Home > 106th Congressional Bills > S. 368 (is) To authorize the minting and issuance of a commemorative coin in honor of the founding of Biloxi, Mississippi. [Introduced in Senate] ...

S. 368 (is) To authorize the minting and issuance of a commemorative coin in honor of the founding of Biloxi, Mississippi. [Introduced in Senate] ...


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108th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                 S. 367

 To amend part A of title IV of the Social Security Act to reauthorize 
and improve the temporary assistance to needy families program, and for 
                            other purposes.


_______________________________________________________________________


                   IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

                           February 12, 2003

Mr. Rockefeller introduced the following bill; which was read twice and 
                  referred to the Committee on Finance

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
 To amend part A of title IV of the Social Security Act to reauthorize 
and improve the temporary assistance to needy families program, and for 
                            other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS; AMENDMENTS TO SOCIAL 
              SECURITY ACT.

    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Personal 
Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act Amendments of 
2003''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents of this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents; amendments to Social Security 
                            Act.
Sec. 2. Findings.
                            TITLE I--FUNDING

Sec. 101. Reauthorization and annual adjustment of State family 
                            assistance grants.
Sec. 102. Contingency fund.
Sec. 103. Bonus for reduction of child poverty.
Sec. 104. Reauthorization of other grants.
Sec. 105. Restoration of funding for the Social Services Block Grant.
Sec. 106. Repeal of Federal loans for State welfare programs.
Sec. 107. GAO reports on TANF funding and expenditures.
                       TITLE II--SUPPORTING WORK

Sec. 201. Making work pay.
Sec. 202. Increase in guaranteed funding for child care.
Sec. 203. Parents as scholars program.
Sec. 204. Elimination of recipients completing secondary school from 
                            limit on number of TANF recipients 
                            participating in vocational educational 
                            training.
Sec. 205. Vocational training and other preemployment activities.
Sec. 206. State option to credit months engaged in work or parents as 
                            scholars program for purposes of 5-year 
                            assistance limit.
Sec. 207. Innovative Business Link partnership for employers and 
                            nonprofit organizations.
                     TITLE III--SUPPORTING FAMILIES

Sec. 301. Elimination of separate work participation rate for 2-parent 
                            families.
Sec. 302. Ban on imposition of stricter eligibility criteria for 2-
                            parent families.
Sec. 303. Family formation fund.
Sec. 304. Ensuring child well-being.
Sec. 305. Funding for families assisted by a territory program.
                      TITLE IV--STATE FLEXIBILITY

Sec. 401. Pathway to self-sufficiency grants to improve coordination of 
                            assistance for low-income families.
Sec. 402. State option to offer wage subsidies.
Sec. 403. Exclusion of victims of domestic violence from 20 percent 
                            limitation on hardship exception.
Sec. 404. Clarification of authority of States to use TANF funds 
                            carried over from prior years to provide 
                            TANF benefits and services.
Sec. 405. Continuation of prewelfare reform waivers.
Sec. 406. State option to align foster care and adoption assistance 
                            eligibility with TANF eligibility.
Sec. 407. Promoting work and responsibility among all families with 
                            children.
Sec. 408. Authority to transfer TANF funds to carry out an access to 
                            jobs project or a reverse commute project.
                       TITLE V--HEALTHY CHILDREN

Sec. 501. Revision and simplification of the transitional medical 
                            assistance program (TMA).
Sec. 502. Optional coverage of legal immigrants under the medicaid 
                            program and title XXI.
Sec. 503. Second chance homes.
                    TITLE VI--PUBLIC ACCOUNTABILITY

Sec. 601. Public availability of State program and financial data 
                            submissions.
Sec. 602. Study and guidelines regarding compliance with 
                            nondiscrimination provisions.
Sec. 603. Ensuring TANF funds are not used to displace public 
                            employees; application of workplace laws to 
                            welfare recipients.
Sec. 604. Research and development.
Sec. 605. GAO study on impact of ban on SSI benefits for legal 
                            immigrants.
Sec. 606. Grants to improve States' policies and procedures for 
                            assisting individuals with barriers to 
                            work.
Sec. 607. Ensuring a professional TANF program staff.
                       TITLE VII--EFFECTIVE DATE

Sec. 701. Effective date.
    (c) Amendments to Social Security Act.--Except as otherwise 
specifically provided, whenever in this Act an amendment is expressed 
in terms of an amendment to or repeal of a section or other provision, 
the reference shall be considered to be made to that section or other 
provision of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 301 et seq.).

SEC. 2. FINDINGS.

    Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity 
        Reconciliation Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-193; 110 Stat. 2105) 
        was a fundamental change to reform the Federal welfare system 
        to shift it from an entitlement program into a transition 
        program to help families move from welfare to work and personal 
        responsibility.
            (2) Since enactment of the 1996 welfare reform law, welfare 
        cash assistance caseloads have dropped dramatically, by nearly 
        50 percent, and approximately \2/3\ of welfare recipients who 
        have left the cash assistance rolls have left for work.
            (3) Another sign of reform and progress is that funding has 
        shifted from providing monthly cash assistance for parents to 
        stay at home to over \1/2\ of the funding targeted to pay for 
        work supports, such as child care, transportation, job 
        placement, limited job training, or other priorities.
            (4) More investments in quality child care will allow 
        parents to enter and continue in the workforce knowing that 
        their children have access to safe, meaningful child care, 
        hopefully with emphasis on child development and preparation to 
        ensure that each child gains the skills needed to enter school 
        ready to learn.
            (5) While families are moving from welfare to work, and 
        employment rates are up, many families struggle in low-wage 
        jobs and have trouble getting promised supports such as 
        medicaid, child care, food stamps, and other supports available 
        under programs intended to help families.
            (6) Child poverty rates are improving, but more must be 
        done to reduce poverty in the 2,000,000 families who are still 
        struggling.
            (7) Parents who remain on the welfare caseloads face 
        multiple barriers to employment and therefore need a range of 
        services to address their needs and move from welfare to work.
            (8) Children deserve to be raised in supportive homes, 
        preferably with 2 loving parents. It is crucial to end policies 
        that discriminate against serving 2-parent families within the 
        welfare system. It is also important to support innovative 
        programs to encourage full participation in child support and 
        child rearing by noncustodial parents.
            (9) Welfare reform has been successful because it has been 
        a flexible partnership between the Federal Government and the 
        States, and retaining the partnership and flexibility will be 
        important for the future.
            (10) The State agencies responsible for administering the 
        temporary assistance to needy families program have had to 
        assume many new and more complex responsibilities which 
        necessitates improving and upgrading the skills and ability of 
        the workers at those agencies to ensure high quality service 
        delivery and meet all program goals.
            (11) Studies indicate disparate racial treatment in the 
        implementation of the temporary assistance to  needy families 
program with respect to determining eligibility for assistance under 
the program, disseminating information, providing referral for 
services, and imposing sanctions for non-compliance with program 
requirements.

                            TITLE I--FUNDING

SEC. 101. REAUTHORIZATION AND ANNUAL ADJUSTMENT OF STATE FAMILY 
              ASSISTANCE GRANTS.

    (a) In General.--Section 403(a)(1) is amended (42 U.S.C. 
603(a)(1))--
            (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``1996'' and all that 
        follows through ``2002'' and inserting ``2004 through 2008'';
            (2) by redesignating subparagraph (E) as subparagraph (I);
            (3) by redesignating subparagraphs (B) through (D) as 
        subparagraphs (C) through (E), respectively;
            (4) in subparagraph (C), as so redesignated--
                    (A) in the heading, by striking ``State'' and 
                inserting ``Base state''; and
                    (B) by striking ``As used in this part, the term 
                `State family assistance grant' means'' and inserting 
                ``Subject to subparagraph (F), as used in this part, 
                the term `base State family assistance grant' means'';
            (5) by inserting after subparagraph (A), the following:
                    ``(B) State family assistance grant defined.--As 
                used in this part, the term `State family assistance 
                grant' means the sum of--
                            ``(i) the base State family assistance 
                        grant; and
                            ``(ii) the annual adjustment amount.'';
            (6) by inserting after subparagraph (E), as redesignated by 
        paragraph (3), the following:
                    ``(F) Update of base for certain states.--
                            ``(i) In general.--With respect to a base 
                        State family assistance grant made for any of 
                        fiscal years 2004 through 2008, in the case of 
                        a State that meets the criteria described in 
                        clause (ii) or (iii), subject to clause (v), 
                        the amount of the base State family assistance 
                        grant determined under this paragraph for that 
                        State for such a fiscal year shall be increased 
                        by the applicable amount described in clause 
                        (iv) for that fiscal year.
                            ``(ii) Receipt of supplemental grant for 
                        fiscal year 2002.--For purposes of clause (i), 
                        the criteria described in this clause is that a 
                        State received a supplemental grant under 
                        paragraph (3) for fiscal year 2002 (as in 
                        effect with respect to such fiscal year).
                            ``(iii) State basic tanf grant per poor 
                        person is below national average.--For purposes 
                        of clause (i), the criteria described in this 
                        clause is that, with respect to a State and a 
                        fiscal year, the State basic TANF grant per 
                        poor person for the immediately preceding 
                        fiscal year is less than the national average 
                        State basic TANF grant per poor person for such 
                        preceding fiscal year.
                            ``(iv) Applicable amount.--
                                    ``(I) All qualifying states.--For 
                                purposes of clause (i), the applicable 
                                amount described in this clause is the 
                                amount equal to 2.5 percent of the sum 
                                of--
                                            ``(aa) the amount required 
                                        to be paid to the State under 
                                        former section 403 (as in 
                                        effect during fiscal year 
                                        1994); and
                                            ``(bb) the amount (if any) 
                                        paid to the State under 
                                        paragraph (3) for fiscal year 
                                        2002 (as in effect with respect 
                                        to such fiscal year).
                                    ``(II) Original qualifying 
                                states.--In the case of a State that 
                                meets the criteria described in clause 
                                (ii), the amount determined under 
                                subclause (I) for a fiscal year shall 
                                be further increased by the amount 
                                described in item (bb) of that 
                                subclause.
                            ``(v) Preservation of update.--In the case 
                        of a State that fails to meet the criteria 
                        described in clause (iii) for a fiscal year but 
                        that did satisfy such criteria for a prior 
                        fiscal year, the amount of the base State 
                        family assistance grant determined under this 
                        paragraph for that State for such a fiscal year 
                        shall be increased by the amount determined for 
                        the State under clause (iv)(I) for the most 
                        recent fiscal year for which the State 
                        satisfied such criteria.
                            ``(vi) Definitions.--In this subparagraph:
                                    ``(I) State basic tanf grant per 
                                poor person.--The term `State basic 
                                TANF grant per poor person' means, with 
                                respect to a State and a preceding 
                                fiscal year--
                                            ``(aa) the base State 
                                        family assistance grant for the 
                                        State (as defined under 
                                        subparagraph (C) and, if 
                                        applicable, increased under 
                                        this subparagraph); divided by
                                            ``(bb) the number of 
                                        individuals, according to the 
                                        2000 Census Supplementary 
                                        Survey, who were residents of 
                                        the State and whose income does 
                                        not exceed the poverty line.
                                    ``(II) National average state basic 

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