| Home > 106th Congressional Bills > S. 822 (is) To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to impose a flat tax only on individual taxable earned income and business taxable income, and for other purposes. [Introduced in Senate] ...
S. 822 (is) To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to impose a flat tax only on individual taxable earned income and business taxable income, and for other purposes. [Introduced in Senate] ...
108th CONGRESS 1st Session S. 821 To accelerate the commercialization and widespread use of hydrogen energy and fuel cell technologies, and for other purposes. _______________________________________________________________________ IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES April 8, 2003 Mr. Harkin introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Energy and Natural ResourcesYYYYYY _______________________________________________________________________ A BILL To accelerate the commercialization and widespread use of hydrogen energy and fuel cell technologies, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS. (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Energy Act of 2003''. (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents of this Act is as follows: Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents. TITLE I--HYDROGEN RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, AND DEMONSTRATION Sec. 101. Short title. Sec. 102. Amendment of the Spark M. Matsunaga Hydrogen Research, Development, and Demonstration Act of 1990. TITLE II--FEDERAL PURCHASES Sec. 201. Stationary fuel cells in Federal buildings. Sec. 202. Zero emission vehicles in Federal fleets. TITLE III--TAX INCENTIVES Sec. 301. Amendment of 1986 Code. Sec. 302. Credit for fuel cell and hydrogen motor vehicles. Sec. 303. Credit for installation of hydrogen fueling stations. Sec. 304. Credit for retail sale of hydrogen fuel as motor vehicle fuel. Sec. 305. Credit for stationary and portable fuel cells. TITLE I--HYDROGEN RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, AND DEMONSTRATION SEC. 101. SHORT TITLE. This title may be cited as the ``George E. Brown, Jr. and Robert S. Walker Hydrogen Future Act of 2003''. SEC. 102. AMENDMENT OF THE SPARK M. MATSUNAGA HYDROGEN RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, AND DEMONSTRATION ACT OF 1990. The Spark M. Matsunaga Hydrogen Research, Development, and Demonstration Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12401 et seq.) is amended to read as follows: ``SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS. ``(a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Spark M. Matsunaga Hydrogen Research, Development, and Demonstration Act of 1990''. ``(b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents of this Act is as follows: ``Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents. ``Sec. 2. Finding. ``Sec. 3. Purposes. ``Sec. 4. Definitions. ``Sec. 5. Coordination and consultation. ``Sec. 6. Advisory panel. ``Sec. 7. Interagency task force and coordination plan. ``Sec. 8. Review by the National Academy of Sciences. ``TITLE I--HYDROGEN ENERGY AND FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGY ``Sec. 101. Research and development. ``Sec. 102. Demonstrations in conjunction with research and development. ``Sec. 103. Public education, training, and technology transfer. ``Sec. 104. Report. ``Sec. 105. Authorization of appropriations. ``TITLE II--DEMONSTRATIONS ``Sec. 201. Federal fuel cell and hydrogen infrastructure pilot projects. ``Sec. 202. Hydrogen transportation corridor and regional pilot projects. ``Sec. 203. International demonstrations. ``Sec. 204. Demonstrations of renewable production of hydrogen. ``Sec. 205. Operation, cost sharing, and reporting. ``SEC. 2. FINDING. ``Congress finds that it is in the national interest to accelerate introduction of hydrogen energy and fuel cell technologies in order to-- ``(1) increase energy efficiency and security; and ``(2) enable the use of clean, domestic, and renewable energy sources. ``SEC. 3. PURPOSES. ``The purposes of this Act are-- ``(1) to direct the Secretary to conduct a research, development, demonstration, and commercial application program on hydrogen production, delivery, storage, and use technologies and fuel cell technologies; ``(2) to accelerate the commercialization and widespread use of hydrogen energy and fuel cell technologies in transportation, commercial, industrial, residential, and utility applications, in order to-- ``(A) reduce the life cycle pollution and greenhouse gas emissions from energy use; ``(B) enable widespread use of renewable energy sources by allowing clean, efficient, and flexible storage, transportation, and use of the energy; and ``(C) promote the energy security of the United States through use of domestic energy sources and distributed energy infrastructure; ``(3) to reduce the costs of fuel cell stacks and of hydrogen fuel; ``(4) to improve hydrogen storage and other critical technologies; ``(5) to enable the economical and environmentally sound use of renewable resources for the production of hydrogen; and ``(6) to ensure the coordinated availability of hydrogen- powered vehicles and the necessary refueling infrastructure. ``SEC. 4. DEFINITIONS. ``In this Act: ``(1) Department.--The term `Department' means the Department of Energy. ``(2) Panel.--The term `Panel' means the Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Technical Advisory Panel established by section 107(a). ``(3) Secretary.--The term `Secretary' means the Secretary of Energy. ``SEC. 5. COORDINATION AND CONSULTATION. ``(a) Responsibility of Secretary.-- ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall have overall management responsibility for carrying out this Act. ``(2) Administrative actions.--In carrying out this Act-- ``(A) the Secretary shall establish a central point for the coordination of all hydrogen energy and fuel cell research, development, and demonstration activities of the Department; ``(B) the Secretary and the Panel may obtain assistance from, any other Federal agency-- ``(i) on a reimbursable or nonreimbursable basis; and ``(ii) with the consent of the Federal agency; and ``(C) the Secretary shall consult with-- ``(i) other Federal agencies, as appropriate; and ``(ii) the Panel. ``(b) Duplication.--The Secretary shall ensure, to the maximum extent practicable, that activities under this Act do not-- ``(1) duplicate any available research and development results; or ``(2) displace or compete with privately-funded hydrogen and fuel cell energy activities. ``SEC. 6. ADVISORY PANEL. ``(a) Establishment.--There is established an advisory panel, to be known as the `Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Technical Advisory Panel', to advise the Secretary in carrying out this Act. ``(b) Membership.-- ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall appoint to the Panel not fewer than 9 nor more than 15 members, based on technical and other qualifications, from-- ``(A) domestic industry; ``(B) universities; ``(C) professional societies; ``(D) Federal laboratories; ``(E) financial institutions; ``(F) environmental organizations; and ``(G) such other organizations as the Secretary determines to be appropriate. ``(2) Terms.-- ``(A) In general.--The term of a member of the Panel shall not be more than 3 years. ``(B) Staggered terms.--The Secretary may appoint members of the Panel in a manner that allows the terms of the members serving at any time to expire at spaced intervals so as to ensure continuity in the functioning of the Panel. ``(C) Reappointment.--A member of the Panel whose term expires may be reappointed. ``(3) Chairperson.--The Panel shall select a Chairperson from among the members of the Panel. ``(c) Review and Recommendations.-- ``(1) In general.--The Panel shall review and make any necessary recommendations to the Secretary on-- ``(A) the implementation and conduct of programs under this Act; ``(B) the economic, technological, and environmental consequences of the deployment of hydrogen production, delivery, and use technologies and fuel cell technologies; and ``(C) the coordination plan prepared by the task force under section 7(c). ``(2) Consideration by secretary.-- ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall consider, but shall not be required to adopt, any recommendation of the Panel under paragraph (1). ``(B) Report.--The Secretary shall include in the report under section 104-- ``(i) for each recommendation of the Panel implemented by the Secretary, a description of the progress made in implementing the recommendation; and ``(ii) for each recommendation of the Panel that is not implemented by the Secretary, an explanation of the reasons why the recommendation was not implemented. ``(d) Support.--The Secretary shall provide such staff, funds, and other assistance as are necessary to enable the Panel to carry out the responsibilities of the Panel. ``SEC. 7. INTERAGENCY TASK FORCE AND COORDINATION PLAN. ``(a) Establishment.--Not later than 120 days after the date of enactment of the Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Energy Act of 2003, the President shall establish an interagency task force to coordinate Federal hydrogen and fuel cell energy activities. ``(b) Membership.--The task force shall include-- ``(1) the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, who shall act as chairperson; and ``(2) representatives of-- ``(A) the Department of Energy; ``(B) the Department of Transportation; ``(C) the Department of Defense; ``(D) the Department of Commerce (including the National Institute for Standards and Technology); ``(E) the Environmental Protection Agency; ``(F) the National Aeronautics and Space Administration; ``(G) the Department of State; and ``(H) such other Federal agencies as the President considers appropriate. ``(c) Coordination Plan.--The task force shall prepare a comprehensive coordination plan for Federal hydrogen and fuel cell energy activities, which shall include a summary of those activities. ``(d) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date on which the President establishes the task force, the task force shall submit to Congress a report that includes-- ``(1) the coordination plan under subsection (c); and ``(2) a description of actions taken to ensure interagency coordination of Federal hydrogen and fuel cell energy activities. ``SEC. 8. REVIEW BY THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES. ``Not later than June 30, 2006, and at least every 4 years thereafter, the National Academy of Sciences shall-- ``(1) complete a review of-- ``(A) the progress made through Federal hydrogen and fuel cell energy programs and activities; and ``(B) the need for modified or additional programs; and ``(2) submit to Congress a report that describes the results of the review. ``TITLE I--HYDROGEN ENERGY AND FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGY ``SEC. 101. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT. ``(a) Program.--The Secretary shall carry out a research and development program relating to hydrogen production, delivery, storage, and use technologies and fuel cell technologies, the goal of which program shall be to enable the safe, economical, and environmentally sound use of hydrogen energy and fuel cells for industrial, commercial, residential, transportation, and utility applications. ``(b) Research and Development Areas.--In carrying out the program under subsection (a), the Secretary shall focus on critical technical issues, including--
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