Home > 106th Congressional Bills > S. 3060 (is) To amend the Hmong Veterans' Naturalization Act of 2000 to extend the applicability of that Act to certain former spouses of deceased Hmong veterans. [Introduced in Senate] ...

S. 3060 (is) To amend the Hmong Veterans' Naturalization Act of 2000 to extend the applicability of that Act to certain former spouses of deceased Hmong veterans. [Introduced in Senate] ...


Google
 
Web GovRecords.org






                                                       Calendar No. 161

106th CONGRESS

  1st Session

                                 S. 305

                          [Report No. 106-83]

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL

  To reform unfair and anticompetitive practices in the professional 
                            boxing industry.

_______________________________________________________________________

                             June 21, 1999

                        Reported with amendments





                                                       Calendar No. 161
106th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                 S. 305

                          [Report No. 106-83]

  To reform unfair and anticompetitive practices in the professional 
                            boxing industry.


_______________________________________________________________________


                   IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

                            January 25, 1999

   Mr. McCain (for himself, Mr. Bryan, Mr. Dorgan, and Mr. Abraham) 
introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the 
           Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation

                             June 21, 1999

         Reported by Mr. Lott (for Mr. McCain) with amendments
  [Omit the part struck through and insert the part printed in italic]

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
  To reform unfair and anticompetitive practices in the professional 
                            boxing industry.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Muhammad Ali Boxing Reform Act''.

SEC. 2. FINDINGS.

    The Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) Professional boxing differs from other major, 
        interstate professional sports industries in the United States 
        in that it operates without any private sector association, 
        league, or centralized industry organization to establish 
        uniform and appropriate business practices and ethical 
        standards. This has led to repeated occurrences of disreputable 
        and coercive business practices in the boxing industry, to the 
        detriment of professional boxers nationwide.
            (2) Professional boxers are vulnerable to exploitative 
        business practices engaged in by certain promoters and 
        sanctioning bodies which dominate the sport. Boxers do not have 
        an established representative group to advocate for their 
        interests and rights in the industry.
            (3) State officials are the proper regulators of 
        professional boxing events, and must protect the welfare of 
        professional boxers and serve the public interest by closely 
        supervising boxing activity in their jurisdiction. State boxing 
        commissions do not currently receive adequate information to 
        determine whether boxers competing in their jurisdiction are 
        being subjected to contract terms and business practices which 
        may be violative of State regulations, or are onerous and 
        confiscatory.
            (4) Promoters who engage in illegal, coercive, or unethical 
        business practices can take advantage of the lack of equitable 
        business standards in the sport by holding boxing events in 
        states with weaker regulatory oversight.
            (5) The sanctioning organizations which have proliferated 
        in the boxing industry have not established credible and 
        objective criteria to rate professional boxers, and operate 
        with virtually no industry or public oversight. Their ratings 
        are susceptible to manipulation, have deprived boxers of fair 
        opportunities for advancement, and have undermined public 
        confidence in the integrity of the sport.
            (6) Open competition in the professional boxing industry 
        has been significantly interfered with by restrictive and anti-
        competitive business practices of certain promoters and 
        sanctioning bodies, to the detriment of the athletes and the 
        ticket-buying public. Common practices of promoters and 
        sanctioning organizations represent restraints of interstate 
        trade in the United States.
            (7) It is necessary and appropriate to establish national 
        contracting reforms to protect professional boxers and prevent 
        exploitative business practices, and to require enhanced 
        financial disclosures to State athletic commissions to improve 
        the public oversight of the sport.
            (8) Whereas the Congress seeks to improve the integrity and 
        ensure fair practices of the professional boxing industry on a 
        nationwide basis, it deems it appropriate to name this reform 
        in honor of Muhammad Ali, whose career achievements and 
        personal contributions to the sport, and positive impact on our 
        society, are unsurpassed in the history of boxing.

SEC. 3. PURPOSES.

    The purposes of this Act are--
            (1) to protect the rights and welfare of professional 
        boxers by preventing certain exploitative, oppressive, and 
        unethical business practices they may be subject to on an 
        interstate basis;
            (2) to assist State boxing commissions in their efforts to 
        provide more effective public oversight of the sport; and
            (3) to promoting honorable competition in professional 
        boxing and enhance the overall integrity of the industry.

SEC 4. PROTECTING BOXERS FROM EXPLOITATION.

    The Professional Boxing Safety Act of 1996 (15 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.) 
is amended by--
            (1) redesignating section 15 as 16; and
            (2) inserting after section 14 the following:

``SEC. 15. PROTECTION FROM EXPLOITATION.

    ``(a) Contract Requirements.--
            ``(1) In general.--Any contract between a boxer and a 
        promoter or manager shall--
                    ``(A) include mutual obligations between the 
                parties;
                    ``(B) specify a minimum number of professional 
                boxing matches per year for the boxer; and
                    ``(C) set forth a specific period of time during 
                which the contract will be in effect, including any 
                provision for extension of that period due to the 
                boxer's temporary inability to compete because of an 
                injury or other cause.
            ``(2) 1-year limit on coercive promotional rights.--
                    ``(A) The period of time for which promotional 
                rights to promote a boxer may be granted under a 
                contract between the boxer and a promoter, or between 
                promoters with respect to a boxer, may not be greater 
                than 12 months in length if the boxer is required to 
                grant such rights, or a boxer's promoter is required to 
                grant such rights with respect to a boxer, as a 
                condition precedent to the boxer's participation in a 
                professional boxing match against another boxer who is 
                under contract to the promoter.
                    ``(B) A promoter exercising promotional rights with 
                respect to such boxer during the 12-month period 
                beginning on the day after the last day of the 
                promotional right period described in subparagraph (A) 
                may not secure exclusive promotional rights from the 
                boxer's opponents as a condition of participating in a 
                professional boxing match against the boxer during that 
                period, and any contract to the contrary--
                            ``(i) shall be considered to be in 
                        restraint of trade and contrary to public 
                        policy; and
                            ``(ii) unenforceable.
                    ``(C) Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed 
                as pre-empting any State law concerning interference 
                with contracts.
            ``(3) Promotional rights under mandatory bout contracts.--
        Neither a promoter nor a sanctioning organization may require a 
        boxer, in a contract arising from a professional boxing match 
        that is a mandatory bout under the rules of the sanctioning 
        organization, to grant promotional rights to any promoter for a 
        future professional boxing match.
    ``(b) Employment As Condition of Promoting, Etc.--No person who is 
a licensee, manager, matchmaker, or promoter may require a boxer to 
employ, retain, or provide compensation to any individual or business 
enterprise (whether operating in corporate form or not) recommended or 
designated by that person as a condition of--
            ``(1) such person's working with the boxer as a licensee, 
        manager, matchmaker, or promoter;
            ``(2) such person's arranging for the boxer to participate 
        in a professional boxing match; or
            ``(3) such boxer's participation in a professional boxing 
        match.
    ``(c) Enforcement.--
            ``(1) Promotion agreement.--A provision in a contract 
        between a promoter and a boxer, or between promoters with 
        respect to a boxer, that violates subsection (a) is contrary to 
        public policy and unenforceable at law.
            ``(2) Employment agreement.--In any action brought against 
        a boxer to recover money (whether as damages or as money owed) 
        for acting as a licensee, manager, matchmaker, or promoter for 
        the boxer, the court, arbitrator, or administrative body before 
        which the action is brought may deny recovery in whole or in 
        part under the contract as contrary to public policy if the 
        employment, retention, or compensation that is the subject of 
        the action was obtained in violation of subsection (b).''.
    (b) Conflicts of Interest.--Section 9 of such Act (15 U.S.C. 6308) 
is amended by--
            (1) striking ``No member'' and inserting ``(a) Regulatory 
        Personnel.--No member''; and
            (2) adding at the end thereof the following:
    ``(b) Firewall Between Promoters and Managers.--
            ``(1) In general.--It is unlawful for--
                <DELETED>    ``(A) a promoter to have a direct or 
                indirect financial interest in the management of a 
                boxer; or</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) a manager--</DELETED>
                    ``(A) a boxer's promoter (or a promoter who is 
                required to be licensed under State law) to have a 
                direct or indirect financial interest in that boxer's 
                licensed manager or management company; or
                    ``(B) a licensed manager or management company (or 
                a manager or management company that, under State law, 
                is required to be licensed)--
                            ``(i) to have a direct or indirect 
                        financial interest in the promotion of a boxer; 
                        or
                            ``(ii) to be employed by or receive 
                        compensation or other benefits from a promoter,
                except for amounts received as consideration under the 
                manager's contract with the boxer.
            ``(2) Exception for self-promotion and management.--
        Paragraph (1) does not prohibit a boxer from acting as his own 
        promoter or manager.''.

SEC. 5. SANCTIONING ORGANIZATION INTEGRITY REFORMS.

    (a) In General.--The Professional Boxing Safety Act of 1996 (15 
U.S.C. 6301 et seq.), as amended by section 4 of this Act, is amended 
by--
            (1) redesignating section 16, as redesignated by section 4 
        of this Act, as section 17; and
            (2) by inserting after section 15 the following:

``SEC. 16. SANCTIONING ORGANIZATIONS.

    ``(a) Objective Criteria.--A sanctioning organization that 
sanctions professional boxing matches on an interstate basis shall 
establish objective and consistent written criteria for the ratings of 
professional boxers.
    ``(b) Appeals Process.--A sanctioning organization shall establish 
and publish an appeals procedure that affords a boxer rated by that 
organization a reasonable opportunity, without the payment of any fee, 
to submit information to contest its rating of the boxer. Under the 
procedure, the sanctioning organization shall, within 14 days after 
receiving a request from a boxer questioning that organization's rating 
of the boxer--
            ``(1) provide to the boxer a written explanation of the 
        organization's criteria, its rating of the boxer, and the 
        rationale or basis for its rating (including any response to 
        any specific questions submitted by the boxer); and
            ``(2) submit a copy of its explanation to the President of 
        the Association of Boxing Commissions of the United States and 
        to the boxing commission of the boxer's domiciliary State.
    ``(c) Notification of Change in Rating.--If a sanctioning 
organization changes its rating of a boxer who is included, before the 
change, in the top 10 boxers rated by that organization, or who, as a 
result of the change is included in the top 10 boxers rated by that 
organization, then, within 14 days after changing the boxer's rating, 
the organization shall--
            ``(1) mail notice of the change and a written explanation 
        of the reasons for its change in that boxer's rating to the 
        boxer at the boxer's last known address;
            ``(2) post a copy, within the 14-day period, of the notice 
        and the explanation on its Internet website or homepage, if 
        any, for a period of not less than 30 days; and
            ``(3) mail a copy of the notice and the explanation to the 
        President of the Association of Boxing Commissions.
    ``(d) Public Disclosure.--
            ``(1) FTC filing.--Not later than January 31st of each 
        year, a sanctioning organization shall submit to the Federal 
        Trade Commission--
                    ``(A) a complete description of the organization's 
                ratings criteria, policies, and general sanctioning fee 
                schedule;
                    ``(B) the bylaws of the organization;
                    ``(C) the appeals procedure of the organization; 

Pages: 1 2 Next >>

Other Popular 106th Congressional Bills Documents:

1 S. 291 (enr) To convey certain real property within the Carlsbad Project in New Mexico to the Carlsbad Irrigation District. [Enrolled bill] ...
2 S. 1088 (is) To authorize the Secretary of Agriculture to convey certain administrative sites in national forests in the State of Arizona, to convey certain land to the City of Sedona, Arizona for a wastewater treatment facility, and for other purposes. [...
3 H.R. 4846 (enr) To establish the National Recording Registry in the Library of Congress to maintain and preserve sound recordings that are culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant, and for other purposes. [Enrolled bill] ...
4 H.R. 3958 (ih) To suspend temporarily the duty on Pigment Yellow 168. [Introduced in House] ...
5 S. 1567 (enr) To designate the United States courthouse located at 223 Broad Avenue in Albany, Georgia, as the ``C.B. King United States Courthouse''. [Enrolled bill] ...
6 H.Res. 189 (eh) [Engrossed in House] ...
7 H.R. 4453 (ih) To encourage the establishment of a United Nations Rapid Deployment Police and Security Force. [Introduced in House] ...
8 H.R. 5106 (eh) To make technical corrections in copyright law. [Engrossed in House] ...
9 S. 1705 (is) To direct the Secretary of the Interior to enter into land exchanges to acquire from the private owner and to convey to the State of Idaho approximately 1,240 acres of land near the City of Rocks National Reserve, Idaho, and for other purpose...
10 H.J.Res. 117 (eh) Making further continuing appropriations for the fiscal year 2001, and for other purposes. [Engrossed in House] ...
11 H.R. 598 (ih) To require the Federal Communications Commission to eliminate from its regulations the restrictions on the cross-ownership of broadcasting stations and newspapers. [Introduced in House] ...
12 H.Res. 665 (eh) [Engrossed in House] ...
13 S. 2163 (rs) To provide for a study of the engineering feasibility of a water exchange in lieu of electrification of the Chandler Pumping Plant at Prosser Diversion Dam, Washington. [Reported in Senate] ...
14 S. 1273 (is) To amend the Federal Power Act, to facilitate the transition to more competitive and efficient electric power markets, and for other purposes. [Introduced in Senate] ...
15 S.Res. 313 (ats) To authorize representation by the Senate Legal Counsel in Harold A. Johnson v. Max Cleland, et al. [Agreed to Senate] ...
16 H.R. 2879 (enr) To provide for the placement at the Lincoln Memorial of a plaque commemorating the speech of Martin Luther King, Jr., known as the ``I Have A Dream'' speech. [Enrolled bill] ...
17 S. 408 (is) To direct the Secretary of the Interior to convey a former Bureau of Land Management administrative site to the City of Carson City, Nevada, for use as a senior center. [Introduced in Senate] ...
18 S. 3155 (is) To authorize the President to award a gold medal on behalf of the Congress to Oskar Schindler and Varian Fry in recognition of their contributions to the Nation and humanity. [Introduced in Senate] ...
19 H.R. 3544 (ih) To authorize a gold medal to be awarded on behalf of the Congress to Pope John Paul II in recognition of his many and enduring contributions to peace and religious understanding, and for other purposes. [Introduced in House] ...
20 H.R. 4658 (rs) To designate the facility of the United States Postal Service located at 301 Green Street in Fayetteville, North Carolina, as the ``J.L. Dawkins Post Office Building''. [Reported in Senate] ...
21 H.R. 775 (enr) To establish certain procedures for civil actions brought for damages relating to the failure of any device or system to process or otherwise deal with the transition from the year 1999 to the year 2000, and for other purposes. [Enrolled bi...
22 H.R. 5284 (rh) To designate the United States customhouse located at 101 East Main Street in Norfolk, Virginia, as the ``Owen B. Pickett United States Customhouse''. [Reported in House] ...
23 S. 2634 (is) To amend the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 to provide liability relief to small businesses. [Introduced in Senate] ...
24 H.R. 4002 (ih) To amend the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to revise and improve provisions relating to famine prevention and freedom from hunger. [Introduced in House] ...
25 H.R. 4975 (rch) To designate the post office and courthouse located at 2 Federal Square, Newark, New Jersey, as the ``Frank R. Lautenberg Post Office and Courthouse''. [Reference Change House] ...
26 H.R. 2423 (ih) To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to repeal the motor fuel excise taxes on intercity buses. [Introduced in House] ...
27 S. 1320 (is) To provide to the Federal land management agencies the authority and capability to manage effectively the Federal lands, and for other purposes. [Introduced in Senate] ...
28 H.R. 2616 (ih) To clarify the policy of the United States with respect to the use and export of encryption products, and for other purposes. [Introduced in House] ...
29 H.R. 4919 (eh) To amend the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and the Arms Export Control Act to make improvements to certain defense and security assistance provisions under those Acts, to authorize the transfer of naval vessels to certain foreign countries...
30 H.R. 3129 (ih) To amend title 18, United States Code, to prohibit strength increasing equipment in Federal prisons and to prevent Federal prisoners from engaging in activities designed to increase fighting ability while in prison. [Introduced in House] %%...


Other Documents:

106th Congressional Bills Records and Documents

GovRecords.org presents information on various agencies of the United States Government. Even though all information is believed to be credible and accurate, no guarantees are made on the complete accuracy of our government records archive. Care should be taken to verify the information presented by responsible parties. Please see our reference page for congressional, presidential, and judicial branch contact information. GovRecords.org values visitor privacy. Please see the privacy page for more information.
House Rules:

104th House Rules
105th House Rules
106th House Rules

Congressional Bills:

104th Congressional Bills
105th Congressional Bills
106th Congressional Bills
107th Congressional Bills
108th Congressional Bills

Supreme Court Decisions

Supreme Court Decisions

Additional

1995 Privacy Act Documents
1997 Privacy Act Documents
1994 Unified Agenda
2004 Unified Agenda

Congressional Documents:

104th Congressional Documents
105th Congressional Documents
106th Congressional Documents
107th Congressional Documents
108th Congressional Documents

Congressional Directory:

105th Congressional Directory
106th Congressional Directory
107th Congressional Directory
108th Congressional Directory

Public Laws:

104th Congressional Public Laws
105th Congressional Public Laws
106th Congressional Public Laws
107th Congressional Public Laws
108th Congressional Public Laws

Presidential Records

1994 Presidential Documents
1995 Presidential Documents
1996 Presidential Documents
1997 Presidential Documents
1998 Presidential Documents
1999 Presidential Documents
2000 Presidential Documents
2001 Presidential Documents
2002 Presidential Documents
2003 Presidential Documents
2004 Presidential Documents

Home Executive Judicial Legislative Additional Reference About Privacy