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                                   Strom Thurmond

                   LATE A SENATOR FROM SOUTH CAROLINA

                         MEMORIAL ADDRESSES AND

                             OTHER TRIBUTES

                                 IN THE CONGRESS OF

                                  THE UNITED STATES

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                               1902 -2003

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Strom Thurmond


                               Memorial Addresses and

                                   Other Tributes

                                 HELD IN THE SENATE

                            AND HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

                                OF THE UNITED STATES

                          TOGETHER WITH A MEMORIAL SERVICE

                                     IN HONOR OF

                                    STROM THURMOND

                   Late a Senator from South Carolina

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                      One Hundred Eighth Congress

                             First Session

                                   a

                          


                                           




                            Compiled under the direction

                                       of the

                             Joint Committee on Printing
                                      CONTENTS
             Biography.............................................
                                                                      v
             Proceedings in the Senate:
                Tributes by Senators:
                    Allard, Wayne, of Colorado.....................
                                                                     52
                    Bennett, Robert F., of Utah....................
                                                                     33
                    Biden, Joseph R., Jr., of Delaware.............
                                                                 16, 52
                    Brownback, Sam, of Kansas......................
                                                                     51
                    Bunning, Jim, of Kentucky......................
                                                                     63
                    Byrd, Robert C., of West Virginia..............
                                                                     57
                    Cochran, Thad, of Mississippi..................
                                                                     47
                    Craig, Larry E., of Idaho......................
                                                                     49
                    Daschle, Thomas A., of South Dakota............
                                                                      3
                    DeWine, Mike, of Ohio..........................
                                                                     61
                    Dodd, Christopher J., of Connecticut...........
                                                                     47
                    Dole, Elizabeth, of North Carolina.............
                                                                     41
                    Domenici, Pete V., of New Mexico...............
                                                                     38
                    Dorgan, Byron L., of North Dakota..............
                                                                     16
                    Frist, Bill, of Tennessee 
                     ...........................................
                                                    3, 4, 8, 25, 26, 51
                    Graham, Lindsey O., of South Carolina 
                     ...............................
                                                              4, 28, 38
                    Hatch, Orrin G., of Utah.......................
                                                                      6
                    Hollings, Ernest F., of South Carolina.........
                                                                  4, 43
                    Hutchison, Kay Bailey, of Texas................
                                                                     56
                    Kyl, Jon, of Arizona...........................
                                                                     60
                    Leahy, Patrick J., of Vermont..................
                                                                     60
                    Levin, Carl, of Michigan.......................
                                                                     45
                    McConnell, Mitch, of Kentucky..................
                                                                     59
                    Sessions, Jeff, of Alabama.....................
                                                                  9, 53
                    Stabenow, Deborah Ann, of Michigan.............
                                                                     25
                    Stevens, Ted, of Alaska........................
                                                                     11
                    Warner, John W., of Virginia...................
                                                                     13
             Proceedings in the House of Representatives:
                Tributes by Representatives:
                    Wilson, Joe, of South Carolina.................
                                                                     65
             Memorial Service......................................
                                                                     67
                                      BIOGRAPHY

               James Strom Thurmond was born December 5, 1902, in 
             Edgefield, SC. After graduating from Clemson University in 
             1923, he became a high school teacher and athletic coach. 
             Soon thereafter he became the county superintendent of 
             education and then State senator. At night he studied law 
             under his father, and was admitted to the South Carolina 
             bar in 1930. He practiced law until 1938 when he became a 
             circuit judge.
               At the age of 21 he joined the U.S. Army Reserve, 
             becoming a second lieutenant. When World War II was 
             declared, he was 40 years old. Even though he was beyond 
             draft age, and, as a judge, held a draft-exempted status, 
             he volunteered for active duty the day war was declared 
             against Germany. He served with the Headquarters First 
             Army in American, European, and Pacific theaters.
               On June 6, 1944, Strom Thurmond took part in the D-day 
             invasion with the 82d Airborne Division and arrived by a 
             glider on the beaches at Normandy. He was awarded 5 battle 
             stars and 18 decorations, medals, and awards, including 
             the Legion of Merit with oakleaf cluster, the Bronze Star 
             Medal for valor, the Purple Heart, the Belgian Order of 
             the Crown, and the French Croix de Guerre. After the war 
             he became a major general in the U.S. Army Reserve.
               In 1947 he became Governor of South Carolina. In 1948 
             Governor Strom Thurmond ran for President as a States 
             rights Democrat, carrying 4 States and winning 39 
             electoral votes.
               In 1954 Strom Thurmond was elected to the U.S. Senate as 
             a write-in candidate. This made him not only the first and 
             only person in U.S. history elected to the Senate in this 
             manner, but the only person ever elected to any major 
             office in the United States in this manner.
               Senator Strom Thurmond set a record for the longest 
             individual speech ever delivered in the Senate--24 hours 
             and 18 minutes, from August 28 to August 29, 1957.
               In 1964 Senator Thurmond switched from the Democratic 
             Party to the Republican Party, a move that marked the 
             beginning of the ``southern strategy'' that has reshaped 
             the Republican Party.
               In 1981, when Ronald Reagan became President, Senator 
             Thurmond was chosen as Senate President pro tempore, 
             placing him third in the line of succession to the 
             Presidency. He was chosen as President pro tempore two 
             more times and once as President pro tempore emeritus--a 
             total of four occasions serving in that capacity.
               On March 8, 1996, Senator Thurmond, at the age of 93, 
             became the oldest person ever to serve in the Senate.
               On May 25, 1997, he became the longest serving Senator 
             in the history of the Senate, surpassing the record of 41 
             years and 10 months held by Carl Hayden.
               In 1998, Senator Thurmond became the second Senator ever 
             to cast 15,000 votes.
               During his Senate career, he served as chairman and 
             ranking member of both the Armed Services Committee and 
             the Judiciary Committee. He was chairman emeritus of the 
             Veterans' Affairs Committee and a member of the Labor and 
             Human Resources Committee.
               Senator Thurmond worked tirelessly for the State of 
             South Carolina and for the Nation in general. South 
             Carolina showed its gratitude by honoring the Senator in 
             many ways. The people of Edgefield County, SC, built and 
             erected a life-sized statue of Strom Thurmond on the 
             Edgefield town square. The Strom Thurmond Lake, Dam and 
             Highway in Clarks Hill; the Strom Thurmond Mall in 
             Columbia; and the Strom Thurmond National Guard Armory 
             have all been named in his honor.
               There is a Strom Thurmond High School, Auditorium and 
             Student Center. There are numerous Strom Thurmond chairs 
             and scholarships. There's the Strom Thurmond Foundation, 
             which assists in educating 80 to 100 needy, worthy 
             students annually.
               Some of the numerous awards that Senator Thurmond 
             received are the Disabled American Veterans Outstanding 
             and Unselfish Service Awards (1964 and 1981); the Medal of 
             the Knesset, Israel (1982); the Audie Murphy Patriotism 
             Award (1982); the NY Board of Trade ``Textile Man of the 
             Year'' (1984); the Presidential Citizens' Medal from 
             President Ronald Reagan (1989); and the Presidential Medal 
             of Freedom by President George Bush (1992).


                                 MEMORIAL ADDRESSES

                                         AND

                                   OTHER TRIBUTES

                                         FOR

                                    STROM THURMOND
                              Proceedings in the Senate
                                                Thursday, June 26, 2003
                          IN REMEMBRANCE OF STROM THURMOND
               Mr. FRIST. Mr. President, a few moments ago we were made 
             aware that at 9:45 tonight a close friend, a confidant, a 
             colleague to most of us in this body, Strom Thurmond, 
             passed away.
               It was a century ago when Mark Twain was alive and Teddy 
             Roosevelt was President that James Strom Thurmond was born 
             in South Carolina and at that time began a life unmatched 
             in public service. Just about all of us in this body have 
             had the real privilege of serving alongside Strom 
             Thurmond. A longtime friend of Senator Thurmond, Hortense 
             Woodson, once said of him: ``Everything he's done has been 
             done to the full. There's no halfway doings about Strom.''
               Indeed, Strom Thurmond will forever be a symbol of what 
             one person can accomplish when they live life, as we all 
             know he did, to the fullest. To his family and his 
             friends, we offer our sincerest sympathies.
               It was unexpected that he would die this evening while 
             we are in the middle of completing a very historic bill, 
             and it would be clearly appropriate for us to make 
             recognition of his passing for a moment now, with plans, 
             either after completion of the bill tonight or tomorrow, 
             for people to make more extended statements.
               Again, we extend to his family our deepest sympathies 
             and our continued prayers.

               The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Democratic leader.

               Mr. DASCHLE. Mr. President, I join with the majority 
             leader in expressing our heartfelt condolences to the 
             family and to the State of Strom Thurmond. In many 
             respects, he was a legend. Many of us had the good fortune 
             to serve with him as a Senator. He was a Governor, a 
             Presidential candidate, a soldier, a father, a citizen. In 
             many respects, he fought, lived, contributed, and 
             legislated in a way that will be written about and 
             commented on for years and decades to come.
               Much more will be said, but I think as we consider his 
             contribution tonight we can say, as we consider the 
             opportunity that we had to serve with him, Republicans and 
             Democrats, that it was our privilege to do so.

               The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Senator from South Carolina.

               Mr. HOLLINGS. Mr. President, my friend and colleague of 
             36 years in the Senate is gone. A giant oak in the forest 
             of public service has fallen.

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