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   104th Congress 1st 
         Session                 SENATE                Document
                                                        104-12
_______________________________________________________________________

 
                  SENATE ELECTION LAW GUIDEBOOK 1996

                               ----------                              

             A COMPILATION OF SENATE CAMPAIGN INFORMATION,
               INCLUDING FEDERAL AND STATE LAWS GOVERNING
                  ELECTION TO THE UNITED STATES SENATE

                               ----------                              

                         JOHN WARNER, Chairman

                 COMMITTEE ON RULES AND ADMINISTRATION
                          UNITED STATES SENATE

                       REVISED TO JANUARY 1, 1996

<GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT>


                October 31, 1995.--Ordered to be printed


                   SENATE ELECTION LAW GUIDEBOOK 1996



   104th Congress 1st            SENATE                Document
         Session
                                                        104-12
_______________________________________________________________________

                                     


                          SENATE ELECTION LAW

                               GUIDEBOOK

                                  1996

                               __________

             A COMPILATION OF SENATE CAMPAIGN INFORMATION,
               INCLUDING FEDERAL AND STATE LAWS GOVERNING
                  ELECTION TO THE UNITED STATES SENATE

                               __________

                         JOHN WARNER, Chairman

                 COMMITTEE ON RULES AND ADMINISTRATION

                          UNITED STATES SENATE

                       REVISED TO JANUARY 1, 1996

<GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT>


                October 31, 1995.--Ordered to be printed
                 COMMITTEE ON RULES AND ADMINISTRATION

  JOHN WARNER, Virginia, Chairman
WENDELL H. FORD, Kentucky            MARK O. HATFIELD, Oregon
CLAIBORNE PELL, Rhode Island         JESSE HELMS, North Carolina
ROBERT C. BYRD, West Virginia        ROBERT DOLE, Kansas
DANIEL K. INOUYE, Hawaii             TED STEVENS, Alaska
DANIEL PATRICK MOYNIHAN, New York    MITCH McCONNELL, Kentucky
CHRISTOPHER J. DODD, Connecticut     THAD COCHRAN, Mississippi
DIANNE FEINSTEIN, California         RICK SANTORUM, Pennsylvania
                                     DON NICKLES, Oklahoma
Grayson Winterling, Staff Director
 Kennie L. Gill, Democratic Staff 
    Director and Chief Counsel
Lana R. Slack, Professional Staff 
              Member
                              ----------                              

                         SENATE RESOLUTION 190

                   In the Senate of the United States

                            October 31, 1995

    Resolved, That the Committee on Rules and Administration 
hereby is directed to prepare a revised edition of the Senate 
Election Law Guidebook, Senate document 103-13, and that such 
document shall be printed as a Senate document.
    Sec. 2. There shall be printed 600 additional copies of the 
document specified in section 1 of this resolution for the use 
of the Committee on Rules and Administration.
    Attest:
                                         Kelly D. Johnston,
                                                         Secretary.
  

                                 CAVEAT

                              ----------                              


    This publication is for reference and research only. State 
legislatures regularly change election laws and regulations. 
Before relying on the information in this publication, check 
with the appropriate secretary of state or state board of 
elections.
  

                                PREFACE

                              ----------                              

    The 1996 publication contains a comprehensive compilation 
of constitutional and Federal statutory provisions and State 
election laws relating to the nomination and election of 
candidates to the United States Senate.
    This Guidebook is designed as a ready reference, giving the 
highlights of the provisions of Federal and State laws 
pertaining to the election of Senators. It is anticipated that 
it will be of benefit to senatorial candidates, to the 
Committee on Rules and Administration, and to the public in 
general. The detailed citations will afford opportunity for 
reference to the statutory provisions if one should require 
complete information on any given subject.
    It is of paramount importance to check with the appropriate 
secretary of state or state board of elections when questions 
arise about the various state statutory materials contained in 
this publication. The information herein is current as of 
November 1, 1995. Questions about dates and filing information 
should also be directed to the secretary of state or state 
election office, since changes in this area of law occur 
frequently.
    This revision of the Senate Election Law Guidebook was 
prepared at the direction to the Committee on Rules and 
Administration by Thomas M. Durbin, Margaret M. Lee and L. 
Paige Whitaker, legislative attorneys, and by M. Ann Wolfe, 
coordinator and paralegal specialist, under the supervision of 
Richard C. Ehlke, chief, and Kent M. Ronhovde, assistant chief, 
American Law Division, Congressional Research Service, Library 
of Congress.
    An acknowledgement is made to Lana R. Slack, professional 
staff member of the Senate Committee on Rules and 
Administration, for her assistance in the research and 
preparation of this publication.


                            C O N T E N T S

                              ----------                              
                                                                   Page

Preface..........................................................     v
Important Election Dates.........................................  xiii
The United States Senate.........................................     1

PART I: CONSTITUTIONAL AND FEDERAL STATUTORY PROVISIONS AND OTHER 
  RELATED MATERIALS REGULATING THE NOMINATIONS AND ELECTIONS OF 
                          U.S. SENATORS

A. Federal Constitutional Provisions Relating to the Elections of 
  Senators.......................................................     9
    Composition of Senate........................................     9
    Vacancies....................................................     9
    Qualifications...............................................     9
    Conduct of Elections.........................................     9
    Dual Office Holding..........................................     9
    Ban on Poll Tax..............................................    10
    Eighteen-Year-Old Vote.......................................    10
    Pay of Senators..............................................    10
B. Selected Laws Relating to the Elections of Senators (Title 2, 
  U.S. Code).....................................................    11
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 1. Time for Election of Senators...............    11
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 1a. Election To Be Certified By Governor.......    11
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 1b. Countersignature of Certificate of Election    11
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 7. Time of Election............................    11
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 8. Vacancies...................................    11
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 21. Oath of Senators...........................    12
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 22. Oath of President of Senate................    12
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 23. Presiding Officer of Senate May Administer 
      Oaths......................................................    12
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 24. Secretary of Senate or Assistant Secretary 
      May Administer Oaths.......................................    12
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 31-2. Gifts and travel.........................    12
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 33. Senators' Salaries.........................    14
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 36. Salaries of Senators.......................    14
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 39. Deductions for Absence.....................    15
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 40. Deductions for Withdrawal..................    15
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 40a. Deductions for Delinquent Indebtedness....    15
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 43. Mileage of Senators........................    16
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 43d. Organizational Expenses of Senator-elect..    16
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 46a-1. Senate Revolving Fund for Stationery 
      Allowances, Availability of Unexpended Balances, 
      Withdrawals................................................    17
C. Campaign Financing, Reporting and Disclosure (Title 2, U.S. 
  Code)..........................................................    18
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 431. Definitions...............................    18
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 432. Organization of Political Committees......    24
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 433. Registration of Political Committees; 
      Statements.................................................    28
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 434. Reporting Requirements....................    29
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 437. Reports on Convention Financing...........    36
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 437c. Federal Election Commission..............    36
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 437d. Powers of the Commission.................    39
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 437f. Advisory Opinions........................    41
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 437g. Enforcement..............................    42
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 437h. Judicial Review..........................    46
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 438. Administrative Provisions.................    47
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 439. Statements Filed With State Officers......    49
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 439a. Use of Contributed Amounts for Certain 
      Purposes...................................................    50
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 439c. Authorization of Appropriations..........    51
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 441a. Limitations on Contributions and 
      Expenditures...............................................    52
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 441b. Contributions or Expenditures by National 
      Banks, Corporations, or Labor Organizations................    56
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 441c. Contributions by Government Contractors..    58
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 441d. Publication and Distribution of 
      Statements and Solicitations...............................    59
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 441e. Contributions by Foreign Nationals.......    60
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 441f. Prohibition on Contributions in Name of 
      Another....................................................    60
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 441g. Limitation on Contribution of Currency...    60
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 441h. Fraudulent Misrepresentation of Campaign 
      Authority..................................................    61
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 442. Authority to Procure Technical Support and 
      Other Services and Incur Travel Expenses, Payment of Such 
      Expenses...................................................    61
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 451. Extension of Credit by Regulated 
      Industries; Regulations....................................    62
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 452. Prohibition Against Use of Certain Federal 
      Funds for Election Activities..............................    62
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 453. State Laws Affected.......................    62
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 454. Partial Invalidity........................    62
    2 U.S.C. Sec. 455. Period of Limitations.....................    63
D. Financial Disclosure Requirements of Federal Personnel (Title 
  5, U.S. Code)..................................................    64
    5 U.S.C. App. Sec. 101. Persons Required to File.............    64
    5 U.S.C. App. Sec. 102. Contents of Reports..................    67
    5 U.S.C. App. Sec. 103. Filing of Reports....................    76
    5 U.S.C. App. Sec. 104. Failure to File or Filing False 
      Reports....................................................    79
    5 U.S.C. App. Sec. 105. Custody of and Public Access to 
      Reports....................................................    80
    5 U.S.C. App. Sec. 106. Review of Reports....................    82
    5 U.S.C. App. Sec. 107. Confidential Reports and other 
      Additional Requirements....................................    83
    5 U.S.C. App. Sec. 108. Authority of Comptroller General.....    84
    5 U.S.C. App. Sec. 109. Definitions..........................    84
    5 U.S.C. App. Sec. 110. Notice of Actions Taken to Comply 
      with Ethics Agreements.....................................    88
    5 U.S.C. App. Sec. 111. Administration of Provisions.........    88
E. Political Activities: Federal Employees (Title 5, U.S. Code)..    90
    5 U.S.C. Sec. 7321. Political Participation..................    90
    5 U.S.C. Sec. 7322. Definitions..............................    90
    5 U.S.C. Sec. 7323. Political Activity Authorized; 
      Prohibitions...............................................    91
    5 U.S.C. Sec. 7324. Political Activities on Duty; Prohibition    92
    5 U.S.C. Sec. 7325. Political Activity Permitted; Employees 
      Residing in Certain Municipalities.........................    93
    5 U.S.C. Sec. 7326. Penalties................................    93
    5 U.S.C. Sec. 7351. Gifts to Superiors.......................    93
    5 U.S.C. Sec. 7353. Gifts to Federal Employees...............    94
F. Political Activities: State and Local Employees (Title 5, U.S. 
  Code)..........................................................    96
    5 U.S.C. Sec. 1501. Definitions..............................    96
    5 U.S.C. Sec. 1502. Influencing Elections; Taking Part in 
      Political Campaigns; Prohibitions; Exceptions..............    96
    5 U.S.C. Sec. 1503. Nonpartisan Candidacies Permitted........    97
    5 U.S.C. Sec. 1504. Investigations; Notice of Hearing........    97
    5 U.S.C. Sec. 1505. Hearings; Adjudications; Notice of 
      Determinations.............................................    97
    5 U.S.C. Sec. 1506. Orders; Withholding Loans or Grants; 
      Limitations................................................    98
    5 U.S.C. Sec. 1507. Subpoenas and Depositions................    98
    5 U.S.C. Sec. 1508. Judicial Review..........................    99
G. Limitations on Outside Employment and Elimination of Honoraria 
  (Title 5, U.S. Code)...........................................   101
    5 U.S.C. App. Sec. 501. Outside Earned Income Limitation.....   101
    5 U.S.C. App. Sec. 502. Limitations on Outside Employment....   102
    5 U.S.C. App. Sec. 503. Administration.......................   103
    5 U.S.C. App. Sec. 504. Civil Penalties......................   103
    5 U.S.C. App. Sec. 505. Definitions..........................   103
H. Criminal Code Provisions (Title 18, U.S. Code)................   105
    18 U.S.C. Sec. 203. Compensation to Members of Congress, 
      Officers, and Others in Matters Affecting the Government...   105
    18 U.S.C. Sec. 210. Offer to Procure Appointive Public Office   106
    18 U.S.C. Sec. 211. Acceptance or Solicitation to Obtain 
      Appointive Public Office...................................   107

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