| Home > 106th Congressional Bills > S. 2950 (rs) To authorize the Secretary of the Interior to establish the Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site in the State of Colorado. [Reported in Senate] ...
S. 2950 (rs) To authorize the Secretary of the Interior to establish the Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site in the State of Colorado. [Reported in Senate] ...
106th CONGRESS 2d Session S. 2950 _______________________________________________________________________ IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES October 6, 2000 Referred to the Committee on Resources _______________________________________________________________________ AN ACT To authorize the Secretary of the Interior to establish the Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site in the State of Colorado. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. This Act may be cited as the ``Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site Establishment Act of 2000''. SEC. 2. FINDINGS AND PURPOSES. (a) Findings.--Congress finds that-- (1) on November 29, 1864, a peaceful village of Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians under the leadership of Chief Black Kettle, along Sand Creek in southeastern Colorado territory was attacked by approximately 700 volunteer soldiers commanded by Colonel John M. Chivington; (2) more than 150 Cheyenne and Arapaho were killed in the attack, most of whom were women, children, or elderly; (3) during the massacre and the following day, the soldiers committed atrocities on the dead before withdrawing from the field; (4) the site of the Sand Creek Massacre is of great significance to descendants of the victims of the massacre and their respective tribes, for the commemoration of ancestors at the site; (5) the site is a reminder of the tragic extremes sometimes reached in the 500 years of conflict between Native Americans and people of European and other origins concerning the land that now comprises the United States; (6) Congress, in enacting the Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site Study Act of 1998 (Public Law 105-243; 112 Stat. 1579), directed the National Park Service to complete a resources study of the site; (7) the study completed under that Act-- (A) identified the location and extent of the area in which the massacre took place; and (B) confirmed the national significance, suitability, and feasibility of, and evaluated management options for, that area, including designation of the site as a unit of the National Park System; and (8) the study included an evaluation of environmental impacts and preliminary cost estimates for facility development, administration, and necessary land acquisition. (b) Purposes.--The purposes of this Act are-- (1) to recognize the importance of the Sand Creek Massacre as-- (A) a nationally significant element of frontier military and Native American history; and (B) a symbol of the struggles of Native American tribes to maintain their way of life on ancestral land; (2) to authorize, on acquisition of sufficient land, the establishment of the site of the Sand Creek Massacre as a national historic site; and (3) to provide opportunities for the tribes and the State to be involved in the formulation of general management plans and educational programs for the national historic site. SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS. In this Act: (1) Descendant.--The term ``descendant'' means a member of a tribe, an ancestor of whom was injured or killed in, or otherwise affected by, the Sand Creek Massacre. (2) Management plan.--The term ``management plan'' means the management plan required to be developed for the site under section 7(a). (3) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of the Interior, acting through the Director of the National Park Service. (4) Site.--The term ``site'' means the Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site established under section 4(a). (5) State.--The term ``State'' means the State of Colorado. (6) Tribe.--The term ``tribe'' means-- (A) the Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma; (B) the Northern Cheyenne Tribe; or (C) the Northern Arapaho Tribe. SEC. 4. ESTABLISHMENT. (a) In General.-- (1) Determination.--On a determination by the Secretary that land described in subsection (b)(1) containing a sufficient quantity of resources to provide for the preservation, memorialization, commemoration, and interpretation of the Sand Creek Massacre has been acquired by the National Park Service, the Secretary shall establish the Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site, Colorado. (2) Publication.--The Secretary shall publish in the Federal Register a notice of the determination of the Secretary under paragraph (1). (b) Boundary.-- (1) Map and acreage.--The site shall consist of approximately 12,480 acres in Kiowa County, Colorado, the site of the Sand Creek Massacre, as generally depicted on the map entitled, ``Sand Creek Massacre Historic Site'', numbered, SAND 80,013 IR, and dated July 1, 2000. (2) Legal description.--The Secretary shall prepare a legal description of the land and interests in land described in paragraph (1). (3) Public availability.--The map prepared under paragraph (1) and the legal description prepared under paragraph (2) shall be on file and available for public inspection in the appropriate offices of the National Park Service. (4) Boundary revision.--The Secretary may, as necessary, make minor revisions to the boundary of the site in accordance with section 7(c) of the Land and Water Conservation Act of 1965 (16 U.S.C. 460l-9(c)). SEC. 5. ADMINISTRATION. (a) In General.--The Secretary shall manage the site in accordance with-- (1) this Act; (2) the Act entitled ``An Act to establish a National Park Service, and for other purposes'', approved August 25, 1916 (39 Stat. 535; 16 U.S.C. 1 et seq.); (3) the Act of August 21, 1935 (16 U.S.C. 461 et seq.); and (4) other laws generally applicable to management of units of the National Park System. (b) Management.--The Secretary shall manage the site-- (1) to protect and preserve the site, including-- (A) the topographic features that the Secretary determines are important to the site; (B) artifacts and other physical remains of the Sand Creek Massacre; and (C) the cultural landscape of the site, in a manner that preserves, as closely as practicable, the cultural landscape of the site as it appeared at the time of the Sand Creek Massacre; (2)(A) to interpret the natural and cultural resource values associated with the site; and (B) provide for public understanding and appreciation of, and preserve for future generations, those values; and (3) to memorialize, commemorate, and provide information to visitors to the site to-- (A) enhance cultural understanding about the site; and (B) assist in minimizing the chances of similar incidents in the future. (c) Consultation and Training.-- (1) In general.--In developing the management plan and preparing educational programs for the public about the site, the Secretary shall consult with and solicit advice and recommendations from the tribes and the State. (2) Agreements.--The Secretary may enter into cooperative agreements with the tribes (including boards, committees, enterprises, and traditional leaders of the tribes) and the State to carry out this Act. SEC. 6. ACQUISITION OF PROPERTY. (a) In General.--The Secretary may acquire land and interests in land within the boundaries of the site-- (1) through purchase (including purchase with donated or appropriated funds) only from a willing seller; and (2) by donation, exchange, or other means, except that any land or interest in land owned by the State (including a political subdivision of the State) may be acquired only by donation. (b) Priority for Acquisition.--The Secretary shall give priority to the acquisition of land containing the marker in existence on the date of enactment of this Act, which states ``Sand Creek Battleground, November 29 and 30, 1864'', within the boundary of the site. (c) Cost-Effectiveness.-- (1) In general.--In acquiring land for the site, the Secretary, to the maximum extent practicable, shall use cost- effective alternatives to Federal fee ownership, including-- (A) the acquisition of conservation easements; and (B) other means of acquisition that are consistent with local zoning requirements. (2) Support facilities.--A support facility for the site that is not within the designated boundary of the site may be located in Kiowa County, Colorado, subject to an agreement between the Secretary and the Commissioners of Kiowa County, Colorado. SEC. 7. MANAGEMENT PLAN. (a) In General.--Not later than 5 years after the date on which funds are made available to carry out this Act, the Secretary shall prepare a management plan for the site. (b) Inclusions.--The management plan shall cover, at a minimum-- (1) measures for the preservation of the resources of the site; (2) requirements for the type and extent of development and use of the site, including, for each development-- (A) the general location; (B) timing and implementation requirements; and (C) anticipated costs; (3) requirements for offsite support facilities in Kiowa County; (4) identification of, and implementation commitments for, visitor carrying capacities for all areas of the site; (5) opportunities for involvement by the tribes and the State in the formulation of educational programs for the site; and (6) opportunities for involvement by the tribes, the State, and other local and national entities in the responsibilities of developing and supporting the site. SEC. 8. NEEDS OF DESCENDANTS. (a) In General.--A descendant shall have reasonable rights of access to, and use of, federally acquired land within the site, in accordance with the terms and conditions of a written agreement between the Secretary and the tribe of which the descendant is a member. (b) Commemorative Needs.--In addition to the rights described in subsection (a), any reasonable need of a descendant shall be considered in park planning and operations, especially with respect to commemorative activities in designated areas within the site. SEC. 9. TRIBAL ACCESS FOR TRADITIONAL CULTURAL AND HISTORICAL OBSERVANCE. (a) Access.-- (1) In general.--The Secretary shall grant to any descendant or other member of a tribe reasonable access to federally acquired land within the site for the purpose of carrying out a traditional, cultural, or historical observance. (2) No fee.--The Secretary shall not charge any fee for access granted under paragraph (1). (b) Conditions of Access.--In granting access under subsection (a), the Secretary shall temporarily close to the general public one or more specific portions of the site in order to protect the privacy of tribal members engaging in a traditional, cultural, or historical observance in those portions; and any such closure shall be made in a manner that affects the smallest practicable area for the minimum period necessary for the purposes described above. (c) Sand Creek Repatriation Site.-- (1) In general.--The Secretary shall dedicate a portion of the federally acquired land within the site to the establishment and operation of a site at which certain items referred to in paragraph (2) that are repatriated under the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (25 U.S.C. 300 et seq.) or any other provision of law may be interred, reinterred, preserved, or otherwise protected. (2) Acceptable items.--The items referred to in paragraph (1) are any items associated with the Sand Creek Massacre, such as-- (A) Native American human remains; (B) associated funerary objects; (C) unassociated funerary objects; (D) sacred objects; and (E) objects of cultural patrimony. (d) Tribal Consultation.--In exercising any authority under this section, the Secretary shall consult with, and solicit advice and recommendations from, descendants and the tribes. SEC. 10. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS. There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are necessary to carry out this Act. Passed the Senate October 5 (legislative day, September 22), 2000. Attest: GARY SISCO, Secretary.
Other Popular 106th Congressional Bills Documents:
|GovRecords.org presents information on various agencies of the United States Government. Even though all information is believed to be credible and accurate, no guarantees are made on the complete accuracy of our government records archive. Care should be taken to verify the information presented by responsible parties. Please see our reference page for congressional, presidential, and judicial branch contact information. GovRecords.org values visitor privacy. Please see the privacy page for more information.|
Supreme Court Decisions
104th Congressional Documents
105th Congressional Documents
106th Congressional Documents
107th Congressional Documents
108th Congressional Documents
1994 Presidential Documents