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S. 3273 (is) To require the Federal Election Commission to study voting procedures in Federal elections, award Voting Improvement Grants to States, and for other purposes. [Introduced in Senate] ...


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106th CONGRESS
  2d Session
                                S. 3272

 To establish the Great Basin National Heritage Area, Nevada and Utah.


_______________________________________________________________________


                   IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

            December 5 (legislative day, September 22), 2000

   Mr. Reid introduced the following bill; which was read twice and 
       referred to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
 To establish the Great Basin National Heritage Area, Nevada and Utah.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Great Basin National Heritage Area 
Act of 2000''.

SEC. 2. FINDINGS AND PURPOSES.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds that--
            (1) the natural, cultural, and historic heritage of the 
        North American Great Basin is nationally significant;
            (2) communities in the Great Basin (including the towns of 
        Delta, Utah, and Baker, Ely, Eureka, and Austin, Nevada) are 
        located in a classic western landscape that contains long 
        natural vistas, isolated high desert valleys, mountain ranges, 
        ranches, mines, historic railroads, archaeological sites, and 
        tribal communities;
            (3) the Native American, pioneer, ranching, mining, timber, 
        and railroad heritages in the Great Basin include the social 
        history and living cultural traditions of a rich diversity of 
        nationalities;
            (4) the pioneer, Mormon settlement, ranching, timber, and 
        mining activities of the region played a significant role in 
        the development of the United States, shaped by--
                    (A) the unique geography of the Great Basin;
                    (B) an influx of people of Greek, Chinese, Basque, 
                Serb, Croat, Italian, and Hispanic descent; and
                    (C) a Native American presence (Western Shoshone, 
                Northern Paiute, and Goshute) that continues in the 
                Great Basin today;
            (5) the Great Basin housed internment camps for Japanese-
        American citizens during World War II, 1 of which, Topaz, was 
        located within the Heritage Area;
            (6) the pioneer heritage of the Heritage Area includes the 
        Pony Express route and stations, the Overland Stage, and many 
        examples of 19th-century exploration of the western United 
        States;
            (7) the Native American heritage of the Heritage Area dates 
        back thousands of years and includes--
                    (A) archaeological sites;
                    (B) petroglyphs and pictographs;
                    (C) the westernmost village of the Fremont culture; 
                and
                    (D) communities of Western Shoshone and Goshute 
                tribes;
            (8) the Heritage Area contains multiple biologically 
        diverse ecological communities that are home to exceptional 
        species such as--
                    (A) bristlecone pines, the oldest living trees in 
                the world;
                    (B) wildlife adapted to harsh desert conditions;
                    (C) unique plant communities, lakes, and streams; 
                and
                    (D) native Bonneville cutthroat trout;
            (9) the air and water quality of the Heritage Area is among 
        the best in the United States, and the clear air permits 
        outstanding viewing of night skies;
            (10) the Heritage Area includes unique and outstanding 
        geologic features such as numerous limestone caves, classic 
        basin and range topography with playa lakes, alluvial fans, 
        volcanics, cold and hot springs, and recognizable features of 
        ancient Lake Bonneville;
            (11) the Heritage Area includes an unusual variety of open 
        space and recreational and educational opportunities because of 
        the great quantity of ranching activity and public land 
        (including city, county, and State parks, national forests, 
        Bureau of Land Management land, and national parks);
            (12) there are significant archaeological, historical, 
        cultural, natural, scenic, and recreational resources in the 
        Great Basin to merit the involvement of the Federal Government 
        in the development, in cooperation with the Great Basin 
        Heritage Area Partnership and other local and governmental 
        entities, of programs and projects to--
                    (A) adequately conserve, protect, and interpret the 
                heritage of the Great Basin for future generations; and
                    (B) provide opportunities in the Great Basin for 
                education; and
            (13) the Great Basin Heritage Area Partnership should serve 
        as the management entity for a Heritage Area established in the 
        Great Basin.
    (b) Purposes.--The purposes of this Act are--
            (1) to foster a close working relationship with all levels 
        of government, the private sector, and the local communities 
        along the United States Highway 50 corridor from Austin, 
        Nevada, to Delta, Utah;
            (2) to enable communities referred to in paragraph (1) to 
        conserve their heritage while continuing to pursue economic 
        opportunities; and
            (3) to conserve, interpret, and develop the archaeological, 
        historical, cultural, natural, scenic, and recreational 
        resources related to the unique ranching, industrial, and 
        cultural heritage of the Great Basin, in a manner that does not 
        exclude multiple uses permitted as of the date of enactment of 
        this Act.

SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS.

    In this Act:
            (1) Great basin.--The term ``Great Basin'' means the North 
        American Great Basin, comprised of the towns, and areas along 
        the United States Highway 50 corridor between the towns, of 
        Delta, Utah, and Baker, Ely, Eureka and Austin, Nevada.
            (2) Heritage area.--The term ``Heritage Area'' means the 
        Great Basin National Heritage Area established by section 4(a).
            (3) Management entity.--The term ``management entity'' 
        means the management entity for the Heritage Area designated by 
        section 4(c).
            (4) Management plan.--The term ``management plan'' means 
        the plan developed by the management entity under section 6(a).
            (5) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
        of the Interior, acting through the Director of the National 
        Park Service.

SEC. 4. GREAT BASIN NATIONAL HERITAGE AREA.

    (a) Establishment.--There is established the Great Basin National 
Heritage Area.
    (b) Composition.--The Heritage Area shall be a corridor in Lander 
County, Eureka County, and White Pine County, Nevada, and Millard 
County, Utah, delineated under section 5(b)(1).
    (c) Management Entity.--As a condition for the receipt of Federal 
funds under this Act, the Great Basin Heritage Area Partnership shall 
serve as the management entity for the Heritage Area.

SEC. 5. MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING.

    (a) In General.--In carrying out this Act, the Secretary, in 
consultation with the Governors of the States of Nevada and Utah, shall 
enter into a memorandum of understanding with the management entity.
    (b) Inclusions.--The memorandum of understanding shall include 
information relating to the objectives and management of the Heritage 
Area, including--
            (1) a delineation of the boundaries of the Heritage Area 
        (including the boundaries of the counties referred to in 
        section 4(b));
            (2) a discussion of the goals and objectives of the 
        Heritage Area, including--
                    (A) an explanation of the proposed approach to 
                conservation and interpretation; and
                    (B) a general outline of the anticipated protection 
                measures;
            (3) a description of the management entity;
            (4) a list and statement of the financial commitment of the 
        initial partners to be involved in developing and implementing 
        the management plan; and
            (5) a description of the role of the States of Nevada and 
        Utah in the management of the Heritage Area.
    (c) Additional Requirements.--In developing the terms of the 
memorandum of understanding, the Secretary and the management entity 
shall--
            (1) provide opportunities for public participation; and
            (2) include terms that ensure, to the maximum extent 
        practicable, timely implementation of all aspects of the 
        memorandum of understanding.
    (d) Amendments.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall review any amendments 
        of the memorandum of understanding proposed by the management 
        entity or the Governor of the State of Nevada or Utah.
            (2) Use of funds.--Funds made available under this Act 
        shall not be expended to implement a change made by a proposed 
        amendment described in paragraph (1) until the Secretary 
        approves the amendment.

SEC. 6. MANAGEMENT PLAN.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 3 years after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the management entity may develop and submit to the 
Secretary for approval a management plan for the Heritage Area that 
presents clear and comprehensive recommendations for the conservation, 
funding, management, and development of the Heritage Area.
    (b) Considerations.--In developing the management plan, the 
management entity shall--
            (1) provide for the participation of residents, public 
        agencies, and private organizations in the protection of 
        resources of the Heritage Area, taking into consideration 
        State, county, and local land use plans in existence on the 
        date of enactment of this Act;
            (2) identify sources of funding; and
            (3) include--
                    (A) an inventory of the archaeological, historical, 
                cultural, natural, scenic, and recreational resources 
                contained in the Heritage Area, including a list of 
                property that--
                            (i) is related to the themes of the 
                        Heritage Area; and
                            (ii) should be preserved, restored, 
                        managed, developed, or maintained because of 
                        the archaeological, historical, cultural, 
                        natural, scenic, and recreational significance 
                        of the property;
                    (B) a program for implementation of the management 
                plan by the management entity, including--
                            (i) plans for restoration and construction; 
                        and
                            (ii) specific commitments by the identified 
                        partners referred to in section 5(b)(4) for the 
                        first 5 years of operation; and
                    (C) an interpretation plan for the Heritage Area.
    (c) Failure To Submit.--If the management entity fails to submit a 
management plan to the Secretary in accordance with subsection (a), the 
Heritage Area shall no longer qualify for Federal funding.
    (d) Approval and Disapproval of Management Plan.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after receipt of a 
        management plan under subsection (a), the Secretary, in 
        consultation with the Governors of the States of Nevada and 
        Utah, shall approve or disapprove the management plan.
            (2) Criteria.--In determining whether to approve a 
        management plan, the Secretary shall consider whether the 
        management plan--
                    (A) has strong local support from a diversity of 
                landowners, business interests, nonprofit 
                organizations, and governments within the Heritage 
                Area;
                    (B) is consistent with and complements continued 
                economic activity in the Heritage Area;
                    (C) has a high potential for effective partnership 
                mechanisms;
                    (D) may cause improper infringement on private 
                property rights; and
                    (E) provides methods to take appropriate action to 
                ensure that private property rights are observed.
            (3) Action following disapproval.--If the Secretary 
        disapproves a management plan under subsection (d)(1), the 
        Secretary shall--
                    (A) advise the management entity in writing of the 
                reasons for the disapproval;
                    (B) make recommendations for revisions to the 
                management plan; and
                    (C) not later than 90 days after the receipt of any 
                proposed revision of the management plan from the 
                management entity, approve or disapprove the proposed 
                revision.
    (e) Implementation.--On approval of the management plan as provided 
in section 6(d)(1), the Secretary, in conjunction with the management 
entity, shall take appropriate steps to implement the management plan.
    (f) Amendments.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall review each amendment 
        to the management plan that the Secretary determines may make a 
        substantial change to the management plan.
            (2) Use of funds.--Funds made available under this Act 
        shall not be expended to implement an amendment described in 
        paragraph (1) until the Secretary approves the amendment.

SEC. 7. AUTHORITY AND DUTIES OF MANAGEMENT ENTITY.

    (a) Authorities.--The management entity may, for purposes of 
preparing and implementing the management plan, use funds made 
available under this Act to--
            (1) make loans and grants to, and enter into cooperative 
        agreements with, a State (including a political subdivision), a 
        private organization, or any person; and
            (2) hire and compensate staff.
    (b) Duties.--In addition to developing the management plan, the 
management entity shall--
            (1) give priority to implementing the memorandum of 
        understanding and the management plan, including taking steps 
        to--
                    (A) assist units of government, regional planning 
                organizations, and nonprofit organizations in--
                            (i) preserving the Heritage Area;
                            (ii) establishing and maintaining 
                        interpretive exhibits in the Heritage Area;
                            (iii) developing recreational resources in 
                        the Heritage Area;
                            (iv) increasing public awareness of and 
                        appreciation for the archaeological, 

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