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S. 3273 (is) To require the Federal Election Commission to study voting procedures in Federal elections, award Voting Improvement Grants to States, and for other purposes. [Introduced in Senate] ...
106th CONGRESS 2d Session S. 3272 To establish the Great Basin National Heritage Area, Nevada and Utah. _______________________________________________________________________ IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES December 5 (legislative day, September 22), 2000 Mr. Reid introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources _______________________________________________________________________ A BILL To establish the Great Basin National Heritage Area, Nevada and Utah. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. This Act may be cited as the ``Great Basin National Heritage Area Act of 2000''. SEC. 2. FINDINGS AND PURPOSES. (a) Findings.--Congress finds that-- (1) the natural, cultural, and historic heritage of the North American Great Basin is nationally significant; (2) communities in the Great Basin (including the towns of Delta, Utah, and Baker, Ely, Eureka, and Austin, Nevada) are located in a classic western landscape that contains long natural vistas, isolated high desert valleys, mountain ranges, ranches, mines, historic railroads, archaeological sites, and tribal communities; (3) the Native American, pioneer, ranching, mining, timber, and railroad heritages in the Great Basin include the social history and living cultural traditions of a rich diversity of nationalities; (4) the pioneer, Mormon settlement, ranching, timber, and mining activities of the region played a significant role in the development of the United States, shaped by-- (A) the unique geography of the Great Basin; (B) an influx of people of Greek, Chinese, Basque, Serb, Croat, Italian, and Hispanic descent; and (C) a Native American presence (Western Shoshone, Northern Paiute, and Goshute) that continues in the Great Basin today; (5) the Great Basin housed internment camps for Japanese- American citizens during World War II, 1 of which, Topaz, was located within the Heritage Area; (6) the pioneer heritage of the Heritage Area includes the Pony Express route and stations, the Overland Stage, and many examples of 19th-century exploration of the western United States; (7) the Native American heritage of the Heritage Area dates back thousands of years and includes-- (A) archaeological sites; (B) petroglyphs and pictographs; (C) the westernmost village of the Fremont culture; and (D) communities of Western Shoshone and Goshute tribes; (8) the Heritage Area contains multiple biologically diverse ecological communities that are home to exceptional species such as-- (A) bristlecone pines, the oldest living trees in the world; (B) wildlife adapted to harsh desert conditions; (C) unique plant communities, lakes, and streams; and (D) native Bonneville cutthroat trout; (9) the air and water quality of the Heritage Area is among the best in the United States, and the clear air permits outstanding viewing of night skies; (10) the Heritage Area includes unique and outstanding geologic features such as numerous limestone caves, classic basin and range topography with playa lakes, alluvial fans, volcanics, cold and hot springs, and recognizable features of ancient Lake Bonneville; (11) the Heritage Area includes an unusual variety of open space and recreational and educational opportunities because of the great quantity of ranching activity and public land (including city, county, and State parks, national forests, Bureau of Land Management land, and national parks); (12) there are significant archaeological, historical, cultural, natural, scenic, and recreational resources in the Great Basin to merit the involvement of the Federal Government in the development, in cooperation with the Great Basin Heritage Area Partnership and other local and governmental entities, of programs and projects to-- (A) adequately conserve, protect, and interpret the heritage of the Great Basin for future generations; and (B) provide opportunities in the Great Basin for education; and (13) the Great Basin Heritage Area Partnership should serve as the management entity for a Heritage Area established in the Great Basin. (b) Purposes.--The purposes of this Act are-- (1) to foster a close working relationship with all levels of government, the private sector, and the local communities along the United States Highway 50 corridor from Austin, Nevada, to Delta, Utah; (2) to enable communities referred to in paragraph (1) to conserve their heritage while continuing to pursue economic opportunities; and (3) to conserve, interpret, and develop the archaeological, historical, cultural, natural, scenic, and recreational resources related to the unique ranching, industrial, and cultural heritage of the Great Basin, in a manner that does not exclude multiple uses permitted as of the date of enactment of this Act. SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS. In this Act: (1) Great basin.--The term ``Great Basin'' means the North American Great Basin, comprised of the towns, and areas along the United States Highway 50 corridor between the towns, of Delta, Utah, and Baker, Ely, Eureka and Austin, Nevada. (2) Heritage area.--The term ``Heritage Area'' means the Great Basin National Heritage Area established by section 4(a). (3) Management entity.--The term ``management entity'' means the management entity for the Heritage Area designated by section 4(c). (4) Management plan.--The term ``management plan'' means the plan developed by the management entity under section 6(a). (5) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of the Interior, acting through the Director of the National Park Service. SEC. 4. GREAT BASIN NATIONAL HERITAGE AREA. (a) Establishment.--There is established the Great Basin National Heritage Area. (b) Composition.--The Heritage Area shall be a corridor in Lander County, Eureka County, and White Pine County, Nevada, and Millard County, Utah, delineated under section 5(b)(1). (c) Management Entity.--As a condition for the receipt of Federal funds under this Act, the Great Basin Heritage Area Partnership shall serve as the management entity for the Heritage Area. SEC. 5. MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING. (a) In General.--In carrying out this Act, the Secretary, in consultation with the Governors of the States of Nevada and Utah, shall enter into a memorandum of understanding with the management entity. (b) Inclusions.--The memorandum of understanding shall include information relating to the objectives and management of the Heritage Area, including-- (1) a delineation of the boundaries of the Heritage Area (including the boundaries of the counties referred to in section 4(b)); (2) a discussion of the goals and objectives of the Heritage Area, including-- (A) an explanation of the proposed approach to conservation and interpretation; and (B) a general outline of the anticipated protection measures; (3) a description of the management entity; (4) a list and statement of the financial commitment of the initial partners to be involved in developing and implementing the management plan; and (5) a description of the role of the States of Nevada and Utah in the management of the Heritage Area. (c) Additional Requirements.--In developing the terms of the memorandum of understanding, the Secretary and the management entity shall-- (1) provide opportunities for public participation; and (2) include terms that ensure, to the maximum extent practicable, timely implementation of all aspects of the memorandum of understanding. (d) Amendments.-- (1) In general.--The Secretary shall review any amendments of the memorandum of understanding proposed by the management entity or the Governor of the State of Nevada or Utah. (2) Use of funds.--Funds made available under this Act shall not be expended to implement a change made by a proposed amendment described in paragraph (1) until the Secretary approves the amendment. SEC. 6. MANAGEMENT PLAN. (a) In General.--Not later than 3 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the management entity may develop and submit to the Secretary for approval a management plan for the Heritage Area that presents clear and comprehensive recommendations for the conservation, funding, management, and development of the Heritage Area. (b) Considerations.--In developing the management plan, the management entity shall-- (1) provide for the participation of residents, public agencies, and private organizations in the protection of resources of the Heritage Area, taking into consideration State, county, and local land use plans in existence on the date of enactment of this Act; (2) identify sources of funding; and (3) include-- (A) an inventory of the archaeological, historical, cultural, natural, scenic, and recreational resources contained in the Heritage Area, including a list of property that-- (i) is related to the themes of the Heritage Area; and (ii) should be preserved, restored, managed, developed, or maintained because of the archaeological, historical, cultural, natural, scenic, and recreational significance of the property; (B) a program for implementation of the management plan by the management entity, including-- (i) plans for restoration and construction; and (ii) specific commitments by the identified partners referred to in section 5(b)(4) for the first 5 years of operation; and (C) an interpretation plan for the Heritage Area. (c) Failure To Submit.--If the management entity fails to submit a management plan to the Secretary in accordance with subsection (a), the Heritage Area shall no longer qualify for Federal funding. (d) Approval and Disapproval of Management Plan.-- (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after receipt of a management plan under subsection (a), the Secretary, in consultation with the Governors of the States of Nevada and Utah, shall approve or disapprove the management plan. (2) Criteria.--In determining whether to approve a management plan, the Secretary shall consider whether the management plan-- (A) has strong local support from a diversity of landowners, business interests, nonprofit organizations, and governments within the Heritage Area; (B) is consistent with and complements continued economic activity in the Heritage Area; (C) has a high potential for effective partnership mechanisms; (D) may cause improper infringement on private property rights; and (E) provides methods to take appropriate action to ensure that private property rights are observed. (3) Action following disapproval.--If the Secretary disapproves a management plan under subsection (d)(1), the Secretary shall-- (A) advise the management entity in writing of the reasons for the disapproval; (B) make recommendations for revisions to the management plan; and (C) not later than 90 days after the receipt of any proposed revision of the management plan from the management entity, approve or disapprove the proposed revision. (e) Implementation.--On approval of the management plan as provided in section 6(d)(1), the Secretary, in conjunction with the management entity, shall take appropriate steps to implement the management plan. (f) Amendments.-- (1) In general.--The Secretary shall review each amendment to the management plan that the Secretary determines may make a substantial change to the management plan. (2) Use of funds.--Funds made available under this Act shall not be expended to implement an amendment described in paragraph (1) until the Secretary approves the amendment. SEC. 7. AUTHORITY AND DUTIES OF MANAGEMENT ENTITY. (a) Authorities.--The management entity may, for purposes of preparing and implementing the management plan, use funds made available under this Act to-- (1) make loans and grants to, and enter into cooperative agreements with, a State (including a political subdivision), a private organization, or any person; and (2) hire and compensate staff. (b) Duties.--In addition to developing the management plan, the management entity shall-- (1) give priority to implementing the memorandum of understanding and the management plan, including taking steps to-- (A) assist units of government, regional planning organizations, and nonprofit organizations in-- (i) preserving the Heritage Area; (ii) establishing and maintaining interpretive exhibits in the Heritage Area; (iii) developing recreational resources in the Heritage Area; (iv) increasing public awareness of and appreciation for the archaeological,
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