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S. 576 (is) To prohibit the provision of certain trade assistance to United States subsidiaries of foreign corporations that lack effective prohibitions on bribery. [Introduced in Senate] ...


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108th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                 S. 575

 To amend the Native American Languages Act to provide for the support 
 of Native American language survival schools, and for other purposes.


_______________________________________________________________________


                   IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

                             March 7, 2003

  Mr. Inouye introduced the following bill; which was read twice and 
              referred to the Committee on Indian Affairs

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
 To amend the Native American Languages Act to provide for the support 
 of Native American language survival schools, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Native American Languages Act 
Amendments Act of 2003''.

SEC. 2. PURPOSES.

    The purposes of this Act are--
            (1) to encourage and support, consistent with the policy of 
        the United States as expressed in the Native American Languages 
        Act (25 U.S.C. 2901 et seq.)--
                    (A) the development of Native American language 
                survival schools as innovative means of addressing the 
                effects of past discrimination against Native American 
                language speakers; and
                    (B) the revitalization of Native American languages 
                through--
                            (i) education in Native American languages; 
                        and
                            (ii) instruction in other academic subjects 
                        using Native American languages as an 
                        instructional medium;
            (2) to demonstrate the positive effects of Native American 
        language survival schools on the academic success of Native 
        American students and the students' mastery of standard 
        English;
            (3) to encourage and support the involvement of families in 
        the educational and cultural survival efforts of Native 
        American language survival schools;
            (4) to encourage communication, cooperation, and 
        educational exchange among Native American language survival 
        schools and the administrators of Native American language 
        survival schools;
            (5) to provide support for Native American language 
        survival school facilities and endowments;
            (6) to provide support for Native American language nests--
                    (A) as part of Native American language survival 
                schools; or
                    (B) as separate programs that will be developed 
                into more comprehensive Native American language 
                survival schools;
            (7) to support the development of local and national models 
        that can be disseminated to the public and made available to 
        other schools as exemplary methods of teaching Native American 
        students; and
            (8) to develop a support center system for Native American 
        language survival schools at the university level.

SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS.

    Section 103 of the Native American Languages Act (25 U.S.C. 2902) 
is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 103. DEFINITIONS.

    ``In this title:
            ``(1) Elementary school.--The term `elementary school' has 
        the meaning given the term in section 9101 of the Elementary 
        and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801).
            ``(2) Indian.--The term `Indian' has the meaning given the 
        term in section 7151 of the Elementary and Secondary Education 
        Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7491).
            ``(3) Indian reservation.--The term `Indian reservation' 
        has the meaning given the term `reservation' in section 3 of 
        the Indian Financing Act of 1974 (25 U.S.C. 1452).
            ``(4) Indian tribal government.--The term `Indian tribal 
        government' has the meaning given the term in section 502 of 
        the Indian Environmental General Assistance Program Act of 1992 
        (42 U.S.C. 4368b).
            ``(5) Indian tribe.--The term `Indian tribe' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 4 of the Indian Self-
        Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450b).
            ``(6) Native american.--The term `Native American' means--
                    ``(A) an Indian;
                    ``(B) a Native American Pacific Islander; and
                    ``(C) a Native Hawaiian.
            ``(7) Native american language.--The term `Native American 
        language' means a historical, traditional language spoken by 
        Native Americans.
            ``(8) Native american language college.--The term `Native 
        American language college' means--
                    ``(A) a tribally controlled college or university 
                (as defined in section 2 of the Tribally Controlled 
                College or University Assistance Act of 1978 (25 U.S.C. 
                1801));
                    ``(B) a college that is applying for, or has 
                obtained, funds under section 109 for a Native American 
                language survival school in a Native American language 
                that--
                            ``(i) the college regularly offers as part 
                        of the curriculum of the college; and
                            ``(ii) has the support of an Indian tribal 
                        government traditionally affiliated with the 
                        Native American language; and
                    ``(C) Ka Haka `Ula O Ke'elikolani College.
            ``(9) Native american language educational organization.--
        The term `Native American language educational organization' 
        means an organization that--
                    ``(A) is governed by a board consisting--
                            ``(i) primarily of Native Americans; and
                            ``(ii) as many speakers of 1 or more Native 
                        American languages as practicable;
                    ``(B) is currently providing instruction through 
                the use of a Native American language to at least 10 
                preschool, elementary school, or secondary school 
                students for at least 700 hours per year per student;
                    ``(C) has provided instruction through the use of a 
                Native American language to at least 10 preschool, 
                elementary school, or secondary school students for at 
                least 700 hours per year per student for a period of 
                not less than 3 years before the date of application 
                for a grant or contract under this title; and
                    ``(D) may be a public school that meets the 
                requirements of subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C).
            ``(10) Native american language nest.--The term `Native 
        American language nest' means a site-based educational program 
        that--
                    ``(A) enrolls families with children under the age 
                of 7;
                    ``(B) is conducted through a Native American 
                language for at least 700 hours per year per student; 
                and
                    ``(C) has the specific goal of strengthening, 
                revitalizing, or reestablishing a Native American 
                language and culture as a living language and culture 
                of daily life.
            ``(11) Native american language survival school.--The term 
        `Native American language survival school' means a site-based 
        educational program--
                    ``(A) in which a Native American language is 
                dominant;
                    ``(B) that expands from a Native American language 
                nest, as a separate entity or inclusive of a Native 
                American language nest, to enroll families with 
                children eligible for elementary school or secondary 
                school; and
                    ``(C) that provides a complete education through a 
                Native American language with the specific goal of 
                strengthening, revitalizing, or reestablishing a Native 
                American language and culture as a living language and 
                culture of daily life.
            ``(12) Native american pacific islander.--The term `Native 
        American Pacific Islander' means any descendant of the 
        aboriginal people of any island in the Pacific Ocean that is a 
        territory or possession of the United States.
            ``(13) Native hawaiian.--The term `Native Hawaiian' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 7207 of the Elementary and 
        Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7517).
            ``(14) Secondary school.--The term `secondary school' has 
        the meaning given the term in section 9101 of the Elementary 
        and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801).
            ``(15) Secretary.--The term `Secretary' means the Secretary 
        of Education.
            ``(16) Tribal organization.--The term `tribal organization' 
        has the meaning given the term in section 4 of the Indian Self-
        Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450b).''.

SEC. 4. NATIVE AMERICAN LANGUAGE NESTS AND SURVIVAL SCHOOLS.

    The Native American Languages Act (25 U.S.C. 2901 et seq.) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 108. NATIVE AMERICAN LANGUAGE NESTS.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary may make grants to, or enter into 
contracts with, Native American language educational organizations, 
Native American language colleges, Indian tribal governments, 
organizations that demonstrate the potential to become Native American 
language educational organizations, or consortia of such entities for 
the purpose of establishing Native American language nests for--
            ``(1) students under the age of 7; and
            ``(2) families of the students.
    ``(b) Requirements.--A Native American language nest receiving 
funds under this section shall--
            ``(1) provide instruction and child care through the use of 
        a Native American language for at least 10 children under the 
        age of 7 for at least 700 hours per year per student;
            ``(2) provide compulsory classes in a Native American 
        language for parents of students enrolled in a Native American 
        language nest (including Native American language-speaking 
        parents);
            ``(3) provide compulsory monthly meetings for parents and 
        other family members of students enrolled in a Native American 
        language nest;
            ``(4) provide a preference in enrollment for students and 
        families who are fluent in a Native American language;
            ``(5) receive at least 5 percent of the funding for the 
        program from another source, which may include any federally 
        funded program (such as a Head Start program funded under the 
        Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9831 et seq.)); and
            ``(6) ensure that a Native American language becomes the 
        dominant medium of instruction in the Native American language 
        nest not later than 6 years after the date on which the Native 
        American language nest first receives funding under this title.

``SEC. 109. NATIVE AMERICAN LANGUAGE SURVIVAL SCHOOLS.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary may make grants to, or enter into 
contracts with, Native American language educational organizations, 
Native American language colleges, Indian tribal governments, or 
consortia of such entities, to operate, expand, and increase the number 
of Native American language survival schools throughout the United 
States and the territories of the United States for Native American 
children and Native American language-speaking children.
    ``(b) Eligibility.--As a condition of receiving funds under 
subsection (a), a Native American language educational organization, a 
Native American language college, an Indian tribal government, or a 
consortium of such entities--
            ``(1) shall have at least 3 years experience in operating 
        and administering--
                    ``(A) a Native American language survival school;
                    ``(B) a Native American language nest; or
                    ``(C) any other educational program in which 
                instruction is conducted in a Native American language;
            ``(2) shall include students who are subject to State 
        compulsory education laws; and
            ``(3) may include--
                    ``(A) students from infancy through grade 12; and
                    ``(B) the families of the students.
    ``(c) Priority.--In making grants or entering into contracts under 
this section, the Secretary shall give priority to--
            ``(1) the provision of direct educational services;
            ``(2) applicants that have the support of each appropriate 
        tribal government; and
            ``(3) applicants that have researched language 
        revitalization and the unique characteristics and circumstances 
        of the languages of their schools.
    ``(d) Use of Funds.--
            ``(1) Required uses.--A Native American language survival 
        school receiving funds under this section--
                    ``(A) shall consist of not less than 700 hours of 
                instruction per student conducted annually through 1 or 
                more Native American languages for at least 15 students 
                for whom a Native American language survival school is 
                their principal place of instruction;
                    ``(B) shall provide direct educational services and 
                school support services to students, which may 
                include--
                            ``(i) support services for children with 
                        special needs;
                            ``(ii) transportation;
                            ``(iii) boarding;
                            ``(iv) food service;
                            ``(v) teacher and staff housing;
                            ``(vi) purchase of basic materials;
                            ``(vii) adaptation of teaching materials;
                            ``(viii) translation and development; and
                            ``(ix) other appropriate services;
                    ``(C)(i) shall provide direct or indirect 
                educational and support services for the families of 
                enrolled students on site, through colleges, or through 
                other means to increase the families' knowledge and use 
                of the Native American language and culture; and
                    ``(ii) may impose a requirement of family 
                participation as a condition of student enrollment; and
                    ``(D) shall ensure that within 3 years of 
                enrollment, all students achieve functional fluency in 
                a Native American language that is appropriate to the 
                unique circumstances and endangerment status of the 
                Native American language, with the ultimate goal of 
                academic or cognitive fluency.
            ``(2) Permissible uses.--A Native American language 
        survival school receiving funds under this section may--

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