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        S.Con.Res.105
                                    Agreed to September 14, 1998        

                       One Hundred Fifth Congress

                                 of the

                        United States of America


                          AT THE SECOND SESSION

          Begun and held at the City of Washington on Tuesday,
the twenty-seventh day of January, one thousand nine hundred and ninety-
                                  eight


                          Concurrent Resolution

Whereas there is reason to mark the beginning of the conflict in the 
  former Yugoslavia with Slobodan Milosevic's rise to power beginning 
  in 1987, when he whipped up and exploited extreme nationalism among 
  Serbs, and specifically in Kosovo, including support for violence 
  against non-Serbs who were labeled as threats;
Whereas there is reason to believe that as President of Serbia, 
  Slobodan Milosevic was responsible for the conception and direction 
  of a war of aggression, the deaths of hundreds of thousands, the 
  torture and rape of tens of thousands and the forced displacement of 
  nearly 3,000,000 people, and that mass rape and forced impregnation 
  were among the tools used to wage this war;
Whereas ``ethnic cleansing'' has been carried out in the former 
  Yugoslavia in such a consistent and systematic way that it had to be 
  directed by the senior political leadership in Serbia, and Slobodan 
  Milosevic has held such power within Serbia that he is responsible 
  for the conception and direction of this policy;
Whereas as President of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and 
  Montenegro), Slobodan Milosevic is responsible for the conception and 
  direction of assaults by Yugoslavian and Serbian military, security, 
  special police, and other forces on innocent civilians in Kosovo 
  which have so far resulted in an estimated 300 people dead or missing 
  and the forced displacement of tens of thousands, and such assaults 
  continue;
Whereas on May 25, 1993, United Nations Security Council Resolution 827 
  created the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia 
  located in The Hague, the Netherlands (hereafter in this resolution 
  referred to as the ``Tribunal''), and gave it jurisdiction over all 
  crimes arising out of the conflict in the former Yugoslavia;
Whereas this Tribunal has publicly indicted 60 people for war crimes or 
  crimes against humanity arising out of the conflict in the former 
  Yugoslavia and has issued a number of secret indictments that have 
  only been made public upon the apprehension of the indicted persons;
Whereas it is incumbent upon the United States and all other nations to 
  support the Tribunal, and the United States has done so by providing, 
  since 1992, funding in the amount of $54,000,000 in assessed payments 
  and more than $11,000,000 in voluntary and in-kind contributions to 
  the Tribunal and the War Crimes Commission which preceded it, and by 
  supplying information collected by the United States that can aid the 
  Tribunal's investigations, prosecutions, and adjudications;
Whereas any lasting, peaceful solution to the conflict in the former 
  Yugoslavia must be based upon justice for all, including the most 
  senior officials of the government or governments responsible for 
  conceiving, organizing, initiating, directing, and sustaining the 
  Yugoslav conflict and whose forces have committed war crimes, crimes 
  against humanity and genocide; and
Whereas Slobodan Milosevic has been the single person who has been in 
  the highest government offices in an aggressor state since before the 
  inception of the conflict in the former Yugoslavia, who has had the 
  power to decide for peace and instead decided for war, who has had 
  the power to minimize illegal actions by subordinates and allies and 
  hold responsible those who committed such actions, but did not, and 
  who is once again directing a campaign of ethnic cleansing against 
  innocent civilians in Kosovo while treating with contempt 
  international efforts to achieve a fair and peaceful settlement to 
  the question of the future status of Kosovo: Now, therefore, be it

    Resolved by the Senate (the House of Representatives concurring), 
That it is the sense of the Congress that--
        (1) the United States should publicly declare that it considers 
    that there is reason to believe that Slobodan Milosevic, President 
    of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), has 
    committed war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide;
        (2) the United States should make collection of information 
    that can be supplied to the Tribunal for use as evidence to support 
    an indictment and trial of President Slobodan Milosevic for war 
    crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide a high priority;
        (3) any such information concerning President Slobodan 
    Milosevic already collected by the United States should be provided 
    to the Tribunal as soon as possible;
        (4) the United States should provide a fair share of any 
    additional financial or personnel resources that may be required by 
    the Tribunal in order to enable the Tribunal to adequately address 
    preparation for, indictment of, prosecution of, and adjudication of 
    allegations of war crimes and crimes against humanity posed against 
    President Slobodan Milosevic and any other person arising from the 
    conflict in the former Yugoslavia, including in Kosovo;
        (5) the United States should engage with other members of the 
    North Atlantic Treaty Organization and other interested states in a 
    discussion of information any such state may hold relating to 
    allegations of war crimes and crimes against humanity posed against 
    President Slobodan Milosevic and any other person arising from the 
    conflict in the former Yugoslavia, including in Kosovo, and press 
    such states to promptly provide all such information to the 
    Tribunal;
        (6) the United States should engage with other members of the 
    North Atlantic Treaty Organization and other interested states in a 
    discussion of measures to be taken to apprehend indicted war 
    criminals and persons indicted for crimes against humanity with the 
    objective of concluding a plan of action that will result in these 
    indictees' prompt delivery into the custody of the Tribunal; and
        (7) the United States should urge the Tribunal to promptly 
    review all information relating to President Slobodan Milosevic's 
    possible criminal culpability for conceiving, directing, and 
    sustaining a variety of actions in the former Yugoslavia, including 
    Kosovo, that have had the effect of genocide, of other crimes 
    against humanity, or of war crimes, with a view toward prompt 
    issuance of a public indictment of Milosevic.
    Sec. 2. The Secretary of the Senate shall transmit a copy of this 
resolution to the President.
  Attest:

                                               Secretary of the Senate.

  Attest:

                                 Clerk of the House of Representatives.

Pages: 1

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