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                           Tributes Delivered in Congress
                                         to
                                   Strom Thurmond

                          To Commemorate His Service in the

                                United States Senate


                            One Hundred Seventh Congress

                                   Second Session

             <GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT>
             


                                           




                            Compiled under the direction

                                       of the

                             Joint Committee on Printing

                                      CONTENTS
             Biography.............................................
                                                                      v
             Proceedings in the Senate:
                Tributes by Senators:
                    Akaka, Daniel K., of Hawaii....................
                                                                     38
                    Allard, Wayne, of Colorado.....................
                                                                     20
                    Allen, George, of Virginia.....................
                                                                     25
                    Biden, Joseph R., Jr., of Delaware.............
                                                                     73
                    Bingaman, Jeff, of New Mexico..................
                                                                     25
                    Bond, Christopher S., of Missouri..............
                                                                     16
                    Bunning, Jim, of Kentucky......................
                                                                     36
                    Byrd, Robert C., of West Virginia..............
                                                                     10
                    Clinton, Hillary Rodham, of New York...........
                                                                     39
                    Cochran, Thad, of Mississippi..................
                                                                     42
                    Conrad, Kent, of North Dakota..................
                                                                     45
                    Craig, Larry E., of Idaho......................
                                                                     55
                    Daschle, Tom, of South Dakota..................
                                                                      3
                    Dodd, Christopher J., of Connecticut...........
                                                                     30
                    Domenici, Pete V., of New Mexico...............
                                                                     35
                    Frist, Bill, of Tennessee......................
                                                                     42
                    Gramm, Phil, of Texas..........................
                                                                 66, 70
                    Grassley, Charles E., of Iowa..................
                                                                     33
                    Hagel, Chuck, of Nebraska......................
                                                                     47
                    Hatch, Orrin G., of Utah.......................
                                                                     33
                    Helms, Jesse, of North Carolina................
                                                                 78, 80
                    Hollings, Ernest F., of South Carolina.........
                                                                      8
                    Hutchison, Kay Bailey, of Texas................
                                                                     17
                    Inouye, Daniel K., of Hawaii...................
                                                                     65
                    Kennedy, Edward M., of Massachusetts...........
                                                                     40
                    Kerry, John F., of Massachusetts...............
                                                                     54
                    Kyl, Jon, of Arizona...........................
                                                                     51
                    Leahy, Patrick J., of Vermont..................
                                                                     70
                    Levin, Carl, of Michigan.......................
                                                                     48
                    Lieberman, Joseph I., of Connecticut...........
                                                                     44
                    Lott, Trent, of Mississippi....................
                                                                      4
                    Lugar, Richard G., of Indiana..................
                                                                     37
                    McConnell, Mitch, of Kentucky..................
                                                                     28
                    Murkowski, Frank H., of Arkansas...............
                                                                     67
                    Nickles, Don, of Oklahoma......................
                                                                     32
                    Reid, Harry, of Nevada.........................
                                                                  3, 56
                    Sarbanes, Paul S., of Maryland.................
                                                                     50
                    Smith, Bob, of New Hampshire...................
                                                                     68
                    Snowe, Olympia J., of Maine....................
                                                                     52
                    Specter, Arlen, of Pennsylvania................
                                                                     21
                    Stevens, Ted, of Alaska........................
                                                                     14
                    Thompson, Fred, of Tennessee...................
                                                                     36
                Response by Mr. Thurmond...........................
                                                                     57
                                      BIOGRAPHY

               James Strom Thurmond was born December 5, 1902, in 
             Edgefield, SC. After graduating from Clemson University in 
             1923, he became a high school teacher and athletic coach. 
             Soon thereafter he became the county superintendent of 
             education and then State senator. At night he studied law 
             under his father, and was admitted to the South Carolina 
             bar in 1930. He practiced law until 1938 when he became a 
             circuit judge.
               At the age of 21 he joined the U.S. Army Reserve, 
             becoming a second lieutenant. When World War II was 
             declared, he was 40 years old. Even though he was beyond 
             draft age, and, as a judge, held a draft-exempted status, 
             he volunteered for active duty the day war was declared 
             against Germany. He served with the Headquarters First 
             Army in American, European, and Pacific theaters.
               On June 6, 1944, Strom Thurmond took part in the D-day 
             invasion with the 82d Airborne Division by piloting a 
             glider onto the beaches at Normandy. He was awarded 5 
             battle stars and 18 decorations, medals, and awards, 
             including the Legion of Merit with oakleaf cluster, the 
             Bronze Star Medal for valor, the Purple Heart, the Belgian 
             Order of the Crown, and the French Croix de Guerre. After 
             the war he became a major general in the U.S. Army 
             Reserve.
               In 1947 he became Governor of South Carolina. In 1948 
             Governor Strom Thurmond ran for President as a States 
             Rights Democrat, carrying 4 States and winning 39 
             electoral votes.
               In 1954 Strom Thurmond was elected to the U.S. Senate as 
             a write-in candidate. This made him not only the first and 
             only person in U.S. history elected to the Senate in this 
             manner, but the only person ever elected to any major 
             office in the United States in this manner.
               Senator Strom Thurmond set a record for the longest 
             individual speech ever delivered in the Senate--24 hours 
             and 18 minutes, from August 28 to August 29, 1957.
               In 1964 Senator Thurmond switched from the Democratic 
             Party to the Republican Party, a move that marked the 
             beginning of the ``southern strategy'' that has reshaped 
             the Republican Party.
               In 1981, when Ronald Reagan became President, Senator 
             Thurmond was chosen as Senate President pro tempore, 
             placing him third in the line of succession to the 
             Presidency.
               On March 8, 1996, Senator Thurmond, at the age of 93, 
             became the oldest person ever to serve in the Senate.
               On May 25, 1997, he became the longest-serving Senator 
             in the history of the Senate, surpassing the record of 41 
             years and 10 months held by Carl Hayden.
               In 1998, Senator Thurmond became the second Senator ever 
             to cast 15,000 votes.
               During his Senate career, he served as chairman and 
             ranking member of both the Armed Services Committee and 
             the Judiciary Committee. He was chairman emeritus of the 
             Veterans' Affairs Committee and a member of the Labor and 
             Human Resources Committee.
               Senator Thurmond has worked tirelessly for the State of 
             South Carolina and for the Nation in general. South 
             Carolina has shown its gratitude by honoring the Senator 
             in many ways. The people of Edgefield County, SC, have 
             built and erected a life-sized statue of Strom Thurmond on 
             the Edgefield town square. Things that have been named in 
             his honor include the Strom Thurmond Lake, Dam and Highway 
             in Clarks Hill; the Strom Thurmond Mall in Columbia; and 
             the Strom Thurmond National Guard Armory.
               There is a Strom Thurmond High School, Auditorium, 
             Student Center, and Biomedical Research Center. There are 
             numerous Strom Thurmond chairs and scholarships. There's 
             the Strom Thurmond Foundation, which assists in educating 
             80 to 100 needy, worthy students annually. And he has 
             endowed 52 scholarships at 45 colleges and universities.
               Some of the numerous awards that Senator Thurmond has 
             received in his 100 years on Earth are the Disabled 
             American Veterans Outstanding and Unselfish Service Awards 
             (1964 and 1981); the Medal of the Knesset, Israel (1982); 
             the Audie Murphy Patriotism Award (1982); the NY Board of 
             Trade ``Textile Man of the Year'' (1984); and the 
             Presidential Medal of Freedom by President George Bush, 
             1992.


                                           

                           Tributes Delivered in Congress
                                         to
                                   Strom Thurmond

                          To Commemorate His Service in the

                                United States Senate
                              Proceedings in the Senate
                                            Tuesday, September 24, 2002
                      ORDER FOR PRINTING STATEMENTS OF TRIBUTE
               Mr. REID. Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent that 
             the Members have until Friday, October 4, at 12 noon to 
             submit statements of tribute to Senator Strom Thurmond and 
             that the tributes then be printed as a Senate document.

               The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without objection, it is so 
             ordered.
                          TRIBUTE TO SENATOR STROM THURMOND

               Mr. DASCHLE. Madam President, I join my colleagues today 
             in this special presentation to acknowledge the 
             distinguished Senator from South Carolina for his decades 
             of service in this Senate.
               America has changed in many ways in the 48 years since 
             James Strom Thurmond was first elected to the Senate. But 
             some things have not changed. Among them are Senator 
             Thurmond's fierce determination to do what he regards as 
             the right thing for the people of his beloved South 
             Carolina.
               While Senator Thurmond and I often reach different 
             conclusions and cast different votes, I admire his 
             devotion to his State, to our Nation, and to this Senate. 
             In recent years, fulfilling that obligation has seemed at 
             times to require an extraordinary exercise of will or love 
             or both.
               Someday another Senator will sit in Senator Thurmond's 
             seat, but it is hard to imagine anyone ever filling his 
             shoes. He is, as I have said before, an institution within 
             an institution.
               He has been alive for almost half the history of the 
             United States. Theodore Roosevelt was President when he 
             was born. He was 17 years old when American women secured 
             the right to vote. He is one of only a few Americans alive 
             who received votes from Civil War veterans. He has lived 
             through the term of 18 of America's 43 Presidents and 
             served as a Senator under 10 of them.
               His long and distinguished career is remarkable for its 
             many successes, both in and out of the Senate.
               In 1996 Senator Thurmond became the oldest person ever 
             to serve in the Senate.
               In 1997 he became the longest-serving Senator.
               In 1998 he became one of only three Senators, in 
             addition to our colleague, Senator Robert Byrd, ever to 
             cast 15,000 votes in this Senate.
               In addition, Senator Thurmond has served as a senator in 
             the South Carolina State Legislature and as Governor of 
             that great State. He has been a senior member of both the 
             Democratic and Republican parties and a Presidential 
             candidate of a third party. There is not another American, 
             living or dead, who can make that claim.
               He has also served our country in uniform. Senator 
             Thurmond entered the U.S. Army for the first time in 1924. 
             Twenty years later, he volunteered for service in World 
             War II, and on June 6, 1944, at the age of 43, he took 
             part in the first wave of the D-day invasion, the airdrop 
             of American troops on Normandy Beach.
               I am told that Senator Thurmond wanted to parachute into 
             Normandy Beach, but another officer who clearly did not 
             know with whom he was dealing, decided Senator Thurmond 
             was too old to jump out of an airplane. So Senator 
             Thurmond piloted a glider instead, landing, with the rest 
             of his company, behind enemy lines.
               Senator Thurmond is today a retired major general in the 
             Army Reserve, the President pro tempore emeritus of the 
             Senate, a member of the South Carolina Hall of Fame, and a 
             recipient of more honors and awards than any of us can 
             name, including the prestigious Presidential Medal of 
             Freedom.
               Simply said, we will never see another like him.
               I join my colleagues this morning in our heartfelt 
             expression of gratitude to Senator Thurmond for his 
             decades of service. We wish him, his family, and staff our 
             very best in his future, whatever life may hold beyond the 
             107th Congress.
               I yield the floor.

               The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Senator from Mississippi.

               Mr. LOTT. Madam President, today the Senate takes time 
             to celebrate the life and career of one of its most 

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