| Home > 106th Congressional Bills > S. 499 (is) To establish a congressional commemorative medal for organ donors and their families. [Introduced in Senate] ...
S. 499 (is) To establish a congressional commemorative medal for organ donors and their families. [Introduced in Senate] ...
108th CONGRESS 1st Session S. 498 To authorize the President to posthumously award a gold medal on behalf of Congress to Joseph A. De Laine in recognition of his contributions to the Nation. _______________________________________________________________________ IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES March 3, 2003 Mr. Hollings (for himself, Mr. Graham of South Carolina, Mr. Edwards, Mr. Miller, Mr. Lieberman, and Ms. Landrieu) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs _______________________________________________________________________ A BILL To authorize the President to posthumously award a gold medal on behalf of Congress to Joseph A. De Laine in recognition of his contributions to the Nation. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. FINDINGS. Congress finds that-- (1) the Reverend Joseph Armstrong De Laine, one of the true heroes of the civil rights struggle, led a crusade to break down barriers in education in South Carolina; (2) the efforts of Reverend De Laine led to the desegregation of public schools in the United States, but forever scarred his own life; (3) in 1949, Joseph De Laine, a minister and principal, organized African-American parents in Summerton, South Carolina, to petition the school board for a bus for black students, who had to walk up to 10 miles through corn and cotton fields to attend a segregated school, while the white children in the school district rode to and from school in nice, clean buses; (4) in 1950, these same parents sued to end public school segregation in Briggs v. Elliott, 1 of 5 cases that collectively led to the landmark 1954 Supreme Court decision of Brown v. Board of Education; (5) because of his participation in the desegregation movement, Reverend De Laine was subjected to repeated acts of domestic terror, in which-- (A) he, along with 2 sisters and a niece, lost their jobs; (B) he fought off an angry mob; (C) he received frequent death threats; and (D) his church and his home were burned to the ground; (6) in October 1955, after Reverend De Laine relocated to Florence County in South Carolina, shots were fired at the De Laine home, and because Reverend De Laine fired back to mark the car, he was charged with assault and battery with intent to kill; (7) the shooting incident drove him from South Carolina to Buffalo, New York, where he organized an African Methodist Episcopal Church; (8) believing that he would not be treated fairly by the South Carolina judicial system if he returned to South Carolina, Reverend De Laine told the Federal Bureau of Investigation, ``I am not running from justice but injustice'', and it was not until 2000 (26 years after his death and 45 years after the incident) that Reverend De Laine was cleared of all charges relating to the October 1955 incident; (9) Reverend De Laine was a humble and fearless man who showed the Nation that all people, regardless of the color of their skin, deserve a first-rate education, a lesson from which the Nation has benefited immeasurably; and (10) Reverend De Laine deserves rightful recognition for the suffering that he and his family endured to teach the Nation one of the great civil rights lessons of the last century. SEC. 2. CONGRESSIONAL GOLD MEDAL. (a) Presentation Authorized.--The President is authorized, on behalf of Congress, to award a gold medal of appropriate design to Joseph De Laine, Jr. to honor his father, Reverend Joseph Anthony De Laine (posthumously), for his contributions to the Nation. (b) Design and Striking.--For the purposes of the award referred to in subsection (a), the Secretary of the Treasury (hereafter in this Act referred to as the ``Secretary'') shall strike a gold medal with suitable emblems, devices, and inscriptions, to be determined by the Secretary. SEC. 3. DUPLICATE MEDALS. The Secretary may strike and sell duplicates in bronze of the gold medal struck pursuant to section 2, under such regulations as the Secretary may prescribe, and at a price sufficient to cover the costs thereof, including labor, materials, dies, use of machinery, and overhead expenses, and the cost of the gold medal. SEC. 4. STATUS AS NATIONAL MEDALS. The medals struck pursuant to this Act are national medals for purposes of chapter 51 of title 31, United States Code. SEC. 5. FUNDING. (a) Authority To Use Fund Amounts.--There is authorized to be charged against the United States Mint Public Enterprise Fund an amount not to exceed $30,000 to pay for the cost of the medals authorized by this Act. (b) Proceeds of Sale.--Amounts received from the sale of duplicate bronze medals under section 3 shall be deposited in the United States Mint Public Enterprise Fund. <all>
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