Home > 106th Congressional Bills > S.Con.Res. 57 (is) Concerning the emancipation of the Iranian Baha'i community. [Introduced in Senate] ...

S.Con.Res. 57 (is) Concerning the emancipation of the Iranian Baha'i community. [Introduced in Senate] ...


Google
 
Web GovRecords.org


106th CONGRESS
  2d Session
S. CON. RES. 57

_______________________________________________________________________

                         CONCURRENT RESOLUTION

Whereas in 1982, 1984, 1988, 1990, 1992, 1994, and 1996, Congress, by concurrent 
        resolution, declared that it holds the Government of Iran responsible 
        for upholding the rights of all its nationals, including members of the 
        Baha'i Faith, Iran's largest religious minority;
Whereas Congress has deplored the Government of Iran's religious persecution of 
        the Baha'i community in such resolutions and in numerous other appeals, 
        and has condemned Iran's execution of more than 200 Baha'is and the 
        imprisonment of thousands of others solely on account of their religious 
        beliefs;
Whereas in July 1998 a Baha'i, Mr. Ruhollah Rowhani, was executed by hanging in 
        Mashhad after being held in solitary confinement for 9 months on the 
        charge of converting a Muslim woman to the Baha'i Faith, a charge the 
        woman herself refuted;
Whereas 4 Baha'is remain on death row in Iran, 2 on charges on apostasy, and 11 
        others are serving prison terms on charges arising solely from their 
        religious beliefs or activities;
Whereas the Government of Iran continues to deny individual Baha'is access to 
        higher education and government employment and denies recognition and 
        religious rights to the Baha'i community, according to the policy set 
        forth in a confidential Iranian Government document which was revealed 
        by the United Nations Commission on Human Rights in 1993;
Whereas Baha'is have been banned from teaching and studying at Iranian 
        universities since the Islamic Revolution and therefore created the 
        Baha'i Institute of Higher Education, or Baha'i Open University, to 
        provide educational opportunities to Baha'i youth using volunteer 
        faculty and a network of classrooms, libraries, and laboratories in 
        private homes and buildings throughout Iran;
Whereas in September and October 1998, Iranian authorities arrested 36 faculty 
        members of the Open University, 4 of whom have been given prison 
        sentences ranging between 3 to 10 years, even though the law makes no 
        mention of religious instruction within one's own religious community as 
        being an illegal activity;
Whereas Iranian intelligence officers looted classroom equipment, textbooks, 
        computers, and other personal property from 532 Baha'i homes in an 
        attempt to close down the Open University;
Whereas all Baha'i community properties in Iran have been confiscated by the 
        government, and Iranian Baha'is are not permitted to elect their 
        leaders, organize as a community, operate religious schools, or conduct 
        other religious community activities guaranteed by the Universal 
        Declaration of Human Rights;
Whereas on February 22, 1993, the United Nations Commission on Human Rights 
        published a formerly confidential Iranian government document that 
        constitutes a blueprint for the destruction of the Baha'i community and 
        reveals that these repressive actions are the result of a deliberate 
        policy designed and approved by the highest officials of the Government 
        of Iran; and
Whereas in 1998 the United Nations Special Representative for Human Rights, 
        Maurice Copithorne, was denied entry into Iran: Now, therefore, be it
    Resolved by the Senate (the House of Representatives concurring), 
That Congress--
            (1) continues to hold the Government of Iran responsible 
        for upholding the rights of all its nationals, including 
        members of the Baha'i community, in a manner consistent with 
        Iran's obligations under the Universal Declaration of Human 
        Rights and other international agreements guaranteeing the 
        civil and political rights of its citizens;
            (2) condemns the repressive anti-Baha'i policies and 
        actions of the Government of Iran, including the denial of 
        legal recognition to the Baha'i community and the basic rights 
        to organize, elect its leaders, educate its youth, and conduct 
        the normal activities of a law-abiding religious community;
            (3) expresses concern that individual Baha'is continue to 
        suffer from severely repressive and discriminatory government 
        actions, including executions and death sentences, solely on 
        account of their religion;
            (4) urges the Government of Iran to permit Baha'i students 
        to attend Iranian universities and Baha'i faculty to teach at 
        Iranian universities, to return the property confiscated from 
        the Baha'i Open University, to free the imprisoned faculty 
        members of the Open University, and to permit the Open 
        University to continue to function;
            (5) urges the Government of Iran to implement fully the 
        conclusions and recommendations on the emancipation of the 
        Iranian Baha'i community made by the United Nations Special 
        Rapporteur on Religious Intolerance, Professor Abdelfattah 
        Amor, in his report of March 1996 to the United Nations 
        Commission of Human Rights;
            (6) urges the Government of Iran to extend to the Baha'i 
        community the rights guaranteed by the Universal Declaration of 
        Human Rights and the international covenants of human rights, 
        including the freedom of thought, conscience, and religion, and 
        equal protection of the law; and
            (7) calls upon the President to continue--
                    (A) to assert the United States Government's 
                concern regarding Iran's violations of the rights of 
                its citizens, including members of the Baha'i 
                community, along with expressions of its concern 
                regarding the Iranian Government's support for 
                international terrorism and its efforts to acquire 
                weapons of mass destruction;
                    (B) to emphasize that the United States regards the 
                human rights practices of the Government of Iran, 
                particularly its treatment of the Baha'i community and 
                other religious minorities, as a significant factor in 
                the development of the United States Government's 
                relations with the Government of Iran;
                    (C) to emphasize the need for the United Nations 
                Special Representative for Human Rights to be granted 
                permission to enter Iran;
                    (D) to urge the Government of Iran to emancipate 
                the Baha'i community by granting those rights 
                guaranteed by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights 
                and the international covenants on human rights; and
                    (E) to encourage other governments to continue to 
                appeal to the Government of Iran, and to cooperate with 
                other governments and international organizations, 
                including the United Nations and its agencies, in 
                efforts to protect the religious rights of the Baha'is 
                and other minorities through joint appeals to the 
                Government of Iran and through other appropriate 
                actions.

            Passed the Senate July 19, 2000.

            Attest:

                                                             Secretary.
106th CONGRESS

  2d Session

                            S. CON. RES. 57

_______________________________________________________________________

                         CONCURRENT RESOLUTION

      Concerning the emancipation of the Iranian Baha'i community.

Pages: 1

Other Popular 106th Congressional Bills Documents:

1 H.R. 2080 (ih) To amend title 18, United States Code, to transport maximum security prisoners across State lines to prisons that are not classified to handle maximum security prisoners. [Introduced in House] ...
2 S. 453 (is) To designate the Federal building located at 709 West 9th Street in Juneau, Alaska, as the ``Hurff A. Saunders Federal Building''. [Introduced in Senate] ...
3 H.R. 4633 (ih) To amend title II of the Social Security Act to improve the Social Security Administration's payment system for representation of claimants. [Introduced in House] ...
4 H.R. 4293 (ih) To amend title 18, United States Code, with respect to the employment of persons with criminal backgrounds by nursing homes. [Introduced in House] ...
5 H.Res. 398 (ih) Calling upon the President to provide for appropriate training and [Introduced in House] ...
6 H.R. 5000 (ih) To provide for post-conviction DNA testing, to make grants to States [Introduced in House] ...
7 S. 1345 (is) To amend title 18, United States Code, to prohibit certain interstate conduct relating to exotic animals. [Introduced in Senate] ...
8 H.R. 4710 (ih) To authorize appropriations for the prosecution of obscenity cases. [Introduced in House] ...
9 S. 2896 (is) To normalize trade relations with Cuba, and for other purposes. [Introduced in Senate] ...
10 H.R. 4942 (pcs) Making appropriations for the government of the District of Columbia and other activities chargeable in whole or in part against the revenues of said District for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2001, and for other purposes. [Placed o...
11 H.R. 441 (eh) To amend the Immigration and Nationality Act with respect to the requirements for the admission of nonimmigrant nurses who will practice in health professional shortage areas. [Engrossed in House] ...
12 S. 2057 (is) To amend the Communications Act of 1934 to prohibit the use of electronic measurement units (EMUs). [Introduced in Senate] ...
13 S. 112 (is) To authorize negotiation of free trade agreements with the countries of the Americas, and for other purposes. [Introduced in Senate] ...
14 H.R. 2084 (pcs) Making appropriations for the Department of Transportation and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2000, and for other purposes. [Placed on Calendar Senate] ...
15 H.R. 738 (ih) To provide that certain Federal property shall be made available to State and local governments before being made available to other entities, and for other purposes. [Introduced in House] ...
16 S. 1973 (is) To simplify Federal oil and gas revenue distributions, and for other purposes. [Introduced in Senate] ...
17 S. 434 (is) To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to simplify the method of payment of taxes on distilled spirits. [Introduced in Senate] ...
18 H.J.Res. 36 (ih) Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States to restrict annual deficits by limiting the public debt of the United States and requiring a favorable vote of the people on any law to exceed such limits. [Introduced in Hou...
19 H.R. 4609 (ih) To amend title 49, United States Code, to encourage airports to develop and implement recycling programs for newspapers and other recyclable items. [Introduced in House] ...
20 S. 2710 (is) To recognize the rights of grandparents in cases involving international parental kidnapping. [Introduced in Senate] ...
21 H.R. 5163 (ih) To amend title XVIII of the Social Security Act with respect to payments made under the prospective payment system for home health services furnished under the Medicare Program. [Introduced in House] ...
22 H.Con.Res. 88 (ih) Urging the Congress and the President to increase funding for the Pell Grant Program and existing Campus-Based Aid Programs. [Introduced in House] ...
23 H.R. 1162 (rh) To designate the bridge on United States Route 231 that crosses the Ohio River between Maceo, Kentucky, and Rockport, Indiana, as the ``William H. Natcher Bridge''. [Reported in House] ...
24 H.R. 4999 (ih) To control crime by providing law enforcement block grants. [Introduced in House] ...
25 H.J.Res. 117 (eh) Making further continuing appropriations for the fiscal year 2001, and for other purposes. [Engrossed in House] ...
26 S. 2089 (is) To amend the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 to modify procedures relating to orders for surveillance and searches for foreign intelligence purposes, and for other purposes. [Introduced in Senate] ...
27 H.R. 1401 (ih) To authorize appropriations for fiscal years 2000 and 2001 for military activities of the Department of Defense, to prescribe military personnel strengths for fiscal years 2000 and 2001, and for other purposes. [Introduced in House] %%Filen...
28 H.R. 2368 (ih) To assist in the resettlement and relocation of the people of Bikini Atoll by amending the terms of the trust fund established during the United States administration of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. [Introduced in House] %%Fi...
29 H.Con.Res. 244 (ih) Permitting the use of the rotunda of the Capitol for a ceremony as part of the commemoration of the days of remembrance of victims of the Holocaust. [Introduced in House] ...
30 S. 919 (is) To amend the Quinebaug and Shetucket Rivers Valley National Heritage Corridor Act of 1994 to expand the boundaries of the Corridor. [Introduced in Senate] ...


Other Documents:

106th Congressional Bills Records and Documents

GovRecords.org presents information on various agencies of the United States Government. Even though all information is believed to be credible and accurate, no guarantees are made on the complete accuracy of our government records archive. Care should be taken to verify the information presented by responsible parties. Please see our reference page for congressional, presidential, and judicial branch contact information. GovRecords.org values visitor privacy. Please see the privacy page for more information.
House Rules:

104th House Rules
105th House Rules
106th House Rules

Congressional Bills:

104th Congressional Bills
105th Congressional Bills
106th Congressional Bills
107th Congressional Bills
108th Congressional Bills

Supreme Court Decisions

Supreme Court Decisions

Additional

1995 Privacy Act Documents
1997 Privacy Act Documents
1994 Unified Agenda
2004 Unified Agenda

Congressional Documents:

104th Congressional Documents
105th Congressional Documents
106th Congressional Documents
107th Congressional Documents
108th Congressional Documents

Congressional Directory:

105th Congressional Directory
106th Congressional Directory
107th Congressional Directory
108th Congressional Directory

Public Laws:

104th Congressional Public Laws
105th Congressional Public Laws
106th Congressional Public Laws
107th Congressional Public Laws
108th Congressional Public Laws

Presidential Records

1994 Presidential Documents
1995 Presidential Documents
1996 Presidential Documents
1997 Presidential Documents
1998 Presidential Documents
1999 Presidential Documents
2000 Presidential Documents
2001 Presidential Documents
2002 Presidential Documents
2003 Presidential Documents
2004 Presidential Documents

Home Executive Judicial Legislative Additional Reference About Privacy