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S. 2677 (rfh) To restrict assistance until certain conditions are satisfied and to support democratic and economic transition in Zimbabwe. [Referred in House] ...


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108th CONGRESS
  2d Session
                                S. 2677

      To implement the United States-Morocco Free Trade Agreement.


_______________________________________________________________________


                   IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

                             July 15, 2004

  Mr. Grassley (for himself, Mr. Baucus, and Mr. Frist) (by request) 
introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the 
 Committee on Finance pursuant to section 2103(b)(3) of Public Law 107-
                                  210

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
      To implement the United States-Morocco Free Trade Agreement.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``United States-
Morocco Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Purposes.
Sec. 3. Definitions.
TITLE I--APPROVAL OF, AND GENERAL PROVISIONS RELATING TO, THE AGREEMENT

Sec. 101. Approval and entry into force of the Agreement.
Sec. 102. Relationship of the Agreement to United States and State law.
Sec. 103. Implementing actions in anticipation of entry into force and 
                            initial regulations.
Sec. 104. Consultation and layover provisions for, and effective date 
                            of, proclaimed actions.
Sec. 105. Administration of dispute settlement proceedings.
Sec. 106. Arbitration of claims.
Sec. 107. Effective dates; effect of termination.
                      TITLE II--CUSTOMS PROVISIONS

Sec. 201. Tariff modifications.
Sec. 202. Additional duties on certain agricultural goods.
Sec. 203. Rules of origin.
Sec. 204. Enforcement relating to trade in textile and apparel goods.
Sec. 205. Regulations.
                     TITLE III--RELIEF FROM IMPORTS

Sec. 301. Definitions.
     Subtitle A--Relief From Imports Benefiting From the Agreement

Sec. 311. Commencing of action for relief.
Sec. 312. Commission action on petition.
Sec. 313. Provision of relief.
Sec. 314. Termination of relief authority.
Sec. 315. Compensation authority.
Sec. 316. Confidential business information.
           Subtitle B--Textile and Apparel Safeguard Measures

Sec. 321. Commencement of action for relief.
Sec. 322. Determination and provision of relief.
Sec. 323. Period of relief.
Sec. 324. Articles exempt from relief.
Sec. 325. Rate after termination of import relief.
Sec. 326. Termination of relief authority.
Sec. 327. Compensation authority.
Sec. 328. Business confidential information.

SEC. 2. PURPOSES.

    The purposes of this Act are--
            (1) to approve and implement the Free Trade Agreement 
        between the United States and Morocco entered into under the 
        authority of section 2103(b) of the Bipartisan Trade Promotion 
        Authority Act of 2002 (19 U.S.C. 3803(b));
            (2) to strengthen and develop economic relations between 
        the United States and Morocco for their mutual benefit;
            (3) to establish free trade between the 2 nations through 
        the reduction and elimination of barriers to trade in goods and 
        services and to investment; and
            (4) to lay the foundation for further cooperation to expand 
        and enhance the benefits of such Agreement.

SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS.

    In this Act:
            (1) Agreement.--The term ``Agreement'' means the United 
        States-Morocco Free Trade Agreement approved by Congress under 
        section 101(a)(1).
            (2) HTS.--The term ``HTS'' means the Harmonized Tariff 
        Schedule of the United States.
            (3) Textile or apparel good.--The term ``textile or apparel 
        good'' means a good listed in the Annex to the Agreement on 
        Textiles and Clothing referred to in section 101(d)(4) of the 
        Uruguay Round Agreements Act (19 U.S.C. 3511(d)(4)).

TITLE I--APPROVAL OF, AND GENERAL PROVISIONS RELATING TO, THE AGREEMENT

SEC. 101. APPROVAL AND ENTRY INTO FORCE OF THE AGREEMENT.

    (a) Approval of Agreement and Statement of Administrative Action.--
Pursuant to section 2105 of the Bipartisan Trade Promotion Authority 
Act of 2002 (19 U.S.C. 3805) and section 151 of the Trade Act of 1974 
(19 U.S.C. 2191), Congress approves--
            (1) the United States-Morocco Free Trade Agreement entered 
        into on June 15, 2004, with Morocco and submitted to Congress 
        on _______, 2004; and
            (2) the statement of administrative action proposed to 
        implement the Agreement that was submitted to Congress on 
        _______, 2004.
    (b) Conditions for Entry Into Force of the Agreement.--At such time 
as the President determines that Morocco has taken measures necessary 
to bring it into compliance with those provisions of the Agreement that 
are to take effect on the date on which the Agreement enters into 
force, the President is authorized to exchange notes with the 
Government of Morocco providing for the entry into force, on or after 
January 1, 2005, of the Agreement with respect to the United States.

SEC. 102. RELATIONSHIP OF THE AGREEMENT TO UNITED STATES AND STATE LAW.

    (a) Relationship of Agreement to United States Law.--
            (1) United states law to prevail in conflict.--No provision 
        of the Agreement, nor the application of any such provision to 
        any person or circumstance, which is inconsistent with any law 
        of the United States shall have effect.
            (2) Construction.--Nothing in this Act shall be construed--
                    (A) to amend or modify any law of the United 
                States, or
                    (B) to limit any authority conferred under any law 
                of the United States,
        unless specifically provided for in this Act.
    (b) Relationship of Agreement to State Law.--
            (1) Legal challenge.--No State law, or the application 
        thereof, may be declared invalid as to any person or 
        circumstance on the ground that the provision or application is 
        inconsistent with the Agreement, except in an action brought by 
        the United States for the purpose of declaring such law or 
        application invalid.
            (2) Definition of state law.--For purposes of this 
        subsection, the term ``State law'' includes--
                    (A) any law of a political subdivision of a State; 
                and
                    (B) any State law regulating or taxing the business 
                of insurance.
    (c) Effect of Agreement With Respect to Private Remedies.--No 
person other than the United States--
            (1) shall have any cause of action or defense under the 
        Agreement or by virtue of congressional approval thereof; or
            (2) may challenge, in any action brought under any 
        provision of law, any action or inaction by any department, 
        agency, or other instrumentality of the United States, any 
        State, or any political subdivision of a State, on the ground 
        that such action or inaction is inconsistent with the 
        Agreement.

SEC. 103. IMPLEMENTING ACTIONS IN ANTICIPATION OF ENTRY INTO FORCE AND 
              INITIAL REGULATIONS.

    (a) Implementing Actions.--
            (1) Proclamation authority.--After the date of the 
        enactment of this Act--
                    (A) the President may proclaim such actions, and
                    (B) other appropriate officers of the United States 
                Government may issue such regulations,
        as may be necessary to ensure that any provision of this Act, 
        or amendment made by this Act, that takes effect on the date 
        the Agreement enters into force is appropriately implemented on 
        such date, but no such proclamation or regulation may have an 
        effective date earlier than the date the Agreement enters into 
        force.
            (2) Effective date of certain proclaimed actions.--Any 
        action proclaimed by the President under the authority of this 
        Act that is not subject to the consultation and layover 
        provisions under section 104 may not take effect before the 
        15th day after the date on which the text of the proclamation 
        is published in the Federal Register.
            (3) Waiver of 15-day restriction.--The 15-day restriction 
        in paragraph (2) on the taking effect of proclaimed actions is 
        waived to the extent that the application of such restriction 
        would prevent the taking effect on the date the Agreement 
        enters into force of any action proclaimed under this section.
    (b) Initial Regulations.--Initial regulations necessary or 
appropriate to carry out the actions required by or authorized under 
this Act or proposed in the statement of administrative action 
submitted under section 101(a)(2) to implement the Agreement shall, to 
the maximum extent feasible, be issued within 1 year after the date on 
which the Agreement enters into force. In the case of any implementing 
action that takes effect on a date after the date on which the 
Agreement enters into force, initial regulations to carry out that 
action shall, to the maximum extent feasible, be issued within 1 year 
after such effective date.

SEC. 104. CONSULTATION AND LAYOVER PROVISIONS FOR, AND EFFECTIVE DATE 
              OF, PROCLAIMED ACTIONS.

    If a provision of this Act provides that the implementation of an 
action by the President by proclamation is subject to the consultation 
and layover requirements of this section, such action may be proclaimed 
only if--
            (1) the President has obtained advice regarding the 
        proposed action from--
                    (A) the appropriate advisory committees established 
                under section 135 of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 
                2155); and
                    (B) the United States International Trade 
                Commission;
            (2) the President has submitted to the Committee on Finance 
        of the Senate and the Committee on Ways and Means of the House 
        of Representatives a report that sets forth--
                    (A) the action proposed to be proclaimed and the 
                reasons therefor; and
                    (B) the advice obtained under paragraph (1);
            (3) a period of 60 calendar days, beginning on the first 
        day on which the requirements set forth in paragraphs (1) and 
        (2) have been met has expired; and
            (4) the President has consulted with such Committees 
        regarding the proposed action during the period referred to in 
        paragraph (3).

SEC. 105. ADMINISTRATION OF DISPUTE SETTLEMENT PROCEEDINGS.

    (a) Establishment or Designation of Office.--The President is 
authorized to establish or designate within the Department of Commerce 
an office that shall be responsible for providing administrative 
assistance to panels established under chapter 20 of the Agreement. The 
office may not be considered to be an agency for purposes of section 
552 of title 5, United States Code.
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated for each fiscal year after fiscal year 2004 to the 
Department of Commerce such sums as may be necessary for the 
establishment and operations of the office under subsection (a) and for 
the payment of the United States share of the expenses of panels 
established under chapter 20 of the Agreement.

SEC. 106. ARBITRATION OF CLAIMS.

    The United States is authorized to resolve any claim against the 
United States covered by article 10.15.1(a)(i)(C) or article 
10.15.1(b)(i)(C) of the Agreement, pursuant to the Investor-State 
Dispute Settlement procedures set forth in section B of chapter 10 of 
the Agreement.

SEC. 107. EFFECTIVE DATES; EFFECT OF TERMINATION.

    (a) Effective Dates.--Except as provided in subsection (b), the 
provisions of this Act and the amendments made by this Act take effect 
on the date the Agreement enters into force.
    (b) Exceptions.--Sections 1 through 3 and this title take effect on 
the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (c) Termination of the Agreement.--On the date on which the 
Agreement terminates, the provisions of this Act (other than this 
subsection) and the amendments made by this Act shall cease to be 
effective.

                      TITLE II--CUSTOMS PROVISIONS

SEC. 201. TARIFF MODIFICATIONS.

    (a) Tariff Modifications Provided for in the Agreement.--
            (1) Proclamation authority.--The President may proclaim--
                    (A) such modifications or continuation of any duty,
                    (B) such continuation of duty-free or excise 
                treatment, or
                    (C) such additional duties,
        as the President determines to be necessary or appropriate to 
        carry out or apply articles 2.3, 2.5, 2.6, 4.1, 4.3.9, 4.3.10, 
        4.3.11, 4.3.13, 4.3.14, and 4.3.15, and Annex IV of the 
        Agreement.
            (2) Effect on moroccan gsp status.--Notwithstanding section 
        502(a)(1) of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2462(a)(1)), the 
        President shall terminate the designation of Morocco as a 
        beneficiary developing country for purposes of title V of the 
        Trade Act of 1974 on the date of entry into force of the 
        Agreement.
    (b) Other Tariff Modifications.--Subject to the consultation and 
layover provisions of section 104, the President may proclaim--
            (1) such modifications or continuation of any duty,
            (2) such modifications as the United States may agree to 
        with Morocco regarding the staging of any duty treatment set 
        forth in Annex IV of the Agreement,
            (3) such continuation of duty-free or excise treatment, or

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