Home > 106th Congressional Bills > S. 522 (is) To amend the Federal Water Pollution Control Act to improve the quality of beaches and coastal recreation water, and for other purposes. [Introduced in Senate] ...

S. 522 (is) To amend the Federal Water Pollution Control Act to improve the quality of beaches and coastal recreation water, and for other purposes. [Introduced in Senate] ...


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106th CONGRESS
  2d Session
                                 S. 522

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 AN ACT


 
To amend the Federal Water Pollution Control Act to improve the quality 
    of beaches and coastal recreation water, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Beaches Environmental Assessment and 
Coastal Health Act of 2000''.

SEC. 2. ADOPTION OF COASTAL RECREATION WATER QUALITY CRITERIA AND 
              STANDARDS BY STATES.

    Section 303 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 
1313) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(i) Coastal Recreation Water Quality Criteria.--
            ``(1) Adoption by states.--
                    ``(A) Initial criteria and standards.--Not later 
                than 42 months after the date of enactment of this 
                subsection, each State having coastal recreation waters 
                shall adopt and submit to the Administrator water 
                quality criteria and standards for the coastal 
                recreation waters of the State for those pathogens and 
                pathogen indicators for which the Administrator has 
                published criteria under section 304(a).
                    ``(B) New or revised criteria and standards.--Not 
                later than 36 months after the date of publication by 
                the Administrator of new or revised water quality 
                criteria under section 304(a)(9), each State having 
                coastal recreation waters shall adopt and submit to the 
                Administrator new or revised water quality standards 
                for the coastal recreation waters of the State for all 
                pathogens and pathogen indicators to which the new or 
                revised water quality criteria are applicable.
            ``(2) Failure of states to adopt.--
                    ``(A) In general.--If a State fails to adopt water 
                quality criteria and standards in accordance with 
                paragraph (1)(A) that are as protective of human health 
                as the criteria for pathogens and pathogen indicators 
                for coastal recreation waters published by the 
                Administrator, the Administrator shall promptly propose 
                regulations for the State setting forth revised or new 
                water quality standards for pathogens and pathogen 
                indicators described in paragraph (1)(A) for coastal 
                recreation waters of the State.
                    ``(B) Exception.--If the Administrator proposes 
                regulations for a State described in subparagraph (A) 
                under subsection (c)(4)(B), the Administrator shall 
                publish any revised or new standard under this 
                subsection not later than 42 months after the date of 
                enactment of this subsection.
            ``(3) Applicability.--Except as expressly provided by this 
        subsection, the requirements and procedures of subsection (c) 
        apply to this subsection, including the requirement in 
        subsection (c)(2)(A) that the criteria protect public health 
        and welfare.''.

SEC. 3. REVISIONS TO WATER QUALITY CRITERIA.

    (a) Studies Concerning Pathogen Indicators in Coastal Recreation 
Waters.--Section 104 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 
U.S.C. 1254) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(v) Studies Concerning Pathogen Indicators in Coastal Recreation 
Waters.--Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this 
subsection, after consultation and in cooperation with appropriate 
Federal, State, tribal, and local officials (including local health 
officials), the Administrator shall initiate, and, not later than 3 
years after the date of enactment of this subsection, shall complete, 
in cooperation with the heads of other Federal agencies, studies to 
provide additional information for use in developing--
            ``(1) an assessment of potential human health risks 
        resulting from exposure to pathogens in coastal recreation 
        waters, including nongastrointestinal effects;
            ``(2) appropriate and effective indicators for improving 
        detection in a timely manner in coastal recreation waters of 
        the presence of pathogens that are harmful to human health;
            ``(3) appropriate, accurate, expeditious, and cost-
        effective methods (including predictive models) for detecting 
        in a timely manner in coastal recreation waters the presence of 
        pathogens that are harmful to human health; and
            ``(4) guidance for State application of the criteria for 
        pathogens and pathogen indicators to be published under section 
        304(a)(9) to account for the diversity of geographic and 
        aquatic conditions.''.
    (b) Revised Criteria.--Section 304(a) of the Federal Water 
Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1314(a)) is amended by adding at the 
end the following:
            ``(9) Revised criteria for coastal recreation waters.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Not later than 5 years after the 
                date of enactment of this paragraph, after consultation 
                and in cooperation with appropriate Federal, State, 
                tribal, and local officials (including local health 
                officials), the Administrator shall publish new or 
                revised water quality criteria for pathogens and 
                pathogen indicators (including a revised list of 
                testing methods, as appropriate), based on the results 
                of the studies conducted under section 104(v), for the 
                purpose of protecting human health in coastal 
                recreation waters.
                    ``(B) Reviews.--Not later than the date that is 5 
                years after the date of publication of water quality 
                criteria under this paragraph, and at least once every 
                5 years thereafter, the Administrator shall review and, 
                as necessary, revise the water quality criteria.''.

SEC. 4. COASTAL RECREATION WATER QUALITY MONITORING AND NOTIFICATION.

    Title IV of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1341 
et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 406. COASTAL RECREATION WATER QUALITY MONITORING AND 
              NOTIFICATION.

    ``(a) Monitoring and Notification.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than 18 months after the date 
        of enactment of this section, after consultation and in 
        cooperation with appropriate Federal, State, tribal, and local 
        officials (including local health officials), and after 
        providing public notice and an opportunity for comment, the 
        Administrator shall publish performance criteria for--
                    ``(A) monitoring and assessment (including 
                specifying available methods for monitoring) of coastal 
                recreation waters adjacent to beaches or similar points 
                of access that are used by the public for attainment of 
                applicable water quality standards for pathogens and 
                pathogen indicators; and
                    ``(B) the prompt notification of the public, local 
                governments, and the Administrator of any exceeding of 
                or likelihood of exceeding applicable water quality 
                standards for coastal recreation waters described in 
                subparagraph (A).
            ``(2) Level of protection.--The performance criteria 
        referred to in paragraph (1) shall provide that the activities 
        described in subparagraphs (A) and (B) of that paragraph shall 
        be carried out as necessary for the protection of public health 
        and safety.
    ``(b) Program Development and Implementation Grants.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Administrator may make grants to 
        States and local governments to develop and implement programs 
        for monitoring and notification for coastal recreation waters 
        adjacent to beaches or similar points of access that are used 
        by the public.
            ``(2) Limitations.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Administrator may award a 
                grant to a State or a local government to implement a 
                monitoring and notification program if--
                            ``(i) the program is consistent with the 
                        performance criteria published by the 
                        Administrator under subsection (a);
                            ``(ii) the State or local government 
                        prioritizes the use of grant funds for 
                        particular coastal recreation waters based on 
                        the use of the water and the risk to human 
                        health presented by pathogens or pathogen 
                        indicators;
                            ``(iii) the State or local government makes 
                        available to the Administrator the factors used 
                        to prioritize the use of funds under clause 
                        (ii);
                            ``(iv) the State or local government 
                        provides a list of discrete areas of coastal 
                        recreation waters that are subject to the 
                        program for monitoring and notification for 
                        which the grant is provided that specifies any 
                        coastal recreation waters for which fiscal 
                        constraints will prevent consistency with the 
                        performance criteria under subsection (a); and
                            ``(v) the public is provided an opportunity 
                        to review the program through a process that 
                        provides for public notice and an opportunity 
                        for comment.
                    ``(B) Grants to local governments.--The 
                Administrator may make a grant to a local government 
                under this subsection for implementation of a 
                monitoring and notification program only if, after the 
                1-year period beginning on the date of publication of 
                performance criteria under subsection (a)(1), the 
                Administrator determines that the State is not 
                implementing a program that meets the requirements of 
                this subsection, regardless of whether the State has 
                received a grant under this subsection.
            ``(3) Other requirements.--
                    ``(A) Report.--A State recipient of a grant under 
                this subsection shall submit to the Administrator, in 
                such format and at such intervals as the Administrator 
                determines to be appropriate, a report that describes--
                            ``(i) data collected as part of the program 
                        for monitoring and notification as described in 
                        subsection (c); and
                            ``(ii) actions taken to notify the public 
                        when water quality standards are exceeded.
                    ``(B) Delegation.--A State recipient of a grant 
                under this subsection shall identify each local 
                government to which the State has delegated or intends 
                to delegate responsibility for implementing a 
                monitoring and notification program consistent with the 
                performance criteria published under subsection (a) 
                (including any coastal recreation waters for which the 
                authority to implement a monitoring and notification 
                program would be subject to the delegation).
            ``(4) Federal share.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Administrator, through 
                grants awarded under this section, may pay up to 100 
                percent of the costs of developing and implementing a 
                program for monitoring and notification under this 
                subsection.
                    ``(B) Non-federal share.--The non-Federal share of 
                the costs of developing and implementing a monitoring 
                and notification program may be--
                            ``(i) in an amount not to exceed 50 
                        percent, as determined by the Administrator in 
                        consultation with State, tribal, and local 
                        government representatives; and
                            ``(ii) provided in cash or in kind.
    ``(c) Content of State and Local Government Programs.--As a 
condition of receipt of a grant under subsection (b), a State or local 
government program for monitoring and notification under this section 
shall identify--
            ``(1) lists of coastal recreation waters in the State, 
        including coastal recreation waters adjacent to beaches or 
        similar points of access that are used by the public;
            ``(2) in the case of a State program for monitoring and 
        notification, the process by which the State may delegate to 
        local governments responsibility for implementing the 
        monitoring and notification program;
            ``(3) the frequency and location of monitoring and 
        assessment of coastal recreation waters based on--
                    ``(A) the periods of recreational use of the 
                waters;
                    ``(B) the nature and extent of use during certain 
                periods;
                    ``(C) the proximity of the waters to known point 
                sources and nonpoint sources of pollution; and
                    ``(D) any effect of storm events on the waters;
            ``(4)(A) the methods to be used for detecting levels of 
        pathogens and pathogen indicators that are harmful to human 
        health; and
            ``(B) the assessment procedures for identifying short-term 
        increases in pathogens and pathogen indicators that are harmful 
        to human health in coastal recreation waters (including 
        increases in relation to storm events);
            ``(5) measures for prompt communication of the occurrence, 
        nature, location, pollutants involved, and extent of any 
        exceeding of, or likelihood of exceeding, applicable water 
        quality standards for pathogens and pathogen indicators to--
                    ``(A) the Administrator, in such form as the 
                Administrator determines to be appropriate; and
                    ``(B) a designated official of a local government 
                having jurisdiction over land adjoining the coastal 
                recreation waters for which the failure to meet 
                applicable standards is identified;
            ``(6) measures for the posting of signs at beaches or 
        similar points of access, or functionally equivalent 
        communication measures that are sufficient to give notice to 
        the public that the coastal recreation waters are not meeting 
        or are not expected to meet applicable water quality standards 
        for pathogens and pathogen indicators; and
            ``(7) measures that inform the public of the potential 
        risks associated with water contact activities in the coastal 
        recreation waters that do not meet applicable water quality 
        standards.
    ``(d) Federal Agency Programs.--Not later than 3 years after the 
date of enactment of this section, each Federal agency that has 
jurisdiction over coastal recreation waters adjacent to beaches or 

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