| Home > 106th Congressional Bills > S. 3272 (is) To establish the Great Basin National Heritage Area, Nevada and Utah. [Introduced in Senate] ...
S. 3272 (is) To establish the Great Basin National Heritage Area, Nevada and Utah. [Introduced in Senate] ...
106th CONGRESS 2d Session S. 3271 To require increased waste prevention and recycling measures to be incorporated in the daily operations of Federal agencies, and for other purposes. _______________________________________________________________________ IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES November 14 (legislative day, September 22), 2000 Mr. Torricelli introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Governmental Affairs _______________________________________________________________________ A BILL To require increased waste prevention and recycling measures to be incorporated in the daily operations of Federal agencies, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. This Act may be cited as the ``Greening the Government Act of 2000''. SEC. 2. FINDINGS AND PURPOSES. (a) Findings.--Congress finds that-- (1) the Pollution Prevention Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 13101 et seq.) established a national policy of preventing pollution whenever feasible; (2) in accordance with that policy-- (A) pollution that cannot be prevented should be recycled; (B) pollution that cannot be prevented or recycled should be treated in an environmentally safe manner; (C) disposal of pollution should be employed only as a last resort; and (3) consistent with the demands of efficiency and cost effectiveness, the head of each Federal agency should-- (A) incorporate increased waste prevention and recycling measures in the daily operations of the agency; and (B) work to expand markets for recovered products through greater preference and demand for those products by the Federal Government. (b) Purposes.--The purposes of this Act are-- (1) to require Federal agencies to comply with certain policies in-- (A) the acquisition and use of recycled content products and environmentally preferable products and services (including biobased products); (B) the implementation of cost-effective acquisition preference programs favoring the purchase of those products and services; and (2) to establish positions in each Federal agency, and to appoint a steering committee, a Federal Environmental Executive, and a task force, to assist in carrying out this Act. SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS. In this Act: (1) Acquisition.--The term ``acquisition'' has the meaning given the term in Executive Order 13101 (63 Fed. Reg. 49643 (September 16, 1998)). (2) Administrator.--The term ``Administrator'' means the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency. (3) Affirmative acquisition program.--The term ``affirmative acquisition program'' means the program developed under section 7(b). (4) Agency.-- (A) In general.--The term ``agency'' has the meaning given the term ``executive agency'' in section 105 of title 5, United States Code. (B) Inclusion.--The term ``agency'' includes the military departments (as defined in section 102 of title 5, United States Code). (5) Agency environmental executive.--The term ``agency environmental executive'' means an individual designated under section 6(b). (6) Biobased product.-- (A) In general.--The term ``biobased product'' means a commercial or industrial product that uses biological products or renewable domestic agricultural material (such as plant, animal, or marine material) or forestry material, as determined by the Secretary of Agriculture. (B) Exclusion.--The term ``biobased product'' does not include-- (i) food for human consumption; or (ii) feed for livestock. (7) Comprehensive procurement guideline.--The term ``comprehensive procurement guideline'' means a guideline for procurement of a product or service prepared by the Administrator under section 6002(e) of the Solid Waste Disposal Act (42 U.S.C. 6962(e)). (8) Environmentally preferable product or service.--The term ``environmentally preferable product or service'' means a product or service, the raw material acquisition, production, manufacturing, packaging, distribution, reuse, operation, maintenance, or disposal of which causes the product or service to have a lesser or reduced effect on human health and the environment than a competing product or service that serves the same purpose. (9) Facility.--The term ``facility'' has the meaning given the term in Executive Order 13148 (65 Fed. Reg. 24605 (April 26, 2000)). (10) Federal environmental executive.--The term ``Federal Environmental Executive'' means the individual designated under section 5(a). (11) Federal procurement data system.--The term ``Federal Procurement Data System'' means the system provided for under section 6(d)(4) of the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 405(d)(4)(A)). (12) Guideline item.--The term ``guideline item'' means a product or service designated as a guideline item by the Administrator under section 6002 of the Solid Waste Disposal Act (42 U.S.C. 6962), as codified in part 247 of title 40, Code of Federal Regulations. (13) Life cycle assessment.--The term ``life cycle assessment'' means the comprehensive examination of the environmental and economic aspects and potential impacts of a product throughout its lifetime (including throughout raw material extraction, transportation, manufacturing, use, and disposal of the product). (14) Life cycle cost.-- (A) In general.--The term ``life cycle cost'' means the amortized annual cost of a product or service discounted over the lifetime of the product or service. (B) Inclusions.--The term ``life cycle cost'' includes amortized annual capital costs, installation costs, operating costs, maintenance costs, and disposal costs of a product or service. (15) Major procuring agency.--The term ``major procuring agency'' means an agency that, in the preceding fiscal year, procured more than $50,000,000 in products and services. (16) Micro-purchase threshold.--The term ``micro-purchase threshold'' has the meaning given the term in section 32(f) of the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 428(f)). (17) Pollution prevention.--The term ``pollution prevention'' means-- (A) source reduction (as defined in section 6603 of the Pollution Prevention Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 13102)); and (B) any other practice that reduces or eliminates the creation of pollutants through-- (i) increased efficiency in the use of raw materials, energy, water, or other resources; or (ii) the protection of natural resources through conservation. (18) Postconsumer material.--The term ``postconsumer material'' means a material or finished product that has-- (A) served its intended use; (B) completed its life as a consumer item; and (C) been discarded for disposal or recovery. (19) Recovered material.--The term ``recovered material'' has the meaning given the term in section 1004 of the Solid Waste Disposal Act (42 U.S.C. 6903). (20) Recyclability.--The term ``recyclability'' means the extent to which a product or material may be recovered from, or otherwise diverted from, the solid waste stream for the purpose of recycling. (21) Recycling.-- (A) In general.--The term ``recycling'' means the series of activities by which a product or material is recovered from the solid waste stream for use as a raw material in the manufacture of a new product, other than fuel, for producing heat or power by combustion. (B) Inclusions.--The term ``recycling'' includes collection, separation, and processing. (22) Steering committee.--The term ``Steering Committee'' means the Steering Committee on Greening the Government established by section 4(a). (23) Sustainably produced wood product.--The term ``sustainably produced wood product'' means a wood product that has been verified through a chain of custody system to have originated in a forest that has been certified as being sustainably managed by an organization that, as determined by the Federal Environmental Executive-- (A) does not have an equity interest in the forest or the management of the forest; (B) is independent from any timber trade association; (C) adheres, at a minimum, to the Principles and Criteria of the Forest Stewardship Council in effect as of February 2000 (or the equivalent requirements of a similar organization); and (D) conducts annual on-the-ground audits of each forest certified. (24) Task force.--The term ``Task Force'' means the Task Force on Greening the Government established under section 6(a). (25) Waste.--The term ``waste'' has the meaning given the term ``solid waste'' in section 1004 of the Solid Waste Disposal Act (42 U.S.C. 6903). (26) Waste prevention.--The term ``waste prevention'' means-- (A) a change in the design, manufacture, purchase, or use of a product or material (including packaging) to reduce the volume or toxicity of the product or material before the product or material is discarded; or (B) the reuse of a product or material. (27) Waste reduction.--The term ``waste reduction'' means the use of waste prevention, recycling, or the purchase of recycled and environmentally preferable products and materials to prevent or decrease the generation of waste. SEC. 4. STEERING COMMITTEE. (a) In General.--There is established a Steering Committee on Greening the Government. (b) Composition.-- (1) Members.--The Steering Committee shall be composed of-- (A) the Chair of the Council on Environmental Quality, who shall serve as Chairperson of the Steering Committee; (B) the Federal Environmental Executive; and (C) the Administrator for Federal Procurement Policy. (2) Duties.--The Steering Committee shall establish, and provide policy direction to, a Task Force to facilitate the implementation of this Act in accordance with section 6(a). SEC. 5. FEDERAL ENVIRONMENTAL EXECUTIVE. (a) In General.--The President, acting through the Administrator, shall designate a Federal Environmental Executive. (b) Duties.--The Federal Environmental Executive shall-- (1) serve as Chairperson of the Task Force; (2) take all actions necessary to ensure that executive agencies comply with this Act; and (3) in accordance with section 6(a)(3), working through the Task Force and in consultation with agency environmental executives, submit to the President a biennial report on the progress made in carrying out this Act that includes-- (A) information from agency reports concerning the progress of the Federal Government in implementing-- (i) Executive Order 13101 (63 Fed. Reg. 49643 (September 16, 1998)); (ii) Executive Order 13148 (65 Fed. Reg. 24595 (April 21, 2000)); (iii) Executive Order 13149 (65 Fed. Reg. 24607 (April 21, 2000)); (iv) Executive Order 13134 (64 Fed. Reg. 44639 (August 12, 1999)); and (v) Executive Order 13123 (64 Fed. Reg. 30851 (June 3, 1999)); (B) the agency environmental scorecards completed under paragraph (4); (4) in coordination with the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, develop agency environmental scorecards and a scoring system to evaluate each agency's progress in meeting the goals of this Act, that includes, at a minimum-- (A) purchases of recycled content products and environmentally preferable products and services of the agency; (B) the recycling or waste diversion rate of the agency; and (C) innovative recycling and waste prevention practices of the agency; (5) in coordination with the Administrator for Federal Procurement Policy, the Administrator, the Administrator of General Services, and the Secretary of Agriculture, convene a group of acquisition managers, State environmental officials, and State and local government managers to cooperate with State and local governments in improving the use by Federal, State, and local governments of recycled content products and environmentally preferable products and services; (6) coordinate appropriate Federal Government-wide education and training programs for executive agencies; and (7) establish committees and work groups, as necessary (including the designation of appropriate personnel in the areas of acquisition, standards and specifications, electronic commerce, facilities management, pollution and waste prevention, and recycling, and other areas), to identify, assess, and recommend actions to be taken to meet and carry out the goals, responsibilities, and initiatives of the Federal
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