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S. 2796 (eah) [Engrossed Amendment House] ...


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108th CONGRESS
  2d Session
                                S. 2795

To provide for higher education affordability, access, and opportunity.


_______________________________________________________________________


                   IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

                           September 13, 2004

 Mr. Enzi (for himself, Mr. Baucus, Mr. Alexander, Mrs. Dole, and Mr. 
  Lieberman) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and 
  referred to the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
To provide for higher education affordability, access, and opportunity.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Higher Education Affordability, 
Access, and Opportunity Act of 2004''.

SEC. 2. IMPROVEMENTS IN MARKET INFORMATION AND PUBLIC ACCOUNTABILITY.

    (a) Data Dissemination.--Section 131(b) of the Higher Education Act 
of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1015(b)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(b) Comparative Data.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each year the Secretary shall make 
        available to the public the information described in paragraph 
        (2), disaggregated by institution of higher education, in a 
        form that enables the public to compare the information among 
        institutions.
            ``(2) Information.--The information referred to in 
        paragraph (1) is the following:
                    ``(A) Tuition and fees for a full-time 
                undergraduate student.
                    ``(B) Cost of attendance for a full-time 
                undergraduate student.
                    ``(C) The average annual cost of attendance for a 
                full-time undergraduate student for the 10 preceding 
                academic years, or if data are not available for the 10 
                preceding academic years, data for as many of the 10 
                preceding academic years as is available.
                    ``(D) The percentage of full-time undergraduate 
                students receiving financial assistance, including--
                            ``(i) Federal grants;
                            ``(ii) State and local grants;
                            ``(iii) institutional grants; and
                            ``(iv) loans to students.
                    ``(E) The average percentage of credit hours 
                accepted from students transferring to an institution 
                of higher education from another institution of higher 
                education, and the policy of the accepting institution 
                of higher education for the transfer of credit.
                    ``(F) The percentage of students who have completed 
                an undergraduate program who are placed in unsubsidized 
                employment not later than 12 months after the date of 
                completion of the program.
                    ``(G) A ranking of the dollar and percentage 
                increases in tuition for all institutions of higher 
                education for which data are available, disaggregated 
                by quartile.
            ``(3) Standard definitions.--In carrying out this section, 
        the Secretary shall use the standard definitions developed 
        under subsection (a)(3).''.
    (b) Study and Annual Report.--Section 131(c) of the Higher 
Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1015(c)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                inserting ``and costs'' after ``expenditures'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (F), by striking ``and'' after 
                the semicolon;
                    (C) in subparagraph (G), by striking the period and 
                inserting ``; and''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(H) the information and costs described in 
                subparagraphs (D) through (G) of paragraph (2).'';
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and'' after 
                the semicolon;
                    (B) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period and 
                inserting a semicolon; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(D) national trends in the cost of attending an 
                institution of higher education;
                    ``(E) the mean cost of attending an institution of 
                higher education, disaggregated by type of institution 
                of higher education;
                    ``(F) the mean annual cost of attending an 
                institution of higher education for the 10 preceding 
                academic years (if available), disaggregated by type of 
                institution of higher education; and
                    ``(G) the assistance provided to institutions of 
                higher education by each State, which information the 
                Secretary shall make available to the public.''; and
            (3) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by striking 
                ``Final'' and inserting ``Annual'';
                    (B) by striking ``a report'' and inserting ``an 
                annual report'';
                    (C) by inserting ``and the evaluation required by 
                paragraph (2)'' after ``paragraph (1)''; and
                    (D) by striking ``not later than September 30, 
                2002''.

SEC. 3. TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT GRANTS.

    (a) Definition of High Need Local Educational Agency.--Section 
201(b)(2) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1021(b)(2)) is 
amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
        ``that serves an elementary school or secondary school located 
        in an area in which there is'';
            (2) in each of subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C), by 
        inserting ``that serves an elementary school or secondary 
        school located in an area in which there is'' before ``a 
        high'';
            (3) in subparagraph (B) (as so amended), by striking ``or'' 
        after the semicolon;
            (4) in subparagraph (C) (as so amended), by striking the 
        period and inserting ``; or''; and
            (5) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(D) with a total of less than 600 students in 
                average daily attendance at the schools that are served 
                by the local educational agency and all of those 
                schools are designated with a school locale code of 7 
                or 8, as determined by the Secretary.''.
    (b) Definition of Eligible Partnerships.--Section 203(b)(1)(B) of 
the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1023(b)(1)(B)) is amended 
by inserting ``educational service agency (as defined in section 9101 
of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965),'' after ``State 
educational agency,''.

SEC. 4. GRANTS FOR JOB SKILL TRAINING.

    Title III of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1051 et 
seq.) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating part F as part G; and
            (2) by inserting after part E the following:

                      ``PART F--JOB SKILL TRAINING

     ``Subpart 1--Job Skill Training in High-Growth Occupations or 
                               Industries

``SEC. 371. JOB SKILL TRAINING IN HIGH-GROWTH OCCUPATIONS OR 
              INDUSTRIES.

    ``(a) Grants Authorized.--The Secretary is authorized to award 
grants, on a competitive basis, to eligible partnerships to enable the 
eligible partnerships to provide relevant job skill training in high-
growth industries or occupations.
    ``(b) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Eligible partnership.--The term `eligible 
        partnership' means a partnership--
                    ``(A) between an institution of higher education 
                and a local board (as such term is defined in section 
                101 of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998); or
                    ``(B) if an institution of higher education is 
                located within a State that does not operate local 
                boards, between the institution of higher education and 
                a State board (as such term is defined in section 101 
                of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998).
            ``(2) Nontraditional student.--The term `nontraditional 
        student' means a student who--
                    ``(A) is independent, as defined in section 480(d);
                    ``(B) attends an institution of higher education--
                            ``(i) on less than a full-time basis;
                            ``(ii) via evening, weekend, modular, or 
                        compressed courses; or
                            ``(iii) via distance learning methods; or
                    ``(C) has delayed enrollment at an institution of 
                higher education.
            ``(3) Institution of higher education.--The term 
        `institution of higher education' means an institution of 
        higher education, as defined in section 101(b), that offers a 
        1- or 2-year program of study leading to a degree or 
        certificate.
    ``(c) Application.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each eligible partnership that desires a 
        grant under this section shall submit an application to the 
        Secretary at such time, in such manner, and accompanied by such 
        additional information as the Secretary may require.
            ``(2) Contents.--Each application submitted under paragraph 
        (1) shall include a description of--
                    ``(A) how the eligible partnership, through the 
                institution of higher education, will provide relevant 
                job skill training for students to enter high-growth 
                occupations or industries;
                    ``(B) local high-growth occupations or industries; 
                and
                    ``(C) the need for qualified workers to meet the 
                local demand of high-growth occupations or industries.
    ``(d) Award Basis.--In awarding grants under this section, the 
Secretary shall--
            ``(1) ensure an equitable distribution of grant funds under 
        this section among urban and rural areas of the United States; 
        and
            ``(2) take into consideration the capability of the 
        institution of higher education--
                    ``(A) to offer relevant, high quality instruction 
                and job skill training for students entering a high-
                growth occupation or industry;
                    ``(B) to involve the local business community and 
                to place graduates in the community in employment in 
                high-growth occupations or industries;
                    ``(C) to assist students in obtaining loans under 
                section 428L, if appropriate, or other forms of student 
                financial assistance;
                    ``(D) to serve nontraditional or low-income 
                students, or adult or displaced workers; and
                    ``(E) to serve students from rural or remote 
                communities.
    ``(e) Use of Funds.--Grant funds provided under this section may be 
used--
            ``(1) to expand or create academic programs or programs of 
        training that provide relevant job skill training for high-
        growth occupations or industries;
            ``(2) to purchase equipment which will facilitate the 
        development of academic programs or programs of training that 
        provide training for high-growth occupations or industries;
            ``(3) to support outreach efforts that enable students to 
        attend institutions of higher education with academic programs 
        or programs of training focused on high-growth occupations or 
        industries;
            ``(4) to expand or create programs for distance, evening, 
        weekend, modular, or compressed learning opportunities that 
        provide relevant job skill training in high-growth occupations 
        or industries;
            ``(5) to build partnerships with local businesses in high-
        growth occupations or industries; and
            ``(6) for other uses that the Secretary determines to be 
        consistent with the intent of this section.
    ``(f) Requirements.--
            ``(1) Fiscal agent.--For the purpose of this section, the 
        institution of higher education in an eligible partnership 
        shall serve as the fiscal agent and grant recipient for the 
        eligible partnership.
            ``(2) Duration.--The Secretary shall award grants under 
        this section for a 1-year period.
            ``(3) Availability of grant funds.--Grant funds awarded 
        under this section shall be available for not more than 18 
        months unless, at the Secretary's discretion, the Secretary 
        extends the availability of the grant funds.
            ``(4) Supplement, not supplant.--Funds made available under 
        this section shall be used to supplement and not supplant other 
        Federal, State, and local funds available to the eligible 
        partnership for carrying out the activities described in 
        subsection (e).

       ``Subpart 2--Small Business Innovation Partnership Grants

``SEC. 375. SMALL BUSINESS INNOVATION PARTNERSHIP GRANTS.

    ``(a) Grants Authorized.--The Secretary is authorized to award 
grants to eligible partnerships to enable the eligible partnerships to 
provide training and relevant job skills to small business owners or 
operators for the purpose of facilitating small business development in 
the communities served by the eligible partnerships.
    ``(b) Definition of Eligible Partnership.--In this section the term 
`eligible partnership' means a partnership between or among an 
institution of higher education and 1 or more entities that the 
Secretary, in consultation with the Administrator of the Small Business 
Administration, identifies as facilitating small business development, 
which may include--
            ``(1) a community development financial institution;
            ``(2) a small business development center; or
            ``(3) a microenterprise lending institution.
    ``(c) Award Basis.--The Secretary shall award grants under this 
section on the basis of--
            ``(1) the ability of an eligible partnership to facilitate 
        small business development; and
            ``(2)(A) the ability of an eligible partnership to serve a 
        rural community;
            ``(B) the ability of an eligible partnership to serve a 
        low-income population; or
            ``(C) other criteria developed by the Secretary in 
        consultation with the Administrator of the Small Business 
        Administration.
    ``(d) Limitation.--Of the funds appropriated under section 378 for 
this part for a fiscal year, the Secretary is authorized to use not 

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