Home > 106th Congressional Bills > S. 2902 (is) To revise the definition of advanced service, and for other purposes. [Introduced in Senate] ...

S. 2902 (is) To revise the definition of advanced service, and for other purposes. [Introduced in Senate] ...


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                                                       Calendar No. 696
106th CONGRESS
  2d Session
                                S. 2901

                          [Report No. 106-351]

To authorize appropriations to carry out security assistance for fiscal 
                   year 2001, and for other purposes.


_______________________________________________________________________


                   IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

                             July 20, 2000

    Mr. Helms from the Committee on Foreign Relations, reported the 
    following original bill; which was read twice and placed on the 
                                calendar

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
To authorize appropriations to carry out security assistance for fiscal 
                   year 2001, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Security Assistance Act of 2000''.

                TITLE I--MILITARY AND RELATED ASSISTANCE

             Subtitle A--Foreign Military Financing Program

SEC. 101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    There are authorized to be appropriated for grant assistance under 
section 23 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2763) and for the 
subsidy cost, as defined in section 502(5) of the Federal Credit Reform 
Act of 1990, of direct loans under such section for fiscal year 2001, 
the total amount of $3,627,000,000.

                      Subtitle B--Other Assistance

SEC. 111. DEFENSE DRAWDOWN SPECIAL AUTHORITIES.

    (a) Emergency Drawdown.--Section 506(a)(1) of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2318(a)(1)) is amended by striking 
``$100,000,000'' and inserting ``$150,000,000''.
    (b) Additional Drawdown.--Section 506(a)(2)(A)(i) of such Act (22 
U.S.C. 2318(a)(2)(A)(i)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``or'' the first place it appears; and
            (2) by striking subclause (III) and inserting the 
        following:
                                    ``(III) chapter 8 of part II 
                                (relating to antiterrorism assistance);
                                    ``(IV) chapter 9 of part II 
                                (relating to nonproliferation 
                                assistance); or
                                    ``(V) the Migration and Refugee 
                                Assistance Act of 1962; or''.

SEC. 112. INCREASED TRANSPORT AUTHORITY.

    Section 516(e)(2)(C) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 
U.S.C. 23321j(e)(2)(C)) is amended by striking ``25,000'' and inserting 
``50,000''.

        TITLE II--INTERNATIONAL MILITARY EDUCATION AND TRAINING

SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    There are authorized to be appropriated $65,000,000 for fiscal year 
2001 to carry out chapter 5 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 
1961 (22 U.S.C. 2347 et seq.).

SEC. 202. ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO INTERNATIONAL MILITARY 
              EDUCATION AND TRAINING.

    Chapter 5 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 
U.S.C. 2347 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 547. CONSULTATION REQUIREMENT.

    ``The selection of foreign personnel for training under this 
chapter shall be made in consultation with the United States defense 
attache to the relevant country.

``SEC. 548. RECORDS REGARDING FOREIGN PARTICIPANTS.

    ``In order to contribute most effectively to the development of 
military professionalism in foreign countries, the Secretary of Defense 
shall develop and maintain a database containing records on each 
foreign military or defense ministry civilian participant in education 
and training activities conducted under this chapter after December 31, 
2000. This record shall include the type of instruction received, the 
dates of such instruction, whether such instruction was completed 
successfully, and, to the extent practicable, a record of the person's 
subsequent military or defense ministry career and current position and 
location.''.

       TITLE III--NONPROLIFERATION AND EXPORT CONTROL ASSISTANCE

SEC. 301. NONPROLIFERATION AND EXPORT CONTROL ASSISTANCE.

    Part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2301 et 
seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following new chapter:

      ``CHAPTER 9--NONPROLIFERATION AND EXPORT CONTROL ASSISTANCE

``SEC. 581. GENERAL AUTHORITY.

    ``Notwithstanding any other provision of law that restricts 
assistance to foreign countries (other than sections 502B and 620A of 
this Act), the President is authorized to furnish, on such terms and 
conditions as the President may determine, assistance to foreign 
countries in order to enhance the ability of such countries to halt the 
proliferation of nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons, and 
advanced conventional weaponry. Such assistance may include training 
services and the provision of equipment and other commodities related 
to the detection, deterrence, monitoring, interdiction, and prevention 
or countering of proliferation, the establishment of effective 
nonproliferation laws and regulations, and the apprehension of those 
individuals involved in acts of proliferation of such weapons.

``SEC. 582. PURPOSES.

    ``Activities conducted under this chapter shall be designed--
            ``(1) to enhance the nonproliferation and export control 
        capabilities of friendly countries by providing training and 
        equipment to detect, deter, monitor, interdict, and counter 
        proliferation;
            ``(2) to strengthen the bilateral ties of the United States 
        with friendly governments by offering concrete assistance in 
        this area of vital national security interest; and
            ``(3) to accomplish the activities and objectives set forth 
        in sections 503 and 504 of the FREEDOM Support Act (Public Law 
        102-511).

``SEC. 583. TRANSIT INTERDICTION.

    ``(a) Allocation of Funds.--In providing assistance under this 
chapter, the President should ensure that not less than one-quarter of 
the total of such assistance is expended for the purpose of enhancing 
the capabilities of friendly countries to detect and interdict 
proliferation-related shipments of cargo that originate from, and are 
destined for, other countries.
    ``(b) Priority to Certain Countries.--Priority shall be given in 
the apportionment of the assistance described under subsection (a) to 
any friendly country that has been determined by the Secretary of State 
to be a country frequently transited by proliferation-related shipments 
of cargo.

``SEC. 584. LIMITATIONS.

    ``The limitations contained in section 573 (a) and (d) of this Act 
shall apply to this chapter.

``SEC. 585. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ``(a) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to the President to carry out this chapter $129,000,000 
for the fiscal year 2001.
    ``(b) Availability of Funds.--Funds made available under subsection 
(a) may be used notwithstanding any other provision of law (other than 
section 502B or 620A) and shall remain available until expended.''.

SEC. 302. NONPROLIFERATION AND EXPORT CONTROL TRAINING IN THE UNITED 
              STATES.

    Of the amount made available for fiscal year 2001 under chapter 9 
of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as added by section 
301, $2,000,000 is authorized to be available for the purpose of 
training and education of personnel from friendly countries in the 
United States.

SEC. 303. SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY CENTERS.

    (a) Authorization of Funds.--Of the amounts made available for 
fiscal year 2001 under chapter 9 of part II of the Foreign Assistance 
Act of 1961, as added by section 301, $59,000,000 is authorized to be 
available for each such year for science and technology centers in the 
independent states of the former Soviet Union.
    (b) Sense of the Senate.--It is the sense of the Senate, taking 
into account the obligation contained in section 1132 of Public Law 
106-113, that the practice of auditing entities receiving funds 
authorized under this section should be significantly expanded and that 
the burden of supplying auditors should be spread equitably within the 
United States Government.

SEC. 304. TRIAL TRANSIT PROGRAM.

    (a) Allocation of Funds.--Of the amount made available for fiscal 
year 2001 under chapter 9 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as 
added by section 301, $5,000,000 is authorized to be available to 
establish a static cargo x-ray facility in Malta, if the Secretary of 
State first certifies to the appropriate committees of Congress that 
the Government of Malta has provided adequate assurances that such a 
facility will be utilized in connection with random cargo inspections 
by Maltese customs officials of container traffic transiting through 
the Malta Freeport.
    (b) Requirement of Written Assessment.--In the event that a 
facility is established in Malta pursuant to subsection (a), the 
Secretary of State shall submit a written assessment to the appropriate 
committees of Congress not later than 270 days after such a facility 
commences operation detailing--
            (1) statistics on utilization of the facility by Malta;
            (2) the contribution made by the facility to United States 
        nonproliferation and export control objectives; and
            (3) the feasibility of establishing comparable facilities 
        in other countries identified by the Secretary of State 
        pursuant to section 583 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, 
        as added by section 301.
    (c) Treatment of Assistance.--Assistance under this section shall 
be considered as assistance under section 583(a) of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961 (relating to transit interdiction), as added by 
section 301.

SEC. 305. EXCEPTION TO AUTHORITY TO CONDUCT INSPECTIONS UNDER THE 
              CHEMICAL WEAPONS CONVENTION IMPLEMENTATION ACT OF 1998.

    Section 303 of the Chemical Weapons Convention Implementation Act 
of 1998 (as contained in division I of Public Law 105-277) is amended 
by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) Exception.--The requirement under subsection (b)(2)(A) shall 
not apply to inspections of United States chemical weapons destruction 
facilities (as used within the meaning of part IV(C)(13) of the 
Verification Annex to the Convention).''.

                   TITLE IV--ANTITERRORISM ASSISTANCE

SEC. 401. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Section 574(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 
2349aa-4(a)) is amended by striking ``$9,840,000'' and all that follows 
through the period and inserting the following: ``$73,000,000 for the 
fiscal year 2001.''.

            TITLE V--INTEGRATED SECURITY ASSISTANCE PLANNING

  Subtitle A--Establishment of a National Security Assistance Strategy

SEC. 501. NATIONAL SECURITY ASSISTANCE STRATEGY.

    (a) Requirement.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter in connection with 
congressional presentation materials of the foreign operations 
appropriations budget request, the Secretary of State shall submit to 
the appropriate committees of Congress a report setting forth a 
National Security Assistance Strategy for the United States.
    (b) Elements of the Strategy.--The strategy shall--
            (1) set forth a 5-year plan for security assistance 
        programs;
            (2) be consistent with the National Security Strategy of 
        the United States;
            (3) be coordinated with the Secretary of Defense and the 
        Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff;
            (4) identify overarching security assistance objectives, 
        including identification of the role that specific security 
        assistance programs will play in achieving such objectives;
            (5) identify a primary security assistance objective, as 
        well as specific secondary objectives, for individual 
        countries;
            (6) identify, on a country-by-country basis, how specific 
        resources will be allocated to accomplish both primary and 
        secondary objectives;
            (7) discuss how specific types of assistance, such as 
        foreign military financing and international military education 
        and training, will be combined at the country level to achieve 
        United States objectives; and
            (8) detail, with respect to each of the paragraphs (1) 
        through (7), how specific types of assistance provided pursuant 
        to the Arms Export Control Act and Foreign Assistance Act of 
        1961 are coordinated with United States assistance programs 
        managed by the Department of Defense and other agencies.
    (c) Covered Assistance.--The National Security Assistance Strategy 
shall cover assistance provided under--
            (1) section 23 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 
        2763);
            (2) chapters 5, 8, and 9 of part II of the Foreign 
        Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2347 et seq.); and
            (3) section 516 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 
        U.S.C. 2321i).

SEC. 502. SECURITY ASSISTANCE SURVEYS.

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