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ua14no94 DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...
<DOC> NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (NRC) Statement of Regulatory Priorities Under the authority of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, and the Energy Reorganization Act of 1974, as amended, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) regulates the processing and utilization of source, byproduct, and special nuclear material. The NRC's regulatory mission is to ensure that civilian uses of nuclear materials and facilities are carried out with proper regard for the protection of public health and safety, the environment, and national security. The NRC regulates the operation of nuclear power plants and fuel cycle plants; the safeguarding of nuclear materials from theft and sabotage; the safe transportation of nuclear materials; the decommissioning and return to safe use of licensed facilities that are no longer in operation; and the medical, industrial, and research applications of nuclear material. The NRC's regulatory priorities for the next fiscal year are to ensure that: 1. Nuclear power plants and other licensed facilities are operated safely and that licensees are adequately prepared to respond to accidents; 2. The basic principles and criteria that would allow decommissioned lands and structures to be released for unrestricted use are codified; 3. Evolutionary and advanced reactor designs may be reviewed and licensed effectively and efficiently; and 4. The requirements for the review and approval of an application for the renewal of a nuclear power plant operating license ensure a more stable, predictable, efficient, and flexible regulatory process. The NRC is addressing its regulatory initiatives in a manner that is consistent with the President's regulatory philosophy. The NRC routinely conducts comprehensive regulatory analyses that examine the costs and benefits of contemplated regulations as part of its regulatory process. The NRC has been aggressive and innovative in expanding the scope of public and industry participation in its most significant rulemakings. For example, the NRC has conducted several public workshops and established an electronic bulletin to facilitate participation in the rulemaking to establish radiological criteria for decommissioning. The NRC has also developed internal procedures and programs to ensure that only necessary requirements are imposed on its licensees and to review existing regulations to determine whether the requirements imposed are still necessary. _______________________________________________________________________ NRC ___________________________________________________________ PRERULE STAGE ___________________________________________________________ 210. <bullet> STEAM GENERATOR TUBE INTEGRITY Legal Authority: 42 USC 2201; 42 USC 5841 CFR Citation: 10 CFR 50 Legal Deadline: None Abstract: The NRC is considering amending its regulations to develop a rule pertaining to steam generator tube integrity. The objective of the rule would be to maintain adequate assurance of steam generator tube integrity while allowing a more appropriate approach to steam generator surveillance and maintenance activities at nuclear power plants. Steam generator degradation is a significant issue affecting current pressurized water reactors. Statement of Need: The NRC plans to develop a rule pertaining to steam generator tube integrity (i.e., maintaining an extremely low overall probability of steam generator tube leakage that could result in core damage or exceeding allowable offsite doses). The proposed rule would allow a more flexible approach to steam generator surveillance and maintenance activities through a degradation specific management approach. The regulatory action is intended to: 1. Improve the scope and methods for inspecting steam generator tubing; 2. Provide incentives to continue to improve inspection methods; 3. Develop plugging/repair criteria based on the most appropriate nondestructive parameters, thereby improving enforceability of the criteria and eliminating unnecessary conservatism; and 4. Reflect appropriate considerations of related systems issues. Operating experience indicates that the current regulatory requirements need to be more stringent in some areas while in other areas they are overly conservative. To date this situation has been dealt with on a plant-specific basis, when necessary. However, a generic approach to dealing with steam generator issues is necessary in order to effectively update inspection and repair criteria. The generic approach that is contemplated will allow appropriate improvements to be applied uniformly across the industry, optimize the use of industry and NRC resources in addressing steam generator issues, and provide a more consistent basis for ensuring public health and safety. Summary of the Legal Basis: The NRC is authorized to promulgate new rules. The new rule that will be developed on steam generator integrity will be in accordance with the provisions of 10 CFR 50.109 on backfitting. Alternatives: The primary alternative would be to continue with resource intensive plant-specific licensing actions. Other alternatives may be developed as a result of public comments on the proposed rule. Anticipated Costs and Benefits: The regulatory action would result in a decrease in costs in some areas (e.g., steam generator tube repair costs, avoidance/delay of steam generator replacement costs), and an increase in cost in other areas (e.g., inspection costs). The regulatory action may also result in a decrease in personnel exposure. Since the proposed rule is intended to be performance based, a major benefit would be in providing a more flexible and cost-effective regulatory program pertaining to maintaining steam generator tube integrity. Risks: The regulatory action will result in increases in safety margins in some areas and is intended to provide a more optimal balance in the overall public risks associated with steam generator tube integrity requirements in other areas. Timetable: _______________________________________________________________________ Action DFR Cite _______________________________________________________________________ ANPRM 59 FR 47817 09/19/94 ANPRM Comment Period End 12/05/94 NPRM 12/00/95 Small Entities Affected: None Government Levels Affected: None Agency Contact: Tim Reed Nuclear Regulatory Commission Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation Washington, DC 20555 301 504-1462 RIN: 3150-AF04 _______________________________________________________________________ NRC ___________________________________________________________ PROPOSED RULE STAGE ___________________________________________________________ 211. RADIOLOGICAL CRITERIA FOR DECOMMISSIONING OF NUCLEAR FACILITIES Legal Authority: 42 USC 2201; 42 USC 5841 CFR Citation: 10 CFR 020 Legal Deadline: None Abstract: The proposed rule would amend the Commission's regulations to codify the basic principles and radiological criteria which would allow decommissioned lands and structures to be released for unrestricted public use. In the final rule entitled, ``General Requirements for Decommissioning Nuclear Facilities'' (June 27, 1988; 53 FR 24018), the need and urgency for guidance with respect to residual contamination criteria was expressed. At that time, it was anticipated that an interagency working group organized by the Environmental Protection Agency would develop necessary Federal guidance. However, in the absence of significant progress by the interagency working group, the Commission had directed that the NRC expedite rulemaking because the requirements, once final, will provide licensees with an incentive to complete site decommissioning. The proposed rule would establish basic radiological criteria for release of lands and structures. Measurables, in the form of surface and volume radioactive concentrations and site radioactivity inventory values, would be provided in supporting regulatory guidance. These combined activities should benefit the public, industry, and the NRC providing a risk-based framework upon which decommissioning activities and license terminations can be accomplished. The framework will ensure adequate protection of public health and safety and identify residual radioactivity criteria upon which licensees can confidently develop reasonable and responsible decommissioning plans. Statement of Need: The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is proposing to amend 10 CFR Part 20 of its regulations to provide specific radiological criteria for the decommissioning of soils and structures. The proposed criteria would apply to the decommissioning of all facilities licensed under 10 CFR Parts 30, 40, 50, 60, 61, 70, and 72, as well as other facilities subject to the Commission's jurisdiction under the Atomic Energy Act and the Energy Reorganization Act. The NRC would apply these criteria in determining the adequacy of remediation of residual radioactivity resulting from the possession or use of source, byproduct, and special nuclear material. The proposed rule is intended to provide a clear and consistent regulatory basis for determining the extent to which lands and structures must be remediated before a site can be considered decommissioned. The NRC has developed the basis for the residual contamination levels in light of changes in basic radiation protection standards, improvements in remediation and radiation detection technologies, decommissioning experience obtained during the past 15 years, and comments received from public workshops held as part of this rulemaking effort. This rulemaking has been closely coordinated with the Environmental Protection Agency from both a policy standpoint and for the technical underpinnings. The EPA was a key participant in the rulemaking workshops conducted for the rulemaking. EPA is preparing a parallel rulemaking. In addition, under the framework of a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between NRC and EPA, EPA will make a determination that the NRC rulemaking provides a sufficient level of protection for public health and safety and environment. This coordination will minimize the expenditure of Federal resources, provide a consistent regulatory approach for all facilities, and avoid a duplication of effort or overlapping regulations. Summary of the Legal Basis: This proposed rule is being developed under the authority of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended. Alternatives: The NRC presently allows decommissioning on a site-specific basis using existing guidance. The NRC could continue to allow decommissioning to proceed on a case-by-case basis. However, the NRC believes that codifying radiological criteria for decommissioning would provide a more effective method of and a broadly understood set of standards to be used in protecting public health and the environment at decommissioned sites. Anticipated Costs and Benefits: The proposed rule would establish a clear and consistent regulatory basis for determining the extent to which lands and structures must be remediated before a site can be decommissioned. The Commission believes that inclusion of criteria in the regulations will result in more
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