.--Section 302 of the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act (42 U.S.C. 5701) is amended-- (1) in paragraph (5), by striking ``accurate reporting of the problem nationally and to develop'' and inserting ``an accurate national reporting system to report the problem, and to assist in the development of''; and (2) by striking paragraph (8) and inserting the following: ``(8) services for runaway and homeless youth are needed in urban, suburban, and rural areas;''. (b) Authority To Make Grants for Centers and Services.--Section 311 of the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act (42 U.S.C. 5711) is amended-- (1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following: ``(a) Grants for Centers and Services.-- ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall make grants to public and nonprofit private entities (and combinations of such entities) to establish and operate (including renovation) local centers to provide services for runaway and homeless youth and for the families of such youth. ``(2) Services provided.--Services provided under paragraph (1)-- ``(A) shall be provided as an alternative to involving runaway and homeless youth in the law enforcement, child welfare, mental health, and juvenile justice systems; ``(B) shall include-- ``(i) safe and appropriate shelter; and ``(ii) individual, family, and group counseling, as appropriate; and ``(C) may include-- ``(i) street-based services; ``(ii) home-based services for families with youth at risk of separation from the family; and ``(iii) drug abuse education and prevention services.''; (2) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands,''; and (3) by striking subsections (c) and (d). (c) Eligibility.--Section 312 of the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act (42 U.S.C. 5712) is amended-- (1) in subsection (b)-- (A) in paragraph (8), by striking ``paragraph (6)'' and inserting ``paragraph (7)''; (B) in paragraph (10), by striking ``and'' at the end; (C) in paragraph (11), by striking the period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and (D) by adding at the end the following: ``(12) shall submit to the Secretary an annual report that includes, with respect to the year for which the report is submitted-- ``(A) information regarding the activities carried out under this part; ``(B) the achievements of the project under this part carried out by the applicant; and ``(C) statistical summaries describing-- ``(i) the number and the characteristics of the runaway and homeless youth, and youth at risk of family separation, who participate in the project; and ``(ii) the services provided to such youth by the project.''; and (2) by striking subsections (c) and (d) and inserting the following: ``(c) Applicants Providing Street-Based Services.--To be eligible to use assistance under section 311(a)(2)(C)(i) to provide street-based services, the applicant shall include in the plan required by subsection (b) assurances that in providing such services the applicant will-- ``(1) provide qualified supervision of staff, including on- street supervision by appropriately trained staff; ``(2) provide backup personnel for on-street staff; ``(3) provide initial and periodic training of staff who provide such services; and ``(4) conduct outreach activities for runaway and homeless youth, and street youth. ``(d) Applicants Providing Home-Based Services.--To be eligible to use assistance under section 311(a) to provide home-based services described in section 311(a)(2)(C)(ii), an applicant shall include in the plan required by subsection (b) assurances that in providing such services the applicant will-- ``(1) provide counseling and information to youth and the families (including unrelated individuals in the family households) of such youth, including services relating to basic life skills, interpersonal skill building, educational advancement, job attainment skills, mental and physical health care, parenting skills, financial planning, and referral to sources of other needed services; ``(2) provide directly, or through an arrangement made by the applicant, 24-hour service to respond to family crises (including immediate access to temporary shelter for runaway and homeless youth, and youth at risk of separation from the family); ``(3) establish, in partnership with the families of runaway and homeless youth, and youth at risk of separation from the family, objectives and measures of success to be achieved as a result of receiving home-based services; ``(4) provide initial and periodic training of staff who provide home-based services; and ``(5) ensure that-- ``(A) caseloads will remain sufficiently low to allow for intensive (5 to 20 hours per week) involvement with each family receiving such services; and
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