Home > 106th Congressional Bills > S. 2742 (pcs) To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to increase disclosure for certain political organizations exempt from tax under section 527 and section 501(c), and for other purposes. [Placed on Calendar Senate] ...

S. 2742 (pcs) To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to increase disclosure for certain political organizations exempt from tax under section 527 and section 501(c), and for other purposes. [Placed on Calendar Senate] ...


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            ``(1) In general.--The Comptroller General of the United 
        States shall evaluate and make recommendations regarding the 
        appropriate roles and responsibilities of Federal entities with 
        respect to programs and activities related to Fetal Alcohol 
        Spectrum Disorders.
            ``(2) Covered entities.--The Federal entities under 
        paragraph (1) shall include entities within the National 
        Institutes of Health, the Centers for Disease Control and 
        Prevention, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services 
        Administration, the Health Resources and Services 
        Administration, the Indian Health Service, the Agency for 
        Healthcare Research and Quality, the Interagency Coordinating 
        Committee on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, the National Task Force on 
        Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders, as well as the Office of 
        Special Education and Rehabilitative Services in the Department 
        of Education and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency 
        Prevention in the Department of Justice.
            ``(3) Evaluation.--The evaluation conducted by the 
        Comptroller General under paragraph (1) shall include--
                    ``(A) an assessment of the current roles and 
                responsibilities of Federal entities with programs and 
                activities related to Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders; 
                and
                    ``(B) an assessment of whether there is duplication 
                in programs and activities, conflicting roles and 
                responsibilities, or lack of coordination among Federal 
                entities.
            ``(4) Recommendation.--The Comptroller General shall 
        provide recommendations on the appropriate roles and 
        responsibilities of the Federal entities described in paragraph 
        (2) in order to maximize the effectiveness of Federal programs 
        and activities related to Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders.
            ``(5) Completion.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of the Advancing FASD Research, Prevention, and 
        Services Act, the Comptroller General shall complete the 
        evaluation and submit to Congress a report on the findings and 
        recommendations made as a result of the evaluation.''.

SEC. 5. SERVICES FOR INDIVIDUALS WITH FETAL ALCOHOL SYNDROME.

    Section 519C(b) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 290bb-
25c(b)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (11), by striking ``and'' after the 
        semicolon;
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (12) as paragraph (15); and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (11), the following:
            ``(12) provide respite care for caretakers of individuals 
        with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and other prenatal alcohol-related 
        disorders;
            ``(13) recruit and train mentors for adolescents with Fetal 
        Alcohol Syndrome and other prenatal alcohol-related disorders;
            ``(14) provide educational and supportive services to 
        families of individuals with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders; 
        and''.

SEC. 6. PREVENTION, INTERVENTION, AND SERVICES IN THE EDUCATION SYSTEM.

    The Secretary of Education shall direct the Office of Special 
Education and Rehabilitative Services to--
            (1) implement screening procedures and conduct training on 
        a nationwide Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders surveillance 
        campaign for the educational system in collaboration with the 
        efforts of the National Center on Birth Defects and 
        Developmental Disabilities under section 399H(b) of the Public 
        Health Service Act (as added by this Act);
            (2) introduce curricula previously developed by the 
        National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities 
        and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services 
        Administration on how to most effectively educate and support 
        children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders in both special 
        education and traditional education settings, and investigate 
        incorporating information about the identification, prevention, 
        and treatment of the Disorders into teachers' credentialing 
        requirements;
            (3) integrate any special techniques on how to deal with 
        Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders children into parent-teacher 
        or parent-administrator interactions, including after-school 
        programs, special school services, and family aid programs;
            (4) collaborate with other Federal agencies to introduce a 
        standardized educational unit within schools' existing sexual 
        and health education curricula, or create one if needed, on the 
        deleterious effects of prenatal alcohol exposure; and
            (5) organize a peer advisory network of adolescents in 
        schools to discourage the use of alcohol while pregnant or 
        considering getting pregnant.

SEC. 7. PREVENTION, INTERVENTION, AND SERVICES IN THE JUSTICE SYSTEM.

    The Attorney General shall direct the Office of Juvenile Justice 
and Delinquency Prevention to--
            (1) implement screening procedures and conduct training on 
        a nationwide Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders surveillance 
        campaign for the justice system in collaboration with the 
        efforts of the National Center on Birth Defects and 
        Developmental Disabilities under section 399H(b) of the Public 
        Health Service Act (as added by this Act);
            (2) introduce training curricula, in collaboration with the 
        National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities 
        and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services 
        Administration, on how to most effectively identify and 
        interact with individuals with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders 
        in both the juvenile and adult justice systems, and investigate 
        incorporating information about the identification, prevention, 
        and treatment of the disorders into justice professionals' 
        credentialing requirements;
            (3) promote the tracking of individuals entering the 
        juvenile justice system with at-risk backgrounds that indicates 
        them as high probability for having a Fetal Alcohol Spectrum 
        Disorder, especially those individuals whose mothers have a 
        high record of drinking during pregnancy as reported by the 
        appropriate child protection agency;
            (4) educate judges, attorneys, child advocates, law 
        enforcement officers, prison wardens, alternative incarceration 
        administrators, and incarceration officials on how to treat and 
        support individuals suffering from Fetal Alcohol Spectrum 
        Disorders within the criminal justice system, including--
                    (A) programs designed specifically for the 
                identification, treatment, and education of such 
                children; and
                    (B) curricula development and credentialing of 
                teachers, administrators, and social workers who 
                implement such programs;
            (5) conduct a study on the inadequacies of how the current 
        system processes children with certain developmental delays and 
        subsequently develop alternative methods of incarceration and 
        treatment that are more effective for youth offenders 
        identified to have a Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder; and
            (6) develop transition programs for individuals with Fetal 
        Alcohol Spectrum Disorders who are released from incarceration.

SEC. 8. MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 399J of the Public 
Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 280f-2) is amended by striking ``the 
part'' and all that follows through the period and inserting 
``subsections (h) through (k) of section 399H, $27,000,000 for each of 
fiscal years 2005 through 2009''.
    (b) Repeal of Sunset.--Section 399K of the Public Health Service 
Act (42 U.S.C. 280f-3) is repealed.
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