| Home > 107th Congressional Bills > S. 658 (is) To amend title 32, United States Code, to authorize units of the National Guard to conduct small arms competitions and athletic competitions, and for other purposes. [Introduced in Senate] ...
S. 658 (is) To amend title 32, United States Code, to authorize units of the National Guard to conduct small arms competitions and athletic competitions, and for other purposes. [Introduced in Senate] ...
108th CONGRESS 1st Session S. 657 To amend title IV of the Social Security Act to provide grants to promote responsible fatherhood, to encourage teen pregnancy prevention strategies, and for other purposes. _______________________________________________________________________ IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES March 19, 2003 Mr. Bayh (for himself and Mr. Lieberman) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Finance _______________________________________________________________________ A BILL To amend title IV of the Social Security Act to provide grants to promote responsible fatherhood, to encourage teen pregnancy prevention strategies, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS. (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Strengthening Families Act of 2003''. (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents of this Act is as follows: Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents. Sec. 2. Findings. Sec. 3. Responsible fatherhood grants. Sec. 4. National clearinghouse for responsible fatherhood programs. Sec. 5. Block grants to States to encourage media campaigns. Sec. 6. Grants to conduct policy reviews and demonstration projects to coordinate services for low-income, noncustodial parents. Sec. 7. Court-supervised noncustodial parent employment grant program. Sec. 8. Teen pregnancy prevention grants. Sec. 9. Teen pregnancy prevention resource center. Sec. 10. Establishing national goals to prevent teen pregnancy. SEC. 2. FINDINGS. Congress makes the following findings: (1) Nearly 24,000,000 children in the United States, or 34 percent of all such children, live apart from their biological father. (2) Sixty percent of couples who divorce have at least 1 child. (3) The number of children living with only a mother increased from just over 5,000,000 in 1960, to 17,000,000 in 1999, and between 1981 and 1991 the percentage of children living with only 1 parent increased from 19 percent to 25 percent. (4) Forty percent of children who live in households without a father have not seen their father in at least 1 year and 50 percent of such children have never visited their father's home. (5) The most important factor in a child's upbringing is whether the child is brought up in a loving, healthy, supportive environment. (6) Children who live without contact with their biological father are, in comparison to children who have such contact-- (A) 5 times more likely to live in poverty; (B) more likely to bring weapons and drugs into the classroom; (C) twice as likely to commit crime; (D) twice as likely to drop out of school; (E) more likely to commit suicide; (F) more than twice as likely to abuse alcohol or drugs; and (G) more likely to become pregnant as teenagers. (7) Violent criminals are overwhelmingly males who grew up without fathers. (8) Between 20 and 30 percent of families in poverty are headed by women who have suffered domestic violence during the past year and between 40 and 60 percent of women with children receiving welfare were abused sometime during their life. (9) Responsible fatherhood includes active participation in financial support and child care, as well as the formation and maintenance of a positive, healthy, and nonviolent relationship between father and child and a cooperative relationship between parents. (10) States should be encouraged to implement programs that provide support for responsible fatherhood, promote marriage, and increase the incidence of marriage, and should not be restricted from implementing such programs. (11) Fatherhood programs should promote and provide support services for-- (A) loving and healthy relationships between parents and children; and (B) cooperative parenting. (12) There is a social need to reconnect children and fathers. (13) The promotion of responsible fatherhood and encouragement of married 2-parent families should not-- (A) denigrate the standing or parenting efforts of single mothers or other caregivers; (B) lessen the protection of children from abusive parents; or (C) compromise the safety or health of the custodial parent; but should increase the chance that children will have two caring parents to help them grow up healthy and secure. (14) The promotion of responsible fatherhood must always recognize and promote the values of nonviolence. (15) For the future of the United States and the future of our children, Congress, States, and local communities should assist parents to become more actively involved in their children's lives. (16) Child support is an important means by which a parent can take financial responsibility for a child and emotional support is an important means by which a parent can take social responsibility for a child. (17) The United States is making significant progress in reducing teen births, with national teen birth rates declining 26 percent since 1991. (18) Despite declining national and State rates, in the United States 4 out of 10 girls get pregnant at least once by age 20, nearly 1,000,000 girls each year. There are nearly 500,000 teen births each year. (19) Although teen pregnancy and birth rates are declining, the United States still has the highest rates of teen pregnancy and birth in the industrialized world, nearly twice as high as the next highest nation, Great Britain. (20) Some 52 percent of all mothers on welfare had their first child as a teenager, according to the most recent data available. Almost \1/2\ of all teen mothers and over \3/4\ of unmarried teen mothers began receiving welfare within 5 years of the birth of their first child. (21) At present, 79 percent of births to teen mothers are out-of-wedlock and nearly \1/2\ of all non-marital first births occur to teens. (22) Children of teen mothers are more likely to be born prematurely and at low birth weight, to perform poorly in school, and to suffer abuse and neglect than children born to older women. Girls born to teen mothers are 22 percent more likely to become teen mothers, and sons of teen mothers are more likely to end up in jail. (23) Teen mothers are likely to have a second birth relatively soon, about \1/4\ of teenage mothers have a second child within 24 months of the first birth, which can further impede the teen mother's ability to finish school or keep a job and to escape poverty. (24) Teen pregnancy and childbearing costs United States taxpayers at least $7,000,000,000 per year. (25) Teen marriages are twice as likely to fail as marriages where the woman is at least 25 years old. (26) Many of the fathers of children born to teen mothers are older. Half of those young men who impregnate a minor teen (under age 18) are 3 or more years older than the young woman. Eight of 10 teen fathers do not marry the mothers of their first children and these absent fathers pay less than $800 annually in child support, often because they are quite poor themselves. (27) Over 90 percent of both adults and teens believe it is important that teens be given a strong message from society that they should abstain from sex until they are at least out of high school. A substantial majority of both adults and teens also believe that, while teens should not be sexually active, those that are should have access to contraception. (28) A synthesis of research on the effectiveness of media campaigns in the United States suggests that these campaigns may reduce risky health behaviors by as much as 5 to 10 percent at a very low cost. (29) There is rigorous evaluation research about a variety of programs that are effective in delaying the onset of sex, improving contraceptive use, or preventing pregnancy among adolescents. (30) Between 1995 and 2010, the number of girls who are 15 to 19 years old is estimated to increase by 2,200,000. If current fertility rates remain the same, there would be a 26 percent increase in the number of pregnancies and births among teenagers between 1995 and 2010. (31) If teen birth rates had stayed at the 1991 peak level through 2001, there would have been nearly 800,000 additional babies born to teenagers. (32) The national teen birth rate for Hispanic teens--the fastest growing group--is declining the slowest. SEC. 3. RESPONSIBLE FATHERHOOD GRANTS. Part D of title IV of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 651 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following: ``SEC. 469C. RESPONSIBLE FATHERHOOD GRANTS. ``(a) Grants to States To Conduct Demonstration Programs.-- ``(1) Authority to award grants.-- ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall award grants to up to 10 eligible States to conduct demonstration programs to carry out the purposes described in paragraph (2). ``(B) Eligible state.--For purposes of this subsection, an eligible State is a State that submits to the Secretary the following: ``(i) Application.--An application for a grant under this subsection, at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the Secretary may require. ``(ii) State plan.--A State plan that includes the following: ``(I) Project description.--A description of the types of projects the State will fund under the grant, including a good faith estimate of the number and characteristics of clients to be served under such projects and how the State intends to achieve at least 2 of the purposes described in paragraph (2). ``(II) Coordination efforts.--A description of how the State will coordinate and cooperate with State and local entities responsible for carrying out other programs that relate to the purposes intended to be achieved under the demonstration program, including as appropriate, entities responsible for carrying out jobs programs and programs serving children and families. ``(III) Records, reports, and audits.--An agreement to maintain such records, submit such reports, and cooperate with such reviews and audits as the Secretary finds necessary for purposes of oversight of the demonstration program. ``(iii) Certifications.--The following certifications from the chief executive officer of the State: ``(I) A certification that the State will use funds provided under the grant to promote at least 2 of the purposes described in paragraph (2). ``(II) A certification that the State will return any unused funds to the Secretary in accordance with the reconciliation process under paragraph (4). ``(III) A certification that the funds provided under the grant will be used for programs and activities that target low-income participants and that not less than 50 percent of the participants in each program or activity funded under the grant shall be-- ``(aa) parents of a child who is, or within the past 24 months has been, a recipient of assistance or services under a State program funded under this part and is described in section 454(4)(A)(i); or ``(bb) parents, including an expectant parent or a married parent, whose income (after adjustment for court- ordered child support paid or received) does not exceed 150 percent of the poverty line. ``(IV) A certification that programs or activities funded under the grant will be provided with information regarding the prevention of domestic violence and that the State will consult with representatives of State and local domestic violence centers. ``(V) A certification that funds provided to a State under this subsection shall not be used to supplement or supplant other Federal, State, or local funds that are used to support programs or activities that are related to the purposes described in paragraph (2). ``(C) Preferences and factors of consideration.--In awarding grants under this subsection, the Secretary shall take into consideration the following: ``(i) Diversity of entities used to conduct programs and activities.--The Secretary shall,
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