Home > 106th Congressional Bills > S. 2677 (rs) To restrict assistance until certain conditions are satisfied and to support democratic and economic transition in Zimbabwe. [Reported in Senate] ...

S. 2677 (rs) To restrict assistance until certain conditions are satisfied and to support democratic and economic transition in Zimbabwe. [Reported in Senate] ...

Web GovRecords.org

  2d Session
                                S. 2677



                             June 26, 2000

 Referred to the Committee on International Relations, and in addition 
to the Committee on Banking and Financial Services, for a period to be 
subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration 
  of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee 


                                 AN ACT

 To restrict assistance until certain conditions are satisfied and to 
        support democratic and economic transition in Zimbabwe.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,


    This Act may be cited as the ``Zimbabwe Democracy Act of 2000''.


    (a) Findings.--Congress finds as follows:
            (1) Deliberate and systematic violence, intimidation, and 
        killings have been orchestrated and supported by the Government 
        of Zimbabwe and the ruling ZANU-PF party against members, 
        sympathizers, and supporters of the democratic opposition, 
        farmers, and employees. The violence has resulted in death, a 
        breakdown in the rule of law, and further collapse of 
        Zimbabwe's economy.
            (2) The lawlessness, harassment, violence, intimidation, 
        and killings directed at the opposition and their supporters, 
        farmers and farm employees continues at President Mugabe's 
        explicit and public urging despite two court rulings that the 
        occupations are illegal and must be ended.
            (3) The breakdown in the rule of law has jeopardized 
        Zimbabwe's future, including international support for programs 
        which provide land ownership for the large number of poor and 
        landless Zimbabweans, other donor programs, economic stability, 
        and direct investment.
            (4) The orchestrated violence and intimidation directed at 
        opposition supporters has created and fostered an environment 
        which seriously compromises the possibility of free and fair 
            (5) The crisis in Zimbabwe is further exacerbated by the 
        fact that Zimbabwe is spending millions of dollars each month 
        on its involvement in the civil war in the Democratic Republic 
        of Congo. Those resources could finance equitable and 
        transparent land reform, other programs to promote economic 
        growth and alleviate poverty, and programs to combat the spread 
        and effects of the world's highest HIV infection rate.
    (b) Statement of Policy.--It is therefore the policy of the United 
States to support the people of Zimbabwe in their struggles to effect 
peaceful, democratic change, achieve broad-based and equitable economic 
growth, and restore the rule of law.


    (a) Prohibition on Assistance.--Except as provided in subsection 
            (1) no United States assistance may be provided for the 
        Government of Zimbabwe;
            (2) no indebtedness owed by the Government of Zimbabwe to 
        the United States Government may be canceled or reduced; and
            (3) the Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United 
        States Executive Director to each international financial 
        institution to oppose and vote against--
                    (A) any extension by the respective institution of 
                any assistance of any kind to the Government of 
                Zimbabwe, except for assistance to meet basic human 
                needs and for good governance; and
                    (B) any cancellation or reduction of indebtedness 
                owed by the Government of Zimbabwe to that institution.
    (b) Conditions for Restoration of Eligibility for Assistance and 
Debt Relief.--The provisions of subsection (a) shall apply until the 
President certifies to the appropriate congressional committees that--
            (1) the rule of law has been restored in Zimbabwe, 
        including respect for ownership and title to property held 
        prior to January 1, 2000, freedom of speech and association, 
        and an end to the lawlessness, violence, and intimidation 
        sponsored, condoned, or tolerated by the Government of 
        Zimbabwe, the ruling party, and their supporters or entities;
            (2) Zimbabwe has held parliamentary elections which are 
        widely accepted by the participating parties and the duly 
        elected are free to assume their offices;
            (3)(A) Zimbabwe has held a presidential election which is 
        widely accepted by the participating parties and the president-
        elect is free to assume the duties of the office; or
            (B) the government has sufficiently improved the pre-
        election environment to a degree consistent with accepted 
        international standards for security and freedom of movement 
        and association;
            (4) the Government of Zimbabwe has demonstrated a 
        commitment to an equitable, legal, and transparent land reform 
        program which should--
                    (A) respect existing ownership of and title to 
                property by providing fair, market-based compensation 
                to sellers;
                    (B) benefit the truly needy and landless;
                    (C) be based on the principle of ownership and 
                title to all land, including communal areas;
                    (D) be managed and administered by an independent, 
                nongovernmental body; and
                    (E) be consistent with agreements reached at the 
                International Donors' Conference on Land Reform and 
                Resettlement in Zimbabwe held in Harare in September, 
            (5) the Government of Zimbabwe is making a good faith 
        effort to fulfill the terms of the Lusaka agreement on ending 
        the war in the Democratic Republic of Congo; and
            (6) the Zimbabwean Armed Forces and the National Police of 
        Zimbabwe are responsible to and serve the elected civilian 
    (c) United States Assistance Defined.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), in 
        this section, the term ``United States assistance'' means--
                    (A) any assistance under the Foreign Assistance Act 
                of 1961 (excluding programs under title IV of chapter 2 
                of part I, relating to the Overseas Private Investment 
                    (B) sales, or financing on any terms, under the 
                Arms Export Control Act;
                    (C) the licensing of exports under section 38 of 
                the Arms Export Control Act; and
                    (D) the provision of agricultural commodities, 
                other than food, under the Agricultural Trade 
                Development and Assistance Act of 1954.
            (2) Exceptions.--The term ``United States assistance'' does 
        not include--
                    (A) humanitarian assistance, including food, 
                medicine, medical supplies;
                    (B) health assistance, including health assistance 
                for the prevention, treatment, and control of HIV/AIDS 
                and other infectious diseases;
                    (C) support for democratic governance and the rule 
                of law;
                    (D) support for land reform programs consistent 
                with subsection (b)(4);
                    (E) support for conservation programs; and
                    (F) support for de-mining programs.
    (d) Waiver.--The President may waive the provisions of subsection 
(a) if he determines that it is in the national interest of the United 
States to do so.


    (a) Assistance for Legal Expenses.--As one component of a 
comprehensive approach towards supporting democratic institutions and 
the rule of law in Zimbabwe, the President is authorized to use funds 
appropriated to carry out the provisions of part I and chapter 4 of 
part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to finance the legal and 
related expenses of--
            (1) individuals and democratic institutions challenging 
        restrictions to free speech and association in Zimbabwe, 
        including challenges to licensing fees, restrictions, and other 
        charges and penalties imposed on the media or on individuals 
        exercising their right of free speech and association;
            (2) individuals and democratic institutions and 
        organizations challenging electoral outcomes or restrictions to 
        their pursuit of elective office or democratic reforms, 
        including fees or other costs imposed by the Government on 
        those individuals or institutions; and
            (3) individuals who are the victims of torture or otherwise 
        victimized by political violence.
    (b) Authority for Radio Broadcasting.--
            (1) In general.--The Broadcasting Board of Governors shall 
        further the communication of information and ideas through the 
        increased use of radio broadcasting to Zimbabwe to ensure that 
        radio broadcasting to that country serves as a consistently 
        reliable and authoritative source of accurate, objective and 
        comprehensive news.
            (2) Termination.--The authority of this subsection shall 
        terminate upon a certification by the President under section 
        3(b) that the conditions specified in that section have been 
    (c) Assistance for Democracy Training.--During fiscal year 2001, 
the President is authorized to use not less than $6,000,000 of the 
funds made available to carry out the provisions of part I and chapter 
4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 for democracy and 
governance programs in Zimbabwe.
    (d) Election Observers.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
President should provide support, including through the National 
Endowment for Democracy, for international election observers to the 
Zimbabwean parliamentary elections in 2000 and the presidential 
election scheduled for 2002, including assessments of the pre-electoral 
environment in each case and the electoral laws of Zimbabwe.


    Upon the certification made by the President under section 3(b)--
            (1) up to $16,000,000 of funds appropriated to carry out 
        the provisions of chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign 
        Assistance Act of 1961, is authorized to be made available, 
        notwithstanding any other provision of law, for support for 
        alternative schemes under the Inception Phase of the Land 
        Reform and Resettlement Program, including costs related to 
        acquisition of land and resettlement, meeting the standards in 
        section 3(b)(4); and
            (2) the Secretary of the Treasury shall--
                    (A) undertake a review of the feasibility of 
                restructuring, rescheduling, or eliminating the 
                sovereign debt of Zimbabwe held by any agency of the 
                United States Government;
                    (B) direct the United States Executive Director of 
                each international financial institution to which the 
                United States is a member to propose that such 
                institution undertake a review of the feasibility of 
                restructuring, rescheduling, or eliminating the 
                sovereign debt of Zimbabwe held by that institution; 
                    (C) direct the United States Executive Director of 
                each international financial institution to which the 
                United States is a member to propose to undertake 
                financial and technical support for Zimbabwe, 
                especially that intended to promote Zimbabwe's economic 
                recovery and development, the stabilization of the 
                Zimbabwean dollar, and the viability of Zimbabwe's 
                democratic institutions; and
            (3) there shall be established a Southern Africa Finance 
        Center located in Zimbabwe that will co-locate regional offices 
        of the Overseas Private Investment Corporation, the Export-
        Import Bank of the United States, and the Trade and Development 
        Agency for the purpose of facilitating the development of 
        commercial projects in Zimbabwe and the southern Africa region.

            Passed the Senate June 23, 2000.


                                                    GARY SISCO,


Pages: 1

Other Popular 106th Congressional Bills Documents:

1 S. 3193 (is) To amend section 527 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to exempt State and local political committees from required notification of section 527 status. [Introduced in Senate] ...
2 S. 3232 (is) To amend the Reclamation Wastewater and Groundwater Study and [Introduced in Senate] ...
3 S.Con.Res. 146 (is) Condemning the assassination of Father John Kaiser and others in Kenya, [Introduced in Senate] ...
4 H.R. 5227 (ih) To amend the 21st Century Community Learning Centers Act to expand after-school activities and services. [Introduced in House] ...
5 S. 408 (rs) To direct the Secretary of the Interior to convey a former Bureau of Land Management administrative site to the City of Carson City, Nevada, for use as a senior center. [Reported in Senate] ...
6 S. 2140 (is) To amend the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 to establish within the Department of State an Under Secretary of State for Security. [Introduced in Senate] ...
7 S. 672 (is) To amend title XIX of the Social Security Act to extend the higher Federal medical assistance percentage for payment for Indian Health service facilities to urban Indian health programs under the Medicaid Program. [Introduced in Senate] %%File...
8 H.R. 1554 (ih) To amend the provisions of title 17, United States Code, and the Communications Act of 1934, relating to copyright licensing and carriage of broadcast signals by satellite. [Introduced in House] ...
9 S. 13 (is) To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to provide additional tax incentives for education. [Introduced in Senate] ...
10 H.Res. 257 (eh) [Engrossed in House] ...
11 S. 3106 (is) To amend title XVIII of the Social Security Act to clarify the definition of homebound under the medicare home health benefit. [Introduced in Senate] ...
12 S.Con.Res. 159 (ats) Providing for a conditional adjournment or recess of the Senate and a conditional adjournment of the House of Representatives. [Agreed to Senate] ...
13 H.R. 3084 (ih) To authorize the Secretary of the Interior to contribute funds for the establishment of an interpretative center on the life and contributions of President Abraham Lincoln. [Introduced in House] ...
14 H.R. 747 (enr) To protect the permanent trust funds of the State of Arizona from erosion due to inflation and modify the basis on which distributions are made from those funds. [Enrolled bill] ...
15 S. 460 (rs) To designate the United States courthouse located at 401 South Michigan Street in South Bend, Indiana, as the ``Robert K. Rodibaugh United States Bankruptcy Courthouse''. [Reported in Senate] ...
16 H.R. 2488 (rh) To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to reduce individual income [Reported in House] ...
17 H.R. 4738 (ih) To establish the High Level Commission on Immigrant Labor Policy. [Introduced in House] ...
18 H.R. 20 (eh) To authorize the Secretary of the Interior to construct and operate a visitor center for the Upper Delaware Scenic and Recreational River on land owned by the State of New York. [Engrossed in House] ...
19 S. 1916 (es) To extend certain expiring Federal Aviation Administration authorizations for a 6-month period, and for other purposes. [Engrossed in Senate] ...
20 H.Res. 403 (eh) [Engrossed in House] ...
21 S. 173 (is) To amend the Immigration and Nationality Act to revise amendments made by the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act. [Introduced in Senate] ...
22 S. 2163 (rs) To provide for a study of the engineering feasibility of a water exchange in lieu of electrification of the Chandler Pumping Plant at Prosser Diversion Dam, Washington. [Reported in Senate] ...
23 H.R. 3281 (ih) To amend title II of the Social Security Act to provide for payment in all cases of lump-sum death payments. [Introduced in House] ...
24 S. 1006 (is) To end the use of conventional steel-jawed leghold traps on animals in the United States. [Introduced in Senate] ...
25 S. 411 (is) To provide for a process to authorize the use of clone pagers, and for other purposes. [Introduced in Senate] ...
26 S. 2367 (is) To amend the Immigration and Nationality Act to make improvements to, and permanently authorize, the visa waiver pilot program under that Act. [Introduced in Senate] ...
27 H.R. 3859 (eh) To amend the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 to protect Social Security and Medicare surpluses through strengthened budgetary enforcement mechanisms. [Engrossed in House] ...
28 H.R. 5346 (ih) To provide for demolition, environmental cleanup, and reversion of the Department of Veterans Affairs medical center in Allen Park, Michigan. [Introduced in House] ...
29 S. 1756 (rs) To enhance the ability of the National Laboratories to meet Department of Energy missions, and for other purposes. [Reported in Senate] ...
30 H.R. 643 (eh) To redesignate the Federal building located at 10301 South Compton Avenue, in Los Angeles, California, and known as the Watts Finance Office, as the ``Augustus F. Hawkins Post Office Building''. [Engrossed in House] ...

Other Documents:

106th Congressional Bills Records and Documents

GovRecords.org presents information on various agencies of the United States Government. Even though all information is believed to be credible and accurate, no guarantees are made on the complete accuracy of our government records archive. Care should be taken to verify the information presented by responsible parties. Please see our reference page for congressional, presidential, and judicial branch contact information. GovRecords.org values visitor privacy. Please see the privacy page for more information.
House Rules:

104th House Rules
105th House Rules
106th House Rules

Congressional Bills:

104th Congressional Bills
105th Congressional Bills
106th Congressional Bills
107th Congressional Bills
108th Congressional Bills

Supreme Court Decisions

Supreme Court Decisions


1995 Privacy Act Documents
1997 Privacy Act Documents
1994 Unified Agenda
2004 Unified Agenda

Congressional Documents:

104th Congressional Documents
105th Congressional Documents
106th Congressional Documents
107th Congressional Documents
108th Congressional Documents

Congressional Directory:

105th Congressional Directory
106th Congressional Directory
107th Congressional Directory
108th Congressional Directory

Public Laws:

104th Congressional Public Laws
105th Congressional Public Laws
106th Congressional Public Laws
107th Congressional Public Laws
108th Congressional Public Laws

Presidential Records

1994 Presidential Documents
1995 Presidential Documents
1996 Presidential Documents
1997 Presidential Documents
1998 Presidential Documents
1999 Presidential Documents
2000 Presidential Documents
2001 Presidential Documents
2002 Presidential Documents
2003 Presidential Documents
2004 Presidential Documents

Home Executive Judicial Legislative Additional Reference About Privacy